Topics covered in this chapter include:
Special Joint Degree Programs
Architecture (Joint Program in
Liberal Arts and Architecture)
Dentistry and Medicine (Joint Program in Liberal Arts and Dentistry or Liberal Arts and
Engineering (Joint Program in
Liberal Arts and Engineering)
Individualized Joint Degree Programs
Inteflex (Integrated Premedical-Medical
Natural Resources and Environment (AB, BS, or BGS and Master of Landscape Architecture)
Public Policy (Bachelor of Arts
and Master of Public Policy)
Undergraduate-Graduate Studies (CUGS) Program
Liberal Arts Study for
Professional Undergraduate Programs
Program in Architecture)
Pre-Legal Studies and Pre-Medicine
Several special degree programs are offered by the joint cooperation of LS&A and some other college or
school within the University. Admission to some of these programs is highly competitive. Because many
of these programs require specific courses for admission, it is important for students to identify program
interests early in their undergraduate careers, and often at the freshman level. Although the basic
requirements are summarized in this chapter, students should consult academic advisors associated with the
Many LS&A students are interested in applying for admission to a professional school either after two years
of liberal arts studies or after completing an LS&A degree. The second half of this chapter describes several
pre-professional courses of study. Pre-professional advising is available at both the LS&A Academic
Advising Office and the Office of Career Planning and Placement.
Students enrolled in the College of Literature, Science, and the Arts wishing to consider joint degree
programs, in which the B.S. or M.Arch. degree is awarded by the College of Architecture and Urban
Planning and a second degree is awarded by the College of Literature, Science, and the Arts, are advised to
contact the architecture program chairman in A&UP and the concentration advisor in LS&A. (This program
is distinct from the Pre-Professional Program in Architecture described later in this chapter.)
The joint degree program in liberal arts and either medicine or dentistry is designed to enable students
admitted to the Medical School or the School of Dentistry at the University of Michigan to complete the
requirements for a bachelor's degree from LS&A. Students may apply up to 15 credits of courses elected
during the first two years of medical or dental school toward a degree. To be eligible for the bachelor's
degree under this joint program, a student must have been admitted to either the Medical School or the
School of Dentistry at the University of Michigan and have completed 105 credits toward an LS&A
degree with a GPA of at least 3.0. For the A.B. or B.S. degree the 105 credits must include all but 6 credits
of a concentration plan. For a B.G.S. degree the 105 credits must include at least 50 upper-level credits, of
which 40 must be LS&A. All other requirements for graduation from LS&A must be met, and at least 45 of the
105 credits must be earned in residence in the College. A student's program must have the approval of the
pre-professional advisor, the concentration advisor, and the Director of Academic Advising. In addition, a
student must complete all of the required courses for the Medical School or the School of Dentistry with at
least a "C" average.
When the above requirements have been met, the College grants a bachelor's degree by accepting up to 15
credits from first-year and second-year Medical School or School of Dentistry courses as approved by the
Committee on the Joint Program in Liberal Arts and Medicine/Dentistry.
Only students attending Medical School or the School of Dentistry at the University of Michigan are
eligible for this program. Applications for admission to the joint program may be obtained in the LS&A
Academic Advising Office.
This program is designed to enable students to develop a course of study which offers broader academic
opportunities than those offered by either college. The program is intended for students who wish to
develop a depth of understanding in the technical studies associated with the College of Engineering and in
the physical and natural sciences, humanities, and social sciences in the College of Literature, Science, and
the Arts. This integration of technical studies with the liberal arts is the primary strength of the program. It
is open to students enrolled in Engineering or LS&A and leads to concurrent bachelor's degrees from both
colleges. It is intended primarily for students who enroll as freshmen in one of the two colleges.
The variety of courses which can be elected by students in the joint program makes it impractical to list
specific requirements. Instead, each student should consult faculty members and academic advisors in each
college to develop the best plan of study. Primary responsibility for planning the academic program and
continuing contact with academic advisors in the two fields is assumed by the student, who also is
responsible for becoming familiar with the academic policies and procedures of both colleges and the
academic requirements and courses in both fields of concentration as described in the Bulletins of
the two colleges. In the event of difficulties or special problems, students should consult Katharine
McKibben (Office of Academic Actions, 1219 Angell Hall, 764-0311) or Dean Gene Smith or Dean James
Wilkes (College of Engineering, 2420 EECS, 763-3458.
