93-94 LS&A Bulletin

Romance Languages and Literatures

4108 Modern Languages Building

764-5344

Professor William Paulson, Chair

May be elected as a departmental concentration program in French, Italian, Spanish, or Romance Linguistics

Professors

Frank P. Casa, Director of Middlebury Spanish School, Golden Age Literature, Seventeenth Century Comedia, Social and Political Aspects of Twentieth Century Drama

Ross Chambers, Modern French and European Literature, Literary Theory

Steven N. Dworkin, Spanish and Portuguese diachronic linguistics, Romance etymology

Cedomil Goic, Spanish American literature; Chilean literature, Literary History and Criticism

Floyd F. Gray, 16th and 17th century French literature

Monroe Z. Hafter, Spanish Literature from the Seventeenth to the Nineteenth Century

Thomas M. Kavanagh, 18th century French literature, Film, Literary theory

Luisa Lopez-Grigera, Golden Age Philology and Rhetoric

Gregory Lucente, Italian Literature, Comparative Literature

Guy Mermier, Translation, Medieval literature Oil and Oc, Director of Medieval and Renaissance Collegium

Walter D. Mignolo, Latin American Literature, Semiotics and Text Theory

Marcel Muller, 19th and 20th century French literature

Roy J. Nelson, 20th century French literature, French cinema

Ilene Olken, Modern Italian and French Literature, Comparative Literature

Domna C. Stanton, Seventeenth century French literature, Women writers, Critical Theory

Associate Professors

Andrew Anderson, Twentieth Century Spanish Literature

Frances Aparicio, Modern Latinamerican literature, Hispanic literature

Alina Clej, French Literature and Comparative Literature

M. Peter Hagiwara, French linguistics, Applied linguistics, and methodology

Clifford S. Leonard, French, Italian, Romanian linguistics, Comparative Dialectology

William Paulson, 18th and 19th century French literature, System theory and literature

Assistant Professors

Santiago Colas, Latin American and Comparative literature

John Graham, Medieval French Literature

Juli Highfill, Penninsular Spanish literature

Nelson Moe, Italian Literature

Patrice Somé, Colonial and Neo-Colonial literature in Africa and the Caribbeans; Francophone literature

Lecturers

Mireille Belloni, Intermediate French, Coordination

Romana Capek-Habekovic, Elementary Italian Language Teaching, Coordination

Michel J-P Gabrielli, Intermediate and Advanced Business French, French Drama, Language and Civilization, Spring Paris Program in connection with C.W.E.S.

Raquel Gonzalez, Elementary Spanish Language Teaching, Coordination

Elizabeth Guzmán, Elementary Spanish Language Teaching, Coordination

Ann Hilberry, Elementary Spanish Language Teaching, Coordination

Cheryl Mellor, Elementary French Language Teaching, Coordination

Kathy Meyer, Elementary French Language Teaching, Coordination

Michael Milne, Elementary Spanish Language Teaching, coordination

Helene Neu, French phonetics, Teaching Assistant supervision, Coordination

Dennis Pollard, Elementary Spanish Language Teaching, Coordination

Kathleen Smail, Elementary French Language Teaching, Coordination

Professors Emeriti Büdel, Fraker, Morgan, O’Neill, Pulgram, Wolfe.

The department offers courses in French, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish, and Romance Linguistics. The primary goals of the undergraduate program are (1) mastery of the language; (2) an understanding and interpretation of Romance literature and culture; and (3) preparation for teaching or other careers requiring specialized linguistic knowledge and skill.

The study of a second language expands the outlook and interests of the educated citizen. By providing insight into the social and intellectual life of other peoples, language study fosters humanistic attitudes and cultivates a spirit of tolerance and understanding.

Students supplement their training in classes by use of the department’s language laboratory facilities and by participation in extra-curricular language activities.

The Language Requirement for the A.B. or B.S. Degree. Students who have previous training or experience in a particular language are required to take a placement test before electing a course in that language. Students who demonstrate a fourth-term proficiency are certified to have fulfilled the LS&A language requirement. Other students are placed in courses according to their demonstrated degree of competence and satisfy the LS&A language requirement by successful completion of French 232, Italian 232, Portuguese 232, Spanish 232, or the equivalent. Students with previous background in or exposure to a Romance language are encouraged to continue study of that language through the freshman and sophomore years. Once the study of a language has begun in residence, then fourth-term language study must be taken in residence.

