Classical Studies

Classical Archaeology (Division 342)

221/Hist. of Art 221. Introduction to Greek Archaeology. (4). (HU).

This course surveys the history and art of Crete and Greece as revealed by archaeology from the third millennium through the 4th century B.C. In the prehistoric period, particular attention is given to architectural and ceramic developments as well as to the crosscurrent of trade and economic contacts among Asia Minor, Crete, and mainland Greece. Emphasis is also given to the impact archaeology has had on views and theories of history: the destructions of the civilizations of Crete and Troy, the end of the bronze age, the volcanic eruption of Thera. In the historic period, major artistic developments in architecture, sculpture, and painting are considered and special attention is given to social interpretations: temples as banks and monasteries; sculpture as dedication, decoration, and commemorative propaganda; architectural sculpture as realized myth. Discussions in the sections will concentrate on the historical background, archaeological field techniques, methods of dating and stratigraphy. The sections will meet in the Kelsey museum where it will be possible to work with the actual ancient artifacts recovered in University of Michigan excavations. There are two one hour examinations and a final as well as illustrated lectures and assigned readings. (Pedley)

437/Hist. of Art 437. Egyptian Art and Archaeology. (3). (HU).

See History of Art 437. (Root)

440/Hist. of Art 440. Cities and Sanctuaries of Classical Greece. A course in archaeology or permission of instructor. (3). (HU).

This course surveys the archaeological remains of the major city sites and religious sanctuaries of Classical Greece and traces their development from the emergence of Greece from the Dark Ages in the 8th century B.C. to the eastern expansion of Alexander the Great. Particular attention is given to the relationship between architectural and political developments insofar as changing architectural forms and emphasis can be said to reflect changing governmental forms. The city of Athens with its well-excavated civic center and documented democratic development is used as a specific model. The sanctuaries are studied for what light they can shed on governments in the city sanctuaries and the growth of pan-Hellenism in the regional sanctuaries such as Delphi and Olympia. All monuments studied in the course are also discussed in the context of their place within the development and refinement of Greek architectural styles and techniques over the centuries covered. Course requirements consist of one hour exam, a short (10-12 page) research paper, and a final exam based on illustrated lectures and required readings. (Herbert)

534/Hist. of Art 534. Ancient Painting. Hist. of Art 101 and either Class. Arch. 221 or 222; or permission of instructor. (3). (HU).

This course will examine the development of key phases of painting in the ancient world from the Paleolithic period through the time of the Etruscans. In Fall Term 1983 the course will be taught by a visiting Professor.

Classical Civilization (Division 344)

Courses in this division do not require a knowledge of Greek or Latin. They are intended for students who have not had time or opportunity to learn these languages but who wish to acquire knowledge of ancient literature, life, and thought, and of the debt modern civilization owes the Greeks and Romans.

101. Classical Civilization I: The Ancient Greek World (in English). (4). (HU).

This course serves as an introduction to the civilization of ancient Greece from its beginnings through the Hellenistic age. It is offered for students without a knowledge of Greek or Latin and also serves as a companion course for students in elementary Greek and Latin classes who wish to supplement their language learning. Lectures include topics on history, literature, art, archaeology, philosophy, mythology, society, customs, politics, science, religion, law, and the economic life of Greece with special emphasis on ancient Athens. The lectures are given by various members of the Classical Studies Department and other departments. Literature read includes The Iliad and The Odyssey of Homer; selections from Greek lyric poetry; selected tragedies of Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides; selections from the historians Herodotus and Thucydides; and selected philosophical writings of Plato. The readings average about 120 pages per week. There will be a midterm, three papers, and a final examination. This course is the first of a two-term series. Classical Civilization 102 is offered in the Winter Term and represents an equivalent treatment of the civilization of ancient Rome. It is recommended that the course be taken as a sequence, but it is not required. (Cameron)

352. Greek and Latin Elements in English Vocabulary. (3). (HU).

Students will learn enough elements of Greek and Latin vocabulary to increase significantly their understanding of English word formation. This leads to an improved ability to understand many unfamiliar words and to retain them. Although the emphasis is on Greek and Latin elements, the contribution of other languages is not neglected. Students are required to complete one programmed textbook and one more book chosen by the student with the approval of the instructor. A log of words learned each week beyond those in the text or covered in class is required. A minimum of 10 unit critiques and tests, a midterm, and a final exam. (Section 001 - Staff; Section 002 Witke)

388/Phil. 388. History of Philosophy: Ancient. One Philosophy Introduction. (4). (HU).

See Philosophy 388. (N. White)

469/English 488. Ancient Literary Criticism. Junior standing. (3). (HU).