It is usually possible for students carrying 16 credits a term to meet all requirements in 10 or 11 terms.
Joint Degree Program Structure
Candidates for the combined Bachelor of Science in Engineering (B.S.E.) and liberal arts degree (A.B., B.S.,
or B.G.S.) must:
1. complete one of the degree programs in the College of Engineering;
2. complete a minimum of 90 credits of LS&A courses;
3. have a cumulative grade point average of at least 2.0.
In addition, candidates for the joint Bachelor of Science in Engineering (B.S.E.) and Bachelor of Science
(B.S.) or Bachelor of Arts (A.B.) degree must complete the LS&A degree requirements (English Composition,
the race and ethnicity requirement, the quantitative reasoning requirement, the language requirement, and an
approved area distribution plan) and an approved LS&A concentration plan. Candidates for the joint Bachelor
of Science in Engineering (B.S.E.) and Bachelor in General Studies (B.G.S.) degree must complete the LS&A
English Composition requirements, the race and ethnicity requirement, the quantitative reasoning
requirement, and a minimum 40 credits of LS&A courses 300-level or above with a GPA of at least 2.0. No
more than 15 of these credits may be elected from any one division. (A division means a division number
in the Time Schedule.)
1. Students may initially enroll in either the College of Engineering or the College of Literature, Science,
and the Arts.
2. To be qualified for admission to the joint degree program, students are usually expected to have
completed 30 credits of courses with an overall grade point average of at least 2.7. Entry of LS&A students
to some programs in Engineering may require a substantially higher grade point average.
3. Students considering this program should discuss their plans with the program advisor associated with
the college in which they are enrolled. Usually this contact should be made early in the sophomore
4. Students must complete an application form indicating their program in each college. Applications are
available from Katharine McKibben (Office of Academic Actions, 1219 Angell Hall, 764-0311),
Assistant Dean James Wilkes (College of Engineering, 2419 EECS, 763-6841), or Assistant Dean Gene
Smith (College of Engineering, 2419 EECS, 764-5158). During the application process students must
provide a current transcript when consulting advisors in the school in which they are not registered.
5. Once admitted to the program, each student continues to register in the college of initial enrollment. That
college maintains the primary academic record.
6. Students should consult the academic advisor for each concentration and secure approval for their class
schedule according to the academic policies and procedures of each college.
7. Students must maintain good academic standing in both colleges to continue in the joint degree program.
8. Students in good academic standing who wish to withdraw from the program may complete a degree in
the college in which they are enrolled. Students not in good academic standing are subject to the
academic discipline policies of that college.
9. Upon completion of the requirements of both colleges, students are granted concurrent degrees. At the
beginning of the term in which graduation is anticipated, a Diploma Application must be filed
with each college, and the academic advisor for each concentration (specialization) must provide
appropriate notification that departmental requirements are satisfied.
A student may be interested in a joint degree program with one other school or college, even though it has
not been officially established by the College. Such joint degree programs are planned through the Office of
Academic Actions. The student is expected to present a written statement of the educational purpose of the
joint degree. At least 150 credits are required for a joint degree, including at least 100 credits of LS&A
courses. For a B.G.S. degree the 100 credits would have to include at least 40 upper-level credits.
A minimum of 30 hours of credit must have been completed on the Ann Arbor campus before a student may
apply for a joint degree program, and the cumulative grade point average for work completed on the Ann
Arbor campus must be 3.0 or better. Any exception to these requirements must be approved by the
Academic Actions Board.
Joint degree programs with the School of Business Administration cannot be arranged.
Inteflex is an integrated premedical-medical program sponsored jointly by the College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts and the Medical School. The primary goals of the program are: (1) to provide a
supportive and innovative course of study for students interested in a career in medicine, (2) to emphasize
the role of the humanities and social sciences medicine, and (3) to foster an interest in primary care
medicine. The integrated curriculum, drawn from the humanities, social sciences, and natural sciences,
encourages innovative approaches to premedical education.
