96-97 LS&A Bulletin

Near Eastern Studies


3074 Frieze Building
764-0314

Professor Norman Yoffee, Chair

Director of Undergraduate Studies, Assistant Professor Brian Schmidt

May be elected as a departmental concentration program in Ancient Civilizations and Biblical Studies (ACABS); Hebrew and Jewish Cultural Studies (HJCS); Arabic, Persian, Turkish, and Islamic Studies (APTIS); or Near Eastern Studies Departmental Concentration (NESDC)


Professors

Edna Amir Coffin, modern Hebrew language and literature

Jarl Fossum, New Testament, Gnosticism, Samaritan studies, Jewish mysticism, Coptic

Charles Krahmalkov, ancient Near Eastern languages

Trevor LeGassick, Arabic writings: imaginative, poetic, and non-fictional, 19th and 20th centuries

K. Allin Luther, Iranian history and civilization, classical Persian literature

Piotr Michalowski, Sumerian and Akkadian languages, literatures, and history; literary theory

Raji M. Rammuny, elementary Arabic instruction, advanced Arabic composition, colloquial Levantine Arabic, Arabic language teacher training

Gene Schramm, Semitic languages and linguistics

James Stewart-Robinson, modern Turkish and Ottoman (Turkish) language and literature

Gernot L. Windfuhr, Persian and Iranian linguistics and literature

Norman Yoffee, Assyriology, Mesopotamian civilizations, Near Eastern archaeology, anthropology

Associate Professors

Michael Bonner, medieval Islamic history

Elliot Ginsburg, Jewish thought

Assistant Professors

Kathryn Babayan, classical Persian literature

Marc Bernstein, modern Hebrew language and literature

Alexander Knysh, Islamic Studies

Brian Schmidt, Hebrew Bible, and ancient Levantine cultures

Adjunct Associate Professors

Gary Beckman, Ancient Near Eastern history and Hittite language

Gabriele Boccaccini, Middle Judaism

Adjunct Assistant Professor

Kathleen O'Connor, medieval Islamic history

Lecturer

Giora Etzion, modern Hebrew language

Nora Kalliel, modern Arabic language

Professors Emeriti
James A. Bellamy, Andrew S. Ehrenkreutz, David Noel Freedman, John Kolars, Ernest N. McCarus, George E. Mendenhall and Louis L. Orlin.


The Department of Near Eastern Studies offers instruction in the languages, literatures, histories, and cultures of the ancient Near East and the medieval and modern Middle East. The department's language offerings provide the foundation for the academic study of the literatures, histories, and cultures of the region. The ancient language offerings include Sumerian, Egyptian, Akkadian, Hittite, Ugaritic, Avestan, Aramaic, Classical Hebrew, and Coptic. The medieval and modern language offerings include Arabic, Hebrew, Kurdish, Persian and Turkish. The undergraduate programs in the department are designed to initiate the academic study of the region, enhance the student's critical skills, and promote an increased understanding of the historical processes underlying the transformation of cultures.

Prerequisite to Concentration. All Near Eastern Studies concentrators must complete the prerequisite course 100, Peoples of the Middle East.

Concentration Programs. The student must select one of four divisions in Near Eastern Studies in which to pursue a concentration. Three divisions with special language requirements are: Ancient Civilizations and Biblical Studies (ACABS); Arabic, Persian, Turkish and Islamic Studies (APTIS); or Hebrew and Jewish Cultural Studies (HJCS). Each of the three divisions provides specific programs to enhance the focus of the concentration. The department also offers a general studies concentration: the Near Eastern Studies Departmental Concentration (NESDC), a concentration without the language component of other program concentrations. A concentration in the department requires completion of course work in four categories: the prerequisite course, the required language courses, the divisional elective courses and the optional elective or cognate courses. The divisions and their programs are described below.

