Courses in Political Science (Division 450)

Primarily for First and Second Year Students

101. Introduction to Political Theory. (4). (SS).

This course is intended to introduce students to the study of political philosophy through the reading of some selected classics in the field, supplemented by appropriate works of fiction. The focus will be on different images of the state and the implications they have for our conceptions of human nature and human relationships, both actual and ideal. Students will be expected not to memorize and repeat the contents of their reading and of the lectures, but to reflect critically on their implications for human relations in the management or self-management of large communities. The emphasis will be more on moral dilemmas than on analytic theory. The instructor will emphasize that he raises many questions but has few if any answers. Active participation in discussion sections will be equally as important as attending lectures. Students will be required to write a number of short papers. (Meyer)

111. Introduction to American Politics. (4). (SS).
Sections 001-014.
This is a wide-ranging survey of government and politics throughout the United States. Most of the course centers upon national government and politics. Among the main topics to be explored are the constitutional base, elections, political parties and interest groups, the presidency, Congress, the courts, and policy formulation in designated areas. The kinds of questions considered might include the following: What impact do interest groups have on governmental policy? Are there real differences between the two major political parties? What accounts for swings in voting behavior and election outcome from one time to another? Why is it that public policy emerges as it does in the United States? What is the level of trust in government? And how does that level change? These and others are the kinds of issues confronted in the course. There are two lectures and two discussion sessions each week. The basis for grading includes a midterm and a final examination for all students; and written work as well as other forms of participation in each of the sections, under the guidance of individual instructors. (Grassmuck)

140. Introduction to Comparative Politics. (4). (SS).

This course is designed to give students an understanding of how several major political systems outside the United States operate and to familiarize them with concepts that can be used to analyze politics in these and other countries. Each of the countries selected for special attention will be discussed separately in order to introduce its distinctive features and to ensure that students understand how it operates. As the course progresses, we will be able to draw increasingly broad comparisons. Certain key concepts used in analyzing politics will be introduced and used for comparative purposes. In particular, we will be concerned with the social and economic forces that influence political life; political parties and political competition; leadership succession; personalities in politics; the role of political institutions; and the analysis of contemporary political conflicts. The course will offer two lectures per week, plus two meetings in relatively small discussion sections designed to encourage a two-way flow of communication. (Inglehart)

160. Introduction to World Politics. (4). (SS).

The primary purpose of this beginning course is to expose the student to the core questions that should be asked at any beginning of the study of international politics. Who are the major actors in international affairs? What kind of order exists in relations among nations? What mechanisms exist for change? What regularities exist in the behavior of actors toward one another that give shape and direction to the system? We shall try to get at some of the questions raised by using three of the major approaches students in the field utilize to select the behaviors they wish to study. One approach is to study the process of decision-making in foreign policy. Another approach is to study the effects that differences in national growth have on the politics among nations. A third way is to study the way the international system constrains the actions of individuals and groups. The major elements of the course are contained in four sets of lectures. (1) The decision-making approach; (2) effects of national growth on international politics; (3) problems and consequences of different types of international systems; (4) global trends in contemporary world politics including such topics as imperialism, neocolonialism, international economics and interdependence, developed-developing world relations, international organizations, and the limits to growth. There will be one, possibly two, exams during the term, plus a final. Other requirements may include a 12-15 page essay and such additional assignments as may be made by individual section leaders. (Organski)

Primarily for Juniors and Seniors

300. Contemporary Political Issues. (4). (SS).

It is recommended that the student has taken at least Political Science 111. The course will focus on the implications of recent political change for the conduct of political campaigns and the governance of the country. Critical issues in the study of political behavior will be addressed by examining the following five questions: 1) How are candidates for political office evaluated by the public? 2) Does the recent increase in political independence indicate that Independents are alienated from political parties or that they think parties are irrelevant? 3) Is the electorate more ideological today than in the past? 4) Are non-partisan group attachments replacing political parties as the mobilizing force in American politics? 5) Does the media select our candidates for high office? Students will be graded on the basis of class participation, a midterm exam and a research paper focusing on one of the five topics. (A. H. Miller)

309. The Politics of Liberation. (4). (SS). May be elected for credit three times, provided that content is different.
This course will center on the investigation and discussion of the various frameworks of analysis used to examine the roles of women in politics.

