Courses in Sociology (Division 482)

Primarily for Underclass Students

100. Principles of Sociology. Open to freshmen and sophomores. Juniors and seniors must elect Soc. 400. No credit granted to those who have completed 400. (4). (SS).
Section 001 Introduction to Sociology Through Youth Cultures and Institutions.
This introductory sociology course will focus upon typical theories and principles of contemporary sociology. However, it will do so primarily by exploring youth cultures and youth-serving institutions. By bringing standard literature to bear on the experiences and institutional settings encountered by most students in the class, we hope to make sociology a relevant and meaningful intellectual venture. Portions of the semester will include: Socialization and the Family; Education and Stratification; Adolescent Cultures and Community Structures; Bureaucracy and the University Experience; Interest Group Formation (by race and sex and class); Intimate Social Relations in Adulthood; Work Organizations and Careers. The class will meet as an entirety for one 2-hour session each week. In addition, sections of 25 students will meet for another 2-hour discussion. Students will be asked to write an individual paper, participate in a group research project, and take an essay examination. Mastery principles of learning will be used in providing feedback on grading some of this work. Sociology 100 is the basic prerequisite for other sociology courses. (Chesler)

Section 020 Principles of Sociology. Why do all societies have the institution of marriage? Are people on welfare lazy? Is it possible to do away with social and economic inequality? Why do people commit suicide? This course deals with these and similar questions about the basic workings of society and social life. One goal is to answer these questions; another, to suggest how sociological answers differ from psychological or common sense answers (when they do). Among the topics covered are basic traits of the human species, types of social groups, deviant behavior, social inequality, marriage and the family, gender role organization, formal organizations, socialization, population studies and social change. There usually will be two lectures a week, supplemented with occasional films; the once-a-week discussion sections (enrollment of 25, led by a teaching assistant) will emphasize special exercises and discussion of questions raised in the readings and lectures. Grading will be by examination (multiple choice and short essay questions emphasized). Texts: Vander Zanden and a 130 page course pack. (Mason)

Section 035: Introduction to Sociology Through Game Simulation. The course has three separate modules, each one built around a game simulation of the relevant social processes. One module uses CLUG (Community Land Use Game ) and focuses on the social organization of the city. Another module uses What's News, and focuses on the role of the mass media in society. The last module uses SIMSOC (Simulated Society ) and focuses on the management of large scale conflict and the maintenance of social order in a society. Each module will be used to illustrate a more general theoretical perspective in sociology such as human ecology, social construction of reality, and political economy. The course utilizes a combination of simulations, discussions, films, readings and lectures within each module and work on each module is separately evaluated. (Gamson)

101. Person and Society: An Introduction to Sociology Through Social Psychology. (4). (SS).

This course introduces students to sociology by drawing on the concepts and perspectives of Social Psychology. It seeks to develop more systematic ways of viewing and understanding social life. Readings, discussions, films, and lectures will be used to present and illustrate a variety of useful conceptual frameworks. Three broad content areas will be examined: how people become socialized, how they interrelate and influence each other, how they relate to the broader social environment in which they live. Specific topics include: the development of personal identity and especially gender identity, processes of interpersonal influence and attitude change, conformity and rebellion, deviance and social control. The course will meet for one hour of lecture and three hours of discussion each week. Grades will be based on small projects plus a midterm and final. (Modigliani)

102. Contemporary Social Issues: An Introduction to Sociology. (4). (SS).
Section 001 An Introduction to Sociology Through the Study of Social Deviance.
The basic principles of sociology are explored in this course in the context of readings about crime, drug and alcohol abuse, and mental illness. The course begins with a series of lectures that provide a general overview of the field of sociology. This consumes about one fourth of the semester. The remaining three fourths are devoted, in turn, to the three substantive areas enumerated above. The course grade is determined by a midterm and a final exam. (Kessler)

Section 009 Introduction to Sociology via Urban Problems. Reading, exercises, lectures, discussions, and consultation with practitioners introduce students to systematic observation and explanation of social processes, as seen in cities and urbanization. We emphasize the problems of contemporary American cities, and the social changes that produce those problems. The course assumes no previous work in the social sciences. (Tilly)

220/RC Soc. Sci. 220. Political Economy. (4). (SS).

