Courses in Linguistics (Division 423)

111. Introduction to the Study of Language. Primarily for freshmen and sophomores. (4). (HU).

The number and diversity of the world's languages is a source of endless fascination and frustration, since it is impossible to learn more than a small fraction of the approximately 5,000 languages spoken in the world today. It is possible, however, to learn a great deal about these languages, and that is the purpose of this course. The lectures, supplemented by homework data analysis problems and quizzes, will focus on the basic properties common to all languages, such as sound systems, writing systems, grammar, lexicon and semantics, social and cultural variables, and language change. In addition, considerable attention will be paid to the range of variation in the organization of these systems in various languages. Students will complete a research project on a language of their choice, in the form of seven notebook assignments, each relating to a specific topic as it is evidenced in the language they have chosen: orthography, phonology, grammar, vocabulary, and sociocultural status. The language may be a current (living) one, as it is spoken in a particular country, or a dead language. Initial bibliography and library orientation will be provided. Texts will be Bolinger & Sears, Aspects of Language, and Sapir, Language. There will be a course-pack of additional readings. (Lawler)

312. Introduction to Syntax and Semantics. (3). (HU).

This is an introduction to generative, transformational syntax. There are NO prerequisites. You may take this course before, concurrently, or after 111, 411, 412, or any other Linguistics course. The focus is on learning to recognize interesting linguistic data, organizing that data, formulating all the logically possible analyses for that data within the framework of transformational grammar, and arguing for one analysis over the others. Class will be almost entirely discussion. There will be many problem sets. No exam. No papers. Freshmen and upperclassmen are both welcome. (Napoli)

409/Anthro. 472. Language and Culture. (3). (HU).

This course examines cultures (via their languages) as constraints on the shaping, storing, retrieval, and communication of knowledge. Some linguistic means of describing these constraints are studied, especially the work of Bateson, Ong, Pike, Ricoeur, and Geertz. Course requirements include intensive work on student selected non-English texts (oral or written, ancient or modern), and biweekly short essays on different problems in the text (e.g. speech act analysis, grammatical coherence, text-building strategies, metaphor, poetics) and a final examination. (Becker)

410/Anthro. 474. Nonstandard English. (3). (SS).

This course provides a description of the linguistic characteristics sometimes called "non-standard. " Consideration is also given to the psychological and sociological implications of these forms of English for the individuals and the groups that speak and use them. Special attention is given to the forms of English used in the Black ghettos of America and to the educational problems raised by these forms of English. The course is intended to be useful to anyone who expects to be involved with minority groups or with people of the inner city, and it is especially recommended for those who are in education or who are working toward a teaching certificate. The course has no prerequisites. (Burling)

411/Anthro. 475. Introduction to Linguistics. (3). (SS).

This course is designed to acquaint students with the scope and methods of linguistic inquiry. It should enable students to acquire a familiarity with the different branches of linguistics and to come to some appreciation of what linguists do. It is not designed to meet the needs of any special group of students, i.e. it is not linguistics for anthropologists or educators, etc. Rather it provides opportunity for people from other disciplines to find out what linguistics is all about. Approximately the first half of the course will be concerned with fundamental linguistic concepts as well as the core areas of linguistics: phonetics, phonology, syntax and semantics. In the second half, there will be an examination of some specific research questions in more specialized areas of linguistics such as child language, universals of language, pidgins and creoles, historical linguistics, etc. (Markey)

444. Linguistics and Language Teaching. (3). (Excl).
Introduction to Language Testing.
This introductory course will focus on the principles and practice of language testing. Primary emphasis will be on the testing of English as a foreign language, though the course will apply to the testing of other languages and to bilingual testing as well. Approximately half the course will deal with standardized tests and half with teacher-made classroom tests. A recurrent theme will be the relationship between linguistics, language teaching and language testing. Students will be asked to complete three small testing problems during the semester and to participate in one practical testing project involving the production, administration and analysis of a language test. The method of instruction will be lectures combined with seminar-type discussion. The recommended text is J.W. Oller, Language Tests at School (Longman, 1979). (Douglas)

