Near Eastern Studies

General Near East (Division 439)

101. Introduction to Near Eastern Studies. (3). (HU).

This course offers a broad, humanistic examination of the numerous elements which make up the Near East. Students will be introduced to the people, cultures, historical background, and economic and political problems of the area. The course emphasizes the period from the rise of Islam to modern times and shows how Europeans and N.E. populations through a series of encounters and confrontations have learned from and influenced each other. The course has no prerequisites. While intended for the general student body, it will also provide a structural framework for beginning students in N.E. Studies by showing the relationship between subject matter presented in more advanced courses. There will be one midterm and a final. Two short term papers (5 pp.), the first on outside readings, the second on accompanying films. The course is based on lectures, guest lecturers, and class discussion. Special "lab" sessions will introduce students to N.E. food and dance. (Kolars)

201/Rel. 201. Introduction to World Religions: Near Eastern. (4). (HU).

See Religion 201. (Brooks)

445(345). Introduction to Ancient and Classical Near Eastern Literature. (3). (HU).

Our fascination with the Near East is not just limited to archaeological and historic records; these but suggest the outlines of life during humankind's cultural infancy. More than anything else, it is the literature of a people which reveal its heart and mind, its emotions and thoughts. This course opens the door for the contemporary student into the innermost life of ancient and more recent peoples living in the lands surrounding the Eastern Mediterranean. It identifies the popular forms of narrative and poetic expression, explains the social backgrounds of early Near Eastern literature, and considers its links with our contemporary Western literary traditions. Lectures and discussions focus on representative myths, stories and poems. The literatures covered in this course include (1) Ancient Near Eastern literatures: ancient Egyptian, Assyrian-Babylonian, Hittite, Iranian, Biblical leading to (2) Classical Near Eastern and Islamic literatures: Arabic, Persian and Turkish, and literary activity in Hebrew. Each literature is taught by a different faculty member. Student evaluation is by examination (graduates have to prepare an additional term paper). The required texts are specially selected, xeroxed and available in Course Pack form. There are no prerequisites, but NES 101 or some other background on the Near East is recommended. (Stewart-Robinson)

469. Jewish Civilization. (3). (SS).

Lectures on topics in Jewish Intellectual History, with class discussion based on selected reading assignments. (Schramm)

473/Hist.442. Ottoman Power in Europe and the Near East, 1258 1789. (3). (HU).

See History 442. (Lindner)

497. Senior Honors Thesis. Permission of instructor. (1-6). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT).

The Senior Honors thesis is for students who have been approved by the Near Eastern Studies concentration advisor, honor's advisor, and the LS&A Honor's Council. This course should be taken both terms of the senior year for three credits per term. The length of the thesis may vary, but 50-60 pages is common. Two advisors should be chosen. The principal advisor will be a member of the faculty in whose field of expertise the thesis topic lies, and he or she will oversee the student's research and the direction taken by the thesis. The deadline for submission of a draft of the thesis is the end of the week following spring break. The completed thesis must be submitted by the beginning of the exam period. Upon completion of the Honors thesis (and maintenance of a minimum overall grade point average of 3.5), Honors candidates may be recommended by the two advisors and Honors advisor for a degree "with highest Honors," "with high Honors," or "with Honors," in Near Eastern Studies (followed by the area of specialization). A notation is made on the diploma and the transcript.

Ancient and Biblical Studies (ABS: Division 317)

Elementary and Intermediate Language Courses

201, 202. Elementary Biblical Hebrew. ABS 201 or equivalent is prerequisite to 202. (3 each). (FL).

Hebrew 201 is offered Fall Term, 1983.

Introduction to the grammar, vocabulary and style of the Hebrew Bible via lectures and class recitation. Weekly quizzes and daily homework assignments on which grades are based. (Schramm)

388/Religion 388. Eternal Life. (3). (HU).

This series of lectures will explore the Christian doctrine of eternal life, its basis in New Testament writings and Old Testament expectations, and its development in patristic, medieval, and post-Reformation theology. Parallel doctrines in other religions will also be discussed. The course is open to anyone who will meet on Monday evenings throughout the Fall Term. Students will be expected to participate in discussion sections concurrently with the lectures. (Kung)

489/Greek 489. Letters of Paul in Greek. Permission of instructor. For undergraduates and graduate students. (3). (HU).

See Greek 489. (Nissen)

521, 522. Introduction to Akkadian. 521: Permission of instructor; ABS 521 is prerequisite to 522. (3 each).

521 is offered Fall Term, 1983.

Introduction to the morphology and syntax of the Akkadian (Babylonian and Assyrian) language, and the basics of the cuneiform script. Selected readings of ancient Babylonian historical and literary texts. (Michalowski)

Arabic (and Berber) Studies (Arabic: Division 321)

Elementary and Intermediate Language Courses

101, 102. Elementary Modern Standard Arabic Through Self-Instruction. Permission of instructor. (2-6 each). (FL). May be elected for a total of six credits.

