Rohstoffliches Kunststoffrecycling: Vokabelliste

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die Anlage plant [as in power plant, recycling plant]; system/equipment [as in Stereoanlage]
verdichten; der Verdichter, - to compress; compressor [but for cars and fridges, compressor =der Kompressor; an air compressor for use e.g. with power tools is "die Pressluftmaschine"]
der Hochofen, ¨- furnace, blast furnace
die Synthese, -n synthesis
die Reduktion reduction [especially in the chemical sense]
die Oxydation oxidation
zersetzen to cause to decompose or disintegrate
zerlegen to take apart, to dismantle
der Teer, -e tar
der Kohlenstoff, -e; die Kohle, -n carbon; coal
der Wasserstoff hydrogen
der Sauerstoff oxygen
der Druck, ¨-e pressure
der Kreislauf cycle, circulation (Germans also use this term to refer to their "circulatory system," and like to refer to indeterminate feelings of "unwellness" as "Kreislaufprobleme," which can culminate in a "Kreislaufkollaps": loss of consciousness due to insufficient supplies of oxygen or glucose to the brain)
die Raffinerie, -n refinery
das Eisenerz, -e iron ore
   
fest solid
flüssig liquid
gasförmig gaseous
das Abwasser, ¨- waste water, sewage
der Einsatz deployment, use (of)
es handelt sich um it is a matter of
der Stoff, -e; stofflich material, matter, fabric; material [adjective - e.g. stoffliche Verwertung = material recycling]
spalten, spaltete, hat gespalten to split
gezielt; das Ziel, -e; zielen targeted; target, goal; to aim
die Menge, -n quantity, amount [also means "set" in the mathematical sense: Mengenlehre = set theory]
die Zufuhr von the supply of [a necessary resource]
gängig common, customary
Bar [not capitalized when used as a unit]; das Barometer bar [unit of pressure equal to 100 kPa; atmospheric pressure at sea level is roughly 1 bar]; barometer
das Mittel, - means of achieving a certain end, agent (in the preceding sense)
der Bestandteil, -e component part
die Verbindung, -en; verbinden, verband, hat verbunden compound, connection; to combine, to connect

NICHT IM QUIZ:

das Fließbild, das Flussdiagramm, der Flussplan, das Ablaufdiagramm, der Arbeitsplan [for work flow plans], das Ablaufschaubild, der Programmablaufplan [for computer programs] flow chart
der Wärmetauscher, - heat exchanger
die Sumpfphasereaktoreinheit, -en "sump phase reactor unit" [der Sumpf = bog, marsh]
die Rückstände residues
das Entspannungsgas, - ? Entspannung = relaxation, release of tension
das Syncrude synthetic oil(s)
der Schacht, ¨-e shaft [e.g. mine shaft, elevator shaft]; vertical, cylindrical part of certain metallurgical blast furnaces
weitgehend unter Luftabschluss largely under exclusion of air
verschwelen to carbonize ["schwelen" = "to smoulder"]
verkoken to carbonize [Koks = coke [as in coal]] ["Koks" is also slang for money ["dough"] and cocaine]
die Pyrolyse pyrolysis
der Drehrohrofen, ¨- rotary furnace, rotary kiln
die Thermoplaste [Pl] thermoplastics, i.e. plastics that can be melted in order to be reshaped
das Duromer, -e duromer, thermosetting plastic [this type of plastic cannot be melted in order to be reshaped]
das Elastomer, -e elastic plastic :)
werden bei Anlagerung von Wasserstoff durch Hydrierreaktionen abgesättigt are saturated by hydration reactions that bind hydrogen to them
Mittelöle medium density oils such as diesel fuel or home heating fuel
das Vakuumrückstandsöl, -e vacuum residue oil?
die Salzsäure hydrochloric acid
fraktionieren to fractionate (i.e. to separate into fractions by distillation [taking advantage of differing boiling points], crystallization etc.)
einwertige Alkohole alcohols with a single OH (hydroxyl) group, such as methanol & ethanol
mehrwertige Alkohole alcohols with more than one OH (hydroxyl) group, such as ethanediol (used as antifreeze)