Language Laboratory. There is a language laboratory on the second floor of the Modern Language Building which gives students an opportunity to improve their command of the spoken language by listening to recordings of native speakers and by oral/aural exercises and drills. Certain courses offered by the department require regular use of the language laboratory facilities.

French House. The department sponsors a Maison Française where students can improve their spoken French. Maison Française provides room and board for both men and women. Various cultural and social events are scheduled throughout the year. For further information, contact the University Housing Office.


French

Concentration in French allows students considerable flexibility in developing a program of study leading to competence in the French language and basic familiarity with French civilization and literature.

Prerequisites to Concentration. French through French 361.

Concentration Program. 30 approved credits beyond French 361 in French language, literature, and civilization. At least 12 of these must be French courses numbered 400 or above. French 362 (Advanced French) must be elected by all students who have satisfied the prerequisite, French 361, or equivalent. Students are required to elect French 371, unless they obtained a grade of B+ or above in 362, or are exempted by the concentration advisor. Concentrators must elect at least two courses from among 386, 387, 388, 389, and at least one course (apart from 362 and 371) in language or civilization. At the 400 level, at least two of the four required courses must be in literature. A minimum of 15 of the required 30 credits must be taken either in residence or through a study abroad program affiliated with the University of Michigan. French concentrators are encouraged to elect courses related to their field of study outside of the department.

Honors Concentration. Qualified students may be admitted to a program of advanced study in the beginning or middle of the junior year (or at the beginning of the senior year following participation in a junior/year/in/ France program), leading to the degree of Bachelor of Arts with Honors in French. Admission to senior level Honors work in French is by application only (forms are available in the Honors Office). The Honors Committee expects applicants to demonstrate superior ability for their level in both oral and written French, and to present evidence of serious interest in research. A grade point average of at least 3.5 in all courses and in all French courses is required for admission and for graduation with Honors in French.

Students with a grade point average of 3.5 and permission of the Honors advisor may enroll in junior Honors courses (French 391 or 392), in which selected readings in French literature and/or theory are studied in tutorials with senior members of the faculty, in written reports, and in term papers. Students admitted to senior Honors by application (upon completion of French 391 or 392 or a junior year in France) enroll in College Honors 490, usually during both terms of their senior year, and seek out a member of the professorial staff in French to guide their studies. Honors seniors complete two principal tasks under the guidance of their tutor: intensive preparation for the Honors oral examination (this may include auditing of advanced courses and tutoring), and the writing of a senior thesis. The thesis is submitted, and the oral examination taken, near the end of the senior year. Honors students are expected to complete the requirements for the concentration in French.

Students interested in French Honors should consult the Honors advisor and pick up a copy of the application form in the Honors Office.

Advising. The concentration advisors are Professor Guy Mermier and Professor Roy J. Nelson. Professor Hagiwara is the concentration advisor for candidates for a secondary school teaching certificate. Appointments are scheduled at 1213 Angell.

Teaching Certificate. Candidates for a secondary school teaching certificate should study the general information about teaching certificate requirements which appears under the Teacher Certification Program in this Bulletin. A teaching major in French requires 30 credits beyond French 361, including French 362, 371, 385, 388, 389 and 12 credits of 400-level courses including French 426 and 427. A teaching minor in French requires 20 credits beyond French 361, including French 362, 385, 453, 454.

Junior Year Abroad. The University of Michigan jointly sponsors a Junior Year Abroad in France (University of Aix-en-Provence) with The University of Wisconsin. Information about this program and other study abroad opportunities is available at the Office of International Programs (OIP) (5208 Angell Hall, 764-4311). See also International Programs in this chapter of the Bulletin.

France Summer Study Program. The University of Michigan sponsors a six-week program in St. Malo during the summer half term in France for second and third year courses. Information about this program is available at the Office of International Programs (OIP) (5208 Angell Hall, 764-4311).

For students concentrating in French and/or Economics, a course in French business, including an internship with major companies based in Paris, is offered by the Department of Romance Languages in connection with the Office of International Programs (OIP). Programs include courses on French politics and economics. Information about this program is available from OIP, 764-4311.


Italian

Prerequisites to Concentration. Italian 232 or the equivalent.