All Near Eastern Studies concentrators must complete a minimum of thirty hours of concentration credit in the languages, literatures, histories, and cultures of the region. In addition, each concentrator must select two additional courses from offerings other than those provided by the division of concentration. Both cognate courses must be approved by the director of undergraduate studies and the student's concentration advisor. The student must maintain a grade of at least a C in each term of a required concentration language. Those courses for which a student receives a lesser grade must be repeated.

Honors Concentration. Those concentrators who qualify as candidates for Honors in Near Eastern Studies must meet the requirements for a regular concentration, maintain a GPA of at least 3.25 overall and 3.5 in the concentration, and complete the writing of a senior thesis with distinction. Honors concentrators are required to enroll in a one-credit hour course on thesis writing (496) and the three-credit thesis course (497) during the senior year of research and writing. Further information concerning the Honors concentration can be obtained at the departmental office (3074 Frieze Bldg) or the Honors Program Office (1228 Angell Hall).

Advising. Students interested in the Department's concentration programs in ACABS, APTIS, HJCS, or NESDC should contact the department's director of undergraduate studies who will direct the student to the appropriate concentration advisor. Students who plan to complete the concentration requirements for a Bachelor of Arts degree in Near Eastern Studies must complete the LS&A Declaration Form. This form is available at the departmental office, or at the Academic Actions Office (1219 Angell Hall). One copy should be submitted to the Department of Near Eastern Studies and the other to the Academic Advising Center (1255 Angell Hall).

Undergraduate Prizes. The Department of Near Eastern Studies awards four annual student prizes for excellence in ancient Near Eastern and medieval and modern Middle Eastern studies:

* The George G. Cameron Award in Ancient Civilizations and Biblical Studies

* The George and Celeste Hourani Award in Arabic, Persian, Turkish and Islamic Studies

* The Leroy T. Waterman Award in Hebrew and Jewish Cultural Studies

* The Ernest T. Abdel Massih Award in Arabic

Student Organization. Concentrators in Near Eastern Studies have the opportunity to participate in a student organization, the Undergraduate Near Eastern Studies Association (UNESA). The association is comprised of current and potential concentrators. Its goals include: organizing the department's undergraduates into a more cohesive, directed body; identifying funding for research and study trips abroad; assisting in the development of the curriculum; bringing in guest lecturers; and helping each other with graduate school and employment applications.

Associated Units and Resources. The department's offerings represent only a part of the total number of University's courses devoted to the study of the ancient Near East and medieval and modern Middle East. Other campus units that can provide resources and relevant course offerings to the concentrator include:

* The Center for Middle Eastern and North African Studies (CMENAS)

* The Program on Studies in Religion (PSIR)

* The Center for Judaic Studies

* Project FLAME (Foreign Language Applications in the Multimedia Environment)

For other resources and course offerings, applicants should consult the listings in the departments and program units of Anthropology, Classical Studies, History, History of Art, Linguistics, Philosophy, and Political Science. These are listed in the department's brochure (available at 3074 Frieze Bldg).

Study Abroad. Concentrators are strongly encouraged to spend all or part of an academic year at overseas universities and programs in order to further their formal Near Eastern Studies training. The department has associations with several universities and programs abroad. In addition to consulting the University of Michigan's Study Abroad program and the International Center, concentrators should contact the department undergraduate advisor and the concentration advisor concerning such a course of study. A program should be decided upon in advance in order to ensure that transfer credit can be awarded and that courses will satisfy concentration requirements.

Ancient Civilizations and Biblical Studies (ACABS)

May be elected as a departmental concentration program

The division of Ancient Civilizations and Biblical Studies (ACABS) offers instruction at the introductory to advanced levels in the languages, literatures, histories, cultures and religions of the ancient Near East (Anatolia, Egypt, Mesopotamia, Israel, and Syria) . The concentrator in ACABS can select from one of three options within the division designed to meet the special interests of the student: Ancient Mesopotamia, Hebrew Bible/ Ancient Israel, or New Testament/Early Christianity.

