Courses in Political Science (Division 450)

Primarily for First and Second Year Students

101. Introduction to Political Theory. (4). (SS).

A survey of the history of political thought, from ancient Greece to modern Europe. What are the connections between politics and the good life? Or are there any? Should we be full-time citizens? Should the state try to improve us? When may we disobey the law? Are politicians free to behave immorally? Are honor, justice, and piety attractive political ideals? In pursuing such questions, we will explore the differences between ancient and modern society. Readings include Sophocles, Thucydides, Aristophanes, Plato, Aristotle, Augustine, John of Salisbury, Machiavelli, Shakespeare, Hobbes, Locke, Hume, Rousseau, Marx and Engels, and Bakunin. Requirements: two 5-page papers, a midterm, and a final. Hourly lectures twice a week, and two hours of section meeting a week. (Herzog)

111. Introduction to American Politics. (4). (SS).

This is a wide-ranging survey of government and politics throughout the United States. Most of the course centers upon national government and politics. Among the main topics to be explored are the constitutional base, elections, political parties and interest groups, the presidency, Congress, the courts, and policy formulation in designated areas. The kinds of questions considered might include the following: What impact do interest groups have on governmental policy? Are there real differences between the two major political parties? What accounts for swings in voting behavior and election outcome from one time to another? Why is it that public policy emerges as it does in the United States? What is the level of trust in government? And how does that level change? These and others are issues confronted in the course. There are two lectures and two discussion sessions each week. The basis for grading includes a midterm and a final examination for all students; and written work as well as other forms of participation in each of the sections, under the guidance of individual instructors. (Grassmuck)

140. Introduction to Comparative Politics. (4). (SS).

This course is designed to give students an understanding of how several major political systems work and to familiarize them with concepts used to analyze politics in these and other countries. Each of the countries selected will be discussed separately in order to introduce its distinctive features and to ensure that students understand how it operates. As the course progresses, we will draw increasingly broad comparisons. Certain key concepts will be introduced and used for comparative purposes. In particular, we will be concerned with the social and economic forces that influence political life; political parties and political competition; leadership succession; the role of political institutions; and the analysis of contemporary political conflicts. The course will offer two lectures per week, plus two meetings in relatively small discussion sections designed to encourage a two-way flow of communication. (Inglehart)

160. Introduction to World Politics. (4). (SS).

The primary purpose of this beginning course is to expose the student to the core questions that should be asked at any beginning of the study of international politics. Who are the major actors in international affairs? What kind of order exists in relations among nations? What mechanisms exist for change? What regularities exist in the behavior of actors toward one another that give shape and direction to the system? We shall try to get at some of the questions raised by using three of the major approaches students in the field utilize to select the behaviors they wish to study. One approach is to study the process of decision-making in foreign policy. Another approach is to study the effects that differences in national growth have on the politics among nations. A third way is to study the way the international system constrains the actions of individuals and groups. The major elements of the course are contained in four sets of lectures. (1) The decision-making approach; (2) effects of national growth on international politics; (3) problems and consequences of different types of international systems; (4) global trends in contemporary world politics including such topics as imperialism, neocolonialism, international economics and interdependence, developed-developing world relations, international organizations, and the limits to growth. There will be one, possibly two, exams during the term, plus a final. Other requirements may include a 12-15 page essay and such additional assignments as may be made by individual section leaders. (Organski)

185. Introduction to Modeling Political Processes. (4). (SS).

An introduction to modeling social science phenomena: the course emphasizes the development of modeling skills, including the ability to abstract from reality in the construction of models, the manipulation of models, and the evaluation of models. A general introduction to modeling is followed by a discussion of five mathematical models frequently used by social scientists. These are rational choice models, game theory models, exchange models, adaption models, and transition models. The course emphasizes working with models rather than reading about them. It is hoped that students will develop analytical skills which will improve the quality of their subsequent work in political science. The primary readings will be Charles Lave and James March, An Introduction to Models in the Social Sciences and H. Hamburger, Games as Models of Social Phenomena. A weekly problem set worked on in groups of three students is required. Two lecture discussion meetings of one and one-half hours each week. There will also be a midterm and a final. (Cohen)

210/Amer. Inst. 240. Introduction to the Political Economy of American Institutions. (4). (SS).

