THE ANTHROPOLOGY MAJOR
The undergraduate Anthropology Program emphasizes the commitment of this department to four-field anthropology, providing exposure to Anthropological Archaeology, Biological Anthropology, Sociocultural Anthropology and Linguistic Anthropology. This holistic approach serves Anthropology's intellectual goal to achieve a comprehensive and comparative understanding of humanity. An undergraduate major in Anthropology contributes to a liberal arts education, offering a disciplined awareness of human behavior and social institutions in different times and places.
Prerequisites to Major: None, but ANTHRCUL 101 and ANTHRBIO 161 are recommended.
- At least 30 credits in anthropology at the 200 level or above are required
- Majors are expected to include at least one course at the 200 level or above in each of the four subdivisions: anthropological archaeology, biological anthropology, sociocultural anthropology and linguistic anthropology, as part of the 30 credit requirement
Students should be aware that at least 15 of the 30 credits must be completed in the department and 15 credits must be completed in residence at the University of Michigan unless approved by the undergraduate advisor. Students should note that classes taken in Classical Archaeology and the Department of Linguistics do not fulfill the subdivision requirements unless they are cross-listed with the Anthropology Department. Courses in the major may not be taken pass/fail and do not count toward your general degree distribution. LSA does not permit more than 60 hours of coursework in the major.
Although these are not required to complete the major, the following recommendations have been made for majors whose main interest is in a particular sub-field, particularly if the student plans to go on the graduate school in anthropology.
A) Anthropological Archaeology
For students primarily interested in anthropological archaeology, we strongly recommend taking the following sequence of courses:
- Anthrarc 282: Introduction to Prehistoric Archaeology
- Anthrarc 385: Archaeology of Early Humans
- Anthrarc 386: Early Civilizations
The goal of these three courses is to give students a general introduction to anthropological archaeology and an overview of world prehistory. In addition to these three courses, students are encouraged to take at least two area courses: one that examines the archaeological record in the New World and one focused on the Old World.
B) Sociocultural Anthropology
For students primarily interested in sociocultural anthropology, we strongly recommend at least one course in each of the following categories:
- Regional courses
- Topical courses
- Theory/Method courses
Classes are divided by category under Roster of Anthropology courses by subgroup in the LSA Bulletin, or in the Undergrad Courses by Sub-field handout available in the department or on the department website.
Students are strongly encouraged to elect at least one undergraduate seminar in anthropology. Seminars explore a specific anthropological topic in great depth in a smaller setting that offer greater opportunity for faculty-student interaction and involve more student participation than do lecture courses.
B. Independent reading and research
Some students would like to explore a particular anthropological topic in greater depth than is possible in regular coursework. Independent reading and research opportunities may be arranged in consultation with a faculty member. No more than 3 hours of independent reading or research (Anth. 471, 499) count toward the 30 credit hour requirement for the major. This does not imply that a student may not take more than three hours of independent work within the department.
C. Related Coursework
It is recommended that all majors include at least two courses in a related discipline. Related classes outside of the major which, combined with classes in anthropology, offer students a broader perspective on the issues and topics that interest them. For example, a student interested in a particular region of the world will find classes in the area studies programs, sociology, or history that will be useful to them in pursuing their academic career. A student interested in a particular topic, such as religion, education, development or ecological issues, will find courses in other departments that supplement classes taken in anthropology. Students primarily interested in biological anthropology may wish to explore classes in biology, geology, or psychology, to name a few possibilities. Similarly, anthropological archaeology students may select classes in history, area studies programs, classical archaeology, geology, or the program in the environment (PITE). The undergraduate advisor can help you develop a coherent program, including the use of related courses. Please note that these courses do not count toward the required 30 credits for the concentration and are not required.
Evolutionary Anthropology is a joint major, with courses in the Anthropology, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Geological Sciences, Molecular and Cellular, and Developmental Biology, and Psychology Departments and the School of Natural Resources and the Environment. It combines anthropological and biological perspectives in the study of humans and related species. It is particularly appropriate for students planning to continue in the health sciences and for students interested in "whole organism" biology and ecology. Thus, many Evolutionary Anthropology concentrators are training for medical school, while others are planning to pursue careers in Natural Resource Management, Conservation, Animal Behavior and a variety of other fields. Because evolutionary biology forms its primary theoretical basis, the major does not require courses in other sub-disciplines of anthropology. Students who are interested in biological anthropology and seek broader training in anthropological archaeology, linguistic anthropology, and sociocultural anthropology may pursue a degree as an Anthropology concentrator. Students should contact the undergraduate advisor in the Department of Anthropology for further information.
