Before submitting an application, students should discuss their plans with the graduate adviser of the Program, Ian Moyer. The appropriate application form for a Dual Degree may be downloaded from the website of the Rackham School of Graduate Studies. Students may submit their applications directly to the Program Administrator, Michelle Biggs, at any time in their graduate careers. Courses students have already taken may be counted toward the requirements of the Certificate, and the same courses may be used to satisfy the requirements for both a doctoral Program and the Certificate.