III: Degree Requirements and Graduation Procedures, and the Academic
Particular to the A.B. and B.S. Degrees
concentration requirement provides an opportunity to pursue a
thorough investigation of a subject or problem. If education
is to be a connected, developmental experience, then fundamental
skills, abilities, and knowledge must be used continuously. Concentration
programs organize students' work in such a way that later experiences
relate to and extend earlier ones.
normally declare a concentration during the second term of the
sophomore year, although some students make a decision earlier.
To declare a concentration, a student should develop a plan with
a concentration advisor and then submit a Declaration Form
signed by the advisor to the Academic Advising Center. A student
may, with the approval of a concentration advisor, change the
plan. Students who wish to change concentrations must discuss
their plans with a concentration advisor in the new concentration
and submit a new Declaration Form.
A.B. or B.S. student must develop a concentration plan in consultation
with a concentration advisor, who must also approve it.
requirements of the various concentration programs range from
24 to 48 credits of courses at the 200-level and above, of which
no more than 30 will be in one department. The required courses
outside the department for departmental concentration programs
are called required cognates. Students will often take more than
the required courses, but no more than 60 credits in a concentration
(including courses in one department and the required cognates)
may be counted toward the 120 for the degree. When an academic
department has two or more divisions (e.g., Anthropology,
Romance Languages and Literatures), a student may count a total
of 60 credits from that department, not from each division.
more than 60 credits in one language may be counted in the 120
required for a degree. However, the 60 credit limit on courses
elected in one concentration may be exceeded when the excess
credits have been used to meet the language requirement.
electing an area, interdepartmental, or special concentration
may count no more than 60 credits in any one department.
may not elect courses in a concentration plan, including required
cognates, by the Pass/Fail grading option.
- A department
or program may include in its concentration program Experiential
or Directed Reading/Independent Study courses that are graded
on a Credit/No Credit or Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory basis, but
all other concentration courses must be taken for a grade, either
A-E or (in the case of Residential College courses) with narrative
course in the department of concentration or required course
in a concentration plan may be part of a distribution plan (see,
however, "Double Concentration"
below in this chapter).
- A student
must earn an overall GPA of at least 2.0 in courses taken in
the field of concentration. This includes all courses taken in
the department of concentration (prerequisites, required courses,
and electives) and any required cognates. Any exceptions for
particular concentrations are specified in Chapter VI.
- A course
or courses that are part of the student's concentration plan
may also meet the Upper-Level Writing Requirement, the Race and
Ethnicity Requirement, or the Quantitative Reasoning Requirement.
may choose a concentration from:
and African Studies
Civilizations and Biblical Studies
Armenian, Persian, Turkish, and Islamic Studies
and Cognitive Science
and Molecular Biology
Languages and Literatures
and Video Studies
and Francophone Studies
and Jewish Cultural Studies
American and Caribbean Studies
or Hispanic-American Studies
and Early Modern Studies (MEMS)
Eastern and North African Studies
and East European Studies
with academic interests outside existing area, departmental,
inter-departmental, and special concentration programs may propose
their own field of concentration and, on approval, elect the
Program which is described in Chapter VI.
electing a double concentration must meet all requirements for
both concentrations. Courses, including cognates, elected as
part of one concentration plan may be used, when appropriate,
to satisfy the requirements of the second concentration. However,
one of the two concentration plans must be independent of the
area distribution plan. Each concentration plan must be developed
in consultation with and approved by a concentration advisor.
Release Form (see "Graduation Procedures" below
in this chapter) for each concentration declared should be submitted
to the Academic Auditors before the final term in residence.
A double concentration is recorded on the transcript only if
both release forms are received before graduation. If a student
who has submitted a Diploma Application completes the
requirements for only one of the two concentrations and wishes
to defer graduation to complete the second, the Academic Auditors
must be notified. Otherwise a degree is awarded in one concentration.
After the date of graduation, a student completing additional
work which fulfills another field of concentration can have the
additional field entered on the transcript. The student will
need to file an additional Concentration Release Form
with the Academic Auditors.
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