The concentrator in ACABS is required to complete four terms of language. The languages for which four terms of instruction are offered include Akkadian, Classical Hebrew, or Greek. Fourth term proficiency in Classical Hebrew or Greek satisfies the language requirement of the College of LS&A. The student has the option to complete only two terms of one of those three languages and two subsequent terms of a second (and third) language. In place of four terms of one language, the concentrator can select one of the following three language options: one year of Akkadian followed by one year of Sumerian, or one year of Classical Hebrew followed by one term of Aramaic and another of Ugaritic, or one year of Classical Greek followed by one year of Coptic.

In addition to the four terms of language, the ACABS concentrator must elect six additional courses in the languages, literatures, histories, and cultures and religions of the ancient Near East. These six divisional courses are to be selected from the four course levels: one at the 100 level, one at the 200 level, one at the 300 level, and three at the 400-500 level. The concentrator must also complete two elective cognate courses outside the division of concentration. The concentration courses must be approved by the director of undergraduate studies and the concentration advisor. The concentration advisors for the options in the concentration of Ancient Civilizations and Biblical Studies are:

* Ancient Mesopotamia, Professor Norman Yoffee

* Hebrew Bible/Ancient Israel, Professor Brian Schmidt

* New Testament/Early Christianity, Professor Jarl Fossum

Arabic, Persian, Turkish and Islamic Studies (APTIS)

May be elected as a departmental concentration program

The division of Arabic, Persian, Turkish and Islamic Studies (APTIS) offers instruction at the introductory to the advanced level in medieval and modern Arabic, Persian, and Turkish languages and literatures. Courses in the histories and cultures of select regions represented by these language groups are also offered as are a wide range of topics in Islamic studies. The concentrator in APTIS can select from one of four options within the division designed to meet the special interests of the student: Arabic, Persian, Turkish or Islamic Studies.

A concentrator in APTIS must complete four terms of a single language or three terms of intensive language training. Fourth term proficiency in Arabic, Persian, or Turkish satisfies the language requirement of the College of LS&A. APTIS concentrators must also select five other courses in the languages, literatures, linguistics, histories, cultures and religions most closely related to their language of choice. Two of the five courses must be at the 400 level or above. The concentrator must complete two elective cognate courses outside the division of concentration. These courses must be approved by the director of undergraduate studies and the concentration advisor. Students in Islamic Studies must take Arabic, since most pertinent texts are in that language.

The student should consult with the director of undergraduate studies and the faculty advisor in selecting the appropriate concentration program. The concentration advisors for the BA degree in the Division of Arabic, Persian, Turkish, and Islamic Studies are:

* Arabic, Professor Raji Rammuny

* Persian, Professor Gernot Windfuhr

* Turkish, Professor James Stewart-Robinson

* Islamic Studies, Professor Michael Bonner

Hebrew and Jewish Cultural Studies (HJCS)


May be elected as a departmental concentration program

The division of Hebrew and Jewish Cultural Studies (HJCS) offers instruction in Hebrew language and literature and Jewish culture and civilization. In addition to providing concentrators with a sound liberal arts background, the program prepares students for continued academic studies - particularly in Hebrew and Judaic Studies, for teaching, for employment in Jewish community services, and for careers in government or private employment.

All concentrators in HJCS are required to complete as additional prerequisite courses, Hebrew 201 and 202. For a concentration in HJCS, the student must complete four additional terms of language: the 301-302 sequence and two courses at the advanced level. Fourth term proficiency in modern Hebrew satisfies the language requirement of the College of LS&A. In addition to the four terms of language, the HJCS concentrator must elect five additional courses in the division: a general survey course and four courses in the fields of literature, history, or culture. The HJCS concentrator must also choose two cognate courses outside the division of concentration. These courses must be approved by the director of undergraduate studies and the concentration advisor:

HJCS, Professor Marc Bernstein

Near Eastern Studies Departmental Concentration (NESDC)


