Classical Studies

Classical Archaeology (Division 342)

221/Hist. of Art 221. Introduction to Greek Archaeology. (4). (HU).

This course surveys the history and art of Crete and Greece as revealed by archaeology from the third millennium through the 4th century B.C. In the prehistoric period, particular attention is given to architectural and ceramic developments as well as to the crosscurrent of trade and economic contacts among Asia Minor, Crete, and mainland Greece. Emphasis is also given to the impact archaeology has had on views and theories of history: the destructions of the civilizations of Crete and Troy, the end of the bronze age, the volcanic eruption of Thera. In the historic period, major artistic developments in architecture, sculpture, and painting are considered and special attention is given to social interpretations: temples as banks and monasteries; sculpture as dedication, decoration, and commemorative propaganda; architectural sculpture as realized myth. Discussions in the sections will concentrate on the historical background, archaeological field techniques, methods of dating and stratigraphy. The sections will meet in the Kelsey museum where it will be possible to work with the actual ancient artifacts recovered in University of Michigan excavations. There are two one hour examinations and a final as well as illustrated lectures and assigned readings. (Pedley)

421/History of Art 421. Art and Archaeology of the Ancient Near East. One previous art history, anthropology, or classical archaeology course recommended. (3). (HU).

See History of Art 421. (Root)

427/Hist. of Art 427. Pompeii: Its Life and Art. (3). (HU).

The history of the city of Pompeii, from the Etruscan and Greek periods through its destruction by volcanic eruption in A.D. 79. Attention will be paid to the development of the city plan, to architectural achievements (in both the public and private sectors), to social stratification and mobility, to religious developments, artistic currents, and to political organization. Throughout, attempts will be made to consider the particular ways in which a knowledge of Pompeii contributes uniquely to a modern appreciation of Roman civilization and culture; to this end, comparisons and contrasts with other Roman cities Ostia and Herculaneum will be stressed. Finally, some attention will be given to the history of the excavations, and to the contributions to 18th century artistic and cultural taste which resulted from the rediscovery of this ancient Campanian city. There will be a midterm and a final examination; and students will be expected to write a paper on a Pompeian topic of their choosing.

539/Hist. of Art 539. Greek Architecture. Hist. of Art 101 and Class. Arch. 330; or permission of instructor. (3). (HU).

This course is designed to acquaint the student with the chronological and stylistic development of the major forms of Greek architecture, sacred and secular, from the eighth through the second centuries B.C. The course will be divided into a series of units each treating a specific building type as it changed through time. Units will include the Doric temple, the Ionic temple, and other sacred building forms such as the treasury; the role of the stoa as an integrating architectural form of both sanctuary and city will be considered. The development of other key architectural forms theater, bouleuterion, prytaneion, and other public building types will also be covered. The organizational principles of larger architectural spaces in both city and sanctuary will also be discussed. Assigned texts will be: W. B. Dinsmoor, The Architecture of Ancient Greece; J. J. Coulton, Ancient Greek Architects at Work; and a set of about ten articles relevant to specific topics. There will be a midterm and final examination, unit quizzes, and three short(about 5 pages) research papers on assigned topics. (Herbert)

Classical Civilization (Division 344)

Courses in this division do not require a knowledge of Greek or Latin. They are intended for students who have not had time or opportunity to learn these languages but who wish to acquire knowledge of ancient literature, life, and thought, and of the debt modern civilization owes the Greeks and Romans.

