Suffering and remembering longest, children lose most in war. Children Under Fire examines how authors of children's books represent the language of trauma. Writers and illustrators have to overcome the natural reluctance to tell young readers that evil is real, instead of pretending it is a nightmare that can be dispelled by turning on the light. At the same time painful interaction between child and adult in the juvenile war story can also expose violent ambivalences underlying cultural fantasies of childhood. The course studies how trauma — something that happens as a consequence of war — is represented as objective fact and subjective experience in a literature of atrocity. What is the relationship between the kinds of truth embodied by historical fact, historical novels and fairy tales? What are the uses of transference, retelling and forgetting in therapeutic language and literature? A variety of visual and verbal texts attests to the complex ethical, narrative and pedagogical issues raised by efforts to express and manage the incommunicable in books for young people.