Scott Atran - Group Dynamics, Institute for Social Research (ISR)
Justin Barrett - Institute for Social Research (ISR)
Joe Henrich - School of Business and Anthropology
Ram Mahalingam - Psychology Department
Class time will be managed as follows: class will begin promptly at 9:10. Please arrive at 8:45 to have coffee and refreshments, and be prepared to start at 9:10. A faculty member will speak until approximately 9:45 on the topic of the day. All students should read the reading early in the week and submit interesting, provocative questions by Thursday afternoon. From 9:45-10:30 the faculty presenter will structure the discussion around the questions submitted. Students should be ready to participate actively in the discussion.
01/05/2001 Introduction: Goals and Structure of the Course
01/12 Religion and Social Domination (both readings required - Scott)
Diamond, Jared (1997) Guns, germs, and steel: The fate of human societies. New York: W.W. Norton. (Chapter 14, “From Egalitarianism to Kleptocracy,” pp. 265-292.)
Watanabee, J. & Barabara Smuts (1999) Explaining ritual without explaining it away: Trust, truth, and the evolution of cooperation in Roy Rapport’s “The Obvious Aspects of Ritual.” American Anthropologist 101:98-112.
Power and Stereotyping (Ram)
Bargh, J. A, Raymond, P, Pryor, J. B. & Strack, F. (1995). Attractiveness of the underling: An automatic power --> sex association and its consequences. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 68(5), 768-781.
Operario, D., & Fiske, S. (1998). Situational power and
interpersonal dominance facilitate bias and inequality. Journal of
Social Issues, 54(4), 677-698
Bargh, J. A., & Raymond, P. (1995). The naive misuse of power: Nonconscious sources of sexual harassment. Journal of Social Issues, 51, 85-96.
Chen, S., Lee-Chai, A., & Bargh,
J.A. (in press).
Relationship orientation as a moderator of the effects of social
power. Journal of
Personality and Social Psychology.
Play around at http://buster.cs.yale.edu/implicit/ -- do at least one IAT task
Greenwald, A. G., Banaji, M. R. (1995). Implicit social cognition: Attitudes, self-esteem, and stereotypes. Psychological Review, 102(1), 4-27.
Greenwald, A. G., McGhee, D. E., & Schwartz, J. L. K. (1998). Measuring individual differences in implicit cognition: The implicit association test. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 74, 1464-1480.
Banaji, M. R., & Hardin, C. D. (1996). Automatic stereotyping. Psychological Science. 7(3), 136-141.
Ethnic groups, Race, Essentialism and the Psychology of Group
Francisco. Are ethnic groups species to the human brain? Manuscript
R. McElreath, R. Boyd and P. J. Richerson. Shared Norms Can Lead to the Evolution of Ethnic Markers. http://www.sscnet.ucla.edu/anthro/faculty/boyd/EthnicMarkers1.8.pdf
Hirschfeld, Lawrence A. (1996) Race in the making: cognition, culture, and the child’s construction of human kinds. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Barth, Frederik (1969) Ethnic groups and boundaries. The social organization of culture difference. Published: Boston, Little, Brown.
Religion and Social Moraliy (Scott)
Irons, Williams (1996) Morality, religion, and human nature. In W.M. Richardson & W. Wildman (eds.) Religion and science: History, method, dialogue. New York: Routledge.
Frank, Robert (1988) Passions within reason: The strategic role of the emotions. New York: W.W. Norton.. (Chapters 2-3, “The Altruism Paradox” and “A Theory of Moral Sentiments,” pp. 20-70)
Power - Intraspsychic
Winter, D. G. (2000). Power, sex, and violence: A psychological reconstruction of the 20th century and an intellectual agenda for political psychology. Political Psychology, 21(2), 383-404.
Mclelland, D. (1975). Power: The inner experience. New York: Irvington.
Nicholos, C. S. (1990). Power: A political history
of the twentieth century. New York: Oxford University Press.
Systems Justification Theory (Ram)
Jost, J., Burgess, D. & Mosso, C. (in press) Conflicts of legitimation among self, group, and system: The integrative potential of system justification theory.
Stoler, A. (1997). On political and psychological essentialism. Ethos, 25(1), 101-106.
Jackman, M.R., & Senter, M.S. (1983). Different, therefore unequal: Beliefs about trait differences between groups of unequal status. Research in Social Stratification and Mobility, 2, 309-335.
Political Structures & Modes of Religiosity (Justin)
Whitehouse, H. (2000). Summary of the Modes of Religiosity Project and Empirical Predictions. Informational letter.
Whitehouse, H. (1996) Rites of Terror: Emotion, Metaphor and Memory in Melanesian Initiation Cults. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 2, 703-715.
Whitehouse, H. (2000). Icons and Arguments: Divergent Modes of Religiosity. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Do Cultural Groups Serve
Individuals, or Vice Versa? (Sober & Wilson required; Rappaport
optional - Scott)
Sober, Elliot & David Sloan Wilson (1998) Unto others: The evolution and psychology of unselfish behavior. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. (Chapters 4-5, “Group Selection and Human Behavior” and “Human Groups as Adaptive Units,” pp. 132-194).
Rappaport, Roy (1999) Ritual and religion in the making of humanity.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Chapter 1, “The Ritual Form,” pp.23-68).
Pratto, F., Liu, J. H., Levin, S., Sidanius, J., Shih, M., Bachrach, H., & Hegarty, P. (2000). Social dominance orientation and the legitimization of inequality across cultures. Journal of Cross- Cultural Psychology, 31(3), 369-409.
Sidanius, J., Levin, S., Liu, J., & Pratto, F. (2000). Social dominance orientation, anti egalitarianism and the political psychology of gender: An extension and cross-cultural replication. European Journal of Social Psychology, 30, 41-67.
Jost, J., & Banaji, M. R. (1994). The role of stereotyping in system justification and the production of false consciousness. British Journal of Social Psychology, 33, 1-27.