Chapter III: Degree Requirements
and Graduation Procedures
The College awards three basic degrees, the Bachelor
of Arts (A.B.), the Bachelor of Science (B.S.),
and the Bachelor
in General Studies (B.G.S.). The Bachelor
of Science in Chemistry (B.S. Chem.), a special degree, also is granted.
The Bachelor of Arts and the Bachelor of
Science degrees require competent use of the modes of thought which characterize
each major area of knowledge, and a deep understanding of at least one subject
area. Each student is required also to achieve competency in the use of
the English language, to acquire second-year college-level proficiency in
a language other than English, must receive credit for an approved course
addressing questions on race and ethnicity, and must fulfill the quantitative
reasoning requirement. Beyond these general requirements, which serve not
to limit but rather to enhance the value of the educational experience,
students are free to choose elective courses to complete a minimum 120 credits.
The difference between the A.B. and B.S. degrees is that the B.S. degree
requires 60 credits of approved
courses in the physical and natural sciences and/or mathematics. A secondary
teaching certificate requires the A.B. or B.S. student to earn additional
credits (see the School of Education Bulletin).
General Studies degree encourages students to take responsibility for
structuring their own multidisciplinary academic programs within guidelines
emphasizing upper-level courses elected in three or more departments. This
degree also requires a minimum 120 credits, and includes the College English
Composition requirement, the Race and Ethnicity requirement, and the Quantitative
Reasoning requirement. At least 60 credits of courses numbered 300 or above
must be completed, and no more than 20 of these 60 credits may be in one
The Bachelor of Science
in Chemistry is described in Chapter VI under Chemistry.
This chapter describes the requirements of the A.B., B.S., and B.G.S.
degree programs as well as the procedures for graduation. Chapter IV describes
associated academic policies. Honors
students must always consult the Honors
Program about special degree requirements, courses, policies, and procedures,
and petition the Honors Program for any exceptions to the rules.
Students are always responsible for knowing and meeting degree requirements.
A student may either comply with the degree requirements stated in the Bulletin
effective during the first term of enrollment in the College or with those
in the Bulletin effective at the time of graduation. Students should
also consult the most current Bulletin for concentration requirements
since the applicable rules are determined at the time the student declares
Degrees and the Selection of a Degree
- Students must submit a Declaration Form (available in 1255 Angell
Hall) indicating their choice of degree program to the Academic Advising
Center, sometime between the second term of the freshman year and the beginning
of the junior year. It is generally done after consultation with a concentration
or BGS academic advisor.
Common Requirements for the A.B., B.S.,
and B.G.S. Degrees
Credits and Grade Point Average
To qualify for a degree from the College, a student must complete
a minimum 120 credits with a cumulative grade point average (GPA)
of 2.0 (C). The overall GPA of courses included in the field of concentration
(see Concentration Policies below) for an A.B.
or B.S. degree (unless stated differently for particular concentrations
in Chapter VI) or counted toward the 60 credits of upper-level courses required
for a B.G.S. degree must be at least 2.0. (GPA
is explained in Chapter IV.)
English Composition: College Requirement
Administered by the English
Composition Board (ECB), the composition requirement consists of two
Part I: Introductory Composition.
Prior to their time of Orientation to the University and College, all LS&A
students and all students required by their program to take English 124
or 125 or the equivalent will submit a writing portfolio to be evaluated
by the ECB. Based on that evaluation, students will be placed in one of
four sequences: (1) required to complete practicum work (ECB Writing
Practicum 100-105 or ECB Transfer Writing Practicum 106-109); or (2)
required to enroll directly in Introductory Composition; or, (3) exempted
from Introductory Composition but required to attend the ECB Writing
Workshop until certified for exemption; or (4) exempted from Introductory
The Introductory Composition requirement is met when the student has
completed one of the four placement tracks described above. Note that Introductory
Composition courses include English 124, 125, 220, American Culture 101,
170, Classical Civilization 121, History 195, Institute for the Humanities
104, Linguistics 104, Pilot 165, and University Course 153. Residential
College students meet the requirement with RC Core 100; Inteflex students
with Inteflex 101; Honors Program students with Great Books 191, Classical
Civilization 101 or College Honors 101.
The required entrance portfolio cannot be waived. Neither the student's
scores on standardized tests (such as ACT or SAT) nor transfer credit from
another college or university determines placement into or exemption from
the practicum and Introductory Composition courses. Advanced Placement and
transfer credits are applied toward graduation but not toward the writing
The Introductory Composition Requirement should be completed in
the first year.
