96-97 LS&A Bulletin


1020 LS&A Building
Professor Richard Ford, Chair

May be elected as a departmental concentration program


Ruth Behar, Ethnology, Ethnohistory, Peasant Society, Religion and Belief, Women's Studies, Visual Anthropology, Europe, Latin America

Loring Brace, Human Evolution, "Race," Dentition, History of Biological Anthropology

David William Cohen, Pre-colonial and 20th Century Africa - eastern and southeastern; International Institute

E. Valentine Daniel, Semiotic Anthropology, Philosophical Anthropology, South Asia

Norma Diamond, Ethnology, Peasants, Women, Chinese Society, Cultures of Northeast Asia, Economic Development and Social Change

Nicholas B. Dirks, Historical Anthropology, History of Anthropology, Ethnology, Peasant Society, The State, Critical Theory, South Asia

Kent Flannery, Archaeology, Cultural Ecology: Near East, Middle America

Richard I. Ford, Cultural Ecology and Evolution, Ethnobotany, Archaeology, American Indians

Roberto Frisancho, Biological Anthropology, Adaptive Responses to Environmental Extremes: Growth, Nutrition, Physiology; Latin America

Philip Gingerich, Primate Paleontology and Evolution

Sally Humphreys, Kinship, Law, Religion; Ancient Greece

Raymond Kelly, Ethnology, Social Structure, Social Organization, Witchcraft, Warfare, Oceania

Conrad Kottak, General and Cultural Anthropology: Brazil, Madagascar, U.S.

T. Stephen Lansing, Anthro/Natural Resources; Ecology, Complexity, Social Theory; Bali, Southeast Asia

Frank Livingstone, Biological Anthropology, Population Genetics

William Lockwood, Ethnology, Ethnicity, Peasants; Field Methods and Ethnographic Films: Europe, Contemporary U.S.

Joyce Marcus, Latin American Ethnohistory and Archaeology

John O'Shea, Prehistoric Economics, Archaeology, Method and Theory: Old World, North America, Great Lakes

Sherry Ortner, Cultural Anthropology, Religion, Ideology, Gender Systems: Tibet, Nepal, Southeast Asia

Maxwell Owusu, Ethnology, Political Anthropology, Anthropology of Law, Problems of Development: Africa, Caribbean

Jeffrey R. Parsons, Archaeology, Mesoamerican and Andean Prehistory

Roy A. Rappaport, Melanesia, Religion, Ritual, Ecology, Evolution

John Speth, Archaeology, Method and Theory: North America, Middle East

Ann Stoler, Colonial Cultures, Development Anthropology, Women's Studies, Peasants, Political Economy, Southeast Asia

Thomas Trautmann, Kinship, History of Anthropology, India

Robert Whallon, Archaeology, Europe, Near East, Paleolithic-Neolithic, Hunter-Gatherers

Melvin D. Williams, Psychological Anthropology, Social Psychiatry, Religion, Contemporary American Society, Africa, Northwest Coast

Milford Wolpoff, Paleoanthropology, Evolution Theory, Biomechanics

Henry Wright, Archaeology: Middle East, Eastern United States, Africa

Norman Yoffee, Assyriology, Mesopotamian cultures; Near Eastern Archaeology

Associate Professors

Thomas E. Fricke, Family and Household, Cultural Ecology, Demography, Nepal, South Asia

Janet Hart, Ethnology, Oral Histories, Narrative Analysis, Women's Studies; Greece

Larry Hirschfeld, Social and Cognitive Development, Psychological Anthropology; Southeast Asia

Bruce Mannheim, Linguistic Theory, Historical Linguistics, Syntax/Semantics, Social Structure, Semiotic, Ethnopoetics; Andean South America

Brinkley Messick, Political and Legal Anthropology; Cultural Theory; Middle East

John Mitani, Primate Behavior, Animal Communication, South East Asia, Africa

Jennifer Robertson, Sociocultural Anthropology, Sex/Gender Systems, Everyday Religion, Japan, East Asia

Carla Sinopoli, Archaeology, Complex societies, early states and empires

Assistant Professors

Crisca Bierwert, Native North America, Oral Tradition, Visual Arts, Ritual and Other Cultural Performance

Sarah Caldwell, Ethnology, Anthropology of Religion, Ethnographic Film, Cross-Cultural Theory of Nonverbal Cognition

Fernando Coronil, Historical Anthropology, Post-Coloniality, State-Formation, Capitalism, Popular Culture, Gender; Latin America

