The Center for the Study of Complex Systems was established in 1999 by the University of Michigan Office of the Vice President for Research (OVPR). Its first director, Carl Simon, helped CSCS grow from an informal program into a thriving, interdisciplinary research center. The Center currently has ten core faculty members and over 50 affiliated faculty who represent nearly every college of the University. More than half of these take an active role in CSCS including participation in grant proposals, research groups and administration. In July 2005, CSCS formally became part of the College of Literature, Science and the Arts (LSA).