Classical Studies

Classical Archaeology (Division 342)

221/Hist. of Art 221. Introduction to Greek Archaeology. (4). (HU).

This course surveys the history and art of Crete and Greece as revealed by archaeology from the third millennium through the 4th century B. C. In the prehistoric period, particular attention is given to architectural and ceramic developments as well as to the crosscurrent of trade and economic contacts among Asia Minor, Crete, and mainland Greece. Emphasis is also given to the impact archaeology has had on views and theories of history: the destructions of the civilizations of Crete and Troy, the end of the bronze age, the volcanic eruption of Thera. In the historic period, major artistic developments in architecture, sculpture, and painting are considered and special attention is given to social interpretations: temples as banks and monasteries; sculpture as dedication, decoration, and commemorative propaganda; architectural sculpture as realized myth. Discussions in the sections will concentrate on the historical background, archaeological field techniques, methods of dating and stratigraphy. The sections will meet in the Kelsey museum where it will be possible to work with the actual ancient artifacts recovered in University of Michigan excavations. There are two one hour examinations and a final as well as illustrated lectures and assigned readings. (Pedley)

223/Hist. of Art 223. Introduction to the Art and Archaeology of the Ancient Near East. (3). (HU).

See History of Art 223. (Root)

436/Hist. of Art 436. Hellenistic and Roman Architecture. Hist. of Art 101 or Class. Arch. 330; or permission of instructor. (3). (HU).

For the Fall Term, 1982, there are no prerequisites. This course focuses on architecture in the Hellenistic and Roman worlds from about 100 B. C. to the reign of Justinian (565 A. D.). Emphasis is on the Roman development of concrete and vault forms and the influence of the architecture of pagan Rome on early Christian architecture. Course topics include the background of Greek architecture; Hellenistic architectural developments; the Etruscan and early Italian architectural background; the rise of Rome; Roman theorists including Vitruvius; building materials, techniques, and construction practices; late hellenistic temples in Italy; the great sanctuaries of the late Roman Republic; Augustan buildings in Rome and in the provinces; the great Roman fire during the reign of Nero; the buildings of Flavians and of Trajan and Hadrian; the palaces of the Emperors; private home construction at Pompeii and Herculaneum; the Roman apartment building; courtyard houses in North Africa; Roman military architecture; Roman baths and buildings used for entertainment; the Roman water supply and aqueduct construction; the architecture of the Tetrarchy; the buildings of Maxentius; Constantine and the foundation of synagogues; the churches of North Africa; the architecture during the reign of the Emperor Justinian. (Humphrey)

439/Hist. of Art 439. Greek Vase Painting. (3). (HU).

An introductory survey of the painted pottery produced on the Greek mainland from Mycenaean times through the early Hellenistic period. Pottery will be examined for art-historical, cultural, and archaeological information. The artist's progress in realistic representation of the human figure as revealed on Greek vases will be studied. Emphasis will be placed on the domination of the pottery market by different cities at different times. The use of pottery as an archaeological tool in dating and evaluating an excavation will be discussed. There are illustrated lectures and extensive reserve reading. A midterm, final, and paper are expected. (Herbert)

Classical Civilization (Division 344)

Courses in this division do not require a knowledge of Greek or Latin.

They are intended for students who have not had time or opportunity to learn these languages but who wish to acquire knowledge of ancient literature, life, and thought, and of the debt modern civilization owes the Greeks and Romans.

101. Classical Civilization I: The Ancient Greek World (in English). (4). (HU).

This course serves as an introduction to the civilization of ancient Greece from its beginnings through the Hellenistic age. It is offered for students without a knowledge of Greek or Latin and also serves as a companion course for students in elementary Greek and Latin classes who wish to supplement their language learning. Lectures include topics on history, literature, art, archaeology, philosophy, mythology, society, customs, politics, science, religion, law, and the economic life of Greece with special emphasis on ancient Athens. The lectures are given by various members of the Classical Studies Department and other departments. Literature read includes The Iliad and The Odyssey of Homer; selections from Greek lyric poetry; selected tragedies of Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides; selections from the historians Herodotus and Thucydides; and selected philosophical writings of Plato. The readings average about 120 pages per week. There will be a midterm, three papers, and a final examination. This course is the first of a two-term series. Classical Civilization 102 is offered in the Winter Term and represents an equivalent treatment of the civilization of ancient Rome. It is recommended that the course be taken as a sequence, but it is not required. (Cameron)

