A role for CSLD3 during cell-wall synthesis in apical plasma membranes of tip-growing root-hair cells
Author(s): Sungjin Park, Amy L. Szumlanski, Fangwei Gu, Feng Guo, Erik Nielsen
In plants, cell shape is defined by the cell wall, and changes in cell shape and size are dictated by modification of existing cell walls and deposition of newly synthesized cell-wall material. In root hairs, expansion occurs by a process called tip growth, which is shared by root hairs, pollen tubes and fungal hyphae. We show that cellulose-like polysaccharides are present in root-hair tips, and de novo synthesis of these polysaccharides is required for tip growth. We also find that eYFP-CSLD3 proteins, but not CESA cellulose synthases, localize to a polarized plasma-membrane domain in root hairs. Using biochemical methods and genetic complementation of a csld3 mutant with a chimaeric CSLD3 protein containing a CESA6 catalytic domain, we provide evidence that CSLD3 represents a distinct (14)-β-glucan synthase activity in apical plasma membranes during tip growth in root-hair cells.
Name of Periodical: Nature Cell Biology
Issue Number: 13
Year of Publication: 2011