Inteflex admits 35 students each year and admission is limited to high school graduates enrolling in
college for the first time. Minimum qualifications for admission to the program include a combined
SAT score of at least 1200 or composite ACT score of 30, a high grade point average of at least 3.5, and
class standing in the top 10 percent of the high school class. The Program encourages applications from
qualified high school students with career interests in primary care medicine, qualified underrepresented
minority students, and qualified students from small communities and rural settings.
For students specially admitted to Inteflex, the Program is divided into two phases, the four-year liberal arts
phase in LS&A (phase I) and the four-year Medical School phase (phase II). Inteflex students in Phase I are
required to satisfy all the requirements for a Bachelor of Arts Degree or a Bachelor of Science Degree as
stated in this Bulletin, in addition to Inteflex Program requirements. There is contact with medical
practice at the end of the first year in order for students to experience and appreciate the social and
interpersonal aspects of patient care early in their training.
Advancement from Phase I to Phase II, while requiring no subsequent admissions process for the Medical
School, depends on a satisfactory cumulative undergraduate grade point average and successful performance
on the Medical College Admissions Test (MCAT). In the phase II years, students are required to satisfy all
the requirements for a Medical degree.
Some Inteflex courses, programs, and services are available to all undergraduate students, particularly
students with an interest either in a career in medicine or in the health sciences more broadly.
A new Inteflex curriculum is currently being planned that will feature new courses on the social, political,
economic, and humanistic aspects of medicine. New opportunities for community based learning and
practical experience will also be available. These developments have been made possible by having the
undergraduate phase of Inteflex expanded to four years, making it possible for students to complete a full
LS&A degree and at the same participate, either as a specially admitted student or a regular LS&A student in
the Inteflex Program.
For additional information, students should write to the Inteflex Office, 5113C Medical Science I, 1301
Catherine, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-0611; or call at (734) 764-9534.
The School of Natural Resources and Environment offers an accelerated program in landscape architecture
for undergraduates in any liberal arts area which enables a student to complete both a bachelor's degree from
LS&A and the three-year Master of Architecture (MLA) degree in six years of study. Candidates for this
program are selected by the Landscape Architecture Admissions Committee following completion of the
junior year, during which students are expected to complete Biology 355 (Woody Plants), Psychology 476
(Environmental Psychology), and Statistics 402 (Introduction to Statistics and Data Analysis). The
Graduate Record Examination should be taken in either February or April of the junior year. Candidates
should have at least a 3.4 cumulative grade point average at the end of the junior year and must earn a
combined Verbal and Quantitative score of at least 1100 on the General Test of the GRE.
Interested students should consult with the Landscape Architecture Program during the sophomore year or
early in the junior year. Students accepted to the program will elect six additional pre-professional courses
through the School of Natural Resources and Environment for a total of 15 credit hours in their senior year.
Students are expected to complete all requirements for their LS&A degrees by the end of the senior year,
including a minimum of 100 LS&A credit hours. AB/BS students who have completed 108 LS&A credits and
BGS students may apply for graduation at the end of the senior year. Otherwise, the degrees will be
awarded concurrently. For further information, contact: Office of Academic Programs, 1024 Dana
The Institute of Public Policy Studies offers an accelerated program in public policy for exceptional
undergraduates at the University of Michigan. The program enables students in political science, or
economics, or the B.G.S. degree program to complete both a bachelor's degree and the two-year Master of
Public Policy (M.P.P.) degree in five years of study. Candidates for this program are selected by the
Institute of Public Policy Studies during the junior year. In the senior year, students elect the full sequence
of IPPS core courses, most of which simultaneously satisfy concentration or cognate requirements for the
bachelor's degree while counting towards the M.P.P. degree. The A.B. or B.G.S. degree is awarded at the
end of the senior year, and the M.P.P. degree after one additional year of study.