Part II: Junior/ Senior Writing Requirement.
All LS&A students must complete the Junior/Senior Writing Requirement during
their junior or senior year, preferably during their junior year. Upon attainment
of Junior standing (55 credits), students should enroll in an approved writing
course. A list of the approved courses for a particular term appears in
the LS&A Course Guide. A course approved to meet the requirement one term
is not necessarily approved in subsequent terms. The College strongly recommends
that the course be in the student's field of concentration or area of academic
interest. Students must modify the approved course for "ECB" through
Touch-Tone Registration. The course
instructor must certify that the student has met the requirement at the
end of the term.
Quantitative Reasoning: College Requirement
All students admitted to the College for the Fall Term of 1994 and thereafter
must meet the Quantitative Reasoning (QR) requirement. The goal of this
requirement is to ensure that every graduate of the College achieves a certain
level of proficiency in using and analyzing quantitative information. Students
may fulfill this requirement either by:
QR courses may come from a wide range of disciplines representing the natural
and social sciences, as well as some areas of the humanities.
- successfully completing one course (of 3 credits or more) designated
for full QR credit (QR/1); or
- successfully completing two courses (at least one of which must be
of 3 credits or more) designated for half QR credit (QR/2).
Quantitative reasoning is first and foremost reasoning. It is not mathematical
manipulation or computation, but rather the methodology used to analyze
quantitative information to make decisions, judgments, and predictions.
It involves defining a problem by means of numerical or geometrical representations
of real-world phenomena, determining how to solve it, deducing consequences,
formulating alternatives, and predicting outcomes.
Advanced Placement (AP) courses may not be used to meet the Quantitative
Reasoning requirement. Courses transferred from another college or university
do not generally carry QR credit, but a student may petition to satisfy
all or part of the QR requirement with such courses. Courses used to satisfy
the QR requirement may also serve to satisfy other College requirements;
e.g., students who are working towards an A.B. or B.S. degree may elect
a QR course that also counts toward meeting the Area Distribution, Concentration,
or other College requirement.
Race and Ethnicity: College Requirement
All students admitted to the College for the Fall Term of 1991 and
all terms thereafter must meet the Race and Ethnicity requirement. The requirement
is met when, at some point before graduation, the student has passed one
course from a list of approved courses published each term in the LS&A Course
Guide. The Curriculum Committee of the College of Literature, Science, and
the Arts is the approving agency for courses, and the expectation is that
a wide variety of courses offered by departments and programs throughout
the College will be approved each term. Credits transferred from another
college or university do not meet the requirement, except by successful
petition to the Academic Standards Board. Students who are working toward
an A.B. or B.S. degree may elect a course to meet the Race and Ethnicity
Requirement that also counts toward meeting the Area Distribution or the
Concentration or Composition requirements. Likewise, students who are working
towards a B.G.S. degree may elect a course to meet the Race and Ethnicity
requirement that also counts among their 60 credits of courses numbered
300 or above, or toward the Composition requirement.
Courses approved to meet the Race and Ethnicity requirement will address
issues arising from racial or ethnic intolerance. In approving the requirement,
the faculty of the College made the following statements:
1. Required content. All courses satisfying the requirement
must provide discussion, consistent with disciplinary approaches, of: (1)
the meaning of race, ethnicity, and racism; (2) racial and ethnic intolerance
and resulting inequality as it occurs in the United States or elsewhere;
(3) comparisons of discrimination based on race, ethnicity, religion, social
class, or gender.
2. Required focus. (1) Every course satisfying the requirement
must devote substantial but not necessarily exclusive attention to the required
content. Courses may meet this requirement by various means consistent with
disciplines or fields of study, and faculty members from all departments
are urged to think creatively about how their fields might contribute to
the requirement. (2) Although it is hoped that many of these courses
will focus on the United States, it is not required that they do so. Courses
that deal with these issues in other societies, or that study them comparatively,
may also meet the requirement.
Non-LS&A Course Work
To qualify for a degree, a student must complete a program of study
which includes primarily LS&A courses or equivalent LS&A transfer credit.
