|Content 50%||Language (simple, clear, accurate) 50%|
Rewrites [==> den Aufsatz revidieren]: You will rewrite your essays based on your instructor's feedback and the correction symbols below. Your final essay grade will be calculated as follows:
|First draft [=die erste Fassung] 1/3||Rewrite [=die Neufassung] 2/3|
|?||Meaning is unclear. This is usually the result of trying to translate an idea literally from English.|
ID and ID* both mean that you have made a mistake with an IDiomatic expression. This usually means you've tried to translate an English idiom literally into German when that can't be done, e.g. "this evening" = "heute Abend" and not "
The following combinations of ID + number indicate some common idiomatic mistakes to avoid:
W* and W both indicate that you've chosen the wrong word, but W* indicates that the mistake is especially serious. Examples are:
Most such errors can be avoided by
The following combinations of W + number indicate some common word choice mistakes to avoid:
|SO||Remember that subjects of verbs are Nominative and objects of verbs or prepositions are Accusative or Dative (for Genitive prepositions we'll use GEN--see below).
|GG||Grotesque Gender mistakes e.g. die Vater, die Mann, das Mutter, das Frau|
TREE LEVEL: These are fundamental verb mistakes that will stand out to anyone walking through your forest.
|ING||Remember German has no -ing form: I go = I am going = Ich gehe. I went = I was going = Ich ging OR Ich bin gegangen. Wrong are e.g. "
|MV||Modal Verb mistakes (errors in conjugation; failing to use "modal + infinitive")|
|SV||Subject and Verb do not agree|
|TM||Wrong Tense [Present/Past…] or Mood [indicative vs. subjunctive] of the verb|
WEED LEVEL: We don't want to see too many weeds in your garden BUT any interesting garden will have a few. Don't feel bad
|AD||You've confused Accusative and Dative.|
|DN||Nouns add an "-n" in the dative plural. DN indicates that you've either forgotten this extra -n we add to the regular plural form in the Dative, or added one where it's not needed.|
|EA||Don't confuse Ein-word endings and Adjective endings!|
|GR||Capitalization [=GRoß- und Kleinschreibung]|
|I||Punctuation [=Interpunktion]. Usually means you need to insert or delete a comma.|
|ID||IDiomatic expression. See ID* under "Forest Level" for more information!|
|NN||Wrong form of an N-Noun. N-Nouns, also known as weak nouns, are a special class of masculine nouns that add an -en or -n ending whenever they are not in the Nominative singluar. E.g. der Student ==> den/dem/des Studenten; der Herr ==> den/dem/des Herrn. They include the male forms of some occupations (Student, Professor, Biologe, Astronaut, Philosoph, Kollege...), some male animals (Elefant, Affe, Drache), and some other nouns (Junge, Herr, Kunde, Planet...)|
|P||Wrong OR missing Preposition|
|PA||This note means you need to use the PAssive, i.e. the appropriate form of "werden" + a past participle.|
|PL||Wrong PLural form (for nouns)|
|RP||Wrong/missing Relative Pronoun|
The word you need is SIMilar to the word you have used. We'll use this if you've confused similar words like "dass" and "das," "antworten" and "beantworten," "Strahlen" [=rays] and "Strahlung" [=radiation].
Verb problems not included in the above categories (ING, MV, SV, TM, VP). These include errors in conjugating the
|W||Wrong Word [Do not confuse V and W: V ==> change verb form, but keep using this verb; W ==> use a different word]. See W* under "Forest Level" for more information!|
|Wst||Word order [=Wortstellung] [for word order mistakes other than verb position (VP)]|
|>||Word missing [usually (but not always) an article or reflexive pronoun]|