The Spartans dominated the ancient Greek world, both by their physical presence and by the awe in which other states held them, an awe that is their legacy today. Who were these men? How did they become so highly regarded? What were their lives like? How did their society and government function? We shall read Herodotus, Thucydides, Plutarch, Aristophanes, inscriptions, and several modern works of fiction on the Spartans, and examine archaeological evidence. Modern scholarship on the Spartans will also be a part of this course. No background in ancient history or classical studies required. Course requirements: approximately 100 pages of reading per week, two short papers (4-6 pages) during the term, and a final examination. Estimated cost of books (if bought new): $103, and a course reader.