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01-02  LS&A Bulletin

Chapter III: Degree Requirements and Graduation Procedures, and the Academic Minor Option

Requirements Particular to the A.B. and B.S. Degrees

By the end of the sophomore year, students should have met the language requirement, made substantial progress toward completing an area distribution plan, and completed prerequisites for a concentration.

The Language Requirement

Second language study contributes importantly to a liberal education, not only as a means of access to the cultural and intellectual heritage of the world's non-English-speaking majority, but also as a way to gain a new reflective understanding of the structure and complexity of English itself.

Fourth-term proficiency in a language other than English is required and may be met by any one of:

1. Certified proficiency on a University of Michigan reading and/or listening test. Students with previous experience in a language they want to use to meet the language requirement must take a language placement test. A student may not elect for credit a language course below this placement level without departmental permission.

2. Credit for a University of Michigan fourth-term language course listed below with a grade of C- or better.

American Sign Language (251)


  • Modern Standard (one of the following: 202, 204, 416, 418)
  • Classical (582)


  • Eastern (282)
  • Western (272 or 273)

Chinese (202, 203, or 204)

Czech (242)

Dutch (232)

Filipino (212)

French (230 or 232)

German (230 or 232 or 236)


  • Classical (301 and 302)
  • Biblical (307 and 308)
  • Modern (202)


  • Biblical (202)
  • Modern (202)

Hindi (216 or 217)

Indonesian (222)

Italian (232)

Japanese (226 or 227)

Korean (236 or 237)

Latin (232 or 295)

Ojibwa (323)*

Persian (242 or 243)

Polish (222)

Portuguese (232)

Punjabi (246)

Russian (202 or 203)

S&SEA 302

Sanskrit (252)

Serbo-Croatian (232)

Spanish (230 or 232)

Swedish (234)

Tamil (256 or 257)

Thai (262)


  • Classical (468)
  • Modern (266)

Turkish (252 or 255)

Ukrainian (252)

Urdu (272)

Vietnamese (276)

Yiddish (202)

*Students need to be careful about electing Ojibwa to meet the language requirement. The requisite courses may not be offered on a regular basis.

3. Credit for a University of Michigan language course which presumes a fourth-term proficiency in a language (except for 305 and/or 306 in French, German, Italian, and Spanish, Spanish 290/ American Culture 224, and Spanish 401).

In meeting the language requirement, students must earn a grade of C- or better in the prerequisite course to proceed on to the subsequent course. Any exception to this rule must be granted by a designated faculty representative in the department.

The final course in an elementary language sequence used to fulfill the Language Requirement must be elected on a graded basis, or, for Residential College students in a Residential College language course, with a narrative evaluation. (Effective for all students admitted to the College in Fall Term, 1995 and thereafter.)

The language requirement cannot be fulfilled by out-of-residence credit which is elected after the student has begun degree enrollment in LS&A unless the appropriate language department has approved that plan in advance.

Students who wish to meet the requirement with proficiency in a language not listed above should contact the Academic Standards Board. A student whose first language is not English and who attended a high school where English was not the language of instruction is considered to have met the requirement.

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