LS&A courses are listed in this Bulletin. Courses offered by other
academic units (e.g., Business Administration, Education, Engineering, Natural
Resources and Environment) of the University of Michigan (Ann Arbor) and
not listed in this Bulletin are non-LS&A courses. Non-LS&A course work should
not be confused with transfer credit (defined in Chapter VII). Out-of-residence
credit may transfer to the College as credit equivalent to LS&A courses or
Non-LS&A course work earns credit toward a degree and honor points
according to the following policies:
1. Candidates for an A.B. or B.S. degree must complete a minimum
108 credits of LS&A courses, thus allowing 12 credits of non-LS&A course work
in the minimum 120 required for the degree. Non-LS&A course work elected
to meet concentration requirements may be elected beyond the 12 credit limit
if the concentration advisor provides written approval. This approval represents
that the non-LS&A credit is required by the concentration either in substitution
for courses from the department of concentration or as required cognate
credits. In no case may a student exceed 20 non-LS&A credits in the 120 required.
Candidates for an A.B. or B.S. degree with a secondary teaching certificate
must complete a minimum 104 credits of LS&A courses.
2. Candidates for a B.G.S. degree must complete a minimum 100 credits of
LS&A courses, thus allowing 20 credits of non-LS&A course work in the 120
required for the degree. Candidates for a B.G.S. with a secondary teaching
certificate also must complete at least 100 credits of LS&A courses.
3. A cross-listed course is sponsored
by two or more academic departments or programs and may be elected in any
one of the participating units. Courses cross-listed between LS&A and another
school or college of the University of Michigan (Ann Arbor) count toward
the required number of LS&A credits if elected in the participating LS&A department.
If elected in the non-LS&A department, the course counts as non-LS&A course
work. Students in their final term in residence may request the Senior
Auditors to change a completed election to an alternate cross-listing.
4. Division of Kinesiology courses are recorded
as "not for credit" (no credit hours toward graduation, no honor
points) for LS&A students, except for the following courses for which LS&A
students may receive degree credits and Honors points:
- Kinesiology (division 887) 411, 421, 422, 431, 432, 441, 442, 471,
513, 521, 531, 541, and 542;
- Movement Science (division 882) 250, 320, 330, 340, 341, 411, 421,
422, 431, 432, 441, 442, 471, 521, 531, 541, and 542;
- Physical Education (division 884) 310;
- Sports Management and Communication (division 885) 300, 302, 303,
304, 307, 310, 401, and 513,
5. School of Music ensemble courses
yield degree credit but not honor points.
6. The College of Literature, Science, and the
Arts does not grant degree credit for any courses offered through the Military
Officer Education Program except for those courses which are cross-listed
in other academic units.
Requirements Particular to the A.B. and
By the end of the sophomore year, students should have met the language
requirement, made substantial progress toward completing an area distribution
plan, and completed prerequisites for a concentration.
The Language Requirement
Second language study contributes importantly to a liberal education,
not only as a means of access to the cultural and intellectual heritage
of the world's non-English-speaking majority, but also as a way to gain
a new reflective understanding of the structure and complexity of English
Fourth-term proficiency in a language other than English is required
and may be met by any one of:
1. Certified proficiency on a University of Michigan reading
and/or listening test. Students with previous experience in a language they
want to use to meet the language requirement must take a language placement
test. A student may not elect for credit a language course below this placement
level without departmental permission.
2. Credit for a University of Michigan fourth-term
language course listed below with a grade of C- or better.
In meeting the language requirement, students must earn a grade of
C- or better in the prerequisite course to proceed on to the subsequent
course. Any exception to this rule must be granted by a designated faculty
representative in the department.
The final course in an elementary language sequence used to fulfill
the Language Requirement must be elected on a graded basis, or, for Residential
College students in a Residential College language course, with a narrative
evaluation. (Effective for all students admitted to the College in Fall
Term, 1995 and thereafter.)
The language requirement cannot be fulfilled by out-of-residence
credit which is elected after the student has begun degree enrollment
in LS&A unless the appropriate language department has approved that plan
Students who wish to meet the requirement with proficiency in a language
not listed above (including American Sign Language) should contact the Academic
Standards Board. A student whose first language is not English and who
attended a high school where that language was the language of instruction
is considered to have met the requirement.
By means of this requirement the College seeks to instill an understanding
and an appreciation of the major areas of learning. Students are not expected
to master all areas in detail, but should develop a coherent view of essential
concepts, structures, and intellectual methods which typify these disciplines.