See RC Social Science 220. (Weisskopf)

For Undergraduates Only

210. Elementary Statistics. (3). (SS).

The purpose of the course is to provide literacy in the evaluation of quantitative evidence as it relates to the world of alternative, testable ideas. Students are familiarized with a variety of descriptive statistics (interpretation of tables, measures of association, regression, etc.), inductive statistics (theory of sampling, significance tests) and the empirical origin of statistical data (surveys, censuses, observational studies). Several forms of decision-making based on quantitative and non-quantitative evidence are compared and contrasted. No special background or preparation is needed. Students capable of handling arithmetic have all the mathematical skills required for the course. There are two lectures and one lab scheduled each week. Problem sets are routinely assigned to illustrate the concepts of the course. Student grades are determined by performance on three examinations, two given during the semester and the final exam. The text used in the course: Blalock, Social Statistics. (Goldberg)

303. Racial and Cultural Contacts. No credit granted to those who have completed 503. (3). (SS).

In the United States and many other countries, there are major social divisions between racial, ethnic, language or religious groups. This course will focus upon inequalities between Blacks and whites in the United States although some attention will be devoted to ethnic, linguistic and religious divisions in this country and abroad. The course will consider the origins of prejudice and discrimination. It will also examine legal, social and economic differences between the races, how these differences have changed over time and will then explore some reasons for changes. Attention will be given to the social movements and forces which seem likely to lead to future racial change in this country. The format of the course will depend upon enrollment. However, it is likely that the classes will primarily be lectures with some time devoted to discussion. It is probable that the grading will be based upon several in-class tests and a final examination. The readings will include sociological or psychological descriptions of racial issues and prejudice, decisions of the Supreme Courts and various popular accounts of racial topics written by novelists or journalists. (Farley)

310. Introduction to Research Methods. Soc. 210. (4). (SS).

This course is intended to provide a general introduction to methods of sociological research. Most of the course will be helpful to those interested in research methods in any of the social sciences, but we will stress those issues, problems, and techniques most commonly used by sociologists. We will begin by examining the relationship between theory and research in the process of building knowledge. We will then cover methods of measurement, scaling, sampling, and observation. The last portion of the course will deal with data analysis, causal elaboration, and interpretation. A portion of the course will involve reviewing statistical methods, but the practical uses, interpretation, and intuitive understanding of various statistics will be stressed, rather than computation and mathematical proofs. You will have an opportunity to carry out and analyze a small-scale student survey. You will also have a chance to learn how to use the computer for some simple analyses, and find out that it really is a friendly beast. However, no previous computer experience is required. The course will involve a combination of lectures and lab periods. There will be three exams, including the final. The primary textbooks will be The Practice of Social Research, by Earl Babbie, and The Research Experience, Patricia Golden, Ed. (Simkus)

389. Practicum in Sociology. Permission of instructor. May not be included in a concentration plan in sociology. (2-4). (Excl). Offered mandatory credit/no credit. (EXPERIENTIAL). May be repeated for a total of 8 credits.

The practicum in sociology provides students with the opportunity for experiential learning through volunteer work in a variety of community organizations. Field placements for students are arranged through the programs of Project Community at the University of Michigan. Project Community includes the Inmate Project, the Innovative Tutorial Experience and the Medical Field Project, as well as several smaller programs which may vary each term. In addition to their work in the community, students keep logs of their work experience and write short papers integrating their field activities with sociological analyses. Speakers, weekly seminars and outside readings also are used to promote learning of general sociological principles and to broaden students' understanding of their field work. There is no preregistration for Soc. 389. Interested students should contact the Project Community Office (763-3548, 2204 Michigan Union) at the beginning of the term to add Sociology 389. (Chesler)

For Undergraduates and Graduates

400. Sociological Principles and Problems. For juniors, seniors, and graduate students with no background in sociology. No credit granted to those who have completed 100. (3). (SS).
Section 001 Principles and Problems.
An introduction to sociological theory and research from the perspective of political economy. Marx's theory of social class and class conflict will form the basis of a critical analysis of social norms and deviance, gender and kinship, race and ethnicity, and social change. Texts include Domhoff, Who Rules America?, Becker, The Other Side: Perspectives on Deviance; Tarvis and Offir, The Longest War: Sex Differences in Perspective; and Williams, Capitalism and Slavery. (Paige)

Section 002 Principles and Problems Formulation and Empirical Testing of Mathematical Issues. This course is an introduction to scientific sociology. Substantive topics of particular interest include: marriage and divorce, voting and electoral outcomes, class structures, income inequality, redistributive schemes, and social mobility. Mathematical models of these and other phenomena will be proposed. Designs for testing the implications of these models will be formulated. Empirical research will be reviewed. The principal tools for the course are elementary calculus and probability distributions. (Jasso)

