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Learning Strategies

German Dept.
Max Kade House
German Club
PONS online dict.
L.E.O. online dict.
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Deutsch 102 - Stunde 44 [die Stunde = hour]

Outline plan:

  • Informal activity before class begins: Practice with one or two of the "Sprechtest 2" index cards
    • Find these on Canvas > Files > Oral Tests
  • Aktivität 13
    • Partners take turns being the loud obnoxious student who reads the (indicative) statement and the stuck up snobby one who makes the statement more polite by using the polite subjunctive
  • Overhead: "Was wäre wenn"
    • Just work on the present tense prompts today
    • Pick what interests you
  • Review Past-Subjunctive info from the video lecture & complete this table [instructor completes left-hand column; class completes the rest]:
    • Past Indicative [I did this]

      Past Subjunctive [I would have done this]

      Ich habe geschlafen
      Ich schlief

      Ich hätte geschlafen

      Ich bin gegangen
      Ich ging

      Ich wäre gegangen

      Ich bin gewesen
      Ich war

      Ich wäre gewesen

      Ich habe gehabt
      Ich hatte
      Ich hätte gehabt
    • Compare the meanings: I slept vs I would have slept; I went vs I would have gone; I was vs I would have been; I had vs I would have had
    • Note that whereas in the indicative there is a formal and an informal past tense, in the past subjunctive there is only the one (two-word) form for speaking and writing to say what you would have done
  • Instructor reads a set of statements about what s/he did or would have done in Berlin. For each statement, students decide if this is something s/he did (indicative) or something s/he would have done (Past Subjunctive)
  • Partner: Biff hat in Berlin gar nichts gemacht. Was hätten Sie gemacht?
    • Opportunity to remember highlights from 365 Dinge…!
  • Past Subjunctive with modal verbs: double-infinitive construction:
    • What does "Ich hätte nicht Französisch sprechen sollen?" mean?
      • [I should not have spoken French]
    • What is this construction called?
      • [double infinitive]
    • When do I use "wäre" instead of "hätte"?
      • [Never for this construction!]
    • Note that this is especially easy, since it involves no decisions about using "haben" vs "sein" and does not require you to remember any past participles ==> all you need to do is recognize when you want to use a modal verb in the past, and then use this construction.
    • Examples:
      • Ich bin todmüde.  Ich wünschte ich hätte gestern mehr schlafen können. [I wish I could have slept more yesterday]
      • Ich habe einen Kater.  Ich hätte nicht so viel Becks Bier trinken sollen. [I shouldn't have drunk so much Beck's]
      • Ich habe großen Hunger.  Ich hätte mehr frühstücken müssen. [I really should have ["hätte...müssen"] eaten more for breakfast"]
        • [vs "Ich hätte mehr frühstücken sollen" (I should have eaten more for breakfast) and "Ich hätte mehr frühstücken können" (I could have eaten more for breakfast)]
  • Overhead: "Was hätte ich (nicht) tun sollen"
  • Time permitting: cartoon overhead about die Zeitmaschine in der Küche




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