Majors and Minors

Modern Greek

Equip yourself for the information age: develop critical thinking and analytical skills, advanced learning strategies and problem solving skills.

  • Learn how to understand, analyze and think about language in a sophisticated way.
  • Read some of the greatest works of literature in their original languages!
  • Develop your English through vocabulary building and awareness of grammar.
  • Acquire a grip on about 80% of the vocabulary of the modern Romance languages.
  • Examine and study texts from the ancient world, on stone, papyrus and parchment, and learn about the multicultural world of the Mediterranean, traces of which are all around you!

The skills taught in Latin and Greek are useful in many ways. The critical thinking and analytical skills (gleaned from a thorough knowledge of Latin and Greek) will benefit you in any class you take at the university. Students interested in subjects in the sciences and engineering will find the development of these skills invaluable. All students can benefit from improved English skills, particularly those students interested in Communications, Journalism, Law, and all the Humanities. Many students find Latin and Greek so helpful and fascinating that they choose these languages as a major or minor. Learning Latin and Greek is no more difficult than learning Spanish or French. We teach time-saving language learning strategies and skills in a highly structured format. As these are ancient languages, we focus primarily only on reading texts. Our department provides free "drop-in" tutoring available to all students in the Elementary Latin and Greek Courses.


Requirements

This concentration requires study of both classical Greek and Latin; the student chooses one language as the major language for the purpose of determining requirements. The student takes a minimum of nine courses (of at least three credits each) including:

  1. In the major language, at least three courses at the 400-level or above; 300- level courses count toward the concentration in the major language only.
  2. In the minor language, at least one course at the 400-level or above.
  3. Two courses selected from Classical Archaeology (221 or 222), Classical Civilization (101 or 102), or History (200 or 201). Three credits of independent study (Greek or Latin 499) may be used with written approval of the undergraduate advisor. Greek/Latin 497, the Junior/Senior Seminar, is highly recommended for all concentrators.

Honors Concentration

In addition to the concentration requirements stated above, Honors candidates must take one course, at or above the 450-level, in either Greek or Latin. Honors students receive six credits during their senior year for researching and writing an Honors thesis (Greek or Latin 495); this thesis must be based upon texts in the original ancient languages; the thesis should be a minimum of 40 pages in length. Candidates must offer an oral defense of this work, in a form to be agreed upon with their thesis advisor. Interested students who have a cumulative grade point average of at least 3.5 should contact their concentration advisor no later than the winter term of their junior year.

Classical Language & Literature Concentration Checklist

The concentration in Latin allows students to explore widely the world of Latin literature, which includes works in classical Latin (that of the late Republic and early-to-high Empire) as well as those of the Late Antique period on through to the Medieval world and even expands to the neo-Latin works of the early modern period. Students begin with classical Latin: the Latin of Cicero, Vergil, Horace, Livy, and Tacitus. Study abroad in Italy is encouraged, but not required: there is an excellent semester-long program at the Intercollegiate Center for Classical Studies in Rome.

For information about the practical benefits of studying ancient Latin click here.

Concentration

Prerequisite

Latin 232 or special placement examination

Requirements

Minimum of nine courses (at least three credits each) including:

  1. Seven courses in Latin at the 300-level or above; at least four of these courses must be:
    (a) 401 or 402; (b) 409 or 410; (c) another course from (a) or (b), or another course at the 400-level or above.
  2. Two courses selected from Classical Archaeology 222, Classical Civilization 102, or History 201. Three credits of independent study (Latin 499) may be used with written approval of the undergraduate advisor.
  3. Latin 497, the Junior/Senior Seminar, is highly recommended. The concentration should normally begin in the freshman or sophomore year.

Honors Concentration

In addition to the concentration requirements stated above, Honors candidates must take one course, at or above the 450-level, in Latin. Honors students receive six credits during their senior year for researching and writing an Honors thesis (Latin 495); this thesis must be based upon texts in the original ancient languages; the thesis should be a minimum of 40 pages in length. Candidates must offer an oral defense of this work, in a form to be agreed upon with their thesis advisor. Interested students who have a cumulative grade point average of at least 3.5 should contact their concentration advisor no later than the winter term of their junior year at the latest.

Language, Literature and Culture of Ancient Rome

Prerequisites to the Roman minor

Latin 232 or equivalent, as determined by the departmental placement examination.

Requirements for the Roman minor

At least 16 credits of courses chosen from the following three groups

  1. At least two upper-level courses in Latin language and literature, with at least one at the 350- level or higher.
  2. At least one broad introductory course in Roman civilization (Classical Civilization 102), Roman archaeology (Classical Archaeology 222), or Roman History (History 201).
  3. At least one upper level course (300 or 400-level) in Roman civilization, archaeology, or history.

Download the Checklist for your concentration or minor!

Latin Concentration checklist
Latin Minor checklist

Students interested in a secondary school teaching certificate with a major or minor in Latin must have Professor Deborah Ross (2147 Angell Hall; 734.764.0357; dpross@umich.edu) approve their program of study. The prerequisite for either the major or the minor is Latin 232 or the equivalent.