485. Linguistic Typology. Ling. 411 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

There are hundreds of languages in the world how different can they be? And how similar, and what are the reasons for these similarities? What differences are there between the surface level and the deep level of language organization? And why is it that the similarities among languages are best perceived at the deep level? To what extent can all the variety of thoughts conveyed by languages be described by several dozen elementary meanings? What are language universals? What are the rules of language change? In what ways do today's languages differ from the languages which existed 10,000 years ago? How can we understand the striking similarities between such distant languages as those of American Indians and the languages of the Caucasus? (Shevoroshkin)

510/Anthro. 576. Introduction to Anthropological Linguistics. Graduate standing or permission of instructor. (3). (SS).

See Anthropology 576.

512. Introduction to Modern Grammar II. Ling. 412. (3). (Excl).

This course meets with Linguistics 312. See the course description for Linguistics 312. Those people taking the course under the 512 number will be assigned additional problem sets. But all other aspects of the course will be identical for 312 and 512. (Napoli)

550. Topics in Child Language. Ling. 450 or equivalent. (3).

This course considers how children learn their first language, whether it be monolingually or bilingually. Topics typically covered include the role of biological patterning in learning to talk, early caretaker-child interaction, learning what words mean, building utterances with syntax, the development of conversation, language learning during public school and variation in learning to talk. Videotaped records of children learning language are used for instruction, discussion and occasionally assignments. There are no prerequisites. Short papers serve as assignments. No exams. Undergrads and grads complete different assignments. The course readings are drawn from a Xerox packet. The class format is lecture and discussion. (Keller-Cohen)

Language Courses

222, 223. Elementary Ojibwa. (3 each). (FL).

Linguistics 222 is offered Fall Term, 1982.

Class is designed to give the conversational and cultural skills necessary to enable students to use Ojibwa in real life situations. The teaching methods are entirely inductive, and the role of writing is downplayed. There is considerable emphasis on teaching culturally appropriate behavior, and the simple conversational patterns of greetings, leave takings, introductions, table talk, etc. There is no prerequisite for this course. (Rhodes)

301, 302. Thai. (4 each). (FL).

Linguistics 301 is offered Fall Term, 1982.

This course is the second half of the sequential Elementary Thai courses. The emphases are on practicing pronunciation and simple conversation, reading and writing simple Thai, and expanding students' vocabulary. Four hours of language lab are recommended. Course materials include learning program (produced by instructor), handouts, and J. M. Brown, A. U. A. Language Center Thai Course Book 1 ($4. 50). Evaluations are based on observations of students' progress, midterm, and final.

313, 314. Elementary Tagalog. Ling. 313 is prerequisite to 314. (4 each). (FL).

Linguistics 313 is offered Fall Term, 1982.

This course is designed for those students who wish to learn Tagalog and to acquire a reading and speaking knowledge of it and for those students who wish to learn about Tagalog structure from a linguistic viewpoint. The first kind of student is a specialist who wishes to learn Tagalog as a tool for conducting research in Philippine history, anthropology, political science, or linguistics or in Austronesian linguistics or education in Southeast Asia. The second type of student is the linguist who wishes to gain or add comparative knowledge of a different linguistic system. Linguistics 313 is part of a two-term sequence which emphasizes against a background of Philippine culture Tagalog pronunciation, word formation processes, and basic sentence structure. By the end of the first year, students should have acquired a competence in spoken Tagalog and should be ready for intermediate level reading. Language laboratory tapes are assigned, and there are question and answer sessions in class. Once a week a class session is devoted to a lecture/discussion of Tagalog structure. There are frequent short quizzes, a midterm, and a final examination, part of which is oral. For those students whose primary interest is linguistics, a paper takes the place of the final examination. Tentative course texts and materials include J. Donald Bowen, editor, Beginning Tagalog; Schachter and Otanes, Tagalog Reference Grammar; language laboratory tapes prepared by U. C. L. A. and/or the instructor; and a Tagalog-English dictionary. A list of supplementary reading is given at the beginning of the term. (Naylor)

322, 323. Intermediate Ojibwa. (3 each). (FL).

Linguistics 322 is offered Fall Term, 1982.