Alaina Lemon, Ethnology; Racial, National, and Ethnic Ideologies; Sociolinguistics; gender; Russia

Erik Mueggler, Ethnology, Religion, Memory, Ideology, State, Power, Gender; China

Roger Rouse, Popular Culture in the U.S., Mexican Migration to the U.S., History of Anthropological Theory

Sharon Stevens, Anthro/Social Work, Western Social Theory, Political Economy, Anthropology of Science Gender and Culture

Beverly Strassmann, Biology, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Zoology

Anthropology is a science that deals with both the biological and cultural aspects of humanity. Its basic concerns include the organic evolution of the human species; the origin, development, and integration of customs, techniques, and beliefs which define a way of life (or culture) of human social groups; and the interrelations between these biological and cultural factors in human behavior.
The subject matter of anthropology is divided into two major areas of study: Biological Anthropology (Division 318) and Cultural Anthropology (Division 319). The latter, in turn, includes archaeology, ethnology, and linguistic anthropology.

Biological Anthropology considers human evolutionary history, the causes of present genetic diversity, and the biological basis of human behavior. It utilizes the evidence and concepts of paleontology, population genetics, and ecology.

Archaeology seeks to understand human behavior through the longest possible time span by examining the remains of human activity (e.g., settlements, tools, pottery) which have survived from antiquity.

Ethnology describes, analyzes, and compares the widest possible range of human cultures and social institutions. Some ethnologists concentrate on societies dissimilar from our own, e.g., hunters and gatherers, tribal peoples, and preindustrial societies; others examine contemporary European and American societies with the wider perspective gained from looking at other cultures and societies.

Linguistic Anthropology views language as one of the most distinctive characteristics of human beings and makes language a special field of study.

An anthropology concentration may prepare students for further advanced training and professional careers in teaching, research, and/or applied anthropology within government and private organizations, but it is not intended primarily as a training-ground for professional anthropologists. An undergraduate concentration in anthropology contributes to a liberal arts education, offering a disciplined awareness of human behavior and social institutions in different times and places.

Prerequisites to Concentration. Anthropology 101 and 161 (Introduction to Biological Anthropology) are recommended.

Concentration Program. Concentrators are expected to include at least one course in each of four subdivisions: biological anthropology, archaeology, ethnology, and linguistics. 27 credits beyond the 100 level are required. Please note that the following courses do not count toward the 27 credit requirement: 101, 161, 222. It is recommended that students also take at least two cognates that are selected in consultation with their concentration advisor. Students are strongly encouraged to elect at least one undergraduate seminar in anthropology. For students primarily interested in ethnology, we recommend at least one course from each of the following categories: (1) regional courses; (2) topical courses; and (3) theory/method courses. A detailed description of the concentration program is available at the department office.

Honors Concentration. Students interested in scholarly research are encouraged to consider the Honors concentration. Previous participation in the College Honors program is not a prerequisite. Seniors admitted to the Honors concentration normally elect a seminar in their special field of interest: biological anthropology (division 318, course 398), archaeology or ethnology (division 319, course 398). The seminars give students an opportunity for intensive training and research experience; the Honors concentration normally requires a senior thesis. Interested students should consult an Anthropology concentration advisor.

Advising. All anthropology faculty members are available for informal discussion with students during scheduled office hours (check the department office for times). Concentration advisors are available to explain program objectives and requirements and to help with the initial planning of your concentration program (appointments are scheduled in the department office). Each declared concentrator whose primary focus is ethnology will normally be provided with an individual faculty advisor who shares the student's interest and can give continuing guidance in course selection, etc. during the upperclass years. Concentrators whose primary focus is archaeology or biological anthropology can generally make comparable arrangements on request. Students who elect an anthropology concentration should develop (and file) a preliminary plan listing the courses they expect to take. This should be reviewed with the student's advisor or a concentration advisor each term.

The Museum of Anthropology. This museum is a separate university unit administered by the Director of Museums. All members of the curatorial staff of the museum offer instruction and hold academic titles in the Anthropology Department. The collections and laboratory facilities of the museum are made available to qualified students in the Department of Anthropology for instruction and research. The Museum has extensive collections of material on the ethnology and archaeology of the Great Lakes region and of the eastern United States. Other major collections include ethnological materials from the American Southwest; materials from Japan, China, and Tibet; and considerable archaeological, ethnological, and skeletal materials from the Philippines. There are smaller, representative collections from Africa, Oceania, Latin America, and Europe. While no formal program in museology is offered, two courses in Museum Techniques (Anthropology 496 and 497, Division 319) provide an opportunity to learn museum research methodology and administration through individually supervised work.