101. Classical Civilization I: The Ancient Greek World (in English). (4). (HU).

This course serves as an introduction to the civilization of ancient Greece from its beginnings through the Hellenistic age. It is offered for students without a knowledge of Greek or Latin and also serves as a companion course for students in elementary Greek and Latin classes who wish to supplement their language learning. Lectures include topics on history, literature, art, archaeology, philosophy, mythology, society, customs, politics, science, religion, law, and the economic life of Greece with special emphasis on ancient Athens. The lectures are given by various members of the Classical Studies Department and other departments. Literature read includes The Iliad and The Odyssey of Homer; selections from Greek lyric poetry; selected tragedies of Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides; selections from the historians Herodotus and Thucydides; and selected philosophical writings of Plato. The readings average about 120 pages per week. There will be a midterm, three papers, and a final examination. Freshmen Honors students in Honors sections will write enough to meet the Introductory Composition requirement. This course is the first of a two-term series. Classical Civilization 102 is offered in the Winter Term and represents an equivalent treatment of the civilization of ancient Rome. It is recommended that the course be taken as a sequence, but it is not required. (Cameron)

352. Greek and Latin Elements in English Vocabulary. (3). (HU).

Students will learn enough elements of Greek and Latin vocabulary to increase significantly their understanding of English word formation. This leads to an improved ability to understand many unfamiliar words and to retain them. Although the emphasis is on Greek and Latin elements, the contribution of other languages is not neglected. Students are required to complete one programmed textbook and one more book chosen by the student with the approval of the instructor. A log of words learned each week beyond those in the text or covered in class is required. A minimum of 10 unit critiques and tests, a midterm, and a final exam. (Section 001 - McCulloch; Sections 002 and 003: Staff)

371. Greek and Roman Sport and Recreation I. (4). (HU).

The course is following the same format as in previous years. There are three lectures per week (MWF 12) and a discussion section which meets for two hours every two weeks. Students may choose from six discussion sections which all meet at different times. There is a midterm exam, a final, and two other short quizzes in lectures. Three papers are required and these are due at four-week intervals through the term, on topics to be assigned. The grade is composed one-third of exams in class, one-third of papers, and one-third of discussion sections. The course is devoted to a study of ancient Greek athletics, primarily the ancient Olympic games. Individual lectures cover all of the major sports, the relationship between sport and Greek society, and other recreational activities which were not part of the formal games such as hunting and ball games. About one-third of the lectures are given by other members of the Department of Classical Studies on topics in which they have a special interest. (Humphrey)

388/Phil. 388. History of Philosophy: Ancient. One Philosophy Introduction. (4). (HU).

See Philosophy 388. (N. White)

463. Greek Drama. (3). (HU).

Lectures on the history and development of the Greek theatre, and analysis of the major monuments of Greek tragedy, both as exemplary of their art in the context of the fifth century B.C. and as contributions to the Western tradition. The student will read most of the fourteen preserved plays of Aeschylus and Sophocles, and about half of the nineteen plays of Euripides, as well as Aristotle's Poetics. Requirements: midterm examination, term paper, and final examination, with some additional requirements for Rackham graduate students. (Gellrich)

466/Religion 468. Greek Religion. (3). (HU).

Lectures, readings, and slides will present characteristic Greek deities (particularly Zeus, Athene, Dionysos, Apollo, Hermes, Artemis), religious beliefs (e.g., cosmogonies in religious and philosophical thought; afterlife), rituals (like the different types of sacrifices), the religion of the city states (especially Athens), and personal religions (mysteries and their expansion in posthellenistic times; beliefs in a single cosmic power; gnosis; and magic). Though the Greek religion will mainly be seen in its own historical developments from Indo-European and Mediterranean cultures and within its own social and political environment, attention will be directed to the waves of influences of Near Eastern religions. Moreover, an attempt will be made to reach beyond the limitations of clearly defined historical influences and to discuss the influence of the paleolithan culture of hunters on the formation of religious mind pattern and rituals. In this wider context, Greek religion will be seen in the context of human behavior and the developing civilization. Particular attention will be given to the different concepts of time in mythical and historical thought as well as to their overlaps as they still appear in our contemporary culture. No knowledge of Greek is required; the ability to read French or German will be helpful but not essential. (Classical Civilization 462 is not a prerequisite, though some knowledge of Greek mythology would be useful.) (Koenen)

Classical Linguistics (Division 345)

504/Rom. Ling. 504. History of the Latin Language II: 1 600 A.D. Latin 221 or equivalent. (2). (HU).