See American Institutions 240 for description. (Walker)

Primarily for Juniors and Seniors

300. Contemporary Political Issues. (4). (SS).

It is recommended that the student has taken at least Political Science 111. The course will focus on the implications of recent political change for the conduct of political campaigns and the governance of the country. Critical issues in the study of political behavior will be addressed by examining the following five questions: 1) How are candidates for political office evaluated by the public? 2) Does the recent increase in political independence indicate that Independents are alienated from political parties or that they think parties are irrelevant? 3) Is the electorate more ideological today than in the past? 4) Are non-partisan group attachments replacing political parties as the mobilizing force in American politics? 5) Does the media select our candidates for high office? (Markus)

309. The Politics of Liberation. (4). (SS). May be elected for credit three times, provided that content is different.
This course will center on the investigation and discussion of the various frameworks of analysis used to examine the roles of women in politics.

320. Chicano Politics and the Chicano Community. (4). (Excl).

This course is intended to be a critical examination into the study of Chicano Politics.

359/CAAS 351. The Struggle for Southern Africa. Lectures: 2 credits; lectures and discussion: 4 credits. (SS).

This course will examine the social, economic and political problems of development within Southern Africa. (Wilson)

391. Introductory Internship in Political Science. One 100-level course in political science, permission of supervising instructor before the internship period, and review by Department's internship adviser. Intended for non-concentrators. (2-4). (Excl). (EXPERIENTIAL). May be elected for a total of 8 credits for both Political Science 391 and 392.

Supervised internship, primarily for non-concentrators. Requires the approval of the instructor and review by the department's internship coordinator. (2-4 each)

395/Econ. 395/REES 395/Slavic 395/Hist. 332/Soc. 392. Survey of the Soviet Union. (4). (SS).

See REES 395 for description.

402. Development of Political Thought: To Modern Period. Junior standing or two courses in political science. (4). (SS).

The aim of this course is two-fold: (1) to give the student a sense of the history of political philosophy from the ancient Greek period to the beginning of the early modern period at the end of the sixteenth century, and (2) to help the student become aware of the complexities and assumptions entailed in the articulation of a coherent political theory. We will be reading the works of such major political philosophers as Plato, Aristotle, Cicero, St. Thomas Aquinas, and Machiavelli. We will be concerned with such issues as the basis for obligation, the sources of legitimacy, the role of the individual in the political community and the value and purpose of political life. Readings will be from primary sources. Class meetings will include both lectures and discussions. Course requirements will include two exams during the term and a final. There will be the option to replace one of the exams (not the final) with a paper. (Saxonhouse)

408. Communist Political Thought: From Marx to the Present. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course provides an introduction to Marxism and its development from Hegel to contemporary schools. Emphasis is placed on a thorough exploration of the basic ideas and concepts presented in the writings of Engels and Marx as well as on unresolved questions and contradictions in the Marxist heritage. Readings include extensive assignments from the writings of Marx, Engels, and Bolshevism. Each student is expected to write a major paper on a pertinent topic of the student's choice. The class format is a lecture/discussion combination. (Meyer)

411. American Political Processes. Any 100-level course in political science. (4). (SS).

My aim in this course is to aquatint you with the political behavior of individuals, as it is conventionally studied in American political science. We will start by examining some of the assumptions that are the foundations for political science work investigating these matters. These foundational considerations cover normative proposals recommending criteria that desirable political systems ought to satisfy, factual observations concerning the institutional context in which ordinary individuals live and act, and theoretical proposals offering ways these matters can be studied. Then, though not really in strict sequence, we will examine some research covering several interrelated areas of political substance: political belief systems and political ideologies; partisanship; electoral (vote) choices; democratic political participation; and the nature of personal involvement in political affairs. My hope is that this way of introducing this field will both enable you to decide for yourself how adequate you think the usual political science treatments of individual political life are, and provide you with tools with which to articulate ways its approaches might be improved. Prior familiarity with political science work in these areas will be helpful. (Mebane)

412. The Legal Process. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

Legal process will concentrate on the formal structure of the American court system, as well as on its rules, roles, and responsibilities. Our first aim will be descriptive, to depict as accurately as possible the innerworking of the state and federal courts. Our second aim will be theoretical, to understand the fragile nature of legal legitimacy, the reliance of law on complex social customs, the reconstruction of reality in a legal context and the relation between legal logic and other forms of reasoning. This course will require of the student a large commitment for reading and it will assume its students have flexible and critical minds. (Schepple)