Half-Term Information. Courses are offered normally in half terms for 2 credits.


Professor Frank B. Livingstone, Program Advisor

May be elected as an interdepartmental concentration program

This Program is designed to relate anthropological and zoological perspectives to the study of the human species and is especially appropriate for students pursuing pre-professional studies in preparation for a career in the health sciences.

Prerequisites to Concentration. Biology 152 and 154, or Biology 195 (or the equivalent). Anthropology 161 is recommended but only if elected during the freshman or sophomore year. Juniors and seniors without prior course work in biological anthropology should elect Anthropology 361 and/or 365.

Concentration Program. Requires 32 credits distributed as follows:

A. Anthropology. A minimum of four of the courses below, at least two of which must be at the 400-level or above and must represent two of the three groups:*

1. Evolution, paleontology, morphology: Anthropology 365, 466, 564, 565, 566.

2. Primatology, ecology, behavior: Anthropology 361, 368, 468, 568, 569.

3. Genetics, growth, adaptation, race: Anthropology 362, 364, 461, 462, 563.

*Courses taken as Anthropology 469 (Topics in Biological Anthropology) can be counted in the appropriate group.

B. Zoology. A minimum of three courses representing three of the groups below:

1. Biochemistry: Biology 310, 311 or Biological Chemistry 415.

2. Physiology: Biology 320, 325/326.

3. Genetics and Development: Biology 305, 307/308, 406, 407.

4. Biology of Vertebrates: Biology 252, 351, 451.

5. Ecology and Evolution: Biology 381, 390, 492/493, 494.

C. Any remaining credits required to complete the concentration may be selected, subject to approval by the program advisor, from other anthropology or biology courses or from courses in other departments relevant to the concentration.

Honors Concentration. Students who meet requirements for admission to the Honors concentration program in either anthropology or zoology may, with permission of the instructors, elect a total of three Honors courses from among those offered by the participating departments.

The Honors concentration is individually arranged by the concentration advisor in consultation with the appropriate Honors instructors in either or both departments. Recommendations for degrees with Honors are made by the concentration advisor after consultation with these instructors.

Advising. The concentration advisor is Professor Frank B. Livingstone. Appointments are scheduled at 1054 LS&A (764-7274).

Courses in Biological Anthropology (Division 318)

161. Introduction to Biological Anthropology. I and II. (4). (NS). (BS).

168. First Year Seminar in Primate Field Studies. (3). (NS). (BS).

297. Topics in Biological Anthropology. (3). (NS). (BS). May be repeated for a total of 12 credits.

361. Biology, Society, and Culture. Sophomore standing. (3). (NS). (BS).

362. Problems of Race. Sophomore standing. (3). (NS). (BS).

364. Nutrition and Evolution. Sophomore standing. (4; 3 in the half-term). (NS). (BS).

365. Human Evolution. Sophomore standing. (4). (NS). (BS).

368/Psych. 437. Primate Social Behavior I. (4). (NS). (BS).

371. Techniques in Biological Anthropology. Permission of instructor. May not be included in a concentration plan in anthropology. (1-3). (Excl). May be elected for a total of 6 credits.

398. Honors in Biological Anthropology. Senior standing and permission of instructor. I. (3; 2 in the half-term). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). May be elected for credit twice.

399. Honors in Biological Anthropology and Anthropology/Zoology. Senior standing and permission of instructor. (3; 2 in the half-term). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). May be elected for credit twice.

461. Genetic Basis of Human Evolution. Anthro. 161 or the equivalent, and junior standing; or permission of instructor. II. (3). (Excl). (BS).

462. Ecological and Genetic Variation in Human Populations. Anthro. 161 or the equivalent. II. (3). (Excl). (BS).

468/Psych. 439/WS 468. Behavioral Biology of Women. One of the following: Anthro. 161, 361, 368, Psych. 430, Biol. 494. (4). (Excl). (BS).

469. Topics in Biological Anthropology. Permission of instructor. (2-4). (Excl). (BS).

470. Undergraduate Seminar in Biological Anthropology. Permission of instructor. (2). (Excl). (BS).

471. Undergraduate Reading and Research in Anthropology. Permission of instructor. A maximum of 3 credits of independent reading may be included in a concentration plan in anthropology. (1-3). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). May be elected for a total of 6 credits.