May be elected as a departmental concentration program

The Department of Near Eastern Studies also offers a general departmental studies concentration. The purpose of this concentration is to provide the student with an intensive survey of the literatures, histories, cultures, and religions of the ancient Near East and the medieval and modern Middle East but without the language component of the other program concentrations. The student who wishes to declare the Near Eastern Studies Departmental Concentration (NESDC) may substitute for the four terms of language an equal number of courses in literature, history, or culture and religion. The student must obtain prior approval from the director of undergraduate studies and the concentration advisor to declare this concentration. The NESDC concentrator must complete at least six of the ten total courses in one of the three divisions within the department, ACABS, APTIS, or HJCS, and one course in each of the other two. Of those six divisional courses, the student must select a minimum of three from the 400-500 level offerings. As with the other concentrations, the minimum number of credit hours for the NESDC is 30 and the prerequisite course is 100, Peoples of the Middle East. Honors is not normally awarded to the student in NESDC, although petitions for exceptions can be made to the director of undergraduate studies.

NESDC Requirements in summary:

A. Prerequisites to the Concentration

1. Approval of director of undergraduate studies

2. 100: Peoples of the Middle East


B. Divisional Distribution

1. Six of ten courses in one division

2. A minimum two other courses with one in each of the other two divisions


C. Levels Distribution

1. Five of ten at 400-500 level; Three at 400-500 level in division where the six courses are selected

2. At least one each at 100, 200, and 300 level

Ancient Civilizations and Biblical Studies (ACABS) (Division 314)

100(GNE 100/101)/APTIS 100/HJCS 100. Peoples of the Middle East. (4; 3 in the half-term). (HU).

101(ABS 201). Elementary Biblical Hebrew I. (3). (LR).

102(ABS 202). Elementary Biblical Hebrew II. ACABS 101 or equivalent. (3). (LR).

121(ABS 120)/Rel. 121. Introduction to the Tanakh/Old Testament. (4; 3 in the half-term.). (HU).

122(ABS 121)/Rel. 122. Introduction to the New Testament. (4; 3 in the half-term). (HU).

181(ABS 160)/Hist. 130. The First States and Civilizations: Introduction to the History of the Ancient Near East. (4; 3 in the half-term). (HU).

200(ABS 200/GNE 201)/Rel. 201/APTIS 200/HJCS 200. Introduction to World Religions: Near Eastern. (4; 3 in the half-term). (HU).

201(ABS 401). Intermediate Biblical Hebrew, I. ACABS 102. (3). (LR).

202(ABS 402). Intermediate Biblical Hebrew, II. ACABS 201. (3). (LR).

221(ABS 280)/Rel. 280. Jesus and the Gospels. (4; 3 in the half-term). (HU).

245(GNE 245)/Great Books 245/Rel. 245. Great Books: The Ancient Near East. (4; 3 in the half-term). (HU).

281(GNE 260). Ancient Egypt and its World. (4; 3 in the half term). (HU).

291. Topics in Ancient Civilizations and Biblical Studies. (3). (Excl).

321(GNE 362)/Hist. 306/Rel. 358. History and Religion of Ancient Israel. (3). (HU).

322(GNE 363)/Hist. 307/Rel. 359. History and Religion of Ancient Judaism. May be elected independently of ACABS 321. (3). (HU).

323(ABS 350)/Rel. 350. History of Christian Thought: Paul to Augustine. (4; 3 in the half-term). (Excl).

393/APTIS 393/Rel. 393. The Religion of Zoroaster. (3). (HU).

395(GNE 397/398). Ancient Civilizations and Biblical Studies: Directed Readings. (1-3). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for a total of 6 credits.

411(ABS 521). Introduction to Akkadian. Permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

412(ABS 522). Akkadian Texts. ACABS 411. (3). (Excl).

413(ABS 440)/Anthro. 442/Hist. 440. Ancient Mesopotamia: History and Culture. Junior standing. (3). (HU).

