Courses in Chemistry (Division 334)

107. 2.5 General Chemistry. Three years of high school math or Math. 105, and permission of instructor. (2). (Excl).

Chemistry 107 is the first part of a three course sequence (107, 108, 109) taken during the Fall, Winter, and Spring Terms. The sequence is equivalent to Chemistry 123, 126, 125; Chemistry 107 parallels Chemistry 123. The 107, 108, 109 sequence is intended for students who would benefit most from more classroom contact and more feedback than available in the larger General Chemistry lecture classes. There are 5 meetings a week in Chemistry 107, and students grades are determined from weekly quizzes and homework assignments, three hour examinations, and a final examination. When the sequence is completed, Chemistry 107 will carry NS distribution credit.

120. General and Organic Chemistry: Structure and Transformations of Matter. Three years of high school mathematics; one year of high school chemistry; and admission into the INTEFLEX program. (5). (NS).

Chemistry 120 is the first course of a three course sequence (Chemistry 120, 220, and 221) which emphasizes selected aspects of general and organic chemistry for students admitted to the INTEFLEX program. The course consists of four lectures, one discussion and one four-hour laboratory per week.

123. General and Inorganic Chemistry: Structure of Matter. Three years of high school mathematics or mathematics through 105. (3). (NS).

Chemistry 123 is the first term chemistry course in the (123 or 124)/125/126 sequence. Chemistry 125 and 126 are taken second term. Chemistry 123 consists of three lectures and an optional help session with the professor, plus one discussion session with a teaching assistant per week. Topics covered include stoichiometry, periodic properties, gases, acids and bases, quantum theory, electronic structure of atoms and molecules, redox chemistry and introduction to organic chemistry and nuclear chemistry. There are three one-hour examinations (Tuesday nights) and a final examination (as listed in the Winter Time Schedule).

Section 412: Permission of Comprehensive Studies Program (CSP). This CSP section, which covers complete course syllabus, is designed for students who want to be certain that they are highly prepared for Chemistry 126 and are willing to devote the effort necessary to do so. Extra class time is provided for in-depth analysis of central concepts. Therefore, enrollment in this CSP section will entail laboratories, exercises and discussion time beyond the regular course requirements. Note that you must elect lecture section 400 in conjunction with section 412.

124. General and Inorganic Chemistry: Structure of Matter. Three years of high school mathematics and a strong background in high school chemistry validated by a satisfactory grade on a placement test administered (each term) during orientation. Chem. 125 to be elected concurrently. (3). (NS).

Students are placed into Chemistry 124 on the basis of examinations given during Orientation. Chemistry 124 is elected with Chemistry 125 as the first term of the (124 or 123)/125/126 sequence. The topics in 123 and 124 and the final examinations are nearly the same. Topics are covered in greater depth in 124. There are three lectures and one discussion period with a teaching assistant per week. Topics covered include stoichiometry, periodic properties, gases, quantum theory, electronic structure, covalent bonding, introduction to organic chemistry and nuclear chemistry. There are three one-hour examinations (Tuesday nights) and a final exam as listed in the Time Schedule.

125. General and Inorganic Chemistry: Laboratory. To be elected by students who have completed Chem. 123 or are eligible for (or enrolled in) Chem. 124. (2). (NS).

This course is a part of the (123 or 124)/125/126 sequence and is intended to be elected with Chemistry 124 (in the 124/126 sequence) or with Chemistry 126 (in the 123/126 sequence). The format consists of one lecture and one four-hour laboratory each week. Computer simulations implemented on the Commodore PET microcomputer are used to supplement the experiments. Part of the last hour of the laboratory period is used to discuss the laboratory work just completed. Special emphasis is placed on quantitative measurements, inferences from experimental observations, and development and application of concepts related to chemical reactions. Oxidation-reduction, acid-base and ionic reactions will be examined including energy changes and reaction equilibria. The student will apply laboratory skills and the concepts developed from studies of chemical reactions to analyses and synthesis. There are two one-hour examinations (Tuesday nights).