Prerequisites to Major: BIOLOGY 171, 172, 173 and ANTHRBIO 161.
Major Program: Requires 32 credits distributed as follows:
A. Anthropology: A minimum of four courses below, at least two of which must be at the 400-level or above, and must represent two of the three groups:*
1. Evolution, Paleontology, Morphology:
ANTHRBIO 265, Human Evolutionary Anatomy (3)
ANTHRBIO 351, The Origins of Modern Humanity (4)
ANTHRBIO 360, Race and Human Evolution (4)
ANTHRBIO 365, Human Evolution (4)
ANTHRBIO 465, Primate Functional Anatomy (3)
ANTHRBIO 474, Hominid Origins (4)
ANTHRBIO 475, Evolution of Genus Homo (4)
ANTHRBIO 477, Lab in Human Osteology (4)
ANTHRBIO 479, Hominoid Evolution (3-4)
2. Primatology, Ecology, Behavior:
ANTHRBIO 361, Biology, Society, and Culture (4)
ANTHRBIO 368/Psych 338, Primate Social Behavior (4)
ANTHRBIO 467, Human Behavioral Ecology (4)
ANTHRBIO 468/Psych 439/WomenStd 468, Behavioral Biology of Women (4)
ANTHRBIO 472, Human Nature (2)
ANTHRBIO 478, Primate Behavioral Ecol. and Sociobiology (3)
ANTHRBIO 560, Human Reproductive Ecology (3)
3. Genetic, Growth, Adaptation, Race:
ANTHRBIO 362, Problems of Race (3)
ANTHRBIO 364, Nutrition and Evolution (4)
ANTHRBIO 450/451, Molecular Anthropology/Lab (3/3)
ANTHRBIO 452, Population Genetics & Anthropology (4)
ANTHRBIO 461, Genetic Basis of Human Evolution (3)
ANTHRBIO 462, Ecological & Genetic Variation in Human Pop. (3)
ANTHRBIO 464, Nutritional Functional Anthropometry (4)
ANTHRBIO 473, Mechanisms of Human Adaptation (4)
*Courses taken as ANTHRBIO 469 (Topics in Biological Anthropology) or graduate-level topics courses can be counted in the appropriate group.
B. Biology: A minimum of three courses representing both groups below:
1. Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology:
BIOLCHEM 415, Introductory Biochemistry (3)
BIOLOGY 207, Introductory Microbiology (4)
BIOLOGY 225/226, Principles of Animal Physiology (3/2)
BIOLOGY 305, Genetics (3)
EEB 341, Parasitology (4)
EEB 490, Population and Quantitative Genetics (3)
MCDB 307/308, Developmental Biology (3/3)
MCDB 310, Introductory Biochemistry (3)
MCDB 311, Introductory Biochemistry (3)
PHYSIOL 201, Introduction to Human Physiology (4)
PHYSIOL 502, Human Physiology (4)
PHYSIOL 541/ANAT 541/BIOLOGY 541/PSYCH 532, Mammalian Reproductive Endocrinology (4)
PSYCH 438, Hormones and Behavior (3)
2. Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior:
BIOLOGY 252, Chordate Anatomy and Phylogeny (4)
EEB 315/ENVIRON 315, The Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Diseases (3)
EEB 381/ENVIRON 381, General Ecology (5)
EEB 390, Evolution (3)
EEB 451/ENVIRON 451/NRE 451, Biology of Mammals (4)
EEB 472, Plant-Animal Interactions (3)
EEB 476/ENVIRON 476/NRE 476, Ecosystem Ecology (3)
EEB 492, Behavioral Ecology (5)
ENVIRON 281/BIOLOGY 281, General Ecology (3)
ENVIRON 415/EEB 424/NRE 415, Behavioral Ecology and Conservation Biology (4)
ENVIRON 425/EEB 496/NRE 425, Applied Population Ecology (4)
GEOSCI 418, Paleontology (3)
GEOSCI 419, Paleontology Lab (1)
GEOSCI 437, Evolution of Vertebrates (4)
GEOSCI 438, Evolution of the Primates (4)
GEOSCI 439, Fossil Record and Evolution of Mammals (4)
PSYCH 335, Introduction to Animal Behavior (4)
PSYCH 530, Topics in Comparative and Evolutionary Psychology: Behavior of Wolves and Dogs (3)
C. Any remaining credits required to complete the major may be selected from biological anthropology or biology courses on the list that you haven’t already taken or, subject to the approval of the program advisor, from courses in other departments relevant to the major.