414(ABS 442)/Rel. 442. Mythology and Literature of Ancient Mesopotamia. (3). (Excl).

421(ABS 483)/Rel. 488/Class. Civ. 483. Christianity and Hellenistic Civilizations. (4). (Excl).

425(ABS 495)/Rel. 495. The Gnostic Religion. ACABS 221. ABS 200 recommended. (3). (Excl).

483(ABS 403). Aramaic, I. ACABS 102. (3). (Excl).

485(ABS 523). Introduction to Middle Egyptian, I. Permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

498(GNE 497). Senior Honors Thesis. Permission of instructor. (1-6). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT).

511(ABS 527). Introduction to Sumerian. (3). (Excl).

542(Hebrew 545)/HJCS 542. The Literature of the Hebrew Bible. ACABS 202. (3). (Excl).

543(Hebrew 548)/HJCS 543. The Bible in Jewish Tradition. Permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

544(Hebrew 541)/HJCS 544. Tannaitic Literature. HJCS 302. (3). (Excl).

581(ABS 511). Ugaritic, I. ACABS 102. (3). (Excl).

591. Topics in Ancient Civilizations and Biblical Studies. (3). (Excl).

Arabic, Persian, Turkish, and Islamic Studies (APTIS) (Division 325)

100(GNE 100/101)/ACABS 100/HJCS 100. Peoples of the Middle East. (4; 3 in the half-term). (HU).

101(Arabic 101). Elementary Modern Standard Arabic, I. (4). (LR).

102(Arabic 102). Elementary Modern Standard Arabic, II. APTIS 101 or equivalent. (4). (LR).

103(Arabic 221/201). Intensive Elementary Modern Standard Arabic, I. (6). (LR). Laboratory fee ($16) required.

104(Arabic 222/202). Intensive Intermediate Modern Standard Arabic, II. APTIS 103 or 102. (6). (LR). Laboratory fee ($9) required.

141(Iranian 201). Elementary Persian, I. (4). (LR).

142(Iranian 202). Elementary Persian, II. APTIS 141. (4). (LR).

151(Turkish 201). Elementary Turkish, I. (4). (LR).

152(Turkish 202). Elementary Turkish, II. APTIS 151. (4). (LR).

153(Turkish 153). Elementary Uzbek, I. (4). (Excl).

154(Turkish 154). Elementary Uzbek, II. APTIS 153. (4). (Excl).

200(Arabic 200/GNE 201)/Rel. 201/ACABS 200/HJCS 200. Introduction to World Religions: Near Eastern. (4; 3 in the half-term). (HU).

201(Arabic 201/231). Intermediate Modern Standard Arabic, I. APTIS 102. (4). (LR).

202(Arabic 202/232). Intermediate Modern Standard Arabic, II. APTIS 201 or 206. (4). (LR).

241(Iranian 401). Intermediate Persian, I. APTIS 142. (4). (LR).

242(Iranian 402). Intermediate Persian, II. APTIS 241. (4). (LR).

251(Turkish 401). Intermediate Turkish, I. APTIS 152. (4). (LR).

252(Turkish 402). Intermediate Turkish, II. APTIS 251. (4). (LR).

253(Turkish 253). Intermediate Uzbek, I. APTIS 154. (4). (Excl).

254(Turkish 254). Intermediate Uzbek, II. APTIS 253. (4). (Excl).

262(GNE 204)/Rel. 204. Introduction to Islam. (4). (HU).

291. Topics in Arabic, Persian, Turkish and Islamic Studies. (3). (Excl).

292. Seminar in Arabic, Persian, Turkish and Islamic Studies. (3). (Excl).

296(GNE 246)/Great Books 246. Great Books of the Middle East. (4). (HU).

331(GNE 330/140). Introduction to Arab Culture and Language. (4). (HU).

361(GNE 275). Islam and the West to 1800. (4; 3 in the half-term). (HU).