This course is designed as an introduction to literary criticism in antiquity. We will read the famous Greek and Roman texts in the classical tradition (by Plato, Aristotle, Longinus, Horace, and Cicero) as well as works by writers who are, perhaps, less frequently studied but no less important to the development of ancient ideas about literature (for example, Gorgias and other major Sophists, Demetrius, Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Plutarch, Lucilius, Seneca, and Plotinus). Though our approach will be loosely historical, we will organize our study around several related topics that figure prominently in Greek and Roman criticism: (1) the poet's place in society; (2) the nature and importance of mimesis; (3) the development of concepts of "style"; and (4) the origins of genre. Throughout the course, one of our aims is to explore the significance of Greek and Roman ways of formulating critical issues for the later tradition of Western literary theory. In addition, whenever possible, we will focus on modern responses to the ancient critical texts. The course requirements include a midterm and final exam and a term paper. In addition to these requirements, graduate students in Classical Studies will be asked to read several of the texts on the syllabus in the original (the choice of texts is flexible and will depend on the interests of the individual) and to submit a final paper conformable to expectations of seminars at their level. (Gellrich)

472. Roman Law. Not open to freshmen. (3). (HU).

This course acquaints students with the fundamental concepts of Roman private law, with their origin in the society and government of the High Roman Empire, and with their all-important influence in the development of Western European legal theory and institutions. The course aims primarily to meet the interests of undergraduates with a bent toward law as a profession, but it is open to all students (except freshmen). This year we will be experimenting with a direct application of the American case-law method to the teaching of Roman law. Our basic text will be a series of actual problems from the Roman jurists, which we will discuss in class; only as the occasion demands will the instructor "fill in the gaps" with short lectures on other relevant legal material. Thus students should develop a feel for legal analysis and for the contribution made through such analysis by the Roman jurists; at the same time, students will learn Roman law in a form that will be directly relevant to future legal studies. Besides the handouts, one general introduction to Roman law (ca. 250 pages) will be required reading. There will be one hour test on material covered in class, in addition to the final examination; one paper (10 pages) will allow the student to analyze in detail a particular legal problem. (Frier)

Classical Linguistics (Division 345)

503/Rom. Ling. 503. History of the Latin Language I: 600 1 B.C. Latin 221 or equivalent. (2). (HU).

Reading and interpretation (linguistic rather than literary or historical) of Latin texts, chiefly inscriptions, dating from ca. 600 B.C. to 1 B.C., and selected to show the condition and evolution of the spoken Latin language as distinguished from written, Classical Latin. The prerequisite is a reading knowledge of Latin (equivalent to the proficiency attained at the end of a one-year course in college). The texts to be read, and commentaries, are contained in an anthology; students are also provided with a bibliography of works for outside reading and homework, a number of which are placed on Graduate Reserve in the Library. The course is conducted with lectures and discussion. Evaluation is based on a written final examination, or on a midterm examination and a final term paper. The course is the first half of the sequence Classical Linguistics 503-504, the second half, using the same anthology (which is usable also for two other linguistics courses), to deal with the six centuries after Christ. Either course may be taken without the other. (Pulgram)

Classical Greek (Division 385)

Elementary Courses

101. Elementary Greek. (4). (FL).

In combination with Greek 102, this is the first half of a year-long introduction to ancient Greek and is designed to prepare students for the reading of Greek texts. Greek 101 concentrates on fifth-century B.C. Attic Greek which was the language of the "golden age" of Athens. The Greek language of that time and place represents a cultural and linguistic central point from which students can pursue their own interests within a wide range of Greek literature which extends from the Homeric epics to the Byzantine era and which includes the archaic, classical, and hellenistic periods as well as the koine Greek of the New Testament. The purpose of the course is to develop the fundamentals of the language so that these fundamentals can then be applied to whatever area of ancient Greek students wish to pursue. (Section 001 - Gellrich; Section 002 Ross)

301. Second-Year Greek. Greek 102 or equivalent. (4). (FL).

This course is the first half of the second-year ancient Greek language sequence. It includes a grammar review, translation (primarily Plato), and analysis of ancient Greek texts. The primary purpose of the course is to prepare students for more and faster reading of Greek. It is followed by Greek 302 which is offered Winter Term. (Edwards)

Intermediate Courses

401. Early Greek Prose and Poetry. Greek 302 or equivalent. (3). (HU).

This course is designed primarily to teach students how to read ancient Greek with some speed and comprehension. Some attention is given to the development of literary genres, especially lyric poetry and historical prose in the sixth and fifth centuries B.C. About one-third of the course is spent on the lyric poets and the remaining two-thirds on the Histories of Herodotus. A midterm, a final examination, and one or two short papers are required. (Udris)

Advanced Courses

435. Fifth-Century Prose. (3). (HU).

Selections from historical, scientific, rhetorical, and philosophical writings with emphasis on argument and style. Midterm, final, and a 10-page paper. The prerequisite is two years of college Greek. (Henderson)

489/ABS 489. Letters of Paul in Greek. Permission of instructor. For undergraduates and graduate students. (3). (HU).