564. Hominid Origins. Anthro. 365 or 466 or the equivalent. Primarily for biological anthropology concentrators. (3). (Excl). (BS).

565. Evolution of Genus Homo. Anthro. 365 or 466 or the equivalent. Primarily for students concentrating in biological anthropology or vertebrate evolution. (4). (Excl). (BS).

568. Primate Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. Bio. Anthro. 368; or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl). (BS).

570. Biological Anthropology: An Overview. An undergraduate concentration in anthropology or its equivalent. (3). (Excl). (BS).

Courses in Cultural Anthropology (Division 319)

Courses are arranged by groups: Introductory Courses, Ethnology-Regional Courses, Ethnology-Theory/Method, Ethnology-Topical Courses, Linguistics, Archaeology, and Museum and Reading and Research Courses.

Introductory Courses

101. Introduction to Anthropology.
Primarily for freshmen and sophomores. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 222 or 426. I and II. (4). (SS). (This course meets the Race and Ethnicity Requirement).

222. The Comparative Study of Cultures. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in 101 or 426. Students with credit for Anthro. 101 should elect Anthro. 327. (4). (SS).

256(Biol. Anthro. 256)/NR&E 256. Culture, Adaptation, and Environment. (3). (Excl).

272/Ling. 272. Language in Society. Primarily for freshmen and sophomores. (4). (SS). (This course meets the Race and Ethnicity Requirement).

282. Introduction to Prehistoric Archaeology. (4; 2 in the half-term). (SS).

285. Cult Archaeology. (4). (SS).

296. Topics in Archaeology. (3). (SS). May be repeated for a total of 12 credits.

298. Topics in Cultural Anthropology. (3). (SS). May be repeated for a total of 12 credits.

299. Topics in Linguistic Anthropology. (3). (SS). May be repeated for a total of 12 credits.

Ethnology-Regional Courses

315. Native American Peoples of North America. (4). (SS).

319. Latin American Society and Culture. (4). (SS).

323. Pacific Islands Anthropology. (3). (SS).

402. Chinese Society and Cultures. Anthro. 101 or 222, or any China course. (3). (Excl).

403. Japanese Society and Culture. Anthro. 101, 222, or any Japan course. (4). (Excl).

404. Peoples and Cultures of Southeast Asia. Anthro. 101 or 222. (3). (Excl).

405. Peoples and Cultures of India. Anthro. 101 or 222. (3). (Excl).

409. Peoples and Cultures of the Near East and North Africa. Junior standing. (3). (Excl).

411/CAAS 422. African Culture. Junior standing or permission of the instructor. (3). (Excl).

413. Brazil: Anthropological Perspectives. (3). (Excl).

414/CAAS 444. Introduction to Caribbean Societies and Cultures, I. Junior standing. (3). (Excl).

416/Hist. 476. Latin America: The Colonial Period. (4; 3 in the half-term). (SS).

417. Indians of Mexico and Guatemala. Anthro. 101, 222, or junior standing. (3). (Excl).

421. The Immigrant Community in North American Society. Anthro. 101, 222, or junior standing. (3). (Excl).

422. Ethnography in America. Junior standing, and one course in anthropology or American Culture at the 200 level or above. (3). (Excl).

442/ACABS 413/Hist. 440. Ancient Mesopotamia. Junior standing. (3). (HU).


327. Introduction to Ethnology. Anthro. 101; recommended for concentrators in anthropology. (3). (Excl).

330. Culture, Thought, and Meaning. (4). (HU).

432. Social Theory. (3). (Excl).

447. Culture, Racism and Human Nature. Two courses in the social sciences. (3). (Excl).

Ethnology-Topical Courses

333. Non-Western Legal Systems I. Sophomore standing. (3). (SS).

336. Warfare in Tribal Society. Anthro. 101 or 222 and sophomore standing. (3). (Excl).

347/CAAS 420. Race and Ethnicity. (3; 2 in the half-term). (SS).

348. Poetics of Power: Rethinking (Post/Neo) Colonialism. (3). (Excl).

356. Topics in Ethnology. Anthro. 101. (3). (Excl). May be repeated for a total of six credits.

357. Undergraduate Seminar in Ethnology. A course in cultural anthropology and either junior standing or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

427/CAAS 427/WS 427. African Women. One course in African Studies, anthropology, or women's studies; or permission of instructor. (3). (SS).