381(Arabic 440). Introduction to Arab Literature in Translation. Taught in English. (3). (HU).

393/ACABS 393/Rel. 393. The Religion of Zoroaster. (3). (HU).

395(GNE 397/398). Directed Undergraduate Readings. Permission of instructor. (1-3). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for a total of 6 credits.

403(Arabic 421/401). Advanced Intermediate Modern Standard Arabic, I. APTIS 104 or 202. (6). (LR). Laboratory fee ($7) required.

404(Arabic 422/402). Advanced Modern Standard Arabic, II. APTIS 403. (6). (Excl).

409(Arabic 409). Business Arabic, I. APTIS 102 or 104. (4). (LR).

410(Arabic 509). Business Arabic, II. APTIS 409. (4). (LR).

415(Arabic 413). Colloquial Egyptian Arabic, I. APTIS 202 or 405; or permission of instructor. (3). (LR).

416(Arabic 414). Colloquial Egyptian Arabic, II. APTIS 415. (3). (LR).

417(Arabic 415). Colloquial Levantine Arabic, I. APTIS 202 or 403. (3). (LR).

418(Arabic 416). Colloquial Levantine Arabic, II. APTIS 417. (3). (LR).

431(Arabic 430). Introduction to Arabic Linguistics. APTIS 202 or 403. Taught in English. (3). (Excl).

434(Arabic 434). Arabic Historical Linguistics and Dialectology. Permission of instructor. Taught in English. (3). (Excl).

451(Turkish 411). Introductory Ottoman Turkish, I. APTIS 152. (3). (Excl).

452(Turkish 412). Introductory Ottoman Turkish, II. APTIS 451. (3). (Excl).

461(GNE 442)/Hist. 442. The First Millennium of the Islamic Near East. Junior standing. Taught in English. (3). (Excl).

465(GNE 483). Islamic Mysticism. Taught in English. (3). (Excl).

466(GNE 485/Rel. 485). Issues in Islamic Studies. Taught in English. (3). (Excl).

485(GNE 445). Classical Near Eastern Literature. Taught in English. (3). (HU).

487(GNE 474)/Hist. 443. Modern Middle East History. (3). (Excl).

494(GNE 435). Literary Analysis and Theory. Taught in English. (3). (Excl).

495(GNE 495)/WS 471. Women's Issues in the Middle East. Taught in English. (3). (Excl).

498(GNE 497). Senior Honors Thesis. Permission of instructor. (1-6). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT).

501(Arabic 501). Advanced Arabic Conversation and Composition. APTIS 404. (3). (Excl).

502(Arabic 502). Advanced Arabic Readings in Special Subjects. APTIS 501. (3). (Excl).

541(Iranian 541). Classical Persian Texts. APTIS 242. Taught in English. (3). (Excl). May be repeated for credit with permission of instructor.

544(Iranian 551). Modern Persian Fiction. APTIS 242. (3). (Excl).

545(Iranian 552). Modern Persian Nonfiction. APTIS 242. (3). (Excl).

551(Turkish 511). Readings in Ottoman Turkish. APTIS 252 and 452. (2). (Excl).

552(Turkish 512). Readings in Tanzimat Turkish. APTIS 252 and 452. (2). (Excl).

553(Turkish 501). Modern Turkish Readings. APTIS 252. (2). (Excl).

554(Turkish 502). Advanced Turkish Composition. APTIS 252. (2). (Excl).

556(Turkish 551). Modern Turkish Prose Literature. APTIS 252. (2). (Excl).

561(Arabic 551). Modern Arabic Fiction, I. APTIS 202 or 403. Taught in English. (2). (Excl).

563(Arabic 553). Modern Arabic Nonfictional Prose. APTIS 202 or 403. Taught in English. (2). (Excl).

565(Arabic 545). Qur'anic Studies. APTIS 202. (3). (Excl).

567(Arabic 543). Readings in Classical Islamic Texts. APTIS 202 or 403. Taught in English. (2). (Excl).