Concentration Program. Required are Italian 360, 361, 362, and 15 additional credits elected at the 400-level or above. Six credits in a cognate field are also required.

Advising. Advising appointments are scheduled at 4108 MLB.


Portuguese

There is no concentration in Portuguese, but students can select courses from the beginning level, 101-102, through advanced courses in Brazilian and Portuguese literature, as well as two 600-level courses in the history and structure of that language.


Spanish

Prerequisites to Concentration. Spanish through Spanish 232, and Spanish 361 and 362.

Concentration Program. A total of 30 approved credits beyond Spanish 361 and 362. This must include three courses, or 9 credits, of literature or civilization selected from among Spanish 371, 372, 373, 374, 375, 376, 381, 382, 383, 384, 385, 386, 387 and 388; six courses, or 18 credits, at the 400 level; and one course, or 3 credits, in a cognate department. A minimum of 15 of the required 30 credits must be taken either in residence or through a study abroad program affiliated with the University of Michigan.

Honors Concentration. Qualified students holding a cumulative GPA of 3.5 and Spanish Concentration GPA of 3.5 may be admitted to the Honors program in Spanish at the beginning of the junior year. Admission to the program is by application to the Honors undergraduate advisor. Students are required to take Span 391 and 392 Junior Honors Courses (as two of the three required courses for Spanish concentration), and Span 490 and 491 Senior Honors Courses (as two of the six required 400-level courses for Spanish concentration) during their senior year. Spanish Honors courses may be taken as independent studies with Spanish Faculty or as additional requirement agreed upon with the professors of Spanish 371 through 388, so that students register in the courses as Span 391 or 392. Upon completion of Span 391 and 392 the students enroll in Senior Honors 490 and 491 during both terms of their senior year, and seek out a member of the Spanish professorial staff to guide their studies. Honors seniors complete two principal tasks under the guidance of their tutor: intensive preparation for the Honors oral examination, and the writing of a senior thesis, normally produced in Span 491. The thesis (a forty-page essay) is submitted and the oral examination taken near the end of the senior year. In the oral examination the thesis must be defended by the Honors concentrator. Honors students are expected to complete the requirements for concentration in Spanish.

Advising. The concentration advisor are Professors A.A. Anderson, L. López-Grigera, and Laura Pérez (Chair). Appointments through the department secretary in 4108 MLB.

Teaching Certificate. Candidates for a secondary school teaching certificate should study the general information about teaching certificate requirements which appears under the Teacher Certification Program in this Bulletin. A teaching major in Spanish requires 30 credits beyond Spanish 361, including 362, 411 and 412; nine credits of the total required 30 credits must be at the 300 level; and the remainder, 400-level courses, including Span 459. A teaching minor in Spanish requires 21 credits beyond Spanish 232, including Spanish 361, 362, 412, and 12 credits in literature courses elected at the 300 level or above.

Spain Summer Study Program. The University of Michigan sponsors a six-week program during the Summer half term in Salmanca and Madrid, Spain for second and third year courses. Information about this program is available at the Office of International Programs (OIP) (5208 Angell Hall, 764-4311. See also Office of International Programs in this chapter of the Bulletin.

Junior Year Abroad The University of Michigan jointly sponsors a Junior Year Abroad in Spain (University of Seville) with Cornell University. Starting 1993, a Junior Year Abroad in Chile (Catholic University of Chile) will be sponsored jointly with the University of Wisconsin-Madison and University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Information about these program and other study abroad opportunities is available at the Office of International Programs (OIP), 5208 Angell Hall, 764-4311. See also International Programs in this chapter of the Bulletin.


Courses in French (Division 371)

Elementary Language Courses

Students who intend to continue a language begun in high school must take a placement test to determine the course level at which they will start their college language instruction. Students who began French at another college or university also take the placement test.

101. Elementary French. Credit is not granted for more than two courses from French 101, 102, and 103. (4). (LR).

102. Elementary French, Continued. French 101 or equivalent. French 102 may be followed by 231. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 103. French 102 is NOT open to students who have begun instruction at the high school level. College or university transfer students who have received credit for one term are encouraged to enroll in French 103. (4). (LR).

103. Review of Elementary French. Assignment by placement test. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 102. (4). (LR).

205. French Conversation for Non-concentrators. French 102, or 103, or equivalent. (1). (Excl). Offered mandatory credit/no credit.