The eligibility requirements for the accelerated joint program include completion of at least ninety credits
toward the undergraduate degree which must include one calculus (or higher level mathematics/statistics)
course. At least twenty-four of the ninety credits must be in economics or political science, with no fewer
than six credits in either department. These credit requirements must be completed by the time of the first
enrollment in IPPS; courses may be taken in the Spring or Summer half-terms if necessary. In addition,
applicants for the accelerated program must show an academic record that is demonstrably superior to that
of students entering on the regular track. This means that the student record must meet or exceed the
median scores for the entering class: a cumulative GPA of 3.4 and a Quantitative Graduate Records
Examination (GRE) score of 660. Further information can be found under the departmental program
statements of Economics and Political Science in Chapter VI, or by visiting The Institute of Public
Policy Studies in 440 Lorch Hall. Interested undergraduates should begin consultation in the sophomore
year; application is made in the junior year.
The Concurrent Undergraduate-Graduate Studies (CUGS) Program enables a few students each year to
enroll simultaneously in LS&A and the Rackham Graduate School and to apply a maximum of 15 credits
toward both an undergraduate degree and a graduate degree. To be considered, a student must have at least
90 credits toward an undergraduate degree, must have satisfied the distribution requirements, and must have
an overall grade point average of at least 3.7. Admission to CUGS is limited and depends heavily on the
student's having exhausted the undergraduate resources of his or her department so that graduate study is the
appropriate and logical next step in the student's program. The admissions process begins with
encouragement to proceed from the graduate admissions committee of the department in which the student
wishes to do graduate work. The student must then receive the recommendation of the chairperson of the
undergraduate department/ program, as well as the Assistant Dean for Student Academic Affairs for regular
LS&A Students, or one of the Directors of the Honors Program for Honors students, or the Director
(Director's representative) in the Residential College for RC students. An admission application is
completed and submitted to the Graduate School for approval of both the graduate admission committee and
Rackham Associate Dean of Admissions.
Several schools, colleges, and programs (e.g., Architecture and Urban Planning, Business Administration,
Dental Hygiene, Education, and Pharmacy) within the University admit only students who have completed
two years of liberal arts study. The following information is for students interested in planning the freshman
and sophomore years in LS&A and then applying to one of the schools below.
With the increasing application of the behavioral and environmental sciences to architecture, it is important
that prospective students acquire a liberal arts background. Students are not admitted to the College of
Architecture and Urban Planning until they have completed at least 60 credits. A number of introductory
architecture courses are open to all freshmen and sophomores. The College of Architecture and Urban
Planning looks for evidence of interest and strong commitment, preferably demonstrated by work
experience related to architecture or urban planning, and expects students to be familiar with the field's
professional literature. For additional information, contact Steve Parsons (Office of Undergraduate
The pre-professional program consists of a minimum 60 credits. Students are urged to obtain and read the
Architecture leaflet--available at the Office of Undergraduate Admissions (1220 Student Activities
Building), the LS&A Advising Office (1255 Angell Hall), or the College of Architecture and Urban Planning
(2150 Art and Architecture Building) for specific requirements.
Since admission to the College of Architecture and Urban Planning is competitive, students are urged to
develop program alternatives within LS&A.
Students who wish to earn a Bachelor of Business Administration (B.B.A.) degree should transfer to the
School of Business Administration after completion of the sophomore year. Junior standing (at least 55
transferable credits) is a requirement for admission and students should apply during the second term of the
Students may enter in the Fall Term only. The Admissions Committee begins to consider applications
January 15 for the Fall Term entering class. Preference is given to applicants who submit applications on or
before February 15. The deadline for application is March 1. Applications are considered only after
completed application forms and official transcripts have been received. LS&A students should obtain their
transcript in a sealed envelope from the Transcript Office. This envelope must be submitted together with
the application forms to the Business School.
Since there are a limited number of places in the B.B.A. program, admission is highly competitive. Most
students admitted have an overall GPA above 3.0. Particular attention is paid to grades in economics, first-
term accounting, and mathematics. Extra-curricular activities, part-time and summer work experience, and
the required essay (a part of the application form) play an important role in choosing among applicants with
similar academic credentials.
Consideration for admission requires evidence that a minimum of 55 transferable credits will be completed
by the proposed date of entrance and that the required courses in mathematics, economics, first-term
accounting, and written communication have been completed with grades of at least "C." Students may
choose from among Mathematics 112, 115, and Honors Mathematics to meet the math requirement.