320. Chicano Politics and the Chicano Community. (4). (Excl).

This course is intended to be a critical examination into the study of Chicano Politics. One of the fundamental assumptions on which this course will proceed is that the study of the politics of any group must be approached within the context of the society in which it exists. Thus, the focus will be on the relationships between the dominant and subordinate groups rather than on the processes and structures of the minority group itself. This interpretation stems from the growing awareness of the need for an intensive analysis that can explain the reality of the Chicano community and help evaluate the direction and effectiveness of Chicano political action.

353. The Arab-Israeli Conflict. (4). (SS).

This course focuses on the relationship between domestic politics and foreign policies in the Middle East. An integral part of it involves a simulation game in which students act out the roles of the major participants in the Arab-Israeli conflict over an entire weekend. Central themes of the course include the historical roots of the conflict, inter-Arab politics, superpower objectives in the Middle East, and the competing nationalisms of Israel and the Palestinians. Course requirements, of which game preparation is a key element, include several brief, team oriented and individual written assignments, a short term paper, a midterm and final examinations.

361. Current Issues in World Politics. (2). (SS).

The course examines instances of subnational violence linked to the demand for greater identity sometimes including secession - from the ruling elite on the basis of ethnic, racial, religious, tribal, or linguistic associations. The focus is global with specialists on Islam, the U.S. S. R., East Europe, the Middle East, Africa, Southeast Asia, China, Canada, and the U.S. addressing problems and prospects for "Identity and Conflict" over the next decade or two. Lectures are supplemented by a special television series produced by Professor Whiting with experts from the U-M campus and elsewhere. Readings are in course-pack format from contemporary articles and book excerpts. Two multiple-choice examinations provide the basis for grades. (Whiting)

395/Econ. 395/REES 395/Slavic 395/Hist. 332. Survey of the Soviet Union. (4). (SS).

See REES 395. (Gitelman)

400. Introduction to Political Analysis. Upperclass standing; for concentrators who do not have two courses in political science at the 100-level or their equivalent. (4). (SS).

Political Science 400 introduces students to data analysis, quantitative techniques, and empirical research. The major objectives of the course are: 1) to provide the students with hands-on experience with computer analysis, 2) to familiarize the students with approaches to political analysis, and 3) to introduce the students to some of the basic substantive issues in political science.

402. Development of Political Thought: To Modern Period. Junior standing or two courses in political science. (4). (SS).

The aim of this course is two-fold: (1) to give the student a sense of the history of political philosophy from the ancient Greek period to the beginning of the early modern period at the end of the sixteenth century, and (2) to help the student become aware of the complexities and assumptions entailed in the articulation of a coherent political theory. We will be reading the works of such major political philosophers as Plato, Aristotle, Cicero, St. Thomas Aquinas, and Machiavelli. Readings will be exclusively from primary sources. Class meetings will include both lectures and discussions. Course requirements will include a midterm, a final, and a ten page paper. (Saxonhouse)

407. Selected Topics in Political Theory. (4). (SS). May be elected for credit twice.
Ethics and Public Policy.
This course will explore the ethical issues raised by a variety of public policies that are currently under debate. After some initial discussion of ethical theories and of the relationship between ethics and democracy, the course will take up a series of concepts central to political philosophy: rights, liberty, justice, and equality. Lectures will be devoted to discussions of the works of philosophers and political theorists and to the applications of their arguments to current public policy debates. Particular attention will be paid to policies which restrict individual liberty and to policies raising questions of justice and equal treatment. There will be a midterm, a final, and one seven to ten page paper. Among the primary texts will be: Fred Feldman, Introductory Ethics; John Stuart Mill, Utilitarianism and On Liberty; Robert P. Wolff, The Poverty of Liberalism; John Rawls, A Theory of Justice; Hugo Bedau, Justice and Equality. (Chamberlin)

410. American Policy Processes. Any 100-level course in political science. (4). (SS).

This is a course about American public policies what they are, how they develop, and what difference they make. The purposes of the course are, first, to help students understand the enormous scope and variety of actions taken by the 80,000 or so American governments, and second, to help students learn how to think about public policy in the United States. We begin by examining a variety of government programs, including established programs such as social security and more recent innovations such as environmental policies. We go on to examine the behavior of coalitions that initiate and support government programs. Finally we examine various choice processes associated with program development, including rational, organizational and experimental modes of choice behavior.

