Near Eastern Studies

General Near East (Division 439)

201/Rel. 201. Introduction to World Religions: Near Eastern. (4). (HU).

See Religion 201. (Freedman)

445(345). Introduction to Islamic Literature. (3). (HU).

Our fascination with the past in the Near East is not just limited to archaeological and historic records; these but suggest the outlines of life during humankind's cultural infancy. More than anything else, it is the literature of a people which reveals its heart and mind, its emotions and thoughts. This course opens the door for the contemporary student into the innermost life of ancient and more recent people living in the lands surrounding the Eastern Mediterranean. It identifies the popular forms of narrative and poetic expression, and explains the social backgrounds of early Near Eastern literature. Lectures and discussions are based on representative myths, stories and poems; there are also panel discussions conducted by the lecturers. The literatures covered in this course include (1) Ancient Near East literatures: ancient Egyptian, Assyrian-Babylonian, Hittite, Iranian, Biblical, and (2) Classical Near East literatures: Arabic, Persian, Turkish, and Hebrew. Each literature is taught by a different faculty member. Student evaluation is by examination. The required texts are specially selected, xeroxed and available for purchase, in 'course package' form, locally. (Stewart-Robinson)

463/Hist. 507. Intellectual History of the Ancient Near Eastern and Pre-Classical Mediterranean World. Junior standing with at least one course in ancient literature, ancient philosophy, or ancient history; and reading knowledge of at least one modern foreign language. (3). (HU).

This course will investigate the following topics (and several more not listed) on a comparative basis among various societies in the ancient Near East e.g., Babylonia, Assyria, Egypt, Hittite, Hebrew, and Early Greece : types of conceptualization - reason and myth; intellectual activities invention of writing, invention of intellectual categories: science and pseudo-science; data-keeping; libraries; standards of aesthetic perception; origins of various literary and non-literary genres (especially history-writing); origins of various political, economic and legal institutions; perceptions of the cosmos (religious and philosophical); ideas on knowledge and wisdom. The course will be taught in a combination lecture-discussion method. Examination of the various issues will be grounded in selective readings from standard texts and documents, as well as in general interpretive articles. A number of paperback books will be required texts, while an additional supply of sources will be placed on reserve in the Undergraduate Library. These will be spelled out on the first day of class. The course work will require a term paper, a shorter project, and the final examination (usually a take-home exam). Those interested in the history of the idea and the development of various types of cognition, both undergraduates and graduates, are sincerely welcome. The course will operate in the spirit of exploration and intellectual adventure. (Orlin)

472/Hist. 543. Perso-Islamic Civilization in the Eastern Caliphate and India, 900-1350. (4). (HU).

This course deals with one of the more important varieties of Islamic Civilization, the one formed in the area stretching from present-day Iraq across the Iranian Plateau to Central Asia. Perso-Islamic Civilization underlies the modern Islamic cultures of Afghanistan, Muslim Soviet Central Asia, Pakistan, Muslim India, and Iran, and it had a great deal of influence on the formation of Ottoman Turkish Civilization. Topics will include Ancient Iran's contribution to the formation of Islamic Civilization in Arabic, the emergence and maturation of New Persian literature, the impact of the Turkish invasions, Perso-Islamic Civilization on the eve of the Mongol invasion and the transfer of this culture to India as an "émigré civilization" under the Delhi Sultanate. A paper or set of four critical reviews, a midterm and a final are required. Readings are from secondary materials and source translations in English from a reserve list and a course pack. (Luther)

497. Senior Honors Thesis. Permission of instructor. (1-6). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT).

The Senior Honors thesis is for students who have been approved by the Near Eastern Studies concentration advisor, honor's advisor, and the LS&A Honor's Council. This course should be taken both terms of the senior year, for not less than three or more than six credits per term. The length of the thesis may vary, but 50-60 pages is common. Two advisors should be chosen. The principal advisor will be a member of the faculty in whose field of expertise the thesis topic lies, and he or she will oversee the student's research and the direction taken by the thesis. The deadline for submission of a draft of the thesis is the end of the week following spring break. The completed thesis must be submitted by the beginning of the exam period. Upon completion of the Honors thesis (and maintenance of a minimum overall grade point average of 3. 5), Honors candidates may be recommended by the two advisors and Honors advisor for a degree "with highest Honors," "with high Honors," or "with Honors," in Near Eastern Studies (followed by the area of specialization). A notation is made on the diploma and the transcript.