126. General and Inorganic Chemistry: Chemical Dynamics. Chem. 123 or 124; prior or concurrent enrollment in Chem. 125. (3). (NS).

This course is a continuation of Chemistry 123 or 124 and should be preceded or accompanied by Chemistry 125. The course has three lectures and one discussion per week. Topics include covalent bonding, liquids and solids, thermodynamics, chemical kinetics, equilibria, electrochemistry, coordination chemistry and nuclear chemistry. There are three one-hour examinations (Tuesday nights) and a final examination as listed in the Time Schedule.

196. Honors General Chemistry. A strong background in high school chemistry and mathematics; and permission of the Honors chemistry adviser or the instructor. (5). (NS).

This course is the first of a two course sequence (both Chemistry 196 and Chemistry 197 are prerequisite to organic chemistry) which is designed for students who have strong high school science backgrounds as well as a scientific orientation. It is particularly intended for students who plan to concentrate in chemistry. Admission to the course is by permission of the Honors Chemistry Counselor (1210 Angell Hall). Students in Chemistry 196 usually score above 680 on the Chemistry CEEB or above the 85th percentile on the Summer Orientation placement examination in chemistry and 650 or higher on the SAT Math. Math 115, 185, or 195 should be elected concurrently. The course format includes lecture/discussion with one four-hour laboratory each week. Laboratory is organized around the department's Investigations in General Chemistry as well as some individual handouts for optional experiments. The lectures emphasize chemical principles (quantitative models, phases, atomic and molecular structure, and an introduction to chemical thermodynamics and equilibria) while the laboratory focuses on descriptive chemistry and experimental techniques.

220. General and Organic Chemistry: Energetics and Properties of Matter. Chem. 120. (4). (NS).

This course is the second of a two term lecture sequence in the basic principles of organic chemistry. It is elected by preprofessional students and by some chemistry concentrators. Chemistry concentrators are encouraged to elect Chem. 294/295 (Honors); Inteflex students elect Chem. 220/221/222. Chem. 225/226 requires skill in spatial relations, the ability to organize important concepts. There are three lectures each week and a one-hour discussion. The course grade is determined by a student's scores on three one-hour examinations and a final examination. Inteflex students are scheduled as two groups for discussion sections.

225. Organic Chemistry. Chem. 126 or 197 or 348. (4). (NS).

This course is the first of a two term lecture sequence in the basic principles of organic chemistry. It is elected by preprofessional students and by some chemistry concentrators. Chemistry concentrators are encouraged to elect Chemistry 294/295 (Honors); Inteflex students elect Chemistry 220/221/222. Chemistry 225/226 requires skill in spatial relations, the ability to organize information carefully and the ability to recognize important concepts. Chemistry 225, which establishes the conceptual framework upon which Chemistry 226 is based, describes the relationship between structure, energy and chemical reactivity. There are three lectures each week and one-hour discussion. The course grade is determined by a student's scores on three one-hour examinations, quiz grades, and a final examination.

226. Organic Chemistry. Chem. 225; and concurrent enrollment in Chem. 227. (3). (NS).

This course is a continuation of Chemistry 225 and emphasizes functional group chemistry and synthesis. Some attention is given to biochemistry and to the chemistry of natural products, especially the chemistry of carbohydrates and proteins. The course format is three lectures each week, and the final grade is based on three one-hour examinations and a final examination.

227. Organic Chemistry Laboratory. Chem. 225. (2). (NS).

This course is a one term introduction to organic laboratory techniques and enables students to experience organic chemistry as a real science. Chemistry 227 is usually elected concurrently with Chemistry 226 and reinforces concepts developed in Chemistry 225/226 lectures. Wet chemical methods are emphasized, but there is some opportunity to identify organic materials or components of mixtures with the help of spectroscopic information. The course grade is based upon laboratory work and written examinations.

228. Organic Chemistry. Chem. 226 and 227. (2). (NS).

This course is a one term organic laboratory course which introduces and extends certain synthetic and manipulative techniques not taught in Chemistry 227. Course topics include gas chromatography, thin-layer chromatography, infrared spectroscopy, reactions run in inert atmospheres and distillation under reduced pressures. The course also includes instruction and practice in the use of the chemical literature. The final grade is based on laboratory performance mainly.