206. Conversation for Non-concentrators. French 102, or 103, or equivalent. French 206 may be elected prior to French 205. (1). (Excl). Offered mandatory credit/no credit.

231. Second-Year French. French 102, or 103, or equivalent; or assignment by placement test. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 112 or 230. (4). (LR).

232. Second-Year French, Continued. French 231 or equivalent; or assignment by placement test. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 112 or 230. (4). (LR).

Special Elementary Reading Courses French 111 and 112 are designed for juniors, seniors, and graduate students interested in gaining a reading knowledge of the language. Completion of these courses does not satisfy the LS&A language requirement.

111. First Special Reading Course. No prerequisite; may not be elected for credit by undergraduates who have received credit for college French. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 101, 102, or 103. (4). (Excl).

112. Second Special Reading Course. French 111 or equivalent. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 230, 231, or 232. (4). (Excl).

Other Language Courses

305. Practical French. French 232 or equivalent. (1). (Excl). Offered mandatory credit/no credit.

306. Practical French. French 232 or equivalent. French 306 may be elected prior to French 305. (1). (Excl). Offered mandatory credit/no credit.

350. Independent Study. French 232 or the equivalent and permission of instructor. (1-3). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT) May be elected for a total of six hours credit.

361. Intermediate French. French 232 or equivalent. (3; 2-4 in half-term). (Excl).

362. Advanced French. French 361 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

363. French Phonetics. French 361 and 362, or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

370/RC Core 370. Advanced Proficiency in French. RC Core 320, or French 362, or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

371. Writing French. French 361. (3). (Excl).

372. Problems in Translation. French 371 or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

380. Intermediate Business French. French 361 and 362. Students may be permitted to take 380 and 362 concurrently. A maximum of six credits of French 380, 414, and Business Administration 415 may be counted toward a degree. (3). (Excl).

410. Advanced Translation, French-English. French 372 or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

411. Advanced Translation, English-French. French 372 or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

412. Advanced Conversation and Composition. Permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

414. Advanced Business French. French 380. A maximum of six credits of French 380, 414, and Business Administration 415 may be counted toward a degree. (3). (Excl).

425/Rom. Ling. 480. Background of Modern French. Good reading knowledge of French. (3). (Excl).

426/Rom. Ling. 453. French Phonology and Morphology. French 361 or 362 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

427/Rom. Ling. 454. French Syntax. Permission of advisor. (3). (Excl).

428/Rom. Ling. 456/Educ. D456. Teaching French/Applications of Linguistics. Permission of concentration adviser. (3). (Excl).

Civilization

381(386). Themes in French Literature and Culture. French 232 or equivalent. (3). (HU). May be repeated for credit.

384. Origins of Contemporary France: From the Gauls to de Gaulle. French 361. (3). (HU). May be repeated for a total of 9 credits.

385. Contemporary France: Politics, Culture and Society. French 361. (3). (HU). May be repeated for a total of 9 credits.

430. Les structures socio-culturelles de la France actuelle. French 362 or equivalent. (3). (Excl). May be repeated for a total of nine credits.

Literature

331. French Literature in Translation. Not open to French concentrators. (3). (HU).

386/MARC 386. Introduction to French Literature (Beginnings to 1600). French 232 or equivalent. (3). (HU).

387. Introduction to French Literature (1600 to 1800). French 232. (3). (HU).

388. Introduction to French Literature (1800 to 1900). French 232. (3). (HU).

389. Introduction to French Literature (1900 to present). French 232. (3). (HU).

391. Junior Honors Course. Permission of departmental Honors Committee. (3). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT).

392. Junior Honors Course. Permission of departmental Honors Committee. (3). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT).

401. French Literature in Translation. A knowledge of French is not required. May not be included in a concentration plan in French (or teaching minor). (3). (HU).

402/CAAS 433. Francophone Literature in Translation. A literature course or any course dealing with the Black experience in Africa or the Americas. (3). (HU).

431. Intellectual Trends in Modern France. Two of French 386, 387, 388, 389, or the equivalent. (3). (Excl).

440. Le cinéma français. French 361 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

450. Independent Studies. Permission of department. (1-3). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for credit.

451/MARC 437. French Culture in Literature in the Middle Ages with Visual Assistance. Taught in French. Two of French 386, 387, 388, 389, or the equivalent. (3). (Excl).