413. American Constitutional Politics. Pol. Sci. 111, 410, or 411; or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This is a course in political science and political theory that uses law as its material; it is not a course in law offered by a department of political science. The focus of the course is one of the most vital aspects of politics: interpreting and applying the nation's most fundamental rules. Specifically, the emphasis is on three questions: (a) What is the Constitution (what is its nature and what does it include)? (b) Who may authoritatively interpret it? (c) And how should it be interpreted? Requirements : one short paper, a paper of medium length (as part of a moot court), and a final examination. Grading is tough. Texts : One casebook (Supreme Court opinions and other writings on the Constitution) and one or two paperbacks. Instructional method : mixture of lecture and discussion (student participation is expected). (Harris)

415. The American Chief Executive. Pol. Sci. 111, 410, or 411; or junior standing. (4). (SS).

An advanced survey of the American presidency. Topics include the development of the institution, the selection of the President with special emphasis on the current election, installation and operation of the new administration, and the development of selected executive policies. A basic knowledge of American government and politics is requisite. In addition to the final examination, two one-hour examinations (one of which may be replaced by a term paper) are required as part of the grading pattern. There are two textbooks. Readings are required and extensive. Additional work will be necessary for preparing a term paper. (Grassmuck)

417. Legislative Process. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course will examine the politics of the legislative process, with special emphasis on the United States Congress. Among the major topics addressed will be: the theory and practice of representation; legislative-executive relations; Congress and budget policymaking; parties and coalition-building; congressmen's voting decisions. Throughout the course one of our main objectives will be to assess the policy making performance of Congress and to examine the proposals for institutional reform. Requirements: two exams, one paper. (Hall)

431. Public Administration. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

The focus of this course will be public bureaucracies and various ways of talking about them. The course will begin with an examination of what we mean by bureaucracy. Then, metaphors of bureaucracies (as systems based on expertise, as systems oriented to internal functioning, as systems oriented to external interest groups) will be explored. The readings will focus primarily at the national level, but the course itself will cover aspects of bureaucracies common to all levels. One or more papers, a midterm and final examination will be required. (Feldman)

438/Amer. Inst. 450. Ethics and Public Policy. (4). (SS).

See American Institutions 450 for description. (Chamberlin)

439/Econ. 425/Amer. Inst. 439. Inequality in the United States. Econ.. 201 or Poli. Sci. 111. (3). (SS).

See American Institutions 439 for description. (Corcoran and Courant)

440. Comparative Politics. Any 100-level course in political science or upperclass standing. (4). (SS).

This course analyzes politics in contemporary Western democracies, communist systems, and developing countries. The emphasis is on common patterns of governing, political behavior, and emerging trends in different political systems. Topics covered include political parties and patterns of citizen participation; equality, protest, and revolution; the evolution of communist, democratic, and developing systems; problems of the welfare state and the impact of economics on politics. Lectures and discussion. Students are evaluated on papers and examinations. (Barnes)

442. Governments and Politics in Western Europe. Any 100-level course in political science or upperclass standing. (4). (SS).

This course focuses on politics in Great Britain, France, West Germany and Italy, the largest nations of Western Europe. It is appropriate for political science concentrators; history concentrators who are interested in Western Europe; students concentrating in French, German or Italian who would like to know more about the society whose language they are studying; or students who are simply curious about how the political systems of these countries work. Topics include the influence of the past on contemporary politics, the relationship between the social structure and political cleavages, the forces and groups that affect government policy, protest movements (including the "Greens"), the contrasting programs and policies of the contending parties, and the forces making for political change. Requirements include a midterm, a final, and a term paper of no more than 2000 words. Instruction on how to use the computer is provided for interested students, and data for the countries treated in the course are made available. Computer work is not required; it is optional. (Pierce)

444. Government and Politics of the Soviet Union. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This is a course on the origins and the nature of the Russian/Soviet political system and on the ways in which our understanding of its political dynamics could influence its future.