294. Honors Organic Chemistry. Chem. 126 or 197 or 348, Math. 116 or 186, and permission of instructor. (5). (NS).

See Chemistry 225/226/227/228 for a general description.

300. Principles of Chemical Instrumentation. Physics 240 and 241. (3). (NS).

This laboratory course introduces the components of modern chemical instrumentation. The major emphasis is on signal conditioning electronics and digital processing (wired logic microcomputer methods). The first 40% of the course consists of characterizations of discrete elements (resistors, capacitors, inductors, diodes, transformers, and transistors) in student-constructed circuits. The next 30% treats more complex circuits (power supplies, operational amplifiers, and TTL integrated circuits). The last part treats other complex circuits (analog-to-digital conversion, wave shaping, digital interfacing and communication, and microcomputer operations) and may include special projects chosen by individual students. The circuits include several types of transducers but a systematic treatment of these elements is not attempted. Although lectures are given during the first eight weeks of the term (during the first lab meeting each week), the emphasis is on work in the laboratory. Evaluation is based on laboratory work (70%), written and oral reports on the last unit (15%), and work directly related to lecture (15%, primarily assigned problems).

319. Independent Study. Chem. 126 or 197 or 348; and permission of instructor. (1-4). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). May be elected for a total of 4 credits.

Research in an area of interest to, and supervised by, a Departmental faculty member. Exact details such as nature of the research, level of involvement of the student, credit hours awarded and criteria for grading are individually determined in consultation with the faculty member. The student is expected to put in at least three hours a week of actual work for a 14-week term for each credit hour elected. At the end of each term, a written report evaluating the progress of the project is submitted, one copy for the counseling Office and one copy for the student.

346. Quantitative Analysis. Chem. 126; organic chemistry is recommended. (3). (NS).

This course in analytical chemistry is designed for nonchemistry concentrators and is elected primarily by zoology, medical technology, microbiology, and other biological and health science oriented students. The subject matter of the course is based on the practice of quantitative analytical chemistry which consists of a sequence of four basic operations: (1) selection of a representative sample; (2) preparation of the sample for measurement (which frequently involves physical separation); (3) measurement of the desired constituent; and (4) calculation, evaluation, and interpretation of the data obtained in terms of the objective for which the analysis was done. The lectures in the course emphasize the theoretical and practical fundamentals underlying (1) important types of solution equilibria including acid-base, complexation, and redox; (2) separation approaches including precipitation, chromatography, and extraction; and (3) measurement techniques including methods based on mass, chemical reactivity (e.g., titration), and electrical and optical properties. The manner in which these concepts and processes are applied to obtain useful information about the composition of materials is considered, including the problem of sampling and the statistical evaluation of analytical data. The course grade will be based on performance in three hour-examinations and a final examination. Three lectures per week.

347. Experimental Methods of Quantitative Analysis. Prior or concurrent enrollment in Chem. 346. (2). (NS)

One lecture per week with two laboratory meetings per week. Work is self-paced on an individual and/or group basis. Experiments include the use of spectrophotometers, gas chromatographs, indicator methods, potentiometric methods, atomic absorption spectrophotometers and thin layer chromatography. A laboratory manual is required and is available through the Chemistry Stores dispensing window on the Chemistry Building loading dock.

348. Quantitative Analytical Chemistry. Chem. 125 and 126; or the equivalent. (4). (NS)

Chemistry 348 in the Winter Term is similar to 197 and is elected for 4 credit hours by students with advanced standing or credit for Chemistry 123 (124), 125, 126 or its equivalent. Analytical chemistry is emphasized in Chemistry 348. Topics include statistics, chemical equilibrium (weak acid-base, complexation, solubility), potentiometry, phase equilibrium and chromatography, optical methods of analysis, and radioactive and kinetic methods of analysis. Three lectures and two laboratory periods per week. Weekly short quizzes are given (12 total of which the two lowest for each student are omitted from the final total) in lieu of exams; no final exam. No required text. A "Study Guide" (by A.A. Gordus) and a laboratory manual are also required and are available through the Chemistry Stores dispensing window on the Chemistry Building loading dock.