411. American Political Processes. Any 100-level course in political science. (4). (SS).
Psychological Perspectives on Public Opinion.
This lecture course will examine American public opinion from a variety of psychological perspectives. We will consider how opinions are formed, how and why they change, and how they influence and are influenced by political action. Familiarity with concepts in social and personality psychology is recommended, but not essential. Course requirements are contingent partly on how many students show up, but almost certainly will include a paper and a final examination. (Kinder)

412. The Legal Process. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course will concentrate on the politics of criminal justice. Specifically, we will explore crime, cops, courts, and corrections. We will not spend much time on appellate case opinions. For each of the components in the criminal justice system we will attempt to obtain a realistic appreciation of the dynamics of intra-organizational behavior. This will be followed by an analysis of inter-organizational relationships amongst criminal justice systems bodies and then most significantly by an analysis of the relationships between the local institutions of justice and the local political system.

413. American Constitutional Politics. Poli. Sci. 111, 410, or 411; or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course focuses on the Supreme Court and its interpretation of fundamental issues. Doctrines and clauses used by the court in interpreting the constitution are examined, as is the constitution itself. Emphasis is placed on the political trends of the court and on policy changes that have taken place in the court over time.

417. Legislative Process. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course focuses on legislative behavior in the U.S. Congress. Part of the course is devoted to internal operations (committees, rules, seniority system, and so on); the other part examines congressional elections and their influence on the representation of various interests.

418. Women and the Political System. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course will examine women's participation in the political process. Factors such as socialization, role orientations and structural barriers which contribute to male-female differences in political involvement will be explored in some detail. Although the course focuses on the political role of women in the U.S., some cross-national comparisons will be made. A midterm examination and a research project will constitute the main requirements for the course. (Farah)

423. Politics of the Metropolis. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course surveys the major demographic, social and economic trends in metropolitan areas and analyzes the governmental responses to these trends. The course will discuss urban elites, race and ethnicity, governmental forms, and conventional and nonconventional modes of participation.

431. Public Administration. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

The intent of this course is to describe and explain the workings of public bureaucracies and the political environment in which they operate. The course will concentrate on the national government. Among the topics to be covered are: organizational goal formation; control and coordination; choosing an organizational structure; information gathering and organizational learning; strategies for maintaining reliable performance; the role of Congress and interest groups in the workings of the federal agencies; organizational decision-making; planning, evaluation, and analysis.

436. Bureaucracy and Policy Making. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

The course emphasizes the nature of bureaucratic organizations and their role in policy-making in the public sector, particularly at the federal level.

441. Comparative Politics of Advanced Industrial Democracies. Any 100-level course in political science or upperclass standing. (4). (SS).

This course will examine crucial problems facing advanced industrial societies during the next twenty years, and discuss various scenarios for the evolution of these societies. The focus will be on two sets of factors: (1) ongoing changes in ideologies, values and types of political participation among Western elites and publics; and (2) the social and material limits to economic growth, as manifested in problems of environmental protection and resource depletion, with particular emphasis on the energy crisis, its political implications and possible solutions. This course will be open to students with upper class standing even if they have not taken 100 level courses. The two weekly sessions will follow a combined lecture-discussion format. (Inglehart)

444. Government and Politics of the Soviet Union. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This is an intensive survey of Soviet politics and society, designed to provide students with a knowledge of the structure and dynamics of government and politics in the USSR, and an understanding of the major successes and problems of the USSR in politics, economics, and culture.