Arabic 101 and 102 are offered Fall Term, 1983.

Arabic 101. This course provides an introduction to the phonology and script of modern literary Arabic and to the language's basic vocabulary and fundamental grammatical constructions. It offers combined training in listening, speaking, reading, writing and using the Arabic dictionary. Students have access to a tutor for as many as four hours a week. Amount of credit awarded depends on number of lessons satisfactorily completed. Students should consult instructor or course coordinator in advance for the schedule of lessons per credit hour. Arabic 101 may be taken for two to six credits. Course grade is based on review tests satisfactorily completed, the opinion of the tutor, and a final exam. Textbooks: (1) A Programmed Course in Modern Arabic Phonology and Script by E.N. McCarus and R. Rammuny; (2) Elementary Modern Standard Arabic Through-Self Instruction by E. McCarus et al. (Staff, Rammuny)

Arabic 102. This course may not be taken until six hours of Arabic 101 have been completed. It is a continuation of Arabic 101 and includes continued drill practice on the phonological system, on basic vocabulary and morphology, and on Arabic syntactic patterns. The course stresses oral practice with increasing emphasis on reading selections based on Arab culture and on producing Arabic orally and in writing. Students have access to a tutor for as many as four hours a week. Amount of credit awarded depends on number of lessons and review tests satisfactorily completed. Course grade is based on the review tests completed, the opinion of the tutor, and a final examination. Textbooks: Elementary Modern Standard Arabic Through Self-Instruction by E.N. McCarus et al. (Rammuny)

201. Elementary Modern Standard Arabic. (6). (FL).

Arabic 201 covers the material of Arabic 101 and 102 in one term. It is especially recommended for students concentrating in Arabic or for those who expect to have some immediate use of Arabic. Its primary goals are: (1) mastery of the phonology and writing systems of literary Arabic; (2) control of the basic grammatical structures of the language; (3) mastery of about 800 vocabulary items; and (4) acquisition of related skills. The materials used are based on a combined approach stressing the four language skills: listening, speaking, reading and writing. The course starts with A Programmed Course in Modern Literary Arabic Phonology and Script by Ernest McCarus and Raji Rammuny. These introductory programmed materials are usually completed within the first two weeks of classes. This is immediately followed by Elementary Modern Standard Arabic, Part I by Peter Abboud et al. This book is especially designed to provide careful guidance to both the student and the teacher. At the end of the course, the student is expected to be able to read printed and handwritten literary Arabic and to produce familiar material in a manner acceptable to a native speaker. In addition, the student should have acquired related skills such as familiarity with the use of Arabic's dictionaries, or the ability to use a small set of greetings and polite expressions. The course meets eight hours per week for eight credits. Use of language lab is necessary and strongly recommended to reinforce classroom work. The course grade is based on daily assignments, weekly quizzes, bi-weekly tests, classroom performance, and a final exam. The two main features of Arabic 201 are that it is taught by a native speaker instructor, and that it involves constant oral and written practice. No previous classroom experience in the language is required. (Staff, Rammuny)

401. Intermediate Modern Standard Arabic. Arabic 202 or the equivalent. (6). (FL).

Only Arabic 401 is offered Fall Term, 1983.

The course emphasizes a review of morphology and a continuation of the study of Arabic syntax. There are selected readings taken from various genres of modern prose fiction and nonfiction, with special emphasis on oral work, reading, active mastery of a basic Arabic vocabulary, and development of composition skills. Passages in Arabic are translated sometimes with and sometimes without the use of a dictionary. There are also dictionary practice drills which are intended to aid vocabulary acquisition and discussion of specific morphological problems based on extracts taken from Arabic newspapers. This is a semi-intensive course which meets six hours each week. With the aim of achieving a practical command of spoken modern standard Arabic, there is an application of the fundamentals of grammar through drill sessions with a native speaker. In order to develop a command of written Arabic, students produce (in Arabic) weekly summaries, commentaries, and composition. Arabic 401 is required of all students concentrating in Arabic and is recommended for students who expect to learn the language for use in related fields. Weekly quizzes, midterm, and final. (Staff, Rammuny)

Literature, Civilization, and Advanced Language Courses

415, 416. Syrian Colloquial Arabic. Arabic 402. (3 each). (Excl).