391. Honors Physical Chemistry Laboratory. Chem. 197, 300, or 348, and prior or concurrent enrollment in Chem. 397. (2). (NS).

The course has two principal objectives. The first is to acquaint the student with the laboratory aspect of physical chemistry in order to give a different perspective to the theoretical concepts discussed in the basic lecture course. The second is to improve the sophistication of the student with respect to the nature of physical measurements, the errors associated with the measurements, and how these errors may be treated in a systematic fashion.

392. Honors Physical Chemistry Laboratory. Chem. 391. (2). (NS).

Chemistry 392 is a continuation of Chemistry 391 with more advanced experiments. These experiments are often less structured than those in Chemistry 391 and thus offer a greater opportunity for individual initiative.

396. Honors Physical Chemistry. Chem. 226 and 227, or Chem. 295; Math. 216 or 286, Phys. 240 and 241; and permission of instructor or chemistry Honors adviser. (4). (NS).

First course in a two part series in physical chemistry for Honors students and chemistry concentrators. Other students elect the chemistry 468 and 469 series. Lectures and discussions.

399. Honors Introduction to Research. Permission of a chemistry concentration adviser and the professor who will supervise the research. (1-3). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). May be elected for a total of 4 credits during junior or senior year.

Same as Chemistry 319 except that Chemistry 399 is the Honors degree equivalent. Elected in the junior or senior year, this course culminates in the senior thesis, a requirement for the Honors degree. The student is expected to put in at least three hours a week of actual work for a 14-week term for each credit hour elected. At the end of each term, a written report evaluating the progress of the project is submitted; one copy to the faculty member, one copy for the Counseling Office and one copy for the student. Interim reports need not be lengthy, but the final report for Chemistry 399 is expected to be more detailed and longer than the reports in 319 and may be the Honors thesis.

403. Inorganic Chemistry. Chem. 197 or 348, or 346 and 347, and prior or concurrent enrollment in Chem. 469. (3). (NS).

The purpose of this course is to acquaint students with the development and use of various theories, concepts, and models useful in explaining reactivity and structures of inorganic systems. Descriptive chemistry will also be discussed systematically within such a framework. Students will be responsible for assigned material from the text as well as additional selections from reserved material in the Chemistry Library. Text: To be announced.

413. Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory. Prior or concurrent enrollment in Chem. 403. (2). (NS).

Chemistry 413 is designed to introduce the student to a variety of inorganic preparations and techniques, including high temperature solid state reactions, vacuum line techniques, electrochemical syntheses, air exclusion techniques, photochemical preparations, magnetic susceptibility, and mass spectral measurements. Compounds prepared include organo-transition metal derivatives, classical coordination complexes, magnetic solids, Lewis acid-base adducts, and main group compounds. Toward the end of the term, short research projects may be undertaken. Text: R. J. Angelici, Synthesis and Technique in Inorganic Chemistry.

447. Physical Methods of Analysis. Chem. 197 or 348, and 225. (3). (NS).

The course introduces the student to the principles and techniques of modern analytical chemistry. Atomic and molecular spectroscopy and chromatographic separation techniques are stressed. Some discussion of contemporary electrochemistry is included. The principles of data collection and the processing and representation of analytical signals are introduced. The course format is lectures three times per week. A textbook is required. Readings from the review literature of analytical chemistry compensate for the inevitable shortcomings of any text.

448. Physical Methods Laboratory. Chem. 300 and prior or concurrent enrollment in Chem. 447. (2). (NS).

Chemistry 448 provides "hands-on" experience with a variety of modern analytical instruments and the chemistry which supports them. Procedures of importance in such areas as pollution control or clinical analysis are used to illustrate the application and operation of most instruments. Techniques employed may include UV-visible spectrophotometry, fluorimetry, atomic absorption spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, electrophoresis, gas chromatography and polarography. An introduction to computer-aided experimentation is provided. Written reports are required for each procedure carried out. There is one cumulative examination at the end of the term.