Ancient and Biblical Studies (ABS: Division 317)

Elementary and Intermediate Language Courses

201, 202. Elementary Biblical Hebrew. ABS 201 or equivalent is prerequisite to 202. (3 each). (FL).

ABS 201 is offered Fall Term, 1982.

An introduction to the language of the Hebrew Bible for the student with no background at all in Hebrew; presentation of grammatical material, vocabulary, and exercises in the texts adapted for class use. (Schramm)

280, 281/Rel. 280, 281. Jesus and the Gospels. ABS 280 is prerequisite to ABS 281. (4 each). (HU).

ABS/Religion 280 is offered Fall Term, 1982.

Jesus of Nazareth is on many counts one of history's most significant figures, yet he is veiled. There's much disagreement as to what he taught, let alone who he was. And he is paradoxical, he has been both greatly influential and yet at the same time has had little influence. Men and women have been able neither to forget what he taught nor by and large live by it. And the gospels, almost our only source for Jesus, are difficult books. Neither biography nor the most part history, they defy the normal canons of literature. Making the most outrageous claims, they present a bewildering combination of theology and history which rightly understood, is fascinating and, what is more, points to a path which even today can give life intellectual and religious meaning. The purpose of the course is to examine Jesus and the Gospels in order to uncover the extraordinary richness of both. Recently developed methods of analysis such as form and redaction criticism have uncovered new approaches to the material and will be made full use of. Views on Jesus and the Gospels throughout the history of the Church will be discussed. The course is designed to appeal to all interested students. Taking ABS/Religion 280 in no way obligates the student to take 281.

308/Greek 308. The Acts of the Apostles. Greek 101 and 102 or the equivalent; and permission of instructor. (2) (HU).

See Greek 308. (Nissen)

Arabic (and Berber) Studies (Arabic: Division 321)

Elementary and Intermediate Language Courses

101, 102. Elementary Modern Standard Arabic Through Self-Instruction. Permission of instructor. (2-6 each). (FL). May be elected for a total of six credits.

Arabic 101 and 102 are offered Fall Term, 1982.

Arabic 101. This course provides an introduction to the phonology and script of modern literary Arabic and to the language's basic vocabulary and fundamental grammatical constructions. It offers combined training in listening, speaking, reading, writing and using the Arabic dictionary. Students have access to a tutor for as many as four hours a week. Amount of credit awarded depends on number of lessons satisfactorily completed. Students should consult instructor or course coordinator in advance for the schedule of lessons per credit hour. Arabic 101 may be taken for two to six credits. Course grade is based on review tests completed by students at the end of each lesson, the opinion of the tutor, and a final exam. Textbooks: (1) A Programmed Course in Modern Arabic Phonology and Script by E. N. McCarus and R. Rammuny; (2) Elementary Modern Standard Arabic Through-Self Instruction by E. McCarus et al. (Rammuny)

Arabic 102. This course may not be taken until six hours of Arabic 101 have been completed. It is a continuation of Arabic 101 and includes continued drill practice on the phonological system, on basic vocabulary and morphology, and on Arabic syntactic patterns. The course stresses oral practice with increasing emphasis on reading selections based on Arab culture and on producing Arabic orally and in writing. Students have access to a tutor for as many as four hours a week. Amount of credit awarded depends on number of lessons and review tests satisfactorily completed. Course grade is based on the review tests completed, the opinion of the tutor, and a final examination. Textbooks: Elementary Modern Standard Arabic Through Self-Instruction by E. N. McCarus et al. (Rammuny)

201. Elementary Modern Standard Arabic. (6). (FL).

No previous knowledge of Arabic is required for Arabic 201. This course is especially recommended for students concentrating in Arabic or for those who expect to have some immediate use of Arabic. Its primary goals are: (1) mastery of the phonology and writing systems of literary Arabic; (2) control of the basic grammatical structures of the language; (3) mastery of about 800 vocabulary items; and (4) acquisition of related skills. The materials used are based on a combined approach stressing the four language skills: listening, speaking, reading and writing. The course starts with A Programmed Course in Modern Literary Arabic Phonology and Script by Ernest N. McCarus and Raji Rammuny. These introductory programmed materials are usually completed within the first two weeks of classes. This is immediately followed by Elementary Modern Standard Arabic, Part I by Peter Abboud et al. This book is especially designed to provide careful guidance to both the student and the teacher. At the end of the course, the student is expected to be able to read printed and handwritten literary Arabic and to produce familiar material in a manner acceptable to a native speaker. In addition, the student should have acquired related skills such as familiarity with the use of Arabic dictionaries, or the ability to use a small set of greetings and polite expressions. The course meets eight hours per week for eight credits. Use of language lab is necessary and strongly recommended to reinforce classroom work. The course grade is based on daily assignments., weekly quizzes, bi-weekly tests, classroom performance, and a final exam. (Rammuny)