581(Arabic 521). Medieval Arabic, I. APTIS 202 or 403. Taught in English. (3). (Excl).

582(Arabic 522). Medieval Arabic, II. APTIS 202 or 403. Taught in English. (3). (Excl).

591. Topics in Arabic, Persian, Turkish and Islamic Studies. (3). (Excl).

592. Seminar in Arabic, Persian, Turkish and Islamic Studies. (3). (Excl).

Hebrew and Jewish Cultural Studies (HJCS) (Division 389)

100(GNE 100/101)/APTIS 100/ACABS 100. Peoples of the Middle East. (4; 3 in the half-term). (HU).

101(Hebrew 201). Elementary Modern Hebrew, I. (5). (LR).

102(Hebrew 202). Elementary Modern Hebrew, II. HJCS 101. (5). (LR).

200(Hebrew 200/GNE 201)/Rel. 201/ACABS 200/ APTIS 200. Introduction to World Religions: Near Eastern. (4; 3 in the half-term). (HU).

201(Hebrew 301). Intermediate Modern Hebrew, I. HJCS 102. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in Hebrew 311. (5). (LR).

202(Hebrew 302). Intermediate Modern Hebrew, II. HJCS 201. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in Hebrew 312. (5). (LR).

291. Topics in Hebrew and Judaic Cultural Studies. (3). (Excl).

292. Seminar in Hebrew and Judaic Cultural Studies. (3). (Excl).

296/Judaic Studies 296/Rel. 296. Perspectives on the Holocaust. (4; 3 in the half-term). (HU).

301(Hebrew 401). Advanced Hebrew, I. HJCS 202. (3). (Excl).

302(Hebrew 402). Advanced Hebrew, II. HJCS 301. (3). (Excl).

373(Hebrew 373)/Judaic Studies 373. Israeli Culture and Society. (3). (Excl).

379(GNE 469)/Judaic Studies 379. Jewish Civilization. (4; 3 in the half-term). (SS).

381/Judaic Studies 381. Hebrew Literature in Translation. (3). (HU).

395(GNE 397/398). Directed Undergraduate Readings. Permission of instructor. (1-3). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for a total of 6 credits.

401(Hebrew 403). Hebrew of the Communications Media, I. HJCS 202. (3). (Excl).

402(Hebrew 404). Hebrew of the Communications Media, II. HJCS 202. (3). (Excl).

471(Hebrew 451). Introduction to Modern Hebrew Literature, I. HJCS 302. (3). (Excl).

472(Hebrew 452). Introduction to Modern Hebrew Literature, II. HJCS 302. (3). (Excl).

477(GNE 478)/Judaic Studies 478/Rel. 478. Modern Jewish Thought. (3). (Excl).

478(GNE 468)/Judaic Studies 468/Rel. 469. Jewish Mysticism. (3). (Excl).

498(GNE 497). Senior Honors Thesis. Permission of instructor. (1-6). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT).

542(Hebrew 545)/ACABS 542. The Literature of the Hebrew Bible. ACABS 202. (3). (Excl).

543(Hebrew 548)/ACABS 543. The Bible in Jewish Tradition. Permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

544(Hebrew 541)/ACABS 544. Tannaitic Literature. HJCS 302. (3). (Excl).

545(Hebrew 543). Medieval Jewish Literature. HJCS 302. (3). (Excl).

571(Hebrew 551). Israeli Literature, I. HJCS 302. (3). (Excl). May be repeated for a total of 6 credits

572(Hebrew 552). Israeli Literature, II. HJCS 302. (3). (Excl). May be elected for a total of 6 credits.

577(GNE 467)/Judaic Studies 467. Seminar: Topics in the Study of Judaism. (3). (Excl). May be repeated for a total of 9 credits.

591. Topics in Hebrew and Jewish Cultural Studies. (3). (Excl).

592. Seminar in Hebrew and Jewish Cultural Studies. (3). (Excl).