Components of letter grades for essays and rewrites:
|Content 50%||Language (simple, clear, accurate) 50%|
Rewrites [==> den Aufsatz revidieren]: You will rewrite your essays based on your instructor's feedback and the correction symbols below. Your final essay grade will be calculated as follows:
|First draft [=die erste Fassung] 50%||Rewrite [=die Neufassung] 50%|
FOREST LEVEL: These are your HIGHEST PRIORITY and will significantly affect your grade on essays and tests! Write simply and clearly. Use the dictionary thoughtfully and sparingly (use the German you know!). Pay attention to case (Nominative, Accusative and Dative)
|?||Meaning is unclear. This often results from translating literally from English.|
ID and ID* both indicate mistakes with IDioms; ID* indicates that the error is especially serious/distracting. This often results from translating an English idiom literally into German, e.g. "this evening" = "heute Abend" and not "
W* and W both indicate an incorrect word choice; W* indicates that the mistake is especially serious. Examples are:
The following combinations of W + number indicate some common word choice mistakes to avoid:
|SO||Remember that subjects of verbs are Nominative and objects of verbs or prepositions are Accusative or Dative (for Genitive errors we'll use GEN--see below).
|GG||Grotesque Gender mistakes e.g. die Vater, die Mann, das Mutter, das Frau - or multiple genders for the same noun|
TREE LEVEL: These are fundamental verb mistakes that will stand out to anyone walking through your forest.
|ING||Remember German has no -ing form: I go = I am going = Ich gehe. I went = I was going = Ich ging OR Ich bin gegangen. Wrong are e.g. "
|MV||Modal Verb mistakes (errors in conjugation; failing to use "modal + infinitive")|
|SV||Subject and Verb do not agree|
|TM||Wrong Tense [Present/Past…] or Mood [indicative vs. subjunctive] of the verb|
WEED LEVEL: We don't want to see too many weeds in your garden BUT any interesting garden will have a few. Don't feel bad
|AD||You've confused Accusative and Dative. Where the reason for the error is ambiguous, we may write SO/AD.|
|DN||Nouns add an "-n" in the dative plural. DN indicates that you've either forgotten this extra -n we add to the regular plural form in the Dative, or added one where it's not needed.|
|EA||Don't confuse Ein-word endings and Adjective endings!|
|GR||Capitalization [=GRoß- und Kleinschreibung]|
|I||Punctuation [=Interpunktion]. Usually means you need to insert or delete a comma.|
|ID||IDiomatic expression. See ID* under "Forest Level" for more information!|
|NN||Wrong form of an N-Noun. N-Nouns (weak nouns) are masculine nouns that add an -en or -n ending whenever they are not in the Nominative singular. E.g. der Student ==> den/dem/des Studenten; der Herr ==> den/dem/des Herrn. They include the male forms of some occupations (Student, Professor, Biologe, Astronaut, Philosoph, Kollege...), some male animals (Elefant, Affe, Drache), and some other nouns (Junge, Herr, Kunde, Planet...)|
|P||Wrong OR missing Preposition|
|PA||This note means you need to use the PAssive, i.e. the appropriate form of "werden" + a past participle.|
|PL||Wrong PLural form (for nouns)|
|RP||Wrong/missing Relative Pronoun|
|RV||Wrong/missing reflexive pronoun (RV: Reflexive Verb)|
A German sentence should only have one main verb per clause. This note indicates that you have two main verbs in the same clause, and need to find a way to separate the clause into two clauses separated by a comma, typically a main clause and a Subordinate Clause, with one of the verbs in each.
The word you need is SIMilar to the word you have used. We'll use this if you've confused similar words like "dass" and "das," "antworten" and "beantworten," "Strahlen" [=rays] and "Strahlung" [=radiation].
Verb problems not included in the above categories (ING, MV, SV, TM, VP). These include errors in conjugating the
|W||Wrong Word [Do not confuse V and W: V ==> change verb form, but keep using this verb; W ==> use a different word]. See W* under "Forest Level" for more information!|
|Wst||Word order [=Wortstellung] [for word order mistakes other than verb position (VP)]|
|>||Word missing [often an article (der/das/die, ein, eine...)]|