Students unprepared for calculus should elect Mathematics 105. Economics 201 and 202 fulfill the
economics requirement. The requirement in composition may be completed by English 125 or presenting
evidence that the student has been exempted from these courses. Honors students may substitute Great
Books 191 or 192. Students are encouraged to complete as many of the prerequisites as possible before
All students planning to apply to the School of Business for Fall 1997 and thereafter, will be
required to complete a fourth-term proficiency in a language other than English. This requirement must be
met prior to graduation. In addition, students applying for admission for Fall 1997 and thereafter, must
satisfy two of the three following area distribution requirements.
1. 9 credits in humanities;
2. 9 credits in social sciences other than economics;
3. 6 credits in natural science courses (a minimum of two three-credit courses).
Students planning on applying to the School of Business for Fall 1995 or Fall 1996, may choose to
complete a fourth-term proficiency in a language other than English, however, it in not a requirement.
These students can satisfy three of the following four distribution requirements:
1. 9 credits in humanities;
2. 9 credits in social sciences other than economics;
3. 6 credits in natural science courses (a minimum of two three-credit courses); and
4. fourth-term college proficiency in a language other than English (determined by successful completion
of a proficiency examination administered by the appropriate language department or completion of a
fourth-term college level language course).
Students may elect area courses on the basis of Pattern I area distribution designations (see Chapter VI)
with the following exceptions:
1. mathematics courses may not be used;
2. natural science courses may not include short courses and must carry at least three credits;
3. all philosophy courses, including logic courses, are considered humanities.
Accounting 271 is required for admission. Although not required for admission, Accounting 272 is highly
recommended as an elective for sophomores, particularly for students who plan to concentrate in
accounting. The School of Business Administration does not recommend other electives. Any thoughtfully
planned, balanced liberal arts program is acceptable preparation for admission.
Certain courses, some of which can be elected for LS&A degree credit, cannot be transferred to the School of
Business Administration. These include Experiential courses, Dance, Physical Education activity courses,
and first and second year ROTC courses. Residential College and Pilot courses transfer to the School of
Business Administration, but Pilot Program credit cannot be used to satisfy area requirements.
With the exception of Accounting 271 and 272, Business Administration courses cannot be elected until
junior standing (at least 55 credits) has been earned.
The School of Dentistry grants a B.S. degree in Dental Hygiene. This baccalaureate program consists of a
year of prescribed college courses followed by three years enrollment in the School of Dentistry. The
equivalent of 30 (semester) credits of college level work in liberal arts is a prerequisite to the three-year
curriculum in dental hygiene. Prerequisites include: (1) Chemistry; (2) English Composition; (3) Speech;
(4) Introductory Psychology; (5) Introductory Sociology; (6) Additional electives to total 30 credits.
Interested students should contact the Director of Dental Hygiene, Wendy Kerschbaum, in the School of
Dentistry (3307 Dentistry, 763-3392) as soon as possible, preferably during the freshman year. Additional
information about the dental hygiene program can be found in the School of Dentistry Bulletin and
Dental Hygiene brochures.
Several paths are open to students who wish to obtain certification in elementary school teaching
(kindergarten through the eighth grade) or secondary school teaching (grades seven through twelve).
Students can simultaneously satisfy degree requirements for an A.B., B.S., or B.G.S. degree and the
requirements for a teaching certificate. Some students complete teaching certificate requirements by
enrolling as special students in the School of Education after completing an undergraduate degree.
Alternatively, students can transfer to the School of Education, usually at the beginning of the junior year,
and complete requirements for an Education degree with a teaching certificate. Students interested in
earning an elementary school teaching certificate usually transfer to the School of Education for both a
bachelor's degree and certification in order to avoid complexities in program planning and to take full
advantage of the variety of choices offered within elementary education.
Interested students should study the Teacher Certification Program in Chapter VI of this
Bulletin and contact the School of Education Office of Student Services (1033 SEB) regarding
current information and procedures for admission to the Teacher Certification Program.