429. Television, Society, and Culture. (3). (Excl).

438. Urban Anthropology. (3). (Excl).

439. Economic Anthropology and Development. Junior standing or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

440. Cultural Adaptation. Anthro. 101. (3). (Excl).

448/Rel. 452. Anthropology of Religion: Ritual, Sanctity and Adaptation. Junior standing. (3). (Excl).

450/Rel. 404. Comparative Religion: Logos and Liturgy. Upperclass standing and permission of instructor. (3). (Excl). May be repeated with permission for a total of 6 credits.

451/CAAS 459. African-American Religion. One introductory course in the social sciences. (3). (Excl).

453/CAAS 454. African-American Culture. One introductory course in the social sciences. (3). (Excl).

455/WS 455. Feminist Theory and Gender Studies in Anthropology. Junior standing. (3). (Excl).

458. Topics in Cultural Anthropology. Permission of instructor. (3; 2 in the half-term). (Excl). May be repeated once for a total of 6 credits.

459. Inequality in Tribal Societies. Two courses in ethnology. (3). (Excl).

531. Social Organization of Tribal Societies. Senior or graduate standing; or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

543. Demographic Approaches in Anthropology. Senior or graduate standing, or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).


473/Ling. 473. Ethnopoetics: Cross-Cultural Approaches to Verbal Art. Two courses in anthropology, linguistics or literature, or permission of instructor. (3; 2 in the half-term). (Excl).

474/Ling. 410. Language and Discrimination: Language as Social Statement. (3). (SS).

475. Ethnography of Writing. Junior standing or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

476/Ling. 417/German 417. Principles and Methods of Historical Linguistics. Ling. 411 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

478/Ling. 442. Introduction to Sociolinguistics. Ling. 411 or the equivalent. (3). (Excl).

577. Language as Social Action. Anthro. 576, or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

578. Monographs in the Ethnography of Speaking. Anthro. 576, or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).


380/Class. Arch. 380/Hist. of Art 380. Minoan and Mycenaean Archaeology. Class. Arch. 221 and 222, or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

383(485). Prehistory of Africa. Anthro. 101, 282, or junior standing. (3). (Excl).

384. Prehistory of Egypt. (3). (SS).

385. The Archaeology of Early Humans. Sophomore standing. (3). (SS).

386. Early New World Civilizations. Sophomore standing. (4). (SS).

387. Prehistory of North America. Anthro. 101 or 282. (3). (Excl).

394. Undergraduate Seminar in Archaeology. Anthro. 282 and concentration in anthropology; or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

407. Archaeology of South Asia. Anthro. 101, 282, or junior standing.(3; 2 in the half-term). (Excl).

482. European Prehistory. Anthro. 101, 282, or junior standing. (3). (Excl).

483. Near Eastern Prehistory. Anthro. 101, 282, or junior standing. (3). (Excl).

488. Prehistory of Mexico. Anthro. 101, 282, or junior standing. (3). (Excl).

489. Maya and Central American Archaeology. (3). (SS).

491. Prehistory of the Central Andes. Anthro. 101, 282, or junior standing. (3). (Excl).

587/Class. Arch. 531/Hist. of Art. 531. Aegean Art and Archaeology. Class. Arch. 221 or 222, or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

593. Archaeological Systematics. Senior concentrators, graduates, with permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

Museum, Honors, Reading, Research, and Field Courses

398. Honors in Cultural Anthropology. Permission of instructor. I. (3; 2 in the half-term). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for a total of six credits with permission of concentration advisor.

399. Honors in Cultural Anthropology. Senior standing and permission of instructor. II. (3). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for credit with permission of concentration advisor.

487. UM Training Program in Archaeology. III in South East New Mexico. (6). (Excl).

496. Museum Techniques in Anthropology. Permission of instructor. (1-3). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for credit for a total of 6 credits for Anthro 496 and 497.

497. Museum Research Techniques. Permission of instructor. (1-3). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for credit for a total of 6 credits for Anthro 496 and 497.

499. Undergraduate Reading and Research in Anthropology. Permission of instructor. A maximum of 3 credits of independent reading may be included in a concentration plan in anthropology. (1-3). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). May be elected for a total of 6 hours credit.

556. Fieldwork, Research Methods, and Cultural Anthropology as a Profession. (3). (Excl).