This course traces the history of the Latin language from early Imperial Rome to the late Latin that merges into the Romance languages. Special emphasis is given to phonology, morphology, syntax, and the lexicon as well as to the kind of usage that reflects the spoken language including local and social dialects. The prerequisite is a reading knowledge of Latin (equivalent to the proficiency attained at the end of a one-year course in college). The texts to be read, and commentaries, are contained in an anthology; students are also provided with a bibliography of works for outside reading and homework, a number of which are placed on Graduate Reserve in the Library. The course is conducted with lectures and discussion. Evaluation is based on a written final examination, or on a midterm examination and a final term paper. (Pulgram)

Classical Greek (Division 385)

Elementary Courses

101. Elementary Greek. (4). (FL).

In combination with Greek 102, this is the first half of a year-long introduction to ancient Greek and is designed to prepare students for the reading of Greek texts. Greek 101 concentrates on fifth-century B.C. Attic Greek which was the language of the "golden age" of Athens. The Greek language of that time and place represents a cultural and linguistic central point from which students can pursue their own interests within a wide range of Greek literature which extends from the Homeric epics to the Byzantine era and which includes the archaic, classical, and hellenistic periods as well as the koine Greek of the New Testament. The purpose of the course is to develop the fundamentals of the language so that these fundamentals can then be applied to whatever area of ancient Greek students wish to pursue. (Section 001 - Ross; Section 002 Rickert)

301. Second-Year Greek. Greek 102 or equivalent. (4). (FL).

This course is the first half of the second-year ancient Greek language sequence. It includes a grammar review, translation (primarily Plato), and analysis of ancient Greek texts. The primary purpose of the course is to prepare students for more and faster reading of Greek. It is followed by Greek 302 which is offered Winter Term. (A. Edwards)

308/ABS 308. The Acts of the Apostles. Greek 101 and 102 or the equivalent; and permission of instructor. (2). (HU).

Students electing this two credit course should have completed at least one year of Attic Greek. To the degree that there is mastery of the paradigm forms and the principal parts of the most common irregular verbs the reading assignments will be made easier and more enjoyable. Careful attention will be paid to the key features of koine Greek, especially as those features part company with Attic Greek morphology and syntax. Two hourly exams, a two-hour final, and regular participation in class will determine the course grade; there are no papers. In-class translation is followed by a discussion of the text. For further information contact Asst. Dean Nissen, 1220 Angell Hall, 764-7297. (Nissen)

Intermediate Courses

401. Early Greek Prose and Poetry. Greek 302 or equivalent. (3). (HU).

This course is designed primarily to teach students how to read ancient Greek with some speed and comprehension. The syllabus will be composed of prose writings, with about two-thirds of the time spent on the Histories of Herodotus and the remaining one-third on representative texts of fifth and fourth-century Attic prose authors. Requirements: midterm and final examinations, one or two short papers, and an oral report. (Gellrich)

Advanced Courses

436. Herodotus. (3). (HU).

Concentrated and extensive readings in Herodotus, with analysis of Herodotean style, form, and thought. Prime emphasis will be placed on rapid familiarization with the most significant books of the Histories. Digressions will also focus on problems of Greek history of the sixth and fifth centuries B.C. encountered in the text.

459. Greek Bucolic Poets. (3). (HU).

Selected readings in the poetry of Theocritus, Bion, and Moschus, with special emphasis on the nature of the Hellenistic genre of bucolic and its later influence on, e.g., Vergil. Term paper; midterm and final examinations.