Requirements for the Latin Teaching Major 30 credits

  1. Fifteen credit hours in Latin beyond 194 or 232, of which twelve must be numbered 400 or above; neither 499 nor 599 will count toward the major without approval of the teaching certificate advisor
  2. One course in Latin composition
  3. One course in classical archaeology
  4. One course in Roman history
  5. One course in linguistics

Requirements for the Latin Teaching Minor 20 credits

  1. Twelve credits in Latin beyond 194 or 232, of which nine must be numbered 400 or above; neither 499 nor 599 will count toward the minor without approval of the teaching certificate advisor
  2. One course in Roman history
  3. One course in linguistics

Prof. Ross has the authority to modify Departmental requirements, in special cases, for a teaching major or minor, in keeping with the general requirements for the teaching certificate.

Classical archaeology is the study of the material culture — the artifacts, sites, monuments, and landscapes — of the ancient Mediterranean world. While we focus principally on the civilizations of Greece and Rome, other areas, notably Egypt and the Near East, can also form an important part of the concentration. The study of classical archaeology extends broadly through time as well as space, ranging from the Minoan and Mycenaean cultures of the second millennium BC to the collapse of the Roman empire — which occurred in AD 476 or in AD 1453, depending on who you ask.

At Michigan, you can study everything from the Parthenon in Athens to the Colosseum in Rome, from the forts of Roman Britain to the art of Egypt of the pharaohs, from the palaces of prehistoric Crete to the Ice Man, from cities in Afghanistan to red-figure pottery — as well as things between and beyond.

These diverse course offerings encourage the interdisciplinary study of art, history, languages and archaeology. Many classes are held in the Kelsey Museum of Archaeology, and objects from its collections are widely used in teaching. Student opportunities exist for volunteering in the museum, and undergraduates are also encouraged to think about gaining fieldwork experience in the summer months. Finally, many archaeologists visit and lecture on the Michigan campus each year and undergraduates are always welcome (and encouraged) to attend.

Major

Requires a minimum of 9-10 courses (at least 3 credits each) including:

    1. At least two of the following introductory courses:

    • Classical Archaeology 220: Great Buildings of Ancient Rome/Greece
    • Classical Archaeology 221: Introduction to Greek Archaeology
    • Classical Archaeology 222: Introduction to Roman Archaeology
    • Classical Archaeology 323: Introduction to Field Archaeology

    2. Three upper level courses in the field of Classical Archaeology.

    3. One course in either Greek or Roman history or civilization.

    4. One upper level course in a cognate field (e.g., Anthropology, History, History of Art, Near Eastern Studies, Religion, Women's Studies).  This course cannot be used to meet LSA distribution requirements.

    5. Third term proficiency in Greek or Latin (Language courses that are a prerequisite of third term proficiency DO NOT count among the number of credits required for the major).

    6.  At least one additional course.

Minor

This minor is intended to provide students with the opportunity to explore the archaeology and art of the ancient Mediterranean world. Students will acquire a broad archaeological, historical and cultural overview, before turning to more specific courses dealing with the artistic production and material conditions of Greek and Roman society.

Prerequisites to the Archaeology minor

One of the following introductory course in classical archaeology:

  • Classical Archaeology 220: Great Buildings of Ancient Rome/Greece
  • Classical Archaeology 221: Introduction to Greek Archaeology
  • Classical Archaeology 222: Introduction to Roman Archaeology
  • Classical Archaeology 323: Introduction to Field Archaeology

Requirements for the Archaeology minor

At least 16 credits of courses chosen from the following three groups:

  1. At least one broad introductory course in classical archaeology, other than the course chosen to meet the prerequisite (Classical Archaeology 220: Great Buildings of Ancient Rome/Greece; Classical Archaeology 221: Introduction to Greek Archaeology; Classical Archaeology 222: Introduction to Roman Archaeology; Classical Archaeology 323: Introduction to Field Archaeology)
  2. At least one broad introductory course in Greek or Roman civilization or Greek and Roman history (History 200; History 201; Classical Civilization 101; Classical Civilization 102)
  3. At least three upper level (upper 300 or 400 level) courses in classical archaeology.

Honors Concentration in Classical Archaeology

In addition to the concentration requirements stated above, Honors candidates are required to take a minimum of eight credits in the second classical language (Ancient Greek if the major language is Latin; Latin if the major language is Ancient Greek). Honors students receive six credits during their senior year for researching and writing an Honors thesis (CA 495); they must offer an oral defense of this work, in a form to be agreed upon with their thesis advisor. The thesis should be a minimum of 40 pages in length. Interested students who have a cumulative grade point average of at least 3.5 should contact their concentration advisor no later than the winter term of their junior year at the latest.

Download the Checklist for your concentration or minor!

Classical Archaeology Concentration checklist

Classical Archaeology Minor checklist

Classical Civilization is the study of the history and culture of the ancient Greeks and Romans. Course offerings cover every aspect of life in the ancient world, including politics, warfare, law, slavery, gender and sexuality, religion and magic, sports and leisure, death, drama and philosophical thought. These topics are explored through the study of ancient texts in translation and the archaeological record.