The letters of Paul to the Galatians and the Romans will be read in the original language with a line-by-line discussion of the text its language and thought. The edition of the text used is Nestle-Aland, Novum Testamentum Graece (American Bible Society), available at Ulrich's. Students electing this course must have at least one year of Attic Greek. To the degree that there is mastery of the paradigm forms and the principal parts of the most common irregular verbs, the reading assignments will be more manageable. Careful attention will be paid to the key features of koine Greek, especially as those features part company with Attic Greek morphology and syntax. Three hour exams, a two-hour final, and regular participation in class will determine the course grade. There are no papers. Permission of instructor required. For further information contact Assistant Dean Nissen, 1220 Angell Hall, 764-7297. (Nissen)

520. Sophocles. Greek 402. (3). (HU).
and Elektra will be read as examples of Sophoklean tragedy and in relation to Greek tragedy in general. Special attention will be paid to problems of text, meter, and interpretation. A third play of the student's choice will be read independently. Midterm and final examinations; a 10-page paper. (Henderson)

525. Dionysos: Literature and Documents. Greek 600; and permission of instructor. (3). (HU).

On the basis of literary and documentary texts (mostly inscriptions) in combination with archaeological and anthropological evidence, an attempt will be made to understand Dionysos and maenadism as a phenomenon of Greek religion. The recognition of the significance of rituals and myths will lead to a perception of Euripides' manipulations of religious beliefs in his Bacchae, and to a better understanding of his literary intentions in this play. Using the methods of both traditional philology and comparative religion, we shall interpret most of the Bacchae (in part, on the basis of Dodd's commentary) and, simultaneously, a fairly comprehensive selection of relevant literary and documentary texts on Dionysos (collected in a course pack). The students will be responsible for translations from the Greek and Latin texts and for interpretations of assigned sections and materials. The instructor may occasionally present comparative material in recitations, but preference will be given to discussions on the basis of the students' own readings of the primary sources. The evaluation of the students will be based on their performance in class and on one or two examinations (translations from the Greek and interpretative questions). The only requirement is a sufficient knowledge of Greek and Latin. (Koenen)

Latin Language and Literature (Division 411)

Elementary Courses

Two convictions are basic to the Elementary Latin Program of the Department of Classical Studies: (1) it is possible for every able-minded person to master the basic facts of a foreign language and (2) the learning experience leading to such a mastery is a privilege that is very specifically human and ought to be most satisfying. Essential grammatical facts are taught, and a knowledge of these facts enables students to understand Latin written by the famous authors of the Golden Age. Students acquire a working vocabulary and demonstrate understanding of the reading by writing a readable translation. Since at least 50% of the vocabulary of an educated speaker of English is Latin in origin, English improves as Latin stems and derivatives are learned. The program normally takes four terms to complete. A placement test may be taken at the beginning, middle, or end of a term, and a student may succeed in placing out of one or more courses in the introductory sequence.

In the elementary Latin program, the department is offering Latin 101, 102, 103, 193, 221, 231, and 232 in the Fall Term, 1983. Latin 101 (see below) is for students with no previous Latin. A placement examination will determine the appropriate course for other students who enter the elementary sequence. Students with questions or problems about which course to elect are encouraged to visit the department office in 2014 Angell Hall, 764-0360, or the Elementary Latin Office in 2012 Angell Hall, 764-8297.

101. Elementary Latin. No credit granted to those who have completed 103, 193, or 502. (4). (FL).

All of the assigned tasks/exercises in Latin 101 are directed toward the reading and translation of Classical Latin and not toward writing or conversation. The course has as its primary objective the acquisition of a fundamental understanding of basic Latin grammar. The text for the course is Knudsvig, Seligson, and Craig, Latin for Reading. Latin 101 covers approximately the first half of this text. Course topics include the morphology and syntax of nouns, pronouns, and adjectives; conjunctions, adverbs, and prepositions; and such basic sentence kernel types as active, passive, linking, and factitive. Grading is based on quizzes, class participation, hour examinations, and a final.

102. Elementary Latin. Latin 101. No credit granted to those who have completed 193 or 502. (4). (FL).

All of the assigned tasks/exercises in Latin 102 are directed toward the reading and translation of Classical Latin and not toward writing or conversation. The course continues the presentation of the essentials of the Latin language as it covers the last half of Knudsvig, Seligson, and Craig, Latin for Reading. Course topics include the morphology and syntax of verbs, and indirect statements, questions, and commands. Extended reading selections from Plautus (comedy) and Eutropius (history) are introduced. Grading is based on class participation, quizzes, hour examinations, and a final.