445. Eastern Europe: Revolution, Reaction, and Reform. (4). (SS).

This is a survey of the politics of Eastern Europe (excluding the USSR). It begins with an overview of the region's political culture and pre-Communist political history, traces the rise of the Communist regimes, analyzes the totalitarian period, and proceeds to examine several aspects of contemporary East European politics: institutions, public opinion, the roles of the Communist party, the nature of elites, economic and political reform. Theories of political development and elite-mass relations are used to analyze the specific phenomena of the countries covered. The focus is on domestic politics, but some attention is paid to comparison with the USSR and to Soviet-East European relations. A final exam and a choice of midterm or paper constitute the requirements. (Gitelman)

455. Government and Politics of China. (4). (SS).

The Chinese policy process is the core concern of lectures and reading in Political Science 455. How are policies formed and implemented in China? Who has made what kind of decisions, how, why, and with what effect? We will examine the policy-making arenas, and the relationship between political stability and economic growth in China. (Ting)

456. Government and Politics of Japan. Poli. Sci. 140, 440, or 450; or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course provides an overview of Japanese politics, mainly contemporary, with rather little technical political science. Special attention is given to the changes of the Occupation period, social patterns, political behavior, the decision-making process, and patterns of domestic and foreign public policy. Course requirements include a midterm, a final examination and a paper (about fifteen pages) for undergraduates. Enrollment is usually about fifteen students and the course has been able to hold rather informal meetings and to respond to individual interests. Many students who elect the course have no background either in Japanese studies or political science and seem at no great disadvantage. (Campbell)

459/CAAS 449. Africa: Development and Dependence. Prior or concurrent study of the Third World; Poli. Sci. 465 is recommended but not required. (4). (SS).

This course is intended as a multidisciplinary survey of African politics. Its primary purposes are to examine alternative explanations for the underdevelopment of Africa and to explore alternative strategies for development. Students are expected to develop both a theoretical approach to and a working knowledge of the politics of contemporary Africa. (Wilson)

460. Problems in World Politics. Any 100-level course in political science. (4). (SS). May be elected for credit twice with permission of the instructor.

This course will be devoted to the study of the military dimension in international politics and to various problems of arms control and disarmament. We will deal, in some detail, with the topics of the strategic arms race, the trade in conventional arms and nuclear proliferation; we will place these topics in their political as well as economic contexts and discuss past attempts and future possibilities for dealing with them. Some time will also be devoted to matters of nuclear doctrine.

463. International Organization and Integration. Poli. Sci. 160 or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

For any student concerned with world politics and American foreign policy, this course will offer an introduction to a set of increasingly significant theoretical and policy issues associated with (1) the increasing number of international governmental and non-governmental organizations in world politics; (2) the growing interdependence among nations; (3) the increasing salience of nonmilitary issues in world politics; and (4) the continuing need for global and regional mechanisms to deal with international conflict and promote international cooperation. The primary objectives of the course are to acquaint students with different approaches to the study of international organizations and the global political system. The course will give some attention to the historical development of international organizations, but emphasis will be on their current roles in: regulating conflict among states, facilitating stable economic growth, providing financial and technical assistance to developing countries, facilitating the greater realization of human rights, and dealing with new problems generated by the growing economic and technological interdependence among nations. European regional integration and the potential for regional integration in less developed regions will also be discussed. The final sessions will be devoted to a consideration of the prospects for international organization in the coming decades. (Jacobson)

465. Political Development and Dependence. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

The purpose of this course is to review major theories of political development. The course is divided into five parts: (1) Principal Approaches to Political Development; (2) Agrarian Movements; (3) Revolutions Left and Right; (4) Varieties of Authoritarianism; and (5) International Dependence. The following paperbacks are recommended for purchase: (a) Daniel Chirot, Social Change in the Twentieth Century; (b) Peter McDonough, Power and Ideology in Brazil; (c) Bill Warren, Imperialism: Pioneer of Capitalism. Other readings are on reserve in the UGLi. There will be no exams but instead five papers (essays) each of about five to eight pages. The papers are due at regular intervals during the term. (McDonough)

467. International Political Culture. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

Cultural factors in world politics; imperialism and cultural diffusion; language and religion in international alignments; race and ethnicity in regional politics; political sexism in diplomacy; the dynamics of culture change across national frontiers. (Mazrui)

469. Politics of International Economic Relations. Poli. Sci. 160 or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

The course will deal with the interplay of political and economic considerations in international relations. Although the two are usually dealt with separately, there is an obvious interdependence of politics and economics in the international movements of goods (trade), capital (investments) and aid. Apparently political phenomena such as wars and arms races also have a strong economic foundation. The purpose of the course will be to provide students with the conceptual tools and substantive knowledge needed to analyze such instances of political economic interplay. (Nincic)