Most students choose to concentrate in Classical Civilization because of their fascination with the ancient world. Nevertheless, Classical Civilization is also an excellent educational experience. Study of the ancient past increases understanding of the present because of the great debt of the modern world to the classical past. In addition, the striking differences between ancient civilization and our own help put the modern world into perspective. More practically speaking, courses in Classical Civilization enhance basic skills such as critical thinking and competence in written and oral communication.

Although knowledge of Greek or Latin is not required for this concentration, we encourage concentrators to learn the ancient languages. Concentrators should be aware that graduate programs in Classical Studies and Ancient History usually require at least three years of study of Greek and Latin. If you are interested in applying for graduate school, speak to your advisor as soon as possible.

Concentration 

Prerequisites

Requires a minimum of 2 courses from the following choices, for a total of 8 credit hours. One course must emphasize Greek culture and the other course must emphasize Roman culture.

  • Classical Civilization 101: The Ancient Greek World
  • Classical Civilization 102: The Ancient Roman World
  • History 200: Greece to 201 B.C.
  • History 201: Rome
  • Great Books 191

Requirements

A minimum of 9 courses of at least 3 credits each.

  • 5 courses (minimum 15 credits) in Classical Civilization at the 300 or 400 level, with at least two of these at the 400 level. These courses must include at least one course in literature and one course in religion/philosophy. One course in Ancient Greek or Latin may substitute for one of these Classical Civilization courses.
  • 1 course (minimum 3 credits) in Classical Archaeology.
  • 1 course (minimum 3 credits) in Ancient Greek or Roman history. This requirement is separate from any History course that may have been taken as a prerequisite to the concentration.
  • 1 upper-level elective cognate course (minimum 3 credits) outside the division of Classical Civilization. Latin 231 or 232 may also count to meet this requirement.
  • The "Capstone Seminar", taking either:
    • Classical Civilization 480: Studying Antiquity
    • Classical Civilization 481: Classical Tradition

Honors Concentration

In addition to the concentration requirements stated above (with the exception of the capstone seminar, CLCIV 480/481), Honors candidates must achieve fourth-term proficiency, as defined by the LSA language requirement, in either Ancient Greek or Latin. They must also take two upper-level cognate courses deemed relevant (at the discretion of the thesis advisor) to the subject of the Honors thesis. Honors students receive six credits during their senior year for researching and writing the Honors thesis (CLCIV 495); they must offer an oral defense of this work, in a form to be agreed upon with their thesis advisor. The thesis should be a minimum of 40 pages in length. Interested students who have a cumulative grade point average of at least 3.5 should contact their concentration advisor no later than the winter term of their junior year at the latest.

Download the Checklist for your concentration or minor!

Classical Civilization Concentration checklist
Classical Civilization Minor checklist

The concentration in ancient Greek allows students to pursue their own interests within a wide range of Greek literature, which extends from the Homeric epics to the Byzantine era and includes the archaic, classical, and Hellenistic periods as well as the Koinê Greek of the New Testament. Students begin with Attic Greek, the language of “golden age” (fifth-century B.C.E.) Athens. The Greek language of that time and place represents a cultural and linguistic central point from which students can go on to read works in all genres, including philosophy, oratory, epic, lyric, history, tragedy, comedy, and biblical Greek.

For information about the practical benefits of studying ancient Greek click here.

 

Concentration

Prerequisites

Greek 102 or placement examination

Requirements

Minimum of nine courses (at least three credits each) including:

  1. Seven courses in Greek at the 300-level or above (at least four of these must be 400-level or above, usually including 401 and 402).
  2. Two courses selected from Classical Archaeology 221, Classical Civilization 101, or History 200. Three credits of independent study (Greek 499) may be used with written approval of the undergraduate advisor.

Greek 497, the Junior/Senior Seminar, is highly recommended. The concentration in classical Greek should normally begin in the freshman or sophomore year.

Honors Concentration

In addition to the concentration requirements stated above, Honors candidates must take one course, at or above the 450-level, in Greek. Honors students receive six credits during their senior year for researching and writing an Honors thesis (Greek 495); this thesis must be based upon texts in the original ancient languages; the thesis should be a minimum of 40 pages in length. Candidates must offer an oral defense of this work, in a form to be agreed upon with their thesis advisor. Interested students who have a cumulative grade point average of at least 3.5 should contact their concentration advisor no later than the winter term of their junior year at the latest.

Language, Literature and Culture of Ancient Greece

Prerequisites to the Greek minor

Greek 301 or equivalent, as determined by the departmental placement examination.

Requirements for the Greek minor

At least 16 credits of courses chosen from the following three groups

  • At least two upper-level courses in Greek language and literature.
  • At least one broad introductory course in Greek civilization (Classical Civilization 101), Greek archaeology (Classical Archaeology 221), or Greek History (History 200).
  • At least one upper level (300 or 400-level) in Greek civilization, archaeology, or history.

Download the Checklist for your concentration or minor

Ancient Greek Concentration checklist
Ancient Greek Minor checklist

Archaeology

Classical Civilization

Classical Languages & Literature

Ancient Greek

Modern Greek

Latin

Teaching Certificate in Latin