401. Contemporary Social Issues III. (2-4). (SS). Credit is granted for a combined total of 8 credits elected through Soc. 202, 203, and 401.
Section 001 Issues in the Sociology of Mental Illness.
Recent research about the influence of the social environment on mental health is studied in this course. We begin by reading theoretical discussions about the importance of stress and coping for an understanding of mental illness. Then we launch into a detailed analysis of recently published research evidence. Specific areas of research to be covered include (a) studies about the importance of role strains in explaining the relationship between gender and depression; (b) studies about socialization influences on individual differences in responsiveness to stressful life events; and (c) recent evidence about the stress-buffering effects of social support networks. Readings consist primarily of recently published journal articles. Course requirements consist of a midterm and final examination as well as a library research paper. (Kessler)

405. Theory in Sociology. No credit granted to those who have completed 305. (3). (SS).

This course is designed to familiarize the student with classical sociological theory. We will focus on the works of Marx, Weber and Durkheim. Our principal concern is to reach an understanding of the influential theories of societies and how they are useful today in making sense of the social world and stimulating additional research and theory-building. We will use both primary and secondary sources in our journey through classical sociological theory. (Morris)

423. Social Stratification. (3). (SS).
Section 001.
This course will survey the substantive and methodological literature on the analysis of social stratification systems. Particular attention will be paid to the distributions of wealth and income. Three major topics will be addressed: (1) the description and comparison of income distributions, (2) macro models in which income attainment is either a cause or a consequence, and (3) macro models in which some aspect of income distributions is either a cause or a consequence. New tools for analyzing and comparing income distributions will be introduced. (Jasso)

Section 002. This course focuses upon issues of social inequality in American society. The approach is critical and analytical, with particular emphasis upon study of: (1) perspectives of social stratification; (2) criteria of social rank; (3) the distribution of rewards and resources in American society; and (4) subcultural patterns (race, class, and ethnicity). Assignments include a paper and two examinations. Readings come from a variety of sources, and include library reserve materials. The class format is lecture with class discussion encouraged. Enrollment is for students registered with CEW, permission of instructor is required for other students. (Fox)

428. Social Institutions of Communist China. (3). (SS).

The course is a general and systematic introduction to the way Chinese society is organized today, and how it has changed since 1949. The main topics covered are the historical background, political and legal institutions and values, economic institutions, village life and people's communes, the family, educational institutions and China since the Cultural Revolution. No previous background on China is assumed, and the course attempts to present as thorough an understanding of contemporary Chinese social organization as possible, given the amount of time available. Readings cover a variety of points of view, and include some options for students with particular interests. The course includes a midterm and final examination, with a term paper substitutable for the final. The course attempts to understand Chinese society by frequent comparisons with traditional China, with the Soviet Union, and with other developing societies and their problems. (Whyte)

435. The Urban Community. Credit is granted for only one course from Soc. 335, 435, or 535. Does not meet sociology doctoral requirements. (3). (SS).

This course will examine the major substantive areas of migration research drawing from the demographic, economic and geographic literature. It will focus primarily on migration and redistribution in the United States, although coverage of topics will be made flexible enough to accommodate those with interests in other areas. The main objectives of the course will be to familiarize participants with the existing literature on redistribution patterns and issues, to provide an overview of theories and models which have been proposed to explain migration in various contexts, and to cover the methods of analysis and availability of data that can be used to examine the migration component of population change. (Frey)

445. Comparative Family Systems. (3). (SS).

This course is designed to introduce students to materials on how family life varies around the world. The first half of the course uses primarily cross-cultural materials dealing with pre-industrial societies. The second half of the course concerns how modern changes (industrialization, urbanization, revolution, etc.) affect family life, and a consideration of recent changes in family life in America. Along the way students will be presented with a variety of theories and studies designed to explain how and why family life varies; why the position of women is higher in some societies than others, why divorce rates are higher in some societies than others, why some societies allow more freedom of mate choice than others, and so forth. The course takes primarily a lecture format, with interruptions and questions encouraged. The readings include some common theoretical and descriptive studies, and sets of choices of books describing family life in particular cultures that students can work on as case studies. (Whyte)

461. Social Movements. (3). (SS).

This course is designed for students who wish to engage in critical in-depth analysis of two major American social movements. Basic sociological concepts of power, conflict, class, complex organizations, and race will be explored. In order to get a handle on these movements we will explore relevant sociological theories and research pertaining to "social movements. " (Morris)

465/Psych. 488. Sociological Analysis of Deviant Behavior. (3). (SS).