452. Literature of the Renaissance. Two of French 386, 387, 388, 389, or the equivalent. (3). (Excl).

453. Literature of the Seventeenth Century. Two of French 386, 387, 388, 389, or the equivalent. (3). (Excl).

454. Literature of the Eighteenth Century. Two of French 386, 387, 388, 389, or the equivalent. (3). (Excl).

455. Introduction to French Literature of the Nineteenth Century. Two of French 386, 387, 388, 389, or the equivalent. (3). (Excl).

456. Symbolism. Two of French 386, 387, 388, 389, or the equivalent. (3). (Excl).

457. Introduction to Twentieth-Century French Literature. Two of French 386, 387, 388, 389, or the equivalent. (3). (Excl).

460. Topics and Themes in French Literature. Two of French 386, 387, 388, 389, or the equivalent. (3). (Excl). May be repeated for credit.

466. French Short Story. Two of French 386, 387, 388, 389, or the equivalent. (3). (Excl).

467. Twentieth-Century Novel. Two of French 386, 387, 388, 389, or the equivalent. (3). (Excl).

468. Twentieth-Century French Poetry. Two of French 386, 387, 388, 389, or the equivalent. (3). (Excl).

469. Contemporary Theatre. Two of French 386, 387, 388, 389, or the equivalent. (3). (Excl).

470. African/Caribbean Literature in French. A literature course in French, and a knowledge of French. (3). (Excl). May be elected for a total of 6 credits.

475/MARC 444. Reading of Old French Texts. Two of French 386, 387, 388, 389, or the equivalent. (3). (Excl).

480. Theory and Methodology of Literary Criticism. Two of French 386, 387, 388, 389, or the equivalent. (3). (Excl).

482. Problèmes de l'analyse textuelle. Two of French 386, 387, 388, 389, or the equivalent. (3). (Excl).

483. Background of Modern French Literary Criticism. Two of French 386, 387, 388, 389, or the equivalent. I or II. (3). O'Neill. (Excl).

491. Senior Honors Course. Open only to seniors by permission of the departmental Honors Committee. (3). (Excl).

492. Senior Honors Course. Open only to seniors by permission of the departmental Honors Committee. (3). (Excl).

493/Spanish 446. Senior Honors in Romance Literatures. Permission of departmental Honors Committee. Intended for seniors admitted to Honors concentration in Romance Languages and Literatures; others by permission of instructor. (3). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT).


Courses in Italian (Division 399)

Elementary Language Courses

101. Elementary Italian. (4). (LR).

102. Elementary Italian. Italian 101 or equivalent. (4). (LR).

111. First Special Reading Course. (4). (Excl).

112. Second Special Reading Course. Italian 111. (4). (Excl).

205. Italian Conversation for Non-concentrators. Italian 102 or equivalent. (1). (Excl). Offered mandatory credit/no credit.

206. Conversation for Non-concentrators. Italian 102 or equivalent. Italian 206 may be elected prior to Italian 205. (1). (Excl). Offered mandatory credit/no credit.

231. Second-Year Italian. Italian 102 or equivalent; or permission of course supervisor. No credit granted to those who have completed 112 or 230. (4). (LR).

232. Second-Year Italian, Continued. Italian 231 or permission of course supervisor. No credit granted to those who have completed 112. (4). (LR).

Other Language and Literature Courses

331. Literature in Translation. A knowledge of Italian is not required. Not open to Italian concentrators. (3). (HU).

359. Italian Culture and History to the Eighteenth Century. (3). (HU).

360. Italian Culture and History, Eighteenth to Twentieth Centuries. (3). (HU).

361. Intermediate Italian. Italian 232 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

362. Advanced Italian. Italian 361 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

374. Topics in Italian Literature. Italian 232. (3). (HU). May be repeated for credit.

380. Italian Cinema and Society. A knowledge of Italian is not required. II. (3). (HU).

387. Italian Renaissance Literature. Italian 232 or equivalent. (3). (HU).

388. Italian Literature, Seventeenth-Nineteenth Century. Italian 232 or equivalent. (3). (HU).

412. Politics, Poverty and Poetry. One literature course (in any field); knowledge of Italian is not required. (1). (HU).