452. Israeli Society and Politics. (4). (SS).

Guided by conceptual themes central to comparative political analysis, the Israeli socio-political system will be analyzed as we look at Zionism, political culture, the party system, political elites and leadership, socialization, religion and politics, multiethnicity within the Jewish sector, the Arab minorities, women, the military, and the Israeli economy. (Gitelman)

454. Governments and Politics of Southeast Asia. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This will be an introductory survey of the comparative politics of the ten countries of Southeast Asia. Prior knowledge of the region is not a necessary prerequisite to register for this course. The class will be a mixture of lecture and in-class discussion. Central themes which will be covered include: the form of government, societal sources of political culture, relations between the economies and polities of the region, models of political and economic development and the causes of political tension in the region. Southeast Asia is a very complex region with numerous ethnic, religious, political and economic differences. The course is designed to acquaint the student with as much of this diversity as possible while at the same time learning some of the analytical categories and theoretical models which help to make the region comprehensible to outsiders. Grades for the course will be based on class participation, a midterm and final exams, and a research paper. (Hawes)

456. Government and Politics of Japan. Pol. Sci. 140, 440, or 450; or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

An overview of contemporary Japanese politics, designed for students with a general interest in Japan as well as political science concentrators. Special attention is given to how politics has affected, and has been affected by, cultural patterns, social organization, economic growth and Japan's position in the world. Requirements include midterm and final examinations and a short writing assignment. Readings are drawn from a variety of books and recent articles. Because enrollment in this course has increased, it can no longer be conducted in an informal discussion style, but it will be reorganized for 1985 to build in chances for class discussion. (Campbell)

460. Problems in World Politics. Any 100-level course in political science. (4). (SS). May be elected for credit twice with permission of the instructor.

This course deals with the shifts in superpower relations during the post-1945 period, and, in particular, their effects on the international system. The historical record of détente and confrontation as well as explanations for changes are important. The impact of changes on arms control, disarmament, armaments and arms trade are included. Emphasis is placed on the significance of the relationship for local conflict patterns, conflict resolution alliance cohesion and internal political developments. European and Third World perspectives on superpower relations are covered as are general problems of measurement and causal explanation.

463. International Organization and Integration. Pol. Sci. 160 or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course is concerned with ways of managing issues arising from increasing interdependence among nation states. It examines the role of international organizations in the contemporary global political system. It considers the historical development of international organizations, their political processes, and their activities. It explores the consequences of the growth of international organizations for the global political system, particularly in terms of the extent to which international integration is being achieved. Primary attention is devoted to international governmental organizations such as the agencies of the United Nations system and the European communities, but international non-governmental organizations are also considered. Responsibilities of students taking the course for credit include: (1) studying the assigned readings and participation in class discussions; (2) writing four papers of no more than 2,500 words in length; (3) writing a midterm examination; and (4) writing a final examination. (Jacobson)

465. Political Development and Dependence. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

The purpose of this course is to review major theories of political development. The course is divided into five parts: (1) Major Approaches to Political Development; (2) Agrarian Movements; (3) Revolutions Left and Right; (4) Varieties of Authoritarianism; and (5) International Dependence. The work for the course involves writing three papers each of about l0 to 15 pages. They are due at regular intervals during the term. (McDonough)

469. Politics of International Economic Relations. Pol. Sci. 160 or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

The course will deal with the interplay of political and economic considerations in international relations. Although the two are usually dealt with separately, there is an obvious interdependence of politics and economics in the international movements of goods (trade), capital (investments) and aid. Apparently political phenomena such as wars and arms races also have a strong economic foundation. The purpose of the course will be to provide students with the conceptual tools and substantive knowledge needed to analyze such instances of political economic interplay.

470. Comparative Foreign Policy. Any 100-level course in political science. (4). (SS).

This course analyzes the processes by which the foreign policies of states are formulated and implemented. It also analyzes the consequences of these processes for the content of the state's policies. Generalizations are developed on the basis of the empirical examination of the behavior of selected states. Particular attention will be given to the behavior of the Soviet Union, the United States, and other countries. Some of the lectures will be on particular geographical areas of the world or countries and others will be on such substantive areas as population, political development and arms control.