Courses offered by the academic departments and programs of the College
are divided into three area categories: the natural sciences, the social
sciences, and the humanities. Each of these divisions represents a different
perspective on human knowledge and learning; some departments and programs
overlap these divisions while others may stand outside them.
The College offers three patterns for meeting the requirement. Students
should discuss the patterns with an academic advisor and begin electing
courses to complete one of them. Students meeting the Pattern I requirements
do not need an academic advisor's approval for the area distribution plan.
Requests for exceptions should be directed to the Academic
Standards Board. Students meeting the Pattern II or Pattern III requirements
must have an academic advisor's written approval for their plan and any
The area distribution requirement is 30 credits of courses outside
the field of concentration according to one of:
Arabic (one of the following: 202, 403, 410, 416, 418)
Armenian (272 or 273)
Chinese (202, 302, or 362)
French (230 or 232)
German (230 or 232 or 236)
3. Credit for a University of Michigan language course which presumes a
fourth-term proficiency in a language (except for 305 and/or 306 in French,
German, Italian, and Spanish, and Spanish 290/American Culture 224).
- Classical (301 and 302)
- Modern (202)
Japanese (202 or 362)
Russian (202 or 203)
Spanish (230 or 232)
Tibetan, Classical (404)
- Biblical (202)
- Modern (202)
*Students need to be careful about electing Ojibwa
to meet the language requirement. The requisite courses may not be offered
on a regular basis.
Pattern I. For this distribution
requirement, each course listed in Chapter VI of this Bulletin
has one of the following seven "distribution designations": (NS),
(SS), (HU), (N.Excl), (Excl), (LR), (Introductory Composition). A student
must complete at least three courses in each of the first three "distribution
designations", for a total of at least nine credits in each designated
area: (1) Natural Science (NS), (2) Social Science (SS), and (3) Humanities
(HU). A course labeled as (Excl) can be used by exception if an authorized
representative of the sponsoring department completes and submits an LS&A
Distribution Authorization Form. The three credits required to bring
this total to 30 may come from any of the three aforementioned areas or
may include a course or courses "Not Excluded" (N.Excl). Courses
designated Excluded (Excl), Language (LR), and Introductory
Composition do not meet the requirement. The only exception to this
rule for Pattern I occurs when a student has earned proficiency in two
languages other than English; in such a case a single fourth-term language
course may be counted as a Humanities course.
Pattern II. A student must complete the
equivalent of one course (three or more credits) in each of the five areas
listed below. The remainder of the 30 credits must be chosen from at least
four of the areas: (1) Natural Science, (2) Social Science, (3) Humanities,
(4) Mathematics and Logical Analysis (e.g., mathematics, statistics, computer
science, logic), and (5) Creative Expression (e.g., performance classes
in art, dance, music, or drama; creative writing). A Pattern II plan
must be developed with the assistance of an academic advisor, and a Distribution
Worksheet signed by the student and the advisor must be filed with the
Academic Advising Center. A Distribution Worksheet is an agreement
between the student and the College, and the courses specified may be completed
immediately or in the student's remaining terms. An academic advisor may
excuse a student from courses in a particular area on the basis of previous
experience equivalent to college-level work. Any waiver must be explained
on the Worksheet. But in any case, the distribution plan must include
30 credits of courses.
Pattern III. With the assistance and approval
of a committee of specially designated academic advisors, a student may
work out an individual plan that reflects exposure to a variety of methodologies
and approaches to intellectual experience. The plan should include courses
from at least five departments and no more than two courses from one department.
A student interested in this pattern must file an individual distribution
plan with the Academic Advising Center by the end of the sophomore year.
General Policies for Area Distribution
An area distribution plan may include:
1. prerequisites to concentration elected outside the department
2. courses elected pass/fail, credit/no credit, or by any other non-graded
3. courses elected to satisfy one of two concentration plans by students
who elect a double concentration (see "Double
Concentration" below in this chapter).
4. Transfer credit from other schools and colleges of the University of
Michigan and from other academic institutions (see "Residence
Policy" in Chapter IV).
5. a course elected outside the department of concentration or concentration
requirements to meet the Junior-Senior Writing Requirement, the Race and
Ethnicity Requirement, or the Quantitative Reasoning Requirement.
An area distribution plan may not include:
1. any course from the department of concentration.
2. required cognates in a concentration plan.