415. America and Italy. One literature course (in any field); knowledge of Italian is not required. (1). (HU).

419. Italo Calvino: A Writer for All Seasons. One literature course (in any field); knowledge of Italian is not required. (2). (HU).

420. Topics and Themes in Modern Italian Literature. One literature course (in any field); knowledge of Italian is not required. (2-3). (Excl). May be repeated for a total of 9 credits.

421. Castiglione: The Courtier. One literature course (in any field); knowledge of Italian is not required. (1). (Excl).

422. Machiavelli: The Prince. One literature course (in any field); knowledge of Italian is not required. (1). (Excl).

430. Twentieth Century Italy through its Literature. (2-3). (Excl).

432. Literature in Translation. A knowledge of Italian is not required. Not open to Italian concentrators. (3). (HU).

433/MARC 439. Dante in Translation. A knowledge of Italian is not required. Not open to Italian concentrators. (3). (HU).

463. Italian Neo-realism. Italian 232 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

464. Modern Italian Poetry. Italian 232 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

468. Studies in Modern Italian Literature. Reading knowledge of Italian. (3). (Excl). May be repeated for a total of nine credits.

471. Commedia dell'arte and Goldoni. Italian 232 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

472. Italian Theatre from Alfieri to Pirandello. Italian 232 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

475. Dante. Italian 232 or equivalent. (3). (HU).

476. Dante. Italian 475. (3). (Excl).

477. Italian Baroque Poetry from Tasso to Marino. Italian 232 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

479. Manzoni and Romanticism. Italian 232 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

481. Boccaccio, Bandello, and the Novella. Italian 232 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

482/Rom. Ling. 482. Background of Modern Italian. Italian 232 or equivalent, and a thorough reading knowledge of Italian. (3). (Excl).

483. Epic Poetry. Italian 232 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

484. Early Italian Poetry. Italian 232 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

485. Directed Reading. May be elected only with permission of concentration adviser in Italian. (1-3). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for credit.

486. Petrarch's Canzoniere. Italian 232 or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

489. Verism and Naturalism. Italian 232 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).


Courses in Portuguese (Division 452)

101. Elementary Portuguese. (4). (LR).

102. Elementary Portuguese. Portuguese 101. (4). (LR).

111. Special Reading Course. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in Port. 101 or 102. (4). (Excl).

112. Second Special Reading Course. Port. 111 or equivalent. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in Port. 231 or 232. (4). (Excl).

231. Second-Year Portuguese. Portuguese 102 or equivalent. (4). (LR).

232. Second-Year Portuguese. Portuguese 231 or the equivalent. (4). (LR).

301. Readings in Luso-Brazilian Culture. Permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

350. Independent Study. Portuguese 232 or equivalent, or permission of instructor. (1-3). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). May be elected for a total of six credits.

450. Independent Study. Permission of department. (1-3). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). May be elected for a total of six credits.

461. Main Currents of the Literature of Portugal. Portuguese 232 or equivalent reading knowledge. (3). (Excl).

473. Introduction to Brazilian Literature. A reading knowledge of Portuguese. (3). (Excl).

489. Directed Readings in Portuguese. Permission of department. (2-3). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for credit.


Courses in Romance Languages and Literature (Division 458)

377. Race and Ethnicity in Romance Studies. (3). (Excl).


Courses in Romance Linguistics (Division 460)

300. Introduction to the Romance Languages. French, Spanish, or Italian: five terms at college level or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

410/Spanish 410. Spanish Phonetics and Phonology. Spanish 361 and 362, or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

413/Spanish 413/Educ. D455. Teaching Spanish/Applications of Linguistics. Permission of concentration adviser. (3). (Excl).

414/Spanish 414. Background of Modern Spanish. Good reading knowledge of Spanish. (3). (Excl).

450. Independent Study. Permission of department. (1-3). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for credit.

453/French 426. French Phonology and Morphology. French 361 and 362, or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

454/French 427. French Syntax. Permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

456/French 428/Educ. D456. Teaching French/Applications of Linguistics. Permission of concentration adviser. (3). (Excl).

480/French 425. Background of Modern French. A thorough reading knowledge of French. (3). (Excl).

482/Italian 482. Background of Modern Italian. Italian 232 or equivalent, and a thorough reading knowledge of Italian. (3). (Excl).


