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02-03 LS&A Bulletin

Chapter III: Degree Requirements and Graduation Procedures

Requirements Particular to the A.B. and B.S. Degrees

By the end of the sophomore year, students should have met the language requirement, made substantial progress toward completing an area distribution plan, and completed prerequisites for a concentration.

The Language Requirement

Second language study contributes importantly to a liberal education, not only as a means of access to the cultural and intellectual heritage of the world's non-English-speaking majority but also as a way to gain a new reflective understanding of the structure and complexity of English itself.

Fourth-term proficiency in a language other than English is required and may be met by any one of:

1. Certified proficiency on a University of Michigan reading and/or listening test. Students with previous experience in the language they plan to use to meet the language requirement must take a language placement test. A student may not elect for credit a language course below this placement level without departmental permission.

2. Credit for a University of Michigan fourth-term language course listed below with a grade of C- or better.

American Sign Language (LING 251)


  • Classical (AAPTIS 582)
  • Modern Standard (one of: AAPTIS 202, 204, 416, 418)


  • Eastern (AAPTIS 282 or ARMENIAN 282)
  • Western (AAPTIS 272 or 273, or ARMENIAN 272 or 273)

Chinese (ASIANLAN 202, 203, or 204)

Czech (CZECH 242)

Dutch (DUTCH 232)

Filipino (ASIANLAN 212)

French (FRENCH 230 or 232, or RCCORE 290)

German (GERMAN 230 or 232 or RCCORE 291)


  • Classical (GREEK 301 and 302)
  • Biblical (GREEK 307 and 308 or ACABS 307 and 308)
  • Modern (MODGREEK 202)


  • Classical (ACABS 202)
  • Modern (HJCS 202)

Hindi (ASIANLAN 216 or 217)

Indonesian (ASIANLAN 222)

Italian (ITALIAN 232)

Japanese (ASIANLAN 226 or 227)

Korean (ASIANLAN 236 or 237)

Latin (LATIN 232 or 295, or RCCORE 295)

Ojibwa (AMCULT 323)*

Persian (AAPTIS 242 or 243)

Polish (POLISH 222)

Portuguese (PORTUG 232)

Punjabi (ASIANLAN 246)

Russian (RUSSIAN 202 or 203, or RCCORE 293)

Sanskrit (ASIANLAN 252)

Serbo-Croatian (SERBOCRO 232)

Spanish (SPANISH 230 or 232, or RCCORE 294)

Swedish (SCAND 234)

Tamil (ASIANLAN 256 or 257)

Thai (ASIANLAN 262)


  • Classical (ASIANLAN 468)
  • Modern (ASIANLAN 266)

Turkish (AAPTIS 252 or 255)

Ukrainian (UKRAINE 252 or 203)

Urdu (ASIANLAN 272)

Vietnamese (ASIANLAN 276)

Yiddish (YIDDISH 202 or JUDAIC 202)

*Students must be careful about electing Ojibwa to meet the language requirement. The requisite courses may not be offered on a regular basis.

3. Credit for a University of Michigan language course which presumes a fourth-term proficiency in a language (except for 305 and/or 306 in French, German, Italian, and Spanish, Spanish 290/American Culture 224, and Spanish 308).

Students must earn a grade of C- or better in the prerequisite language course to proceed to the subsequent course. Any exception to this rule must be granted by a designated faculty representative in the department.

The final course in an elementary language sequence used to fulfill the Language Requirement must be elected on a graded basis.

The language requirement cannot be satisfied by out-of-residence credit which is elected after the student has begun degree enrollment in LS&A unless the appropriate language department has approved that plan in advance.

Students who wish to meet the requirement with proficiency in a language not listed the table above should contact the Academic Standards Board. A student whose first language is not English and who attended a high school where English was not the language of instruction is considered to have met the requirement.


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