471. The American Foreign Policy Process. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

The course concerns U.S.-Soviet relations and conflicts in which the U.S. has been a party in the Third World. A field trip to Washington, D.C. will be planned with visits to the White House, State Department and the Department of Defense. (Tanter)

472. International Security Affairs. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course covers defense, deterrence, and arms control in the contemporary context. Special emphasis is given to the policies, perspectives, and capabilities of the United States and the Soviet Union, but consideration is also given to Western Europe and China. Illustrative issues are alternative strategic nuclear doctrines, prospects for arms control, conscription, organization of the Executive Branch for foreign and military policy formation, and interalliance politics.

475. International Relations of the Soviet Union. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

There were already two Cold Wars between the West and Soviet Russia. As things stand now we may be approaching the third one. Unlike its predecessors, however the Cold Wars of 1917-1921 and 1949-1953 Cold War III would have to be fought in the presence of forty thousand missiles and a seemingly self-perpetuating nuclear arms race. Is Cold War III unavoidable? If the answer is no, how can it be avoided? Humanity doesn't know any better way to envisage the future than looking at the past. The past, however, is open for different and even opposite interpretations. One can find there any number of facts and events to buttress one's vision of the future. In this class we shall look for basic patterns of Russia's political behavior in order to avoid such arbitrariness as much as possible. Period by period, problem by problem, conflict by conflict, dispute by dispute we will be discussing the origins of Cold War II and why it ended, the attempts at relaxation of tensions and détente, the reasons of their failures and finally what future Western historians, assuming that there still will be such in the future, might call the origins of Cold War III. We will discuss opportunities which were missed, errors which became irreversible, possibilities which still exist to avoid what seems unavoidable. At the end of this class the students should be able to form their independent opinions as to the questions asked at the beginning of this description: Is Cold War III unavoidable? And if not, are there ways to avoid it? The class will combine lectures and disputes in which some students will be asked to defend, for the sake of discussion, the Soviet point of view on this or that particular problem while others will argue the Western case (since there is a continuum of those, sometimes both sides will have to dispute the conflicting Western views). This format being rather unconventional in teaching Soviet foreign policy presents a challenge to both students and the teacher and requires more than an average level of activity and concentration. (Yanov)

478. International Relations of the Far East. Pol. Sci. 160 and one other course in political science; or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course examines the interplay of the Great Powers in East and Southeast Asia China, Japan, Russia, Britain, and the United States from the 1840's to the present. The course is rooted in the assumption that contemporary international relations can only be understood through a sound knowledge of history. We will examine how the Great Powers repeatedly have competed for influence in Tibet, Sinkiang, Mongolia, Manchuria, Korea, Taiwan, and Vietnam. We will trace the complicated linkages between shifts in the balance of power in Europe, Africa, and the Middle East and developments in East and Southeast Asia. We will trace continuities and changes in the nature of interstate relations in the region over the past 150 years. Our approach will be chronological. This is a demanding course aimed at the serious and mature student of world affairs. The required readings are considerable. Grades will be based on a final exam and a research paper. (Oksenberg)

481. Junior Honors Proseminar. Open only to Honors concentrators with junior standing. (4). (SS).

This is the compulsory seminar in the Political Science Honors program. It has two aims. First, it will alert students to the scope and method of the study of politics through a critical discussion of key concepts and their function in some of the classics of political theory. Second, it will introduce students to the range of specialized interests and methodological skills of the University's Political Science faculty. The purpose of this is not only to help students see what forms the age-old questions about politics take in contemporary research, but also to help them find faculty supervisors for their Honors theses. Open to Honors concentrators in Political Science. There is no prerequisite; but Political Science 101 or 400 might be useful preparations. (Meyer)

483. American Political Parties and Electoral Problems. Political Science 111, 140, 410, or 411; or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course examines American political parties within a comparative context. After a brief discussion of the historical development of the American party system the following topics are considered: party organization, party leadership, campaigns and party finance, leadership recruitment, nominations and the national presidential convention and primary systems, elections and voting behavior, and party leadership in the policy process and in government. Much time is spent in analyzing the system from the standpoint of (1) where is it going is realignment taking place? (2) how "democratic" and responsive is it? and (3) what is the impact of the party system and its activities on the public and on society? The distinctive features of the American system in contrast to other systems are discussed as well as the factors responsible for producing the American system. Finally, an attempt is made to evaluate the system, to discuss its defects as well as its strong points, and to suggest types of reforms that might be introduced. A research paper from 10-15 pages in length is required as well as one or two one-hour examinations and a final. There are also required readings, a text, and recommended readings. Students are often involved in a Field Survey Project in which they interview party leaders and/or citizens concerning their attitudes toward, and participation in, parties and campaigns. (Eldersveld)