Courses in Spanish (Division 484)

Elementary Language Courses

Students who intend to continue a language begun in high school are given a placement test to determine the course level at which they will start their college language instruction. Students who began Spanish at another college or university must also take the placement test.

101. Elementary Spanish. (4). (LR).

102. Elementary Spanish, Continued. Spanish 101. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 103. Spanish 102 is NOT open to students who have begun instruction at the high school level. College or university transfer students who have received credit for one term are encouraged to enroll in Spanish 103. (4). (LR).

103. Review of Elementary Spanish. Assignment by placement test or permission of department. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 102. (4). (LR).

205. Spanish Conversation for Non-concentrators. Spanish 102 or the equivalent. (1). (Excl). Offered mandatory credit/no credit.

206. Conversation for Non-concentrators. Spanish 102 or the equivalent. Spanish 206 may be elected prior to Spanish 205. (1). (Excl). Offered mandatory credit/no credit.

231. Second-Year Spanish. Spanish 102, or 103, or the equivalent; or assignment by placement test. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 112 or 230. (4). (LR).

232. Second-Year Spanish, Continued. Spanish 231 or the equivalent; or assignment by placement test. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 230 or 112. (4). (LR).

Special Elementary Reading Courses Spanish 111 and 112 are designed for juniors, seniors, and graduate students interested in gaining a reading knowledge of the language.

111. First Special Reading Course. No prerequisite; may not be elected for credit by undergraduates who have already received credit for high school or college Spanish. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 101, 102, or 103. (4). (Excl).

112. Second Special Reading Course. Spanish 111 or the equivalent. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 230, 231, or 232. (4). (Excl).

Other Language Courses

307/Amer. Cult. 307. Spanish for U.S. Latinos. Basic knowledge of Spanish language or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

358. Spanish Conversation for Non-Concentrators. Spanish 232 or equivalent. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in Spanish 361 or 362. A maximum of six credits of Spanish 358, 361, and 362 may be counted toward graduation. (3). (Excl).

361. Introductory Composition and Conversation. Spanish 232 or equivalent. A maximum of six credits of Spanish 358, 361, and 362 may be counted toward graduation. (3; 2-4 in the half-term). (Excl).

362. Introductory Composition and Conversation. Spanish 232 or equivalent. A maximum of six credits of Spanish 358, 361, and 362 may be counted toward graduation. (3). (Excl).

363. Problems in Language Translation. Spanish 361; Spanish 232 with permission of instructor. (3). (Excl). May be elected for a total of six credits.

410/Rom. Ling. 410. Spanish Phonetics and Phonology. Spanish 361 and 362, or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

411. Advanced Syntax. Spanish 361 and 362. (3). (Excl).

412(454). Spanish Grammar for Teachers. Spanish 361 and 362. (3). (Excl).

413/Rom. Ling. 413/Educ. D455. Teaching Spanish/Applications of Linguistics. Permission of concentration adviser. (3). (Excl).

414/Rom. Ling. 414. Background of Modern Spanish. A thorough reading knowledge of Spanish. (3). (Excl).

Literature

331. Spanish and Latin American Literature in Translation. Open to students at all levels. A knowledge of Spanish is not required. May not be included in a concentration plan in Spanish (or teaching certificate major or minor). (3). (HU).

350. Independent Studies. Permission of concentration adviser. (1-3). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). May be elected for credit more than once with permission.

351(251). Collegiate Fellows Seminar: From Orality to Literacy. (3). (HU).

371. Introduction to Spanish Literature. Spanish 232 or the equivalent. Spanish 361 recommended. (3). (HU).

372. Introduction to Spanish Literature. Spanish 232 or the equivalent. Spanish 361 recommended. (3). (HU).

373. Topics in Spanish Literature. Spanish 232 or the equivalent. Spanish 361 recommended. (3). (HU). May be repeated for credit.

374. Monographic Studies in Latin American Literature. Spanish 232 or the equivalent. Spanish 361 recommended. (3). (HU). May be repeated for credit.

375. Civilizaciòn de España (Spanish Civilization). Spanish 232 or the equivalent. Spanish 361 recommended. Spanish 375 and 376 may not both be included in a concentration plan in Spanish. (3). (Excl).

376. Latin American Civilization. Spanish 232 or the equivalent. Spanish 361 recommended. Spanish 375 and 376 may not both be included in a concentration plan in Spanish. (3). (Excl).