481. Plato, Republic. Greek 302 or equivalent. (3). (HU).

Through translation and interpretation of sections of Plato's Republic the course provides an introduction to the ethical problems and views that underlie Plato's Republic. Relevant epistomological and metaphysical views such as the theory of forms will also be examined. Readings in translation from other Platonic dialogues, including Protagoras, Phaedo, Symposium, Phaedrus, and Aristotle's Politics will be used to supplement and criticize both the experiment and its underlying views. (Rickert)

520. Sophocles. Greek 402. (3). (HU).

Reading of two or three representative tragedies of Sophocles, with special attention to problems of text, meter, presentation, interpretation, and relation to Greek tragedy in general. Term paper; midterm and final examinations.

Latin Language and Literature (Division 411)

Elementary Courses

Two convictions are basic to the Elementary Latin Program of the Department of Classical Studies: (1) it is possible for every able-minded person to master the basic facts of a foreign language and (2) the learning experience leading to such a mastery is a privilege that is very specifically human and ought to be most satisfying. Essential grammatical facts are taught, and a knowledge of these facts enables students to understand Latin written by the famous authors of the Golden Age. Students acquire a working vocabulary and demonstrate understanding of the reading by writing a readable translation. Since at least 50% of the vocabulary of an educated speaker of English is Latin in origin, English improves as Latin stems and derivatives are learned. The program normally takes four terms to complete. A placement test may be taken at the beginning or end of a term, and a student may succeed in placing out of one or more courses in the introductory sequence.

In the Elementary Latin Program, the department is offering Latin 101, 102, 194, 222, 231, and 232 in the Winter Term, 1984. Latin 101 (see below) is for students with no previous Latin. A placement examination will determine the appropriate course for other students who enter the elementary sequence. Students with questions about which course to elect are encouraged to visit the department office in 2014 Angell Hall, 764-0360, or the Elementary Latin Office in 2012 Angell Hall, 764-8297.

101. Elementary Latin. No credit granted to those who have completed 103, 193, or 502. (4). (FL).

All of the assigned tasks/exercises in Latin 101 are directed toward the reading and translation of Classical Latin and not toward writing or conversation. The course has as its primary objective the acquisition of a fundamental understanding of basic Latin grammar. The text for the course is Knudsvig, Seligson, and Craig, Latin for Reading. Latin 101 covers approximately the first half of this text. Course topics include the morphology and syntax of nouns, pronouns, and adjectives; conjunctions, adverbs, and prepositions; and such basic sentence kernel types as active, passive, linking, and factitive. Grading is based on quizzes, class participation, hour examinations, and a final.

102. Elementary Latin. Latin 101. No credit granted to those who have completed 193 or 502. (4). (FL).

All of the assigned tasks/exercises in Latin 102 are directed toward the reading and translation of Classical Latin and not toward writing or conversation. The course continues the presentation of the essentials of the Latin language as it covers the last half of Knudsvig, Seligson, and Craig, Latin for Reading. Course topics include the morphology and syntax of verbs, and indirect statements, questions, and commands. Extended reading selections from Plautus (comedy) and Eutropius (history) are introduced. Grading is based on class participation, quizzes, hour examinations, and a final.

193. Intensive Elementary Latin I. No credit granted to those who have completed 101, 102, 103 or 502. (4). (FL).

Taught jointly with Latin 502. See Latin 502 for the description. (Humphrey and Staff)

221. Continuation Course in Latin. Two or more units of high school Latin and assignment by placement test. No credit granted to those who have completed 193, 194, 231, or 503. (4). (FL).

All of the assigned tasks/exercises in Latin 221 are directed toward the reading and translation of Classical Latin and not toward writing or conversation. The text used is the same as that in Latin 101 and 102, and the course starts at the beginning of the book. A more rapid pace is maintained as 221 covers the material of 101 and 102. Grading is based on class participation, quizzes, hour examinations, and a final.

231. Introduction to Latin Prose. Latin 102 or 103. No credit granted to those who have completed 193, 194, 221, or 503. (4). (FL).