401. Intermediate Modern Standard Arabic. Arabic 202 or the equivalent. (6). (FL).

Arabic 401 is offered Fall Term, 1982.

The course emphasizes a review of morphology and a continuation of the study of Arabic syntax. There are selected readings taken from various genres of modern prose fiction and nonfiction, with special emphasis on oral work, reading, active mastery of a basic Arabic vocabulary and development of composition skills. Passages in Arabic are translated sometimes with and sometimes without the use of a dictionary. There are also dictionary practice drills which are intended to aid vocabulary acquisition and discussion of specific morphological problems based on extracts taken from Arabic newspapers. This is a semi-intensive course which meets six hours each week. With the aim of achieving a practical command of modern standard Arabic, there is an application of the fundamentals of grammar through drill sessions with a native speaker. In order to develop a command of written Arabic, students produce (in Arabic) weekly summaries, commentaries, and compositions. Arabic 401 and 402 are required of students concentrating in Arabic and are recommended for students who expect to learn the language for use in related fields. Weekly quizzes, midterm, and final. Text: Modern Standard Arabic: Intermediate Level by Abboud, et. al. The class is a discussion stressing students' participation. (Abdel-Massih)

Literature, Civilization, and Advanced Language Courses

403, 404. Arabic of the Communications Media. Arabic 402 or equivalent. (2 each). (Excl).

Arabic 403 is offered Fall Term, 1982.

This course emphasizes newspaper Arabic. Passages from various Arabic newspapers are read at home and discussed and translated in class. The goal is the mastery of this special jargon as well as fluency in media expressions. Passages from the leading Arabic magazines are also introduced and discussed. Weekly assignments and classroom participation (75% of the grade); midterm (12. 5% of the grade); final exam (12. 5% of the grade). There are no texts; articles from newspapers are selected and xeroxed for the class. (Abdel-Massih)

430(530). Introduction to Arabic Linguistics. Arabic 402 or equivalent, or competence in general linguistics. (3). (Excl).

This course is an introductory survey to the phonology, morphology and syntax of literary and dialectal Arabic. It is designed to accommodate Arabic concentrators with little training in linguistics and linguistics concentrators with no knowledge of Arabic. Class will be devoted to lectures and discussions. Course grade will be based on homework problems arising from class discussion, and a final exam (no term paper). No textbook, but a reading list will be distributed. (McCarus)

501, 502. Advanced Arabic Composition. Arabic 402 or equivalent. (3 each). (Excl).

Arabic 501 is offered Fall Term, 1982.

This course presupposes knowledge of Arabic at the intermediate level (NES Arabic 402 or equivalent). It offers extensive oral and written practical work based on (1) a wide variety of literary texts ranging from short stories, personal and formal letters, plays, essays to proverbs and poems adapted from the works of contemporary professional writers and (2) audiovisual materials including video-cassettes, automated slide shows and tape-recordings of newscasts, speeches and lectures. There is special emphasis on basic fundamentals for effective Arabic writing, illustrations of the basic differences of grammar and idioms between Arabic and English keyed to the most common errors of American students of Arabic, and cultural content pertinent to the learners' needs and interests. The course meets 3 hours per week and is conducted entirely in Arabic. It also requires about 6 extra hours weekly for outside of class preparation, listening to or viewing lesson tapes and writing composition. Course grade is based on students' preparation and class performance (25%), written composition (25%), bi-monthly tests (25%), and a term paper in Arabic (25%). Textbooks: Raji M. Rammuny Advanced Arabic Composition Based on Literary Texts and Audio-Visual Materials, Ann Arbor, Mi. : New Era Publications, 1980. Also Raji Rammuny Students' Guide, Ann Arbor, MI: New Era Publications 1980. (Rammuny)

521, 522. Medieval Arabic. Permission of concentration adviser and instructor; primarily for graduate students. (3 each).