3. Experiential courses, Independent
Study, and University
(Division 495) mini-courses.
4. Advanced Placement credits.
The concentration requirement provides an opportunity to pursue a
thorough investigation of a subject or problem. If education is to be a
connected, developmental experience, then fundamental skills, abilities,
and knowledge must be used continuously. Concentration programs organize
students' work in such a way that later experiences relate to and extend
Students normally declare a concentration during the second term of
the sophomore year, although some students make a decision earlier. To declare
a concentration, a student should develop a plan with a concentration advisor
and then submit a Declaration Form signed by the advisor to the Academic
Advising Center. A student may, with the approval of a concentration advisor,
change the plan. Students who wish to change concentrations must discuss
their plans with a concentration advisor in the new concentration and submit
a new Declaration Form.
1. Each A.B. or B.S. student must develop a concentration plan
in consultation with a concentration advisor, who must also approve it.
2. Course requirements of the various concentration programs range from
24 to 48 credits, of which no more than 30 will be in one department. The
required courses outside the department for departmental concentration programs
are called required cognates. Students will often take more than the required
courses, but no more than 60 credits in a concentration (including courses
in one department and the required cognates) may be counted toward the 120
for the degree. When an academic department has two or more divisions (e.g.,
Anthropology, Romance Languages and Literatures), a student may count a
total of 60 credits from that department, not from each division.
3. No more than 60 credits in one language may be counted in the 120 required
for a degree. However, the 60 credit limit on courses elected in one concentration
may be exceeded when the excess credits have been used to meet the language
4. Students electing an area, interdepartmental, or special concentration
may count no more than 60 credits in any one department.
5. Students may not elect courses in a concentration plan, including required
cognates, by the Pass/Fail grading option.
6. A department or program may include in its concentration program Experiential
or Directed Reading/Independent Study courses that are graded on a Credit/No
Credit or Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory basis, but all other concentration
courses must be taken for a grade, either A-E or (in the case of Residential
College courses) with narrative evaluation.
7. No course in the department of concentration or required course in a
concentration plan may be part of a distribution plan (see, however, "Double
Concentration" below in this chapter).
8. A student must earn an overall GPA of at least 2.0 in courses taken in
the field of concentration. This includes all courses taken in the department
of concentration (prerequisites, required courses, and electives) and any
required cognates. Any exceptions for particular concentrations are specified
in Chapter VI.
9. A course or courses that are part of the student's concentration plan
may also meet the Junior-Senior Writing Requirement, the Race and Ethnicity
Requirement, or the Quantitative Reasoning Requirement.
Students may choose a concentration from:
Bio-Medical Sciences (Inteflex
Students with academic interests outside existing area, departmental, inter-departmental,
and special concentration programs may propose their own field of concentration
and, on approval, elect the Individual
Concentration Program which is described in Chapter VI.
A student electing a double concentration must meet all requirements
for both concentrations. Courses, including cognates, elected as part of
one concentration plan may be used, when appropriate, to satisfy the requirements
of the second concentration. However, one of the two concentration plans
must be independent of the area distribution plan. Each concentration plan
must be developed in consultation with and approved by a concentration advisor.
A Concentration Release Form (see "Graduation
Procedures" below in this chapter) for each concentration declared
should be submitted to the Senior Auditors before the final term in residence.
A double concentration is recorded on the transcript only if both release
forms are received before graduation. If a student who has submitted a Diploma
Application completes the requirements for only one of the two concentrations
and wishes to defer graduation to complete the second, the Senior
Auditors must be notified. Otherwise a degree is awarded in one concentration.
After the date of graduation, a student completing additional work which
fulfills another field of concentration can have the additional field entered
on the transcript. The student will need to file an additional concentration
release form with the Senior Auditors.
Requirements Particular to the B.G.S.
Within the 120 credits required for the degree and the minimum 60
credits of courses numbered 300 or above, specific guidelines must be met:
1. No more than 60 credits may be elected in all divisions
of a department.
2. No more than 20 credits of upper-level courses may be counted from one
department. If a department has several divisions, a B.G.S. student may
elect up to 20 credits of upper-level courses from each division. These
statements should not be interpreted to mean that as many as 20 credits
of upper-level work from one or more divisions must be completed or that
it is impossible to incorporate more than 20 upper-level credits from one
division into a B.G.S. degree. It is entirely possible to complete the degree
with fewer than 20 upper-level credits from any division as long as the
upper-level credits from all divisions total 60. Similarly, the B.G.S. degree
may be completed with more than 20 upper-level credits from a division by
electing more than the required 60 upper-level credits (e.g., 25 credits
of upper-level courses may be completed in a division as long as 65 upper-level
credits are completed).