470. Comparative Foreign Policy. Any 100-level course in political science. (4). (SS).

This course analyzes the processes by which the foreign policies of states are formulated and implemented. It also analyzes the consequences of these processes for the content of the state's policies. Generalizations are developed on the basis of the empirical examination of the behavior of selected states. Particular attention will be given to the behavior of the Soviet Union and the United States but other countries will also be considered. (Zimmerman)

471. The American Foreign Policy Process. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

The course is designed to provide the advanced undergraduate student with: (a) an understanding of the global and domestic context within which US foreign policy is formulated, executed, evaluated, and modified; (b) alternative interpretations of the policy process and context; (c) methods by which these interpretations can be compared and tested against the empirical evidence; and (d) the ability to evaluate past policy decisions and propose future ones. In pursuit of these objectives, we will examine and discuss some case histories (World War I and II, formation of the UN, Cuban Missile Crisis, Vietnam War, SALT negotiations, GATT agreements, etc.), along with memoirs of participants and scholarly analyses of the cases. Equally important will be the efforts of scholars to generalize from such cases, using methods that range from the impressionistic to the highly quantitative. We will meet twice per week for lectures and discussions combined, and there will be assigned as well as suggested readings each week. Evaluation will rest on take-home final exam, several brief memos during the term, intelligent participation in discussion, and additional work of an optional nature. Prior work in scientific method is desirable but not essential. Texts not yet selected. (Singer)

472. International Security Affairs. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course covers defense, deterrence, and arms control in the contemporary context. Special emphasis is given to the policies, perspectives, and capabilities of the United States and the Soviet Union, but consideration is also given to Western Europe and China. Illustrative issues are alternative strategic nuclear doctrines, prospects for arms control, conscription, organization of the Executive Branch for foreign and military policy formation, and interalliance politics. Student evaluation will be based on a paper of about ten pages, a midterm exam, and a final exam. The course will be limited to 40 students. (Axelrod)

475. International Relations of the Soviet Union. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

The purposes of this course are straightforward. It assumes that a knowledge of Soviet foreign policy is essential to being politically literate in the last quarter of the 20th century. It assumes also that the study of Soviet foreign policy is an important dimension of the comparative study of foreign policy because there are fundamental ways in which the political culture, political institutions and social structure of the Soviet Union differ or have differed from political systems more familiar to American college students. All students will be expected to demonstrate that they have learned how Soviet elites carry on the dialogue of politics in the Soviet context. There will be an hour exam and a final. Texts will include Brzezinski, The Soviet Bloc; Zimmerman, Soviet Perspectives on International Relations, and Hoffmann and Fleron The Conduct of Soviet Foreign Policy. (Zimmerman)

481, 482. Junior Honors Proseminar. Open only to Honors concentrators with junior standing. (4 each). (SS).

Political Science 481 is offered Fall Term, 1982.

This is the first seminar in the Political Science Honors program. It has two aims. First, it will alert students to the scope and method of the study of politics through a critical discussion of key concepts and their function in some of the classics of political theory. Second, it will introduce students to the range of specialized interests and methodological skills of the University's Political Science faculty. The purpose of this is not only to help students see what forms the age-old questions about politics take in contemporary research, but also to help them find faculty supervisors for their Honors theses. Open to Honors concentrators in Political Science. There is no prerequisite; but Political Science 101 or 400 might be useful preparations. (Meyer)

483. American Political Parties and Electoral Problems. Political Science 111, 140, 410, or 411; or permission of instructor. instructor. (4). (SS).