486. Public Opinion, Political Participation, and Pressure Groups. One course in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course focuses on (1) the formation and nature of public opinion and mass political participation and (2) the links between public opinion and participation and public policy. It will familiarize students with survey and other methods for generating opinion and participation data. Particular attention will be given to the effects of socio-economic structure, gender, media, life cycle, family, peer group, school, work environment, pressure groups, and political institutions on public opinion and participation. Course requirements include a final exam, midterm and an optional research paper. (Langton)

489. Advanced Topics in Contemporary Political Science. Two 400-level courses in political science. (4). (SS). May be elected for credit twice.

This course is designed to teach the student how to analyze public policy issues that are domestic and international; and specifically, about the politics of energy. The "energy crisis" was the premier policy challenge of the 1970's and the 1980's in the US and abroad. It is symbolic of the international shocks that pounded the US economy and cost us billions of dollars over the 1970's, and it remains critically important today and will remain so into the 1990's when many expect a new energy crisis. We will analyse the politics of energy demand and supply; the role of OPEC; the international oil companies; nuclear proliferation and nuclear power; solar energy, and the role of resources and technology, primarily in the US, but also in Europe, the USSR and in the Third World. No previous courses are required. Students will take a midterm and do a final research paper. (Wilson)

490. Political Socialization. One course in political science. (4). (SS).

Course focuses on the influence of early learning, the family, peer groups, school, work place, and adult organizations on the political attitudes and behavior of the mass public and political elites. We examine selected learning models as a means of organizing and understanding the literature and its relevance to adult political behavior. (Jennings)

491. Directed Studies. Two courses in political science and permission of instructor and the Director of Undergraduate Studies. (1-6). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). Political Science 491 and 492 may be elected for a total of eight credits. No more than four hours of directed study credit may be elected as part of a concentration program in Political Science.

A directed study on any subject agreed upon by a student and an advising instructor that does not duplicate a regular course offering. May be elected for 1-6 hours; a maximum of 4 credits may be applied toward the concentration core in political science. Students wishing to enroll for a directed study course are urged to work out the details of the course before the start of the term.

493. Senior Honors Proseminar. Open only to Honors concentrators with senior standing. (4). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). No more than four hours of Honors credit may be elected as part of a concentration plan in Political Science.

Open to seniors with Honors concentration in Political Science. Thesis writing course. (Meyer)

495. Undergraduate Seminar in Political Theory. Permission of instructor. Intended for senior concentrators. (4). (SS). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 001 Plato.
Several of Plato's dialogues will form the basics of this course. Attention will be paid to the relationship between the dramatic form and the content, with a particular focus on the relationship between politics, philosophy and poetry. The dialogues studied will probably include the Laches, the Republic, the Symposium, and the Protagoras. Some background in political theory will be helpful. Requirements will include three brief papers, brief presentations in class and a term paper. (Saxonhouse)

Section 002 God, Self and Society: The Impact of Medieval Thought. This course aims to elucidate the relation between modernity, especially the structure of the modern state, and the Biblical tradition, as presented particularly in the teachings of the patristic and scholastic Christians. It focuses on three critical innovations made by them concerning the individual, society, and nature (including the nature of God), and the consequences of these changes for political life. Specifically, the formulation of the self, the construction of a universal human family, and the identification of nature as freedom are addressed, as are three resulting distinctions in human affairs, one between the private and public spheres, another between the sovereign and the regime, and another between pluralism and polis. These themes are approached through the study of important authors, with emphasis of Augustine and Thomas Aquinas, but including other Church doctors, some Jewish and Islamic thinkers, as Avicebron, Maimonides, Avicenna, and Averroes, and the pertinent classical philosophers, as Plato and Aristotle. Previous exposure to political thought is useful but not necessary. Classes will be spent in thematic inquiry and discussion; and performance will be evaluated on the basis of a term paper, several short papers on the required reading, and class preparation and participation. (Gondek)