352. Greek and Latin Elements in English Vocabulary. (3). (HU).

Students will learn enough elements of Greek and Latin vocabulary to significantly increase understanding of English word formation. This leads to an improved ability to understand many unfamiliar words and to retain them. Although the emphasis is on Greek and Latin elements, the contribution of other languages is not neglected. Students are required to complete one programmed textbook and one more textbook chosen by the student with the approval of the instructor. A log of words learned each week beyond those in the text or covered in class is required. A minimum of ten unit tests plus quizzes, a midterm, and a final exam. (Section 001 Knudsvig; Section 002 Witke)

372. Sports and Daily Life in Ancient Rome. (4). (HU).

The material to be covered in 372 has been expanded to include various aspects of Roman daily life as well as sports. It will now be offered for four credits, of which three hours consist of lectures (often illustrated with slides) and the fourth hour a discussion section which meets every two weeks for two hours at a time. Three papers are required in addition to the midterm and final. After some introductory lectures on the historical background, the first part of the course is devoted to organized sports in Rome, which comprise chariot-racing, gladiatorial fights, wild beast hunts and theatrical performances. We then examine organized recreational activities including bathing, games, and the recreation of emperors. The second half of the term is devoted to daily life in the city of Rome, the different classes of society, housing, cooking and food, travel, tourism, gardens, women, and life expectancy. In the discussion sections we read selections from Latin authors in translation, authors who describe at first hand many aspects of daily life in Rome in their own day. The required text for the course is J. P. V. Balsdon, Life and Leisure in Ancient Rome. Lectures in the course are spread between several faculty members of the Department of Classical Studies. The English Composition Board (ECB) has approved this course as a Junior-Senior writing course for Fall Term 1982. (Humphrey)

388/Phil. 388. History of Philosophy: Ancient. One Philosophy Introduction. (4). (HU).

See Philosophy 388. (N. White)

463. Greek Drama. (3). (HU).

Lectures on the history and development of the Greek theatre, emphasis on critical theory, and analysis of the major monuments of Greek tragedy, both as exemplary of their art in the context of the fifth century B. C. and as contributions to the Western tradition. The student will read many of the plays of Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides, as well as Aristotle's Poetics, and a selection of Greek comedies if time permits. There will be a midterm examination, a term paper, and a final examination, with some additional requirements for Rackham students. (Gellrich)

472. Roman Law. Not open to freshmen. (3). (HU).

This course acquaints students with the fundamental concepts of Roman private law, with their origin in the society and government of the High Roman Empire, and with their all-important influence in the development of Western European legal theory and institutions. The course aims primarily to meet the interests of undergraduates with a bent toward law as a profession, but it is open to all students (except freshmen). This year we will be experimenting with a direct application of the American case-law method to the teaching of Roman law. Our basic text will be a series of actual problems from the Roman jurists, which we will discuss in class; only as the occasion demands will the instructor "fill in the gaps" with short lectures on other relevant legal material. Thus students should develop a feel for legal analysis and for the contribution made through such analysis by the Roman jurists; at the same time, students will learn Roman law in a form that will be directly relevant to future legal studies. Besides the handouts, one general introduction to Roman law (ca. 250 pages) will be required reading. There will be one hour test on material covered in class, in addition to the final examination; one paper (10 pages) will allow the student to analyze in detail a particular legal problem. (Frier)

Classical Linguistics (Division 345)

504/Rom. Ling. 504. History of the Latin Language II: 1-600 A. D. Latin 221 or equivalent. (2). (HU).

This course traces the history of the Latin language from early Imperial Rome to the late Latin that merges into the Romance languages. Special emphasis is given to phonology, morphology, syntax, and the lexicon as well as to the kind of usage that reflects the spoken language including local and social dialects. The prerequisite is a reading knowledge of Latin (equivalent to the proficiency attained at the end of a one-year course in college). The texts to be read, and commentaries, are contained in an anthology; students are also provided with a bibliography of works for outside reading and homework, a number of which are placed on Graduate Reserve in the Library. The course is conducted with lectures and discussion. Evaluation is based on a written final examination, or on a midterm examination and a final term paper. (Pulgram)

Classical Greek (Division 385)

