Proposals to Meet LSA General Requirements

Quantitative Reasoning Requirement (QR1/QR2)

Quantitative Reasoning is first and foremost reasoning. It is not mathematical manipulation or computation, but rather the methodology used to process and analyzes quantitative information in order to make judgments and predictions. To satisfy these criteria courses must provide students with quantitative tools and require them to make significant use of these tools in the context of the other material. Some typical student activities might include:

  • Determining whether a proposed relationship between two or more quantities exists or is valid, and to what extent other related variables need to be taken into account
  • Extensive written analysis of quantitative relationships and conclusions that can be drawn from them
  • Quantitative exercises and problems whose answer cannot be reduced to a single number, formula or phrase—and in particular, cannot be answered by a choice from a list
  • Design of experiments or surveys for gathering quantitative data to answer a real-world question
  • Solving of complex real-world problems using non-routine calculations based on a non-trivial theory

To submit a QR1 or QR2 proposal, download the QR Requirement Form and attach the required documentation.

Race and Ethnicity (R&E)

R&E courses must devote substantial but not necessarily exclusive attention to the following issues: a) Meaning of race, ethnicity and racism, b) Racial and ethnic intolerance and resulting inequality as it occurs in the U.S. or elsewhere, and c) Comparisons of discrimination based on race, ethnicity, religion, social class or gender. See additional information.

If course fulfills the R&E requirement, download the R&E Proposal Form and attach documentation.

First-Year Writing Requirement (FYWR)

The goal of the First‐Year Writing Requirement is to prepare students to write in diverse academic contexts. As a broad preparation for the range of writing tasks students will encounter at the University of Michigan and beyond, FYWR courses emphasize evidenced, academic writing in a variety of genres and rhetorical situations. This course is foundational for students to master the kind of analysis and argumentation found in sophisticated academic writing. FYWR proposals and syllabi must be submitted to the Sweetland Center for Writing. See additional information.

Upper-level Writing Requirement (ULWR)

ULWR courses must include the following learning goals:

  • Logically organize their thoughts into writing
  • Use clear and concise language
  • Analyze information masterfully
  • Incorporate appropriate evidence into their analyses
  • Understand the central concepts, approaches, materials and written conventions in their chosen concentration.

Over the course of the term, students will complete several writing assignments that are related to course content and intended to help students practice the rhetoric of their specific discipline. Possible assignments may include journals, research papers, critical analyses, and/or lab reports. Students will receive feedback on their writing from their ULWR instructor and are expected to revise much of their work throughout the term.


Further resources can be found on the Sweetland Center for Writing website:

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