Roberto Merlin was born in Buenos Aires, Argentina. He received the Licenciado en Ciencias Fisicas (M.S.) degree from the University of Buenos Aires, Argentina, in 1973 and the Dr. rer. nat. (Ph.D.) degree from the University of Stuttgart, Germany, in 1978. His graduate advisor was Professor Manuel Cardona. After a postdoctoral position in the group of Professor Miles V. Klein at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, he joined the Physics faculty of the University of Michigan in 1980. He became Associate Professor in 1985 and Full Professor in 1989. During 1993-1996, Merlin served as Associate Chair for Research and Facilities of the Department of Physics. He is currently the Director of the Optical Physics Interdisciplinary Laboratory. Since 2000, he has held a joint appointment in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science. Merlin was a Visiting Professor at the Max-Planck-Institut FKF, Stuttgart, Germany in 1987, at the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology in 1996, and at the Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France in 2007. In 1997, he held the Visiting Professor Iberdrola Chair at the Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Spain.
Merlin's research specialty is experimental condensed matter physics. His areas of expertise include various optical techniques and, in particular, spontaneous and impulsive (stimulated) Raman spectroscopy. In the past several years, he has used light scattering to study a wide range of systems such as rare-earth magnetic semiconductors, mixed-valence compounds, transition-metal oxides, A15 superconductors, intercalated graphite and GaAs-AlAs superlattices. His current interests focus on the generation and control of coherent vibrational and electronic fields using ultrafast laser and x-ray pulses, and negative refraction. Merlin and collaborators pioneered experimental work on Fibonacci superlattices, the quantum-confined Pockels effect and squeezed phonons. Other significant contributions include the earliest light-scattering studies of interface phonons, folded acoustic modes and shallow impurities in GaAs/AlAs heterostructures, and the development of the technique of magneto-Raman scattering.
Merlin is a Fellow of the American Physical Society (1996), the Optical Society of America (2000), the von Humboldt Foundation (1987) and the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation (2007). Other honors include the 2006 Frank Isakson Prize of the American Physical Society for Optical Effects in Solids and Lannin Lecturer (2002) at the Department of Physics, Pennsylvania State University. His service record includes Chair of the APS Forum on International Physics (1996-1997), Member of the APS Committee on International Freedom of Scientists (2002-2004) and General Chair of the Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (2006). He is also a member of the Editorial Board of the Springer Series in Solid State Sciences and the journal Solid State Communications.
Radiationless Electromagnetic Interference: Evanescent-Field Lenses and Perfect Focusing, (R. Merlin), Science 317, 927-929 (2007).
Light-Induced Magnetic Precession in (Ga,Mn)As Slabs: Hybrid Standing-Wave Damon-Eshbach Modes, (D. M. Wang, Y. H. Ren, X. Liu, J. K. Furdyna, M. Grimsditch and R. Merlin), Phys. Rev. B 75, 233308 (2007).
An Exactly Solvable Model of an Avalanche-Type Measuring Device: Macroscopic Distinctiveness and Wavefunction Collapse, (R. Merlin), Europhysics Lett. 76, 541-546 (2006).
Observation of surface-avoiding waves: A new class of extended states in periodic media, (M. Trigo, T. A. Eckhause, M. Reason, R. S. Goldman and R. Merlin), Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 124301 (2006).
Anomalous First-to-Zero Sound Crossover in La1-xCaxMnO3, (Y. H. Ren, G. Lupke, Y. Hu, Q. Li, C. S. Hong, N. H. Hur and R. Merlin), Phys. Rev. B 74, 012405 (2006).
Long-lived optical phonons in ZnO studied with impulsive stimulated Raman scattering, (C. Aku-Leh, J. Zhao, R. Merlin, J. Menendez and M. Cardona), Phys. Rev. B 71, 205211 (2005).
Analytical Solution of the Almost-Perfect-Lens Problem, (R. Merlin), Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1290-1292 (2004).
Magnon Squeezing in an Antiferromagnet: Reducing the Spin Noise Below the Standard Quantum Limit, (J. Zhao, A. V. Bragas, D. J. Lockwood and R. Merlin), Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 107203 (2004).
Ultrafast Dynamic Control of Spin and Charge Density Oscillations in a GaAs Quantum Well, (J. M. Bao, L. N. Pfeiffer, K. W. West and R. Merlin), Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 236601 (2004).
Ultrafast Optical Generation of Coherent Phonons in CdTe1-xSex Quantum Dots, (A. V. Bragas, C. Aku-Leh, S. Costantino, A. Ingale, J. Zhao and R. Merlin), Phys. Rev. B 69, 205306 (2004).
Optically-Induced Multi-Spin Entanglement in a Semiconductor Quantum Well, (J. Bao, A. V. Bragas, J. K. Furdyna and R. Merlin), Nature Mater. 2 (2003).
Nanoscale Thermal Transport, (D. G. Cahill, W. K. Ford, K. E. Goodson, G. D. Mahan, H. J. Maris, A. Majumdar, R. Merlin and S. R. Phillpot), J. Appl. Phys. (Appl. Phys. Reviews) 93, 793-818 (2003).
Coherent Phonon Generation and the Two Stimulated Raman Tensors, (T. E. Stevens, J. Kuhl and R. Merlin), Phys. Rev. B 65, 144304 (2002).