193. Intensive Elementary Latin I. No credit granted to those who have completed 101, 102, 103 or 502. (4). (FL).

Taught jointly with Latin 502. See Latin 502 for the description. (Section 001 Gellrich; Section 002 Staff)

221. Continuation Course in Latin. Two or more units of high school Latin and assignment by placement test. No credit granted to those who have completed 193, 194, 231, or 503. (4). (FL).

All of the assigned tasks/exercises in Latin 221 are directed toward the reading and translation of Classical Latin and not toward writing or conversation. The text used is the same as that in Latin 101 and 102, and the course starts at the beginning of the book. A more rapid pace is maintained as 221 covers the material of 101 and 102. Grading is based on class participation, quizzes, hour examinations, and a final.

231. Introduction to Latin Prose. Latin 102 or 103. No credit granted to those who have completed 193, 194, 221, or 503. (4). (FL).

This course reviews grammar as it introduces students to extended passages of classical Latin prose through selections from such authors of the first centuries B.C. and A.D. as Cicero, Caesar, Sallust, Livy, and Tacitus. Class discussions center upon the readings. Grading is based on class participation, quizzes, hour examinations, and a final.

232. Vergil, Aeneid. Latin 231 or 221. No credit granted to those who have completed 193, 194, 222, or 503. (4). (FL).

The goal of this course is simple: to read extensive passages of Vergil's Aeneid, with comprehension and enjoyment. To the degree that there is mastery of the paradigm forms and the most common principal parts of irregular verbs the daily assignments will be made easier. Careful attention is paid to Vergil's style, the more common poetic features he employs, mythological references, and the relation of the text to the life and times of the Emperor Augustus. Three hour exams, a two-hour final, and regular participation in class will determine the course grade; there are no papers. In-class translation is followed by a discussion of the text under consideration that day. (Section 001 Nissen; Section 002 Staff)

Intermediate Courses

301. Intermediate Latin. Latin 194, 222, 232 or equivalent. (4). (HU).

This course will provide Latin grammar review and some practice in elementary prose composition in conjunction with the reading of selections from Latin literature.

401. Republican Prose. Latin 232 or the equivalent. (3). (HU). May be repeated for a total of 9 credits with permission of concentration adviser.

In the Fall Term of 1983 we will read Livy, Books I and II. We will consider Livy's place in the Roman historiographical tradition, his poetic style, his understanding and interpretation of the history of early Rome, his personal biases, his use of sources, and his employment of the annalistic framework. We will consult the secondary literature when appropriate. There will be midterm and final examinations, and a 5-10 page paper.

Advanced Courses

409. Augustan Poetry. Latin 232 or the equivalent. (3). (HU). May be repeated for a total of 9 credits with permission of concentration adviser.

In the Fall Term of 1983 Latin 409 will be devoted to the study of Vergil's Aeneid. Due to the conviction that an undergraduate education in Latin is incomplete without a knowledge of Rome's national epic, this course has been designed with the specific intention of familiarizing the undergraduate with Vergil's magnum opus. Unlike Latin 441, which Professor Ross is offering, this course aims to treat the entire poem, with close reading of as much as possible of the Latin text and discussion of the remainder through use of an English translation. Although familiarity with Vergil's earlier poems, the Eclogues and Georgics is highly desirable, it is not a prerequisite for Latin 409. Course requirements include a short paper, midterm and final exams. (Udris)

421/Education D421. Teaching of Latin. Senior standing in Latin. (3). (HU).

A workshop-type course designed to provide prospective secondary and college teachers with the skills necessary to analyze structures and texts and to design instructional materials and class presentations. The course will also introduce the students to those aspects of descriptive linguistics that have practical application to teaching and learning Latin. (Knudsvig)

426. Practicum. Junior/senior standing. (3). (HU).

In the Fall Term, 1983, permission of the instructor is required to elect Latin 426. Students must submit a plan for a project related to the teaching of Latin. The course is designed primarily for students who wish to continue work begun in Latin 421. (Knudsvig)

435/MARC 440. Medieval Latin I, 500 900 A.D. Two years of college Latin or equivalent. (4). (HU).

See MARC 440. (Witke)

441. Vergil, Aeneid. (3). (HU).

We will read (at least) the last six books of the Aeneid. (Ross)

502. Rapid Beginning Latin. Intended for graduate students. No credit granted to those who have completed 101, 102, 103, 193, or 504. (4). (FL).

This course, taught jointly with Latin 193, is a rapid introduction to Latin and is intended for students with little or no prior Latin. It is especially designed for graduate students who are in such fields as history, medieval or renaissance literature, or linguistics and who need to acquire a reading competence in Latin as quickly and efficiently as possible. Upperclass undergraduates with the same needs or undergraduates who intend to continue the study of Latin and want a rapid introduction that enables them to take upper-level Latin courses as soon as possible should elect Latin 193. The first-term course (Latin 193/502) covers elementary grammar and syntax. (Section 001 Gellrich; Section 002 Staff)

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