This course is designed to improve the basic conversational skills of the student who knows some Ojibwa. The emphasis in class is on increasing the range of situations in which the student can use Ojibwa in real life. Some emphasis is placed on teaching the students to be able to learn more Ojibwa outside of the classroom, by talking and using the language with native speakers. Prerequisite: Linguistics 222 and 223, or some speaking knowledge of Ojibwa, Ottawa, or Chippewa. (Rhodes)

401, 402. Intermediate Thai. Ling. 302 is prerequisite to 401; Ling. 401 is prerequisite to 402. (3 each). (FL).

Linguistics 401 is offered Fall Term, 1982.

This course is the second half of the two sequential Intermediate Thai courses. It is designed to increase students' speaking, listening, reading, and writing abilities, as well as vocabulary expansion. Students practice pronunciation and conversation as well as read and write short paragraphs. Four hours of language lab are recommended. Course materials: Brown, A.U.A. Language Center Thai Course Books 1-2. Evaluations are based on observations of students' progress, midterm, and final.

403, 404. Intermediate Indonesian. Ling. 304 is prerequisite to 403; Ling. 403 is prerequisite to 404. (3 each). (FL).

Linguistics 404 is offered Fall Term, 1982.

This course will concentrate on intensive reading, beginning writing and two-person conversation.

422, 423. Advanced Ojibwa. Ling. 322 and 323, or permission of instructor. (3 each). (Excl).

Linguistics 422 is offered Fall Term, 1982.

This course is aimed at giving students with conversational ability in Ojibwa the opportunity to both improve their speaking and listening skills and to introduce them to Ojibwa literature, and the various dialects represented in the literature. Students will work with the original, unedited texts, as well as with edited, retranscribed materials, and thus learn about the problems of working in a language without a standard writing system that is widely accepted. Prerequisite: Linguistics 322 and 323, or a conversational knowledge of Ojibwa, Ottawa, or Chippewa. (Rhodes)

433, 434. Intermediate Tagalog. Ling. 314 or permission of instructor is prerequisite to 433; Ling. 433 or permission of instructor is prerequisite to 434. (3 each). (FL).

Linguistics 433 is offered Fall Term, 1982.

This course is designed for the student who has some knowledge of Tagalog and who wishes to develop some fluency in spoken Tagalog and to be acquainted with Tagalog literature. It is part of a two-term sequence which is essentially a continuation of what has been learned in the first year but there will be more emphasis on reading and writing. Students who have not taken Elementary Tagalog (Linguistics 313/314) may take this course if they pass an evaluation test to be given by the instructor. The format will be as follows: readings will be assigned and these will provide the framework for the discussion of grammatical points and question and answer sessions in Tagalog on the content. There will be written assignments, a midterm, and a final examination part of which will be oral. By the end of the second year, students should have acquired sufficient competence to handle longer conversations, write brief letters, read certain plays, newspapers, magazines, etc. Course texts are: Intermediate Readings in Tagalog, ed. by Bowen; Tagalog Reference Grammar by Schacter and Otanes; and a Tagalog-English Dictionary. Supplementary readings will be assigned during the term. (Note: Graduate students may take this course for graduate credit by electing Linguistics 587.) (Naylor)

501, 502. Advanced Thai. Ling. 402 is prerequisite to 501; Ling. 501 is prerequisite to 502. (3 each). (FL).

Linguistics 501 is offered Fall Term, 1982.

This course is the second half of the two course sequence of Advanced Thai. The course is designed to improve students' proficiency in speaking, reading, writing, and comprehension of the Thai language. The course is flexible and tailored to suit students' needs and interests. Suggested text: Jones, Thai Cultural Reader, Book I. Evaluations are based on homework, midterm, and final.

503, 504. Advanced Indonesian. Ling. 404 is prerequisite to 503; Ling. 503 is prerequisite to 504. (3 each). (FL).

Linguistics 503 is offered Fall Term, 1982.

This course advances reading, understanding of contemporary and classical literary texts. Both prose and poetry in Malay and Indonesian. Intermediate Indonesian required. Instruction involves lecture and discussion. (Becker)

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