381. Introduction to Latin American Literature. Spanish 232 or the equivalent. Spanish 361 recommended. (3). (HU).

382. Introduction to Latin American Literature. Spanish 232 or the equivalent. Spanish 361 recommended. (3). (HU).

383. The Generation of 1898. A 300-level Spanish course or permission of instructor. (3). (HU).

386. The Quest for Identity in Latin American Literature. Spanish 362 and either Spanish 381 or 382. (3). (HU).

387. Social Forces and Literary Expression in Golden Age Spain. A 300-level Spanish course or permission of instructor. (2). (HU).

388. Spanish and Spanish-American Literatures Today. A 300-level Spanish course or permission of instructor. (3). (HU).

391. Junior Honors Course. Permission of departmental Honors Committee. (3). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT).

392. Junior Honors Course. Permission of departmental Honors Committee. (3). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT).

400. Spanish and Latin American Literature in Translation. A knowledge of Spanish is not required. Open to students at all levels. May not be included in a concentration plan in Spanish (or teaching certificate major or minor). (3). (Excl).

435. Independent Study. Permission of department. (1-3). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). May be elected for a total of 3 credits.

437. Introduction to Literature Studies and Criticism. One 400-level Spanish course or permission of adviser. (3). (Excl). May be elected for a total of 6 credits.

445. Romance Studies: Introduction to French-Spanish Literary Relations. A reading knowledge of French and Spanish. (3). (Excl).

446/French 493. Senior Honors in Romance Literatures. Permission of departmental Honors Committee. Intended for seniors admitted to Honors concentration in Romance Languages and Literatures; others by permission of instructor. (3). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT).

450. Middle Ages. Spanish 361 and three courses chosen from among Spanish 371-387 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

451. Spanish Literature of the Fifteenth Century. Spanish 361 and three courses chosen from among Spanish 371-388. (3). (Excl).

456. Golden Age. Spanish 361 and three courses chosen from among Spanish 371-388 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

457. Trends of Golden Age Thought. Spanish 361 and three courses chosen from among Spanish 371-388 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

458. The Spanish Picaresque Novel. Spanish 361 and three courses chosen from among Spanish 371-388 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

459. Don Quijote. Spanish 361 and three courses chosen from among Spanish 371-388 or equivalent. (3). (HU).

460. The Spanish Comedia. Spanish 361 and three courses chosen from among Spanish 371-388. (3). (Excl).

463. Spanish Literature of the Eighteenth Century. Spanish 361 and three courses chosen from among Spanish 371-378 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

464. Spanish Romanticism. Spanish 361 and three courses chosen from among Spanish 371-388 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

465. The Modern Spanish Novel I. Spanish 361 and three courses chosen from among Spanish 371-388 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

466. The Modern Spanish Novel II. Spanish 361 and three courses chosen from among Spanish 371-388 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

467. Literary Movements in Twentieth-Century Spain. Spanish 361 and three courses chosen from among Spanish 371-388 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

468(469). Spanish Theater of the Twentieth Century. Spanish 361 and three courses chosen from among Spanish 371-388. (3). (Excl).

470. Latin-American Literature, Sixteenth to Nineteenth Centuries. Spanish 361 and three courses chosen from among Spanish 371-388 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

475. Latin American Narrative of the Twentieth Century. Spanish 361 and three courses chosen from among Spanish 371-388 or equivalent. (3). (Excl). May be elected for a total of 9 credits.

476. Latin American Poetry of the Twentieth Century. Spanish 361 and three courses chosen from among Spanish 371-388 or equivalent. (3). (Excl). May be elected for a total of 9 credits.

485. Case Studies in Peninsular Spanish and Latin American Literature. Spanish 361 and three courses chosen from among Spanish 371-388 or equivalent or permission of advisor. (3). (Excl). May be elected for a total of 6 credits.

488. Topics in Spanish Literature. Spanish 361 and three courses chosen from among Spanish 371-388 or equivalent; or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl). May be elected for a total of 6 credits.

490. Spanish Honors: Introduction to Literary Studies and Criticism. One 400-level Spanish literature course, and permission of Honors advisor. (3). (Excl).

491. Senior Honors Course. Open only to seniors by permission of the departmental Honors Committee. (3). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT).


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