This course teaches the basic principles of pronunciation and grammar of colloquial educated Arabic as spoken in Jerusalem, Beirut, Damascus and Amman, through oral and pattern practice drill. Towards the end of the course emphasis shifts to practical use of the dialect based on expanded vocabulary and texts containing more cultural and idiomatic content than the first lessons. For Whom : This course is recommended for students who plan to travel or to work in the Levant and those who need Arabic for immediate oral use. Evaluation and Requirements : Use of language laboratory to reinforce class work and also to do assignments which need to be recorded. The course grade is based on classroom performance, assignments, tests, and the examination. Special Features : The course is accompanied by tape recordings of the pronunciation drills, the basic texts, the vocabulary, the conversations and the listening comprehension selections. In addition, it is taught by a native speaker of the dialect to be taught. Texts: Colloquial Levantine Arabic by Ernest McCarus et. al. (Rammuny)

430(530). Introduction to Arabic Linguistics. Arabic 402 or equivalent, or competence in general linguistics. (3). (Excl).

This course is an introductory survey to the phonology, morphology and syntax of literary and dialectual Arabic. It is designed to accommodate Arabic concentrators with little training in linguistics and linguistics concentrators with no knowledge of Arabic. Class will be devoted to lectures and discussions. Course grade will be based on homework problems arising from class discussion, and a final exam (no term paper). No textbook, but a reading list will be distributed. (McCarus)

Hebrew Studies (Hebrew: Division 387)

Literature, Civilization and Advanced Language Courses

547, 548. The Bible in Jewish Tradition. Permission of instructor. (2 each). (HU).

Hebrew 547 is offered Fall Term, 1983.

Readings in the literature of the Hebrew Bible together with the major medieval commentaries and references to Talmudic and sectarian law. A term paper, with the presentation to class, is required. (Schramm)

Iranian Studies (Iranian: Division 398)

Elementary and Intermediate Language Courses

201, 202. Elementary Persian. (4 each). (FL).

Persian 201 is offered Fall Term, 1983.

Persian 201 is the first term of a two year (four-term) sequence of language coursework that takes the student through to an intermediate level of reading and speaking the Persian language. Student evaluation is based on examinations-periodic quizzes, a midterm, and a final. The basic text, Modern Persian. Elementary Level, by Windfuhr and Tehranisa, will be used throughout Persian 201 and supplemented by coordinated tapes produced for enrolled students in the language lab. (Windfuhr)

401, 402. Intermediate Persian. Iranian 202 or equivalent. (4 each). (FL).

Only Persian 401 is offered Fall Term, 1983.

This sequence is designed to lead the student to the near independent study of Persian. Reading and comprehension, conversation and composition are systematically developed. The textbook is a new series of volumes accompanied by tapes covering modern fiction, expository prose and cultural-topic material both in readings and dialog form. The language of the classroom is increasingly Persian. Textbook: Modern Persian. Intermediate Level, Vol. I and II. Windfuhr et al., Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1980. (Windfuhr)

Turkish Studies (Turkish: Division 493)

Elementary and Intermediate Language Courses

201, 202. Elementary Turkish. Turkish 201 or equivalent is prerequisite to 202. (4 each). (FL).

Part of the departmental sequence in modern Turkish language, Turkish 201 is offered only in the Fall Term and Turkish 202 only in the Winter Term. This course focuses on speaking, reading and writing the language of modern Turkey. Course topics include the principles of Turkish grammar with the phonological structure, basic sentence patterns and the morphology of the language. The method of instruction is of the recitation variety and includes written and oral work. There are laboratory sessions and conversation periods. Students are evaluated on the basis of class participation, written work, a midterm and a final examination. The required texts are: H. Sebuktekin, Turkish for Foreigners (available in departmental office) and G.L. Lewis, Turkish (Teach Yourself Books, Hodder and Stoughton, 1980). (Stewart-Robinson)

401, 402. Intermediate Turkish. Turkish 202 or equivalent is prerequisite to 401; 401 or equivalent is prerequisite to 402. (4 each). (FL).

Turkish 401 is offered Fall Term, 1983.

Part of the departmental sequence in Modern Turkish. The course is designed for students who have completed Turkish 202 or its equivalent as determined by the instructor. It provides further study of Turkish grammar, vocabulary and pronunciation. Comprehension and oral and written expression will be developed by critique of translation and composition and by memorization of short texts. Reading will be emphasized. Special needs of the students as to subject matter will be taken into consideration. There will be a midterm and a final examination; evaluation will also include class performance. Text: Robert Underhill, Turkish Grammar (on reserve at UGLi) and a readings course pack.

Literature, Civilization, and Advanced Language Courses

501. Modern Turkish Readings. Turkish 402 or equivalent. (2). (HU).

Since this course is part of the departmental sequence in modern Turkish, admission to it is dependent on satisfactory completion of Turkish 402 or its equivalent as determined by the instructor. It is designed to further develop reading and comprehension competence in a variety of modern Turkish styles; newspaper and learned articles, political tracts, government publications, etc. The method of instruction is through recitation including preparation, reading and oral or written translation of texts in class or at home with discussion of grammar, style and content. Students are evaluated on their class preparation, a midterm and a final examination. Among the texts used are A. Tietze's Advanced Turkish Reading and a collection of xeroxed materials. (Stewart-Robinson)

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