SLAVIC 290 - Studies in Eastern European Cultures
Section: 002 Albanian Literature of Exile
Term: FA 2019
Subject: Slavic Languages and Literatures (SLAVIC)
Department: LSA Slavic Languages & Literatures
Requirements & Distribution:
Waitlist Capacity:
May be repeated for a maximum of 3 credit(s). May be elected more than once in the same term.
Primary Instructor:

This course focuses on the nature and the function of exile in literature. Since 1944, when the political situation in Albania changed, many writers escaped from the country. That year was the prelude of Hoxha’s regime, one of the cruelest dictator in the Eastern Europe and in the world too. Exile in that case was not only a social phenomenon but an intellectual state, a literary movement, a sign of freedom. Students will learn about the symptoms of the regime, the political status of language, subversion of cultural tradition and the flourishing of an artificial language (i. e. official language established since 1972), which was contested by several scientists. In fact the genesis for the implementation of a ‘new language’ was since 1952, but elimination of Gheg—as a main dialect documented since 1492 with the Baptismal Formula—took him 20 years. During Albanian communist system, like in every similar systems, the literature changed, converting it into an ideological status. So, in Albania was produced the also called ‘socialist realism’ or ‘soc-realism’. This is one side of Albanian Literature, but the other side was developed out the borders of geographic Albania. The instruments of propaganda were in all cultural levels: literature, painting, theater, cinema etc. During the course students will have the possibility to study and understand these forced types of mutations in an autocratic society.

Three domain authors who’s continued the activity in Diaspora were Ernest Koliqi (worked and lived until his death in Rome), Martin Camaj (worked and lived until his death in München) and Arshi Pipa (worked and lived until his death in USA). The first one escaped before the definitive installation of the dictatorship, the second one in 1947 and the third one in 1956 after being 10 years in prison from Hoxha’s regime, accused for agitation and propaganda as many other intellectuals did.

SLAVIC 290 - Studies in Eastern European Cultures
Schedule Listing
001 (LEC)
MW 4:00PM - 5:30PM
002 (LEC)
Tu 4:00PM - 6:00PM
Note: This mini-course takes place every Tuesday, October 22 through December 3. This is a 1-credit course.
004 (LEC)
Th 4:00PM - 6:00PM
Note: This mini-course takes place every Thursday, September 5 through October 17. This is a 1-credit course.
005 (LEC)
TuTh 4:00PM - 6:00PM
Note: This mini-course takes place every Tuesday and Thursday, October 22 through December 10. It is a 2-credit mini-course.
NOTE: Data maintained by department in Wolverine Access. If no textbooks are listed below, check with the department.

(i) Texts as below can be downloaded online version (for free): Robert Elsie, 'Studies in Modern Albanian Literature and Culture', East European Monographs; New York: Distributed by Columbia University Press, 1996 and Hannah Arendt, 'The Origins of Totalitarianism', Meridian Books, The World Publishing Company, Cleveland and New York, 1958. (ii) Other two optional texts for this course are: William E. Griffith, 'Albania and the Sino-Soviet Rift', The M.I.T. Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1963 [not with ISBN, but Congress catalog card number 63-10880] and Athanas Gegaj and Rexhep Krasniqi (by), `Albania?, Assembly of Captive European Nation, New York, 1964 [free download at]. (iii) Texts in English by Ernest Koliqi, Martin Camaj and Arshi Pipa can be reached on the website: (Classical and Modern authors). (iv) All the materials are available to be borrowed from Libraries.
ISBN: 9780880331845
Albanian Stalinism : ideo-political aspects, Author: Pipa, Arshi., Publisher: East European Monographs 1990
ISBN: 9780880331685
The politics of language in socialist Albania, Author: Pipa, Arshi, Publisher: East European Monographs 1989
ISBN: 9780814705117
Modern Albania : from dictatorship to democracy in Europe, Author: Abrahams, Fred., Publisher: New York University Press r. 2
ISBN: 9780156701532
The origins of totalitarianism. New ed. with added prefaces., Author: Arendt, Hannah, 1906-1975., Publisher: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich 1973
Other Textbook Editions OK.
ISBN: 9780896722637
The literature of emigration and exile, Publisher: Texas Tech Univ. Press 1992
ISBN: 9780822309871
Literature in exile, Publisher: Duke University Press 1990
ISBN: 9780814714447
Selected poetry, Author: Camaj, Martin, 1925-1992., Publisher: New York University Press 1990
ISBN: 9781845110314
Albanian literature : a short history, Author: Elsie, Robert (Robert William), 1950-, Publisher: Tauris 2005
ISBN: 9780880333528
Studies in modern Albanian literature and culture, Author: Elsie, Robert., Publisher: East European Monographs 1996
ISBN: 9780914710660
Balkan cultural studies, Author: Skendi, Stavro,, Publisher: Boulder 1980
Syllabi are available to current LSA students. IMPORTANT: These syllabi are provided to give students a general idea about the courses, as offered by LSA departments and programs in prior academic terms. The syllabi do not necessarily reflect the assignments, sequence of course materials, and/or course expectations that the faculty and departments/programs have for these same courses in the current and/or future terms.

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