3. At least 40 of the required 60 upper-level credits must be in LS&A courses.
4. A student must earn an overall GPA of at lest 2.0 in the courses used
to fulfill the requirement of 60 upper-level credits.
Second Bachelor's Degree
Individuals with a bachelor's degree who want to earn a second degree
must obtain permission from the Office of Undergraduate Admissions. Normally
at least two calendar years will have transpired between the awarding of
the first baccalaureate degree and the beginning of the second baccalaureate
degree program. Applicants must pursue an academic program significantly
different from that of the first baccalaureate degree. Except in the case
of joint degrees (see Chapter V),
the College does not award concurrent bachelor's degrees. Students interested
in two concentrations should read the section "Double
For graduates of schools and colleges on the Ann Arbor campus the
two baccalaureate degrees should be different (for example, not two Bachelor
of Arts or two Bachelor of Science degrees). The second degree program cannot
be a BGS degree. Applicants who already have an LS&A degree must earn at
least 30 credits in residence in LS&A beyond the credit hours required for
the first degree, and at least 15 of those must be in the new field of concentration.
Graduates of a different Ann Arbor unit must earn at least 30 credits while
registered in LS&A, all of those over and above the credit hours required
for the first degree, and the second program must include a minimum of 108
LS&A credits. To be considered for admission to a second baccalaureate degree
program, all applicants who have a baccalaureate degree from the Ann Arbor
campus of the University of Michigan must have the same minimum grade point
average as the College requires of cross-campus transfer students.
Applicants whose first degree comes from any other institution (including
UM-Dearborn and UM-Flint) will be required to complete at least 60 credits
in residence at the Ann Arbor campus. The student must be registered in
LS&A for at least 30 of these, and all 30 credits must be over and above
the credits required for the first degree. The second degree program must
include a minimum of 108 LS&A credits. To be considered for admission to
a second baccalaureate degree program, these applicants must have the same
minimum grade point average as the College requires for students who transfer
from institutions other than the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor campus.
Students who wish to be dually enrolled, that is, enrolled simultaneously
in LS&A and another division, school, college, or university, must request
permission from the Academic Standards Board in advance of registration.
This policy does not apply to UM Extension. Qualified seniors who are interested
in the Concurrent Undergraduate-Graduate
Studies (CUGS) Program should read that section in Chapter V.
Students enrolled in two colleges or schools of the University must
complete a separate registration for each academic unit. These students
are assessed tuition based upon the number of credits elected in each unit,
normally to a maximum of the higher full program fee.
Students who have completed 90 hours Credit Toward Program (CTP) should
submit the Diploma Application and Concentration Release Form or B.G.S.
Senior Release Form in the term preceding the one in which they expect to
graduate. In this way students can have an audit of their degree requirements
prior to registration for the final term.
Degrees are conferred in May, August, or December, though graduation
ceremonies are held in May and December only. To qualify for graduation,
a student must meet degree requirements and submit a completed Diploma Application
to the Academic Advising Center in 1255 Angell Hall. At the same time, candidates
for an A.B. or B.S. degree must submit a signed Concentration Release Form
and candidates for a B.G.S. degree must submit a B.G.S. Senior Release Form.
The deadline for submitting these forms is four weeks after classes begin
in a term (one week after classes begin in the Summer Half-Term). Students
who meet the deadline will be listed in the Commencement Program, will have
an expedient audit of degree requirements, and will be able to receive the
diploma following approval of the final degree list (8-10 weeks after Commencement).
Students whose forms are received after the deadline but before the
last day of classes in the term of expected graduation may still be considered
for graduation but their degree certification cannot be processed as quickly
and they should not expect to be included in the Commencement Program. The
degree audit will be delayed. In some instances, it will be necessary to
Students who do not complete degree requirements in the term a Diploma
Application has been filed must file a new Diploma Application in order
to be placed on any subsequent degree list. Students who have met the degree
requirements but have not yet been graduated may obtain a Letter of Certification
from the Senior Auditors in 1401
Mason Hall. Such a letter is usually acceptable as evidence that requirements
have been met and a degree will be awarded.