**300. Introduction to Statistical Reasoning. *** (3).
(NS). *

This course is designed to provide an overview of the field of statistics. Course topics include approaches to the collection of numerical data, methods of analyzing and summarizing such data, statistical reasoning as a means of learning from observations (experimental or sample), and techniques for dealing with uncertainties in drawing conclusions from collected data. Basic fallacies in common statistical analyses and reasoning are discussed and proper methods indicated. Alternative approaches to statistical inference are also discussed. The course emphasis is on presenting basic underlying concepts rather than on covering a wide variety of different methodologies. Applications are drawn from a wide variety of disciplines. Evaluation is based upon class examinations, a final examination, and weekly assignments. The course format is lecture with some discussion.

**310. Elements of Probability. *** Prior or
concurrent enrollment in Math. 215. (3). (NS). *

This course covers the main ideas and uses of probability: expectation, variance, covariance, distribution functions, bivariate, marginal and conditional distributions, the binomial and related distributions, the Poisson process, the exponential and gamma distributions, the normal sample statistics, the law of large numbers, the central limit theorem. There are regularly assigned homework exercises, two in-class examinations, and a final examination. The emphasis is on problem solving and applications.

**311/I.O.E. 365. Engineering Statistics. *** Math.
215 and Eng. 102, or equivalent. No credit granted to those who
have completed 412. (4). (Excl). *

Analysis of engineering data associated with stochastic industrial processes. Topics include: fundamentals of distribution analyses; process model identification, estimation, testing of hypothesis, validation procedures, and evaluation of models by regression and correlation. Students are required to use the MTS computer system for problem solving.

**402. Introduction to Statistics and Data Analysis.
*** No credit granted to those who have completed 412.
(4). (NS).
Section 00l. * In this course students are introduced to the
concepts and applications of statistical methods and data analysis.
Statistics 402 has no prerequisite and has been elected by students
whose mathematics background includes only high school algebra.
Examples of applications are drawn from virtually all academic
areas. The course format includes three lectures and a laboratory
(l.5 hours per week). The laboratory section covers some of the
data analysis material and introduces the use of interactive computing through the use of MIDAS. Course evaluation is based on a combination
of three examinations

*Section 015: Permission of Comprehensive Studies Program
(CSP). * This CSP section, which covers the complete course
syllabus, is designed for students who want to be certain that they develop a thorough understanding of introductory statistics
and are willing to devote the effort necessary to do so. Extra
class time is provided for in-depth analysis of central concepts, group problem solving and additional exercises.

**403. Introduction to Statistics and Data Analysis II.
*** Stat. 402. (4). (NS).
Applied Regression and Analysis of Variance. * This course
surveys some intermediate topics in multiple linear regression
and the analysis of variance and covariance, stressing applications
rather than theory. We particularly emphasize residual analysis
in multiple regression and cover such topics as the least squares
estimation and tests of hypotheses, prediction analysis, multicolinearity
and variable selection. Fixed, random, and mixed models are all
discussed in the analysis of variance.

**404. Problem Solving in Medical Statistics. *** Enrollment
in Inteflex or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl). *

This course is intended to introduce students in the medical sciences to the measurement and interpretation of clinically relevant variables. Applications to the design and analysis of clinical trials and diagnosis are presented. The methodology includes some probability theory, classical inference, and curve fitting. Many of the topics are illustrated through current problems in medicine. (Rothman)

**405/Econ. 405. Introduction to Statistics. *** Math.
115 or permission of instructor. Juniors and seniors may elect
concurrently with Econ. 201 and 202. No credit granted to those
who have completed Econ. 404. (4). (SS). *

See Economics 405. (Kmenta)

**412. Introduction to Probability and Statistics. *** Prior
or concurrent enrollment in Math. 215 and either CCS 274 or Engin.
102. No credit granted to those who have completed 311 or 402.
(3). (NS). *

The objectives of this course are to introduce students to the basic ideas of probability and statistical inference and to acquaint students with some important data analytic techniques, such as regression and the analysis of variance. Examples will emphasize applications to the natural sciences and engineering. There will be regular homework, including assignments which require the use of MTS, two midterms, and a final exam.

**425/Math. 425. Introduction to Probability. *** Math.
215. (3). (N.Excl). *

See Mathematics 425.

**426. Introduction to Mathematical Statistics. *** Stat.
425. (3). (NS). *

This course covers the basic ideas of statistical inference, including sampling distributions, estimation, confidence intervals, hypothesis testing, regression, analysis of variance, nonparametric testing, and Bayesian inference. The sequence of Statistics 425/426 serves as a prerequisite for more advanced Statistics courses. Weekly problem sets, two hourly exams, and one final exam.

**500. Applied Statistics I. *** Math. 417 and a course in statistics (Stat. 402 or 426); or permission of instructor.
(3). (NS). *

Review of matrices, multivariate normal and related distributions. Regression and general least squares theory, Gauss-Markov theorem, estimation of regression coefficients, polynomial regression, step-wise regression, residuals. ANOVA models, multiple comparisons, analysis of covariance, Latin square designs, random and mixed-effect models. Applications and real data analysis will be stressed, with students using the computer to perform statistical analysis.

**510/Math. 525. Probability Theory. *** Math.
450 or 451; or permission of instructor. Students with credit
for Math. 425/Stat. 425 can elect Math. 525/Stat. 510 for one
credit. (3). (N.Excl). *

See Mathematics 525.

University of Michigan | College of LS&A | Student Academic Affairs | LS&A Bulletin Index

This page maintained by LS&A Academic Information and Publications, 1228 Angell Hall

The Regents
of the University of Michigan,

Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA +1 734 764-1817

Trademarks of the University of Michigan may not be electronically or otherwise altered or separated from this document or used for any non-University purpose.