This course reviews grammar as it introduces students to extended passages of classical Latin prose through selections from such authors of the first centuries B.C. and A.D. as Cicero, Caesar, Sallust, Livy, and Tacitus. Class discussions center upon the readings. Grading is based on class participation, quizzes, hour examinations, and a final.

232. Vergil, Aeneid. Latin 231 or 221. No credit granted to those who have completed 193, 194, 222, or 503. (4). (FL).

The goal of this course is simple: to read extensive passages of Vergil's Aeneid, with comprehension and enjoyment. To the degree that there is mastery of the paradigm forms and the most common principal parts of irregular verbs the daily assignments will be made easier. Careful attention is paid to Vergil's style, the more common poetic features he employs, mythological references, and the relation of the text to the life and times of the Emperor Augustus. Three hour exams, a two-hour final, and regular participation in class will determine the course grade; there are no papers. In-class translation is followed by a discussion of the text under consideration that day. (Section 001 Nissen; Section 002 Staff)

Intermediate Courses

301. Intermediate Latin. Latin 194, 222, 232 or equivalent. (3). (HU).

The primary goal of this course is to serve as an introduction to the study of Latin literature, and, through the literature, of Roman culture. Texts by major prose authors will be read with a view to their literary, historical, and political contexts. Translation, and review of morphology and syntax as needed, will be stressed. (Knudsvig)

401. Republican Prose. Latin 232 or the equivalent. (3). (HU). May be repeated for a total of 9 credits with permission of concentration adviser.
In the Fall Term, 1984, we will read selected orations from several periods of Cicero's career, with special attention to historical context, rhetorical theory, and the development of Cicero's style. A short paper, and midterm and final exams will be required. (A. Edwards)

Advanced Courses

409. Augustan Poetry. Latin 232 or the equivalent. (3). (HU). May be repeated for a total of 9 credits with permission of concentration adviser.
This course is designed to introduce the student to a critical appreciation of the poetry of the Augustan age. This is a highly derivative poetry, rich with allusions to antecedent and contemporary literature. This Fall Term the focus will be on the Odes of Horace, the Augustan writer whose work most clearly delineates the lines of literary influence that link the Republic and the Augustan period together. Class discussions will center on matters of style, genre, and structure. There will be a paper and midterm and final exams. (Scott)

421/Education D421. Teaching of Latin. Senior standing in Latin. (3). (HU).

A workshop-type course designed to provide prospective secondary and college teachers with the skills necessary to analyze structures and texts and to design instructional materials and class presentations. The course will also introduce the students to those aspects of descriptive linguistics that have practical application to teaching and learning Latin. (Knudsvig)

426. Practicum. Junior/senior standing. I and II: (3); III b: (2). (HU).

In the Fall Term, 1984, permission of the instructor is required to elect Latin 426. Students must submit a plan for a project related to the teaching of Latin. The course is designed primarily for students who wish to continue work begun in Latin 421. (Knudsvig)

470. Catullus. (3). (HU).

The poetry of Catullus will be studied with attention given to his place in the development of both personal lyric and mannered Alexandrianism; to the political and social influences on poetry of his generation; to the figure of Catullus himself; and to the lasting importance of his work.

502. Rapid Beginning Latin. Intended for graduate students. No credit granted to those who have completed 101, 102, 103, 193, or 504. (4). (FL).

This course, taught jointly with Latin 193, is a rapid introduction to Latin and is intended for students with little or no prior Latin. It is especially designed for graduate students who are in such fields as history, medieval or renaissance literature, or linguistics and who need to acquire a reading competence in Latin as quickly and efficiently as possible. Upperclass undergraduates with the same needs or undergraduates who intend to continue the study of Latin and want a rapid introduction that enables them to take upper-level Latin courses as soon as possible should elect Latin 193. The first term course (Latin 193/502) covers elementary grammar and syntax. (Humphrey and Staff)

536. Apuleius. Latin 401 or equivalent. (3). (HU).

Apuleius' novel will be read and discussed. (Ross)

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