496. Undergraduate Seminar in American Government and Politics. Permission of instructor. Intended for senior concentrators. (4). (SS). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 001 Congress, Committees and the Budget.
This seminar will focus on committee policy-making in Congress, with considerable attention given to the role of the budget, appropriations and finance committees in the shaping of United States fiscal policy. Generally, we will attempt to analyze and evaluate the central role committees play in the legislative process. More specifically, we will focus on legislative behavior within committees the ways in which particular committee activities serve the professional goals of individual members. These concerns will lead us to consider such topics as the committee assignment process; participation and specialization in committees; coalition formation and bill construction; lobbying and interest group influence; leadership styles and strategies. Course requirements include active participation in seminar discussion, a major research paper on a topic to be negotiated between student and instructor, and a final exam. (Hall)

Section 002 Organizational Decision Making. This course will examine decision making as part of the behavior in which organizational members engage. Thus, we will begin by exploring briefly who is behaving and what meaning is attributed to behavior. Then some common ways of thinking about decision making (as rational behavior, as political behavior, as routine following behavior, as symbolic behavior) will be discussed. The course will end with an examination of the usefulness of the concept of decision making. Student papers provide the basis for discussion. Each student writes at least two papers. There is a take-home final exam. (Feldman)

497. Undergraduate Seminar in Comparative and Foreign Government. Permission of instructor. Intended for senior concentrators. (4). (SS). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 002 Political Behavior in Advanced Industrial Democracies.
This seminar examines mass political attitudes and behaviors in relation to parties, elections, and other forms of participation in the advanced industrial democracies of Western Europe, North America, and Japan. Students choose the country or countries as well as the forms of political behavior on which they focus. Previous courses in political science are recommended. Evaluations are based on student papers and class contributions. The seminar relies heavily on student discussions. (Barnes)

498. Undergraduate Seminar in International Politics. Permission of instructor. Intended for senior concentrators. (4). (SS). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 001 Political Economy of Relations between Advanced Industrial and Developing Countries.
This undergraduate seminar will be a small class limited to 15 students. The teaching method will be based almost exclusively on in-class discussion. Discussion topics will include most of the important and controversial issues which have made relations between the First and Third Worlds so complicated. Examples of the subject matter for discussion are: the international debt crisis, the role of the International Monetary Fund, the impact of foreign investment on both the host and home countries of the investing company and proposals for a New International Economic Order. Each of these topics will be approached in a theoretical and analytical fashion. Students will be expected to participate actively in class discussions. This participation will represent one-third of the basis for a final grade. An additional one-third of the final grade will be determined by performance on a midterm exam. The remaining one-third is based on a research paper. (Hawes)

Section 002 Undergraduate Seminar in World Politics. This seminar is for advanced upper class majors in the social sciences, and aims to prepare the student to read, evaluate, and design systematic research in the world politics problem area specified for each term. The focus this term will be on decision-making in international conflict; texts not yet selected. Prerequisites: introductory course in world politics and at least two upper-level social science courses; modest competence in statistics is desirable, but not essential. Students will prepare a few brief memos, one longer paper, and a final exam. (Singer)

Section 003 Undergraduate Seminar in World Politics. Exact topic will be announced later.

514. The Use of Social Science Computer Programs. Pol. Sci. 499 or equivalent; or permission of instructor. (1). (Excl).

This course introduces the student to the computer and to campus software systems. Topics considered include how the computer can be used to analyze social science data. Instruction will be provided in the use of a decwriter terminal and a display (CRT) terminal. The primary software system covered by this course is MIDAS, but students will also be introduced to OSIRIS and to basic MTS commands.

591. Advanced Internship in Political Science. Two courses in political science at the 400 level or above and concentration in political science; or graduate standing. Permission of supervising instructor and review by the Department's internship advisor. No more than 4 credits of internship may be included as part of a concentration plan in political science. (2-6). (Excl). (EXPERIENTIAL). With approval, may be elected for a total of 8 credits for both Political Science 591 and 592.

Advanced Internship requires careful, individual planning between senior students in Political Science and individual faculty members who approve the internship and provide instruction. To register for the course, the student must complete the internship form and obtain an override to enter the course. The form is available in 6619 Haven Hall.

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