Students accepted to the Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm.D.) degree program transfer to the College of
Pharmacy upon completion of at least 60 credits of pre-professional work as outlined below. The College
accepts students only for the Fall Term, and the Pharm.D. curriculum requires an additional four years of
study. Deadline for submission of applications is February 1.
The 60 credits of pre-pharmacy study include:
1. Chemistry 130, 210, 211, 215, 216, and either 230 or 340;
2. Mathematics 112 or 115 or 185.
3. Biology 152 or 195;
4. Satisfaction of the LS&A English Composition requirement;
5. Physics 125/127 and 126/128 or 140/141 and 240/241;
6. Electives, including two social science courses and two courses in foreign language or the
Honors alternatives to these courses are acceptable.
Students interested in transferring to the College of Pharmacy should discuss their plans and curriculum
with a pharmacy advisor. Advisors are available in the College of Pharmacy.
Since spaces in the College of Pharmacy are limited and admission is competitive, students are encouraged
to develop program alternatives in LS&A and to inform themselves of LS&A degree requirements. Application
to the University of Michigan College of Pharmacy is made through the Office of Undergraduate
In addition to the Pharm.D. program, the College of Pharmacy offers Bachelor of Science in Pharmaceutical
Sciences and Bachelor of Science in Medicinal Chemistry programs. Neither baccalaureate program leads
to a professional degree or pharmacy licensure. Students interested in these programs should consult a
A strong liberal arts education is an ideal way to prepare for the professional study of law. LS&A students
should acquire the skills that enable critical thinking, logical reasoning and effective writing by pursuing a
balanced and challenging undergraduate program.
Two serious shortcomings hamper many students who come to the study of law. The first is inability to
write or speak clearly and correctly. The second is difficulty in thinking for themselves, attaining exactness
of thought and making valid analytical comparisons and differentiations. LS&A students should try to avoid
these shortcomings by (1) studying and mastering English prose composition and exposition, and the use of
English in speaking; and (2) taking courses which demand precise thinking and close reading.
There are no prerequisite courses and there is no required concentration for entering law school. A
prospective law student, above all, should take courses in any subject which will be personally interesting,
intellectually challenging, and which will help provide an understanding of the nature and aspirations of
Interested students should obtain a copy of the University of Michigan information circular "Academic
Preparation for Law School" and schedule an appointment with a pre-professional advisor in the LS&A
Academic Advising Office and visit the Office of Career Planning and Placement for information about the
LS&A students who wish to prepare for a career in medicine should elect courses which lead to completion of
degree requirements and simultaneously fulfill the pre-medical requirements of the medical schools of their
choice. Pre-medicine is not a concentration.
Interested students should obtain a copy of the University of Michigan information circular "Academic
Preparation for Medical School" and schedule an appointment with a pre-professional advisor in the LS&A
Academic Advising Office and visit the Office of Career Planning and Placement for information about the
Pre-medical course requirements are:
1. Chemistry. Usually four terms: Chemistry 130, 210, 211, 215, 216, followed by 230 or 302 or
340 is the recommended introductory course sequence.
Note: Medical schools differ in the number of chemistry credits required. Some require a minimum of two
terms, some require a minimum of four terms. All, however, require chemistry with laboratory. It is
always advisable to check with the medical school you are interested in if you have a question about
2. Biochemistry. Many medical schools recommend biochemistry (the University of Michigan
Medical School requires it). Students may select from Biology 310, Biology 311, Biological Chemistry
415, or Chemistry 451.
3. Biology. Two terms, including lab work. Biology 152 and 154 are recommended courses.
Biology 195 is a one term, accelerated course that is an alternative to 152-154. Many students also will
want to complete at least one advanced course in biology or zoology.
4. Physics. Two terms, including lab work. Students may select from Physics 125/127 and
126/128, or Physics 140/141 and 240/241.
5. English. Two terms of English are required. Introductory Composition satisfies one term of
6. Mathematics. Some medical schools require a mathematics course (college level calculus in
most cases). Statistics and computer science are also recommended courses.
The above courses account for approximately one third of the course work for a B.A., B.S., or B.G.S.
degree. Medical schools require demonstrated proficiency in the sciences, but it is not necessary to
concentrate in the sciences.