An advanced undergraduate or graduate level course that addresses the broad question: how do people become social deviants? Films and simulation games will be used to concretize various types of deviance and deviance-producing processes, and readings will provide theoretical frameworks as well as further case material. Discussions will be the primary vehicles for bringing these elements together, with lectures playing only a minor role. Students must be prepared to raise questions or else to resolve for themselves the inevitable loose-ends associated with such a discussion-oriented course. Substantively, the course has two major parts. The first will examine in detail the social processes by which individuals are "officially" designated deviant: specifically, how social rules are created, enforced, and adjudicated by legislatures, the police, and the courts. The second will examine some major theories about the causes of deviant behavior by focusing on a series of more specific types of criminal activity: e.g., theft, delinquency, violent crimes, corporate crimes. A portion of the course will also be devoted to student projects entailing analyses of the autobiographies of deviants of the student's own choosing. (Modigliani)

467. Juvenile Delinquency. (3). (SS).

In this course we will examine traditional sociological conceptions of the causes of delinquent behavior. We will also consider those punitive and therapeutic approaches which have been used to respond to delinquency. Course requirements include a midterm and a final. (Covington)

468. Criminology. (3). (SS).

One of the most common assertions in the study of crime and crime control is that the culture and social institutions of the United States cause the patterns of criminal activity in the society. In this course we critically examine these ideas exploring theory and evidence about the relationships between patterns of crime and crime control activity and the social and cultural institutions of American society. Specific topics include the social theory of criminal behavior, the behavior of the crime control system (police, courts, and prisons), economic conditions and crime, capital punishment, gun control, mandatory sentencing, and the relationship between pornography and violent crime. There will be two lectures per week. Evaluations are based on a research paper and two in-class examinations. (Loftin)

482/Psych. 482. Personal Organization and Social Organization. (3). (SS).

See Psychology 482. (Veroff)

486/Psych. 486. Attitudes and Social Behavior. Introductory psychology; or senior standing and permission of instructor. (3). (SS).

See Psychology 486. (Jackson)

495, 496, 497. Special Courses. (2-3). (SS). May be repeated for credit.

In this course, we will examine heroin use in sociocultural perspective by considering those conditions which led to its emergence as a social problem and variations in the nature of the problem over time. We will also be concerned with those social factors which led to initial drug use and explain the escalation from drug use to drug abuse. (Covington)

For Sociology Honors Students, Seniors, and Graduates

587/Psych. 516. Advanced Laboratory in Social Psychology. Stat. 402 or 300, and prior or concurrent enrollment in Soc. 486. (3). (SS).

See Psychology 516.

590. Proseminar in Social Psychology. Graduate standing or permission of instructor. Some background in social psychology is desirable. (3). (SS).

A graduate level introduction to social psychology from a sociological perspective. Open to advanced undergraduates as well, but they are advised to consult with the instructor before registering. The course considers major theoretical and empirical contributions to sociological social psychology, including early as well as contemporary classics. Topics covered include social interaction, attitude and belief systems, roles and reference groups, socialization, and social structure and personality. The class will be structured mainly around discussion of readings, which will be drawn from the volume, Sociological Perspectives on Social Psychology and a core reading list available in the Sociology Graduate Office, plus a small number of additional selections yet to be determined. Evaluation will be based on several short papers or prelim-type essay exams. (House)

591. Special Areas of Social Psychology. Soc. 590 or permission of instructor. (3). (SS).

This course will deal with the nature of attitudes and their distinction from such related concepts as beliefs and values; problems in the use and assessment of attitudes in large-scale surveys; beliefs and belief systems; attitude-behavior problems; measurements of natural behavior in place of verbalized; connections between attitudes and social structure; criticisms of the attitude concept and of the role of attitudes in social psychology. The course will be carried out primarily through discussion. Students will also be expected to write one or two brief papers on the assigned readings, and one longer paper on a problem of their own choosing. The course is intended primarily for graduate students in Sociology and Psychology, but open to others (including upper level undergraduates) with the permission of the instructor. Please consult the instructor if you have questions about enrolling in the course. (Schuman)

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