Arabic 521 is offered Fall Term, 1982.

An introductory course in medieval literary Arabic; no previous knowledge of Arabic is assumed. Textbooks: J. A. Haywood and H. M. Nahmad, A New Arabic Grammar of the Written Language, Harvard U. Press, latest edition, and A. Yellin, L. Billig, An Arabic Reader, edited with notes and a glossary, Johnson Reprint Corp., 1963. (Bellamy)

530. Proseminar in Arabic Linguistics. Permission of instructor. (2-3). (Excl).

For graduate concentrators in Arabic who have a particular area of specialization to research. Permission of instructor required. (McCarus)

546. Ancient Arabic Poetry. Arabic 402 or equivalent. (2). (Excl).

Selected readings from Ancient Arabic Poetry (A.D. 500-750). Students will prepare texts for reading and translation into English, and will be evaluated on their performance in class. (Bellamy)

Hebrew Studies (Hebrew: Division 387)

Elementary and Intermediate Language Courses

401, 402. Intermediate Modern Hebrew. Hebrew 202 or equivalent; Hebrew 401 is prerequisite to 402. (5 each). (FL).

Hebrew 401 and 402 are offered Fall Term 1982.

Hebrew 401. Review of morphology and syntax readings in fiction and non-fiction prose. Continued emphasis on oral work, and writing skills. (Coffin)

Hebrew 402. Review of morphology and syntax readings in fiction and non-fiction prose. Continued emphasis on oral work, and writing skills. (Coffin)

Literature, Civilization and Advanced Language Courses

501, 502. Advanced Hebrew. Hebrew 402 or equivalent is prerequisite to 501; Hebrew 501 is prerequisite to 502. (3 each). (HU).

Hebrew 501 is offered Fall Term, 1982.

Readings in Hebrew literary texts of the Biblical Robbinil, and modern periods. Discussion and written composition. Hebrew based on literary texts. (Coffin)

551. Modern Hebrew Literature. Hebrew 502 or equivalent. (3). (HU). May be repeated for credit with permission of instructor.

Readings in the prose and poetry of major Hebrew authors of the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries. (Coffin)

Iranian Studies (Iranian: Division 398)

Elementary and Intermediate Language Courses

201, 202. Elementary Persian. (4 each). (FL).

Persian 201 is offered Fall Term, 1982.

Persian is an Indo-European language distantly related, and grammatically similar to English, thus it is ideally suited to fulfilling the foreign language option while at the same time opening insights into one of the leading Near Eastern cultures. Persian 201/202 are designed to develop a working knowledge of Contemporary Standard Persian. The student is systematically introduced to the sound and writing systems and the grammar of Persian and an active vocabulary of some 1000 items. There is equal emphasis on listening and speaking, reading and writing. The language of the classroom will be increasingly Persian. By the end of the year, many students are able to conduct simple conversations and write brief compositions on a variety of topics. The textbook used is newly developed, covering a large variety of topics, accompanied by tapes. Quizzes are given intermittently; in addition there will be a 2-hour examination at the end of the term. Textbooks: Modern Persian. Elementary Level. Windfuhr-Tehranisa, Ann Arbor, University of Michigan, 1979. (Windfuhr)

401, 402. Intermediate Persian. Iranian 202 or equivalent. (4 each). (FL).

Persian 401 is offered Fall Term, 1982.

This sequence is designed to lead the student to the near independent study of Persian. Reading and comprehension, conversation and composition are systematically developed. The textbook is a new series of volumes accompanied by tapes covering modern fiction, expository prose and cultural-topic material both in readings and dialog form. The language of the classroom is increasingly Persian. Textbook: Modern Persian. Intermediate Level, Vol. I and II. Windfuhr et al., Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1980. (Windfuhr)

Literature, Civilization, and Advanced Language Courses

541. Classical Persian Texts. Iranian 402 or permission of instructor. (3). (HU). May be repeated for credit with permission of instructor.

This course involves the reading and literary analysis of texts from major authors of the classical period (ca. 950-1500) and includes basic skills in reading aloud and the use of the rules of prosody in scansion and interpretation of poetry texts. It will include shorter or longer passages from such writers as Ferdowsi, Nezami, Rumi, Sa'di, Hafez, Bayhaqi, Nezami-ye Aruzi, and others, according to the interests of the class and instructor. There are midterm and final exams. The texts are in the form of a photocopied course pack. (Luther)


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