Far Eastern Languages and Literatures

Courses in Buddhist Studies (Division 332)

320(Chinese 320/Japanese 320)/Asian Studies 320/Phil. 335/Rel. 320. Introduction to Buddhism. Buddhist Studies 220 or equivalent. (3). (HU).

This course is designed to introduce the student to the basic doctrinal conceptions of Buddhism in their historical evolution in the Indian Subcontinent. The history of Buddhist ideas will be presented primarily through the critical analysis of Buddhist scriptural passages (in English translation). The main topics to be discussed are: the life of the Buddha, the Early Community, the development of scholastic and sectarian movements, Theravada, Mahayana, and Tantric Buddhism in India. No previous knowledge of the subject is required, although Religion 202 (Buddhist Studies 220) is recommended as background for this course. "Introduction to Buddhism" is a prerequisite for more advanced courses in Buddhism. (Schopen)

Courses in Chinese (Division 339)

101, 102. Beginning Chinese. Chinese 101 or equivalent is prerequisite to 102. (5 each). (FL).

Chinese 101 is offered Fall Term, 1982.

This is the first half of an introductory course in speaking, understanding, reading, and writing standard Mandarin Chinese. The course begins with intensive pronunciation drill accompanied by presentation of the pinyin romanization system. From the second week of the term, classroom lessons are aimed toward achieving a mastery of basic patterns of the spoken language and developing a gradual accumulation of basic vocabulary. Chinese characters are introduced in the seventh week of the term with increasing amounts of time outside the classroom devoted to preparation of readings. The texts for the course are DeFrancis, Beginning Chinese and DeFrancis, Beginning Chinese Reader. The entire class meets two hours each week for lecture, discussion, and a limited amount of drill; the class is then divided into smaller drill sections each of which meets three hours a week. Students are expected to make full use of the large quantity of material on tape in the Language Laboratory (2003 Modern Language Building). (Tao)

201, 202. Second-Year Chinese. Chinese 102 or equivalent is prerequisite to 201; Chinese 201 or equivalent is prerequisite to 202. (5 each). (FL).

Chinese 201 is offered Fall Term, 1982.

This course is a continuation of work begun in Chinese 101-102. Students electing the course should have mastered the spoken language material presented in DeFrancis' Beginning Chinese or a similar introductory text and should be able to recognize and write about 400 characters and 1200 combinations. The primary goal of the course is achievement of a basic level of reading competence within a vocabulary of 800 characters and accompanying combinations. A closely integrated secondary goal is continued improvement of aural understanding and speaking competence. These goals are approached through classroom drill and recitation, out-of-class exercises, and work in the language laboratory. Daily class attendance is required. Students are graded on the basis of daily classroom performance, periodic quizzes and tests, homework assignments, and a final exam. The texts, both by DeFrancis, are Intermediate Chinese Reader, Parts I and II, and Intermediate Chinese. (Ma)

378. Advanced Spoken Chinese. Chinese 202 or 362. (1). (Excl). May be repeated for credit.

This course is designed as a spoken language supplement to the post-second year Chinese reading courses. The prerequisite is two years of modern Chinese (UM courses 101 through 202, or equivalent courses at another institution), and students enrolled in the course should also be enrolled in a third year, fourth year, or classical Chinese course. The purpose of the course is to continue building on the foundation of spoken competence laid down in first and second year Chinese. This is done through classroom drill and conversation, presentation of brief speeches and stories, discussion of materials read and of fellow students' presentations, and through out-of-class preparation for these activities, including required use of the language laboratory. Though some attention is paid to character writing, the emphasis is very strongly on the aural-oral skills (supported by thorough control of the pinyin romanization system), and it is on the development of these aural-oral skills that the student is graded. The required text for the course is DeFrancis, Advanced Chinese. Character Text for Advanced Chinese is also suggested, and a limited amount of other materials may be introduced in class. (Ma)

405, 406. Third-Year Chinese. Chinese 202 or 362. (5 each). (Excl).

Chinese 405 is offered Fall Term, 1982.

Third Year Chinese (Chinese 405-406) is a two semester sequence in readings in modern Chinese. The principal objective of the course is to develop the ability to read the most important kinds of modern Chinese writings fiction, essays, documentary and journalistic materials. Emphasis is on rapid expansion of vocabulary and thorough understanding of grammatical patterns. Class format is recitation. Evaluation of student performance is on the basis of frequent quizzes, tests, classroom participation and a final exam. Spoken Chinese is used in class to a limited extent only. (Students who want more spoken language work are encouraged to enroll also for Chinese 378, Advanced Spoken Chinese.) Course materials are selected from a wide variety of books and periodicals and are made available in course pack and ditto forms. Students should own at least two dictionaries: Xinhua Zidian and Liang, A New Practical Chinese-English Dictionary. (Dew)

451, 452. Literary Chinese. Chinese 202 or 362. (4 each). (HU).

Chinese 451 is offered Fall Term, 1982.