Elementary Courses

101. Elementary Greek. (4). (FL).

In combination with Greek 102, this is the first half of a year-long introduction to ancient Greek and is designed to prepare students for the reading of Greek texts. Greek 101 concentrates on fifth-century B. C. Attic Greek which was the language of the "golden age" of Athens. The Greek language of that time and place represents a cultural and linguistic central point from which students can pursue their own interests within a wide range of Greek literature which extends from the Homeric epics to the Byzantine era and which includes the archaic, classical, and hellenistic periods as well as the koine Greek of the New Testament. The purpose of the course is to develop the fundamentals of the language so that these fundamentals can then be applied to whatever area of ancient Greek students wish to pursue. (Section 001 - Staff; Section 002 McCulloch)

301. Second-Year Greek. Greek 102 or equivalent. (4). (FL).

This course is the first half of the second-year ancient Greek language sequence. It includes a grammar review, translation (primarily Plato), and analysis of ancient Greek texts. The primary purpose of the course is to prepare students for more and faster reading of Greek. It is followed by Greek 302 which is offered Winter Term.

308/ABS 308. The Acts of the Apostles. Greek 101 and 102 or the equivalent; and permission of instructor. (2). (HU).

Students electing this two hour course should have completed at least one year of Attic Greek. To the degree that there is mastery of the paradigm forms and the principal parts of the most common irregular verbs the reading assignments will be made easier and more enjoyable. Careful attention will be paid to the key features of koine Greek, especially as those features part company with Attic Greek morphology and syntax. Two hourly exams, a two-hour final, and regular participation in class will determine the course grade; there are no papers. In-class translation is followed by a discussion of the text. For further information contact Asst. Dean Nissen, 1220 Angell Hall, 764-7297. (Nissen)

Intermediate Courses

401. Early Greek Prose and Poetry. Greek 302 or equivalent. (3). (HU).

This course is designed primarily to teach students how to read ancient Greek with some speed and comprehension. Some attention is given to the development of literary genres, especially lyric poetry and historical prose in the sixth and fifth centuries B. C. About one-third of the course is spent on the lyric poets and the remaining two-thirds on the Histories of Herodotus. A midterm, a final examination, and one or two short papers are required. (Gellrich)

Advanced Courses

457. Greek Orators. Greek 302 or equivalent. (3). (HU).

Reading and interpretation of selected speeches by representative orators of the fourth century B. C., with attention both to style and to the legal and historical background. (Edwards)

560. Hellenistic Poetry. (3). (HU).

The Alexandrian poets with their odd combination of scholarly interest in remote detail and poetical inspiration inaugurate a new period in Greek literature. Knowledge of their techniques is also indispensable for a proper understanding of Latin poetry in the Augustan age. Extensive portions of Callimachus, Apollonius of Rhodes, and Theocritus will be read, and due attention given to the society that enjoyed these products of art for its own sake. (Koenen)

Latin Language and Literature (Division 411)

Elementary Courses

Two convictions are basic to the Elementary Latin Program of the Department of Classical Studies: (1) it is possible for every able-minded person to master the basic facts of a foreign language and (2) the learning experience leading to such a mastery is a privilege that is very specifically human and ought to be most satisfying. Essential grammatical facts are taught, and a knowledge of these facts enables students to understand Latin written by the famous authors of the Golden Age. Students acquire a working vocabulary and demonstrate understanding of the reading by writing a readable translation. Since at least 50% of the vocabulary of an educated speaker of English is Latin in origin, English improves as Latin stems and derivatives are learned. The program normally takes four terms to complete. A placement test may be taken at the beginning, middle, or end of a term, and a student may succeed in placing out of one or more courses in the introductory sequence.

In the elementary Latin program, the department is offering Latin 101, 102, 103, 193, 221, 231, and 232 in the Fall Term, 1982. Latin 101 is for students with no previous Latin. A placement examination will determine the appropriate course for other students who enter the elementary sequence. Students with questions or problems about which course to elect are encouraged to visit the department office in 2014 Angell Hall, 764-0360, or the Elementary Latin Office in 2012 Angell Hall, 764-8297.