This course examines American political parties within a comparative international context. After a brief discussion of the historical development of the American party system the following topics are considered: party organization, party leadership, campaigns and party finance, leadership recruitment, nominations and the national presidential convention and primary systems, elections and voting behavior, and party leadership in the policy process and in government. Much time is spent analyzing the system from the standpoint of (1) where is it going is realignment taking place? (2) how "democratic" and responsive is it? and (3) what is the impact of the party system and its activities on the public and on society? The distinctive features of the American system in contrast to other systems are discussed as well as the factors responsible for producing the American system. Finally, an attempt is made to evaluate the system, to discuss its defects as well as its strong points, and to suggest types of reforms that might be introduced. A research paper from ten to fifteen pages in length is required as well as one or two one-hour examinations and a final. There are also required readings, a text, and recommended readings. Students are asked at the end of the course to write a four or five-page essay in which they express their ideas concerning the adequacy of the American party system. (Eldersveld)

486. Public Opinion, Political Participation, and Pressure Groups. One course in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course focuses on (1) the formation and nature of public opinion and mass political participation and (2) the links between public opinion and participation and public policy. It will familiarize students with survey and other methods for generating opinion and participation data. Particular attention will be given to the effects of socio-economic structure, religion, sex, personality, life cycle, family, peer group, school, work environment, groups, and political institutions on public opinion and participation. Course requirements include a final exam (60%), mid-term (20% or 40% depending on if a research paper is written), and an optional research paper (30%). (Langton)

489. Advanced Topics in Contemporary Political Science. Two 400-level courses in political science. (4). (SS). May be elected for credit twice.

This course examines the ways oil importing and exporting governments adjusted policies to the dramatically changed structure and performance of the international energy markets in the 1970's and 1980's. Governments were forced by international events to make significant domestic changes in the way that they formulated and implemented energy policies, as well as changes in their content. In all countries of the world this adjustment process became heavily politicized. Using country case studies, and studies of particular types of policies, we will analyse this politicization and explain how and why some governments resisted these international changes, adapted to them, or indeed, tried to hasten them. (Wilson)

496. Undergraduate Seminar in American Government and Politics. Permission of instructor. Intended for senior concentrators. (4). (SS). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 001 Inequality and Public Policy.
This course is concerned with the distribution of economic resources in the U.S. We will focus on four interrelated questions: (1) What is the meaning of equality? Does equality compete with other important societal goals such as liberty and efficiency? (2) Who is poor? What assumptions about need are implicit in different definitions of poverty? (3) What are the sources of economic inequality? To what extent can differences in economic resources be traced to differences in individual competence, to differences in family background, to prejudice, to institutional constraints? (4) How might policies be designed to make society more equalitarian? This is a seminar course. Students will be expected to prepare short, weekly papers. (Corcoran)

497. Undergraduate Seminar in Comparative and Foreign Government. Permission of instructor. Intended for senior concentrators. (4). (SS). May be elected for credit twice.

Historically, revolutions instances of violent, rapid, and massive change of elites and institutions have had strikingly different outcomes. Other than the generality that each revolution dramatically strengthened the bureaucracy's grip on society, the English, French, Mexican, Russian, Nazi German, Spanish, Chinese, Cuban, and Vietnamese revolutions produced rather different post-revolutionary regimes. This seminar will seek to explain the outcomes of revolution. That is, our goal is to illuminate the relationship between the process of revolution and its outcome, drawing upon the nine cases listed above. Among the key factors we will examine are the social basis of the revolution, the nature of the revolutionary party, the beliefs and personalities of the revolutionary leaders, the nature of the domestic opposition, the external environment and involvement, and the pattern of the seizure of power. We will first acquaint ourselves with the classical interpretations (especially Marx and Mosca) and read several recent theoretical treatments of revolution and its outcomes, such as by Brinton, Huntington, Johnson, Moore, Tilly, Skocpol, and Dahrendorf. We will then turn to our cases, reading broad histories and case studies of each revolution. Students will be expected to write a major, 20-30 page paper critically applying one or two of the theoretical works to one of our specific cases. Admission is only with permission of the instructor. Students must already have read widely on one of the revolutions we will be studying. (Oksenberg)

498. Undergraduate Seminar in International Politics. Permission of instructor. Intended for senior concentrators. (4). (SS). May be elected for credit twice.

An advanced seminar in the field of International Politics. Students do research on selected general topics.

514. The Use of Social Science Computer Programs. Poli. Sci. 499 or equivalent; or permission of instructor. (1). (Excl).

This course introduces the student to the computer and to campus software systems. Topics considered include how the computer can be used to analyze social science data. Instruction will be provided in the use of a decwriter terminal and a display (CRT) terminal. The primary software system covered by this course is MIDAS, but students will also be introduced to OSIRIS and to basic MTS commands. (Schweitzer)

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