468. Physical Chemistry. Phys. 240 and 241, Math. 216, and prior enrollment in three terms of chemistry. (4). (NS).

This course is the first of a two-term lecture sequence in physical chemistry (Chemistry 468 and 469). The course is normally elected by students in programs requiring two terms of physical chemistry, such as Chemistry, Chemical Engineering, Cellular Biology, etc. (A one-term treatment of physical chemistry on a somewhat lower level is given in Chemistry 365.) The topics covered in Chemistry 468 are properties of gases, equations of state, the laws of thermodynamics with application to chemical and phase equilibria, solutions and electrochemistry.

469. Physical Chemistry. Phys. 240 and 241, Math. 216, and prior enrollment in three terms of chemistry. (4). (NS).

This course is the second of the regular two-term sequence in physical chemistry (Chemistry 468 and 469). The topics include quantum chemistry, molecular structure and spectroscopy.

481. Physicochemical Measurements. Chem. 197 or 347 or 348 and 396 or 468. If advanced standing is granted for part of the work, Chemistry 481 may be elected for one credit with permission of instructor. (2). (NS).

The course has two principal objectives. The first is to acquaint the student with the laboratory aspect of physical chemistry in order to give a different perspective to the theoretical concepts discussed in the basic lecture course. The second is to improve the sophistication of the student with respect to the nature of physical measurements, the errors associated with the measurements, and how these errors may be treated in a systematic fashion. Prerequisite: Chemistry 468; the course should be preceded or accompanied by Chemistry 469. Text: Shoemaker & Garland, Experiments in Physical Chemistry, McGraw-Hill, 3rd Ed.

482. Physicochemical Measurements. Chem. 300 and Chem 481. If advanced standing is granted for part of the work, Chemistry 482 may be elected for one credit with permission of instructor. (2). (NS).

Chemistry 482 is a continuation of Chemistry 481 with more advanced experiments. These often are less structured than those in Chemistry 481 and thus offer a greater opportunity for individual initiative.

507. Inorganic Chemistry. Chem. 469 or 397. (3). (NS).

Generalizations of the periodic table and their relationship to classical and modern concepts of atomic and molecular structures. Particular topics include inorganic stereochemistry, ligand field theory and coordination complexes, main group chemistry, organometallic chemistry, homogeneous catalysis, and bioinorganic chemistry.

538. Organic Chemistry of Macromolecules. Chem. 226 or 295. (2). (NS).

Chemistry of monomer and polymer synthesis; Mechanistristic analysis of reactions. Stereochemistry of polymer structures both natural and synthetic. Scope of subject matter: free radical and ionic polymerization, condensation polymerization, ring opening and nonclassical polymerization. Special topics from the recent literature.

540. Organic Principles. Chem. 228 and 469. (3). (NS).

Principles of chemical binding, mechanisms of organic chemical reactions and stereochemistry. The important types of organic reactions are discussed. Basic principles are emphasized and relatively little attention is paid to the scope and synthetic applications of the reactions.

542. Applications of Physical Methods to Organic Chemistry. Chem. 228 or 295; and 425. (3). (NS).

Applications of infrared, ultraviolet and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, optical rotary dispersion, mass spectrometry and other physical methods to the study of the structure and reactions of organic compounds.

569. X-ray Crystallography. Chem. 469 or permission of instructor. (3). (NS).

Crystal symmetry, diffraction of x-rays, powder and single crystal methods, principles of structure analysis, selected applications and results of chemical interest. A small amount of laboratory work is included to illustrate the use of single crystal techniques in symmetry group identification.

570. Molecular Physical Chemistry. Chem. 468/469 or the equivalent. (3). (NS).

Designed as a terminal course for non-specialists and also in sequence with Chemistry 666 as a full course for students specializing in physical chemistry. Applications of wave mechanics to exactly solvable problems. Elementary applications of operators, symmetry, and group theory. Electronic structure of atoms and moleculars. Principles of molecules spectroscopy.


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