193. Intensive Elementary Latin I. No credit granted to those who have completed 101, 102, 103 or 502. (4). (FL).

Taught jointly with Latin 502. See Latin 502 for the description. (Section 001 Udris; Section 002 - Ross)

232. Vergil, Aeneid. Latin 231 or 221. No credit granted to those who have completed 193, 194, 222, or 503. (4). (FL).

The goal of this course is simple: to read extensive passages of Vergil's Aeneid, with comprehension and enjoyment. To the degree that there is mastery of the paradigm forms and the most common principal parts of irregular verbs the daily assignments will be made easier. Careful attention is paid to Vergil's style, the more common poetic features he employs, mythological references, and the relation of the text to the life and times of the Emperor Augustus. Three hourly exams, a two-hour final, and regular participation in class will determine the course grade; there are no papers. In-class translation is followed by a discussion of the text under consideration that day. (Section 001 Nissen; Section 002 Staff)

Intermediate Courses

301. Intermediate Latin. Latin 194, 222, 232 or equivalent. (4). (HU).

This course will provide Latin grammar review and some practice in elementary prose composition in conjunction with the reading of selections from Latin literature.

401. Republican Prose. Latin 232 or the equivalent. (3). (HU). May be repeated for a total of 9 credits with permission of concentration adviser.

The Letters of Cicero. In addition to studying prose style reflected in the letters, we will focus on the career of Cicero, as well as the political and socio-economic issues of the late Roman Republic. Students will occasionally be directed to relevant secondary literature and will make a short oral presentation on a related topic. A seven-to-ten page paper will be required at the end of the course. (McCulloch)

Advanced Courses

404. Advanced Latin Composition. Latin 403. (2). (HU).

This is an advanced course, designed to develop the student's sensitivity toward Latin prose style by close reading and imitation of the major prose authors. Therefore students should possess a good knowledge of Latin grammar and have mastered the principles of elementary prose composition. Weekly compositions will be required and a final examination. (Ross)

409. Augustan Poetry. Latin 232 or the equivalent. (3). (HU). May be repeated for a total of 9 credits with permission of concentration adviser.

This Fall Term Latin elegy will serve as the focus for an introduction to the highly derivative, learned, and richly allusive poetry of the age of Augustus. Close reading in the original Latin of selected elegies from the four (five) books of Propertius and from the two of Tibullus will afford the student with the opportunity not only of enjoying the poets' elegant language and wealth of suggestive imagery within the context of a single poem, but also of discovering the interrelationship between groups of elegies that contributes to the subtle craftsmanship of the poetry book. Moreover, the two elegists will be considered in order to provide an overview of the genre and an ability to appreciate the diversity of theme that the genre can accommodate. Informal lectures by the instructor will furnish the basis for students' readings in secondary and additional primary sources. There will be a paper and midterm and final exams. (Udris)

421/Education D421. Teaching of Latin. Senior standing in Latin. (3). (HU).

A workshop-type course designed to provide prospective secondary and college teachers with the skills necessary to analyze structures and texts and to design instructional materials and class presentations. The course will also introduce the students to those aspects of descriptive linguistics that have practical application to teaching and learning Latin. (Knudsvig)

426. Practicum. Junior/senior standing. (3). (HU).

In the Fall Term, 1982, permission of the instructor is required to elect Latin 426. Students must submit a plan for a project related to the teaching of Latin. The course is designed primarily for students who wish to continue work begun in Latin 421. (Knudsvig)

435/MARC 440. Medieval Latin I, 500-900 A. D. Two years of college Latin or equivalent. (4). (HU).

See MARC 440. (Witke)

502. Rapid Beginning Latin. Intended for graduate students. No credit granted to those who have completed 101, 102, 103, 193, or 504. (4). (FL).

This course, taught jointly with Latin 193, is a rapid introduction to Latin and is intended for students with little or no prior Latin. It is especially designed for graduate students who are in such fields as history, medieval or renaissance literature, or linguistics and who need to acquire a reading competence in Latin as quickly and efficiently as possible. Upperclass undergraduates with the same needs or undergraduates who intend to continue the study of Latin and want a rapid introduction that enables them to take upper-level Latin courses as soon as possible should elect Latin 193. The first term course (Latin 193/502) covers elementary grammar and syntax. (Section 001 Udris; Section 002 Ross)

511. Letters of Cicero. (2). (HU).

Study and interpretation of selected letters, with emphasis upon the ways in which they illuminate social, political, and economic conditions in the late Roman Republic. Special attention will be given to the range and character of Cicero's friendships and other relationships (with nobiles, senators, equestrians, viri municipales, freedmen, members of his family), and to important phases of Cicero's political and literary career. Some comparisons with material treated in the Orationes, and some study of the letters as literary types (e.g., the conventional character of commendationes ). (D'Arms)

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