This is a course for specialists, requiring knowledge of modern Chinese at least through the Second Year level. Using Shadick's A First Course in Literary Chinese as a text, supplemented with locally prepared handouts, we treat selectively the styles of Chinese (poetry as well as prose) that were written in traditional times, from the Chou classical age into the Ch'ing dynasty. Classes are in small recitation groups, requiring steady application measured in weekly tests and regular hand-in exercises. There are an hour-long midterm exam and a two-hour final exam. Emphasis is always given understanding, and rendering clearly into English. The course is the first half of a two-term sequence that is prerequisite to more advanced progress in learning Chinese. (Crump)

471. Classical Chinese Literature in Translation. No knowledge of Chinese required. (3). (HU).

A general survey of the highlights of early Chinese literature in English translation from the earliest times to the 13th century. We will begin with a brief look at China's unique world view (as presented in the ancient I Ching or The Book of Changes ), which contrasts sharply with virtually all other world conceptions, and then extends to the various forms of poetry, fiction, and philosophical and historical prose. The principal aim is to enable students to become familiar with those masterpieces of literature that illustrate the range and depth of the Chinese imagination, the inner life of the individual as well as the outer social and political life of China through the centuries. Classes consist of a series of "mini-lectures" introducing the background and contexts and of in-depth discussions of particular works. There will be two brief papers and a final exam. Sample readings include Lao Tzu, Tao Te Ching; Cyril Birch, ed., Anthology of Chinese Literature, Vol. I; Lin Yutang, The Wisdom of China and India; Wu-chi Liu & Irving Lo, eds., Sunflower Splendor: Three Thousand Years of Chinese Poetry. (Lin)

495. Introduction to Chinese Linguistics. Chinese 101. (3). (Excl).

The goal of the course is to help students attain a thorough knowledge of the phonetics and phonological structure that underlie the pinyin and other spelling systems for Mandarin Chinese, a sound understanding of the syntactic structures of the language, and an introductory acquaintance with the problems and methodology of Chinese historical linguistics. The course should be useful to advanced Chinese language and literature students who expect to become teachers of the language, to linguistics students with an interest in Chinese, and to intermediate Chinese language students who want a more analytical view of the language than that presented in their textbooks. One year of Chinese language is prerequisite to the course; previous study of linguistics is recommended but not required. Students who have taken no prior work in linguistics will be assigned readings in introductory linguistics texts at the beginning of the course. Class instruction is through lecture and discussion. Ungraded exercises will be assigned early in the term to enable students to gauge their progress. Grades for the course will be based on midterm and final examinations and either a term paper or a series of smaller projects. Prior experience in the language and in linguistics will be taken into consideration in assigning grades. (Dew)

Courses in Japanese (Division 401)

101, 102. Beginning Japanese. Japanese 101 or equivalent is prerequisite to 102. (5 each). (FL).

Japanese 101 is offered Fall Term, 1982.

The course aims at the acquisition of four basic language skills - reading, writing, speaking, and listening comprehension in Japanese. The emphasis is on thorough mastery of the fundamental structure of Japanese through aural-oral exercises and practice to the extent that fluency in both spoken and written Japanese is achieved. In Term I (Fall) the basic rules of the Japanese writing system are presented. Hiragana is used from the very beginning and later Katakana and approximately 70 Kanji are introduced. In Term II (Winter) an additional 130 Kanji are introduced.

It is highly recommended that students make use of the taped exercises in the Language Laboratory or at home with the aid of the textbook. In addition to occasional quizzes, there is a midterm and a final examination. (Endo)

201, 202. Second-Year Japanese. Japanese 102 or equivalent is prerequisite to 201; Japanese 201 or equivalent is prerequisite to 202. (5 each). (FL).

Japanese 201 is offered Fall Term, 1982.

Designed for students who have finished an introductory text, the course will help students acquire more proficiency in modern Japanese. Although increasing emphasis will be given to reading and writing, listening and speaking will constitute an integral part of the course, and the course will be conducted primarily in Japanese. Approximately 500 (cumulative) kanji will be introduced in Japanese 201 and 800 (cumulative) in Japanese 202. The dialog section of each lesson will help students learn important styles of spoken Japanese in various social and cultural contexts. Evaluation will be based on quizzes, tests, exams and daily performance as well. (Kato)

405, 406. Third-Year Japanese. Japanese 202 or equivalent is prerequisite to 405; Japanese 405 or equivalent is prerequisite to 406. (5 each). (Excl).

Japanese 405 is offered Fall Term, 1982.

This course aims at further development of overall language proficiency through reading of modern texts in various fields, discussion and composition. Classes will be mostly conducted in Japanese, and drills and homework assignments will be aimed at improving the students' command of grammar and more advanced vocabulary as well as developing translation techniques. Evaluations will be made based on homework, quizzes, and examinations. (Nagara)

461. Social Science Readings in Japanese. Japanese 406. (4 each). (Excl). May be repeated for credit with permission of instructor.

Students will read materials in social sciences coordinated around the selected topics and discuss them in class. The course may also give individualized instruction in which each student will select materials in his or her own discipline. Designed for advanced students with at least three years of Japanese, the course will be conducted exclusively in Japanese. Evaluation will be based on two exams or papers. Papers should contain the summary and partial translations of the original texts. (Kato)

552. Medieval Japanese Prose. Japanese 542. (3). (HU). May be repeated for credit with permission of instructor.

Readings in Edo literature. Research papers may be required. May be taken more than once for credit with permission of the instructor. (Danly)

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