Raketen: Vokabelliste

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die Schubkammer, -n thrust chamber
das Triebwerk, -e engine (used more for ships and planes than for cars)
die Verkleidung lining, paneling, casing [similar to "Gehäuse" in this sense, but with "Gehäuse" you think of "casing" in the sense of a container "housing" a device, whereas with "Verkleidung" you think of a liner or paneling around the device in order to conceal it from view]; also means "costume" specifically for costumes designed to make a person unrecognizable.
die Nutzlast

payload

die Stufe, -n stage, step
die Steuerung control system, steering mechanism
der Treibstoff fuel
der Feststoffbooster, - solid fuel booster
der Rückstoß thrust (specifically based on the principle of action and reaction); recoil [in normal usage, you will usually only see this word as part of the expression "einen Rückstoß erleiden," which means "to suffer a setback"]
derzeit jetzt
entgegengesetzt opposite (direction, opinion), opposing (interests, opinions)
aus•stoßen, stößt aus, stieß aus, hat ausgestossen to expel (a substance, or a person from a group) [not used for expulsion from school or from a country]
ab•trennen to separate off
fördern to mine, to pump [normally "pumpen"], to convey; also means "to promote" (e.g. a cause)
der Bestandteil, -e component
allmählich gradual
sich aus•dehnen to expand
die Schallgeschwindigkeit speed of sound
sich befinden to be located
aufgrund + Genitive because of
dienen als to serve as
sich lohnen to be worth it
die Belastung, -en burden, load, strain
ebenfalls auch
bekannt well-known, known
jeweils in each case
unter•bringen, brachte unter, hat untergebracht to accommodate, to house
zusätzlich additional
verglühen to burn up (in the atmosphere; under normal circumstances, the term for "burning up" is verbrennen)
der Schutz protection
entfernen to remove