Far Eastern Languages and Literatures

Courses in Buddhist Studies (Division 332)

320/Asian Studies 320/Phil. 335/Rel. 320. Introduction to Buddhism. Buddhist Studies 220 or equivalent. (3). (HU).

An exploration of Asian Buddhism, with emphasis on the development in India of the doctrinal and meditative traditions of the Theravada, Mahayana and Tantra. Attention also will be given to Buddhism in Southeast Asia, China, Japan and Tibet, including such developments as Pure Land and Zen. The course will attempt to locate Buddhism within its historical framework and within the framework of human religiousness in general, with particular focus on (a) what Buddhists traditionally have believed and (b) the philosophical and psychological ramifications of these beliefs. Readings will be taken primarily from Buddhist texts in English translation. Lectures will be supplemented by films, slides and discussions. No previous knowledge of the subject is required, although Religion 202 (Chinese/Japanese 220) is recommended as background for the course. "Introduction to Buddhism" is a prerequisite for more advanced courses in Buddhism. (Jackson)

Courses in Chinese (Division 339)

101 Beginning Chinese. (5). (FL).

This is the first half of an introductory course in speaking, understanding, reading, and writing standard Mandarin Chinese. The course begins with intensive pronunciation drill accompanied by presentation of the pinyin romanization system. From the second week of the term, classroom lessons are aimed toward achieving a mastery of basic patterns of the spoken language and developing a gradual accumulation of basic vocabulary. Chinese characters are introduced in the seventh week of the term with increasing amounts of time outside the classroom devoted to preparation of readings. The texts for the course are DeFrancis, Beginning Chinese and DeFrancis, Beginning Chinese Reader. The entire class meets two hours each week for lecture, discussion, and a limited amount of drill; the class is then divided into smaller drill sections each of which meets three hours a week. Students are expected to make full use of the large quantity of material on tape in the Language Laboratory (2003 Modern Language Building). (Tao)

201 Second-Year Chinese. Chinese 102 or equivalent. (5). (FL).

This course is a continuation of work begun in Chinese 101-102. Students electing the course should have mastered the spoken language material presented in DeFrancis' Beginning Chinese or a similar introductory text and should be able to recognize and write about 400 characters and 1200 combinations. The primary goal of the course is achievement of a basic level of reading competence within a vocabulary of 800 characters and accompanying combinations. A closely integrated secondary goal is continued improvement of aural understanding and speaking competence. These goals are approached through classroom drill and recitation, out-of-class exercises, and work in the language laboratory. Daily class attendance is required. Students are graded on the basis of daily classroom performance, periodic quizzes and tests, homework assignments, and a final exam. The text is Chinese Linguistics Project, Princeton, Intermediate Chinese. (Liang)

378. Advanced Spoken Chinese. Chinese 202 or 362. (1). (Excl). May be repeated for credit.

This course is designed as a spoken language supplement to the post-second year Chinese reading courses. The prerequisite is two years of modern Chinese (UM courses 101 through 202, or equivalent course at another institution), and students enrolled in the course should also be enrolled in a third year, fourth year, or classical Chinese course. The purpose of the course is to continue building on the foundation of spoken competence laid down in first and second year Chinese. This is done through classroom drill and conversation, presentation of brief speeches and stories, discussion of materials read and of fellow students' presentations, and through out-of-class preparation for these activities, including required use of the language laboratory. Though some attention is paid to character writing, the emphasis is very strongly on the aural-oral skills (supported by thorough control of the pinyan romantization system), and it is on the development of these aural-oral skills that the student is graded. The required text for the course is a collection of short stories, transcripts of films and hand-outs. (Liang)

405 Third-Year Chinese. Chinese 202 or 362. (5). (Excl).

Chinese 405 and 406 are a two-term sequence constituting the third year of the Chinese program. All four basic skills reading, writing, listening, and speaking are stressed, but the most time is devoted to learning to read various styles of modern Chinese, including fiction, essays, and documentary and journalistic materials. (Students who want more spoken language work are encouraged to enroll also for Chinese 378, (Advanced Spoken Chinese. ) Readings are selected from a large variety of textbook and non-textbook materials, most of them in course pack form. (Baxter)

451 Literary Chinese. Chinese 202 or 362. (4). (HU).

This is a course for specialists, requiring knowledge of modern Chinese at least through the Second Year level. Using Shadick's A First Course in Literary Chinese as a text, supplemented with locally prepared handouts, we treat selectively the styles of Chinese (poetry as well as prose) that were written in traditional times, from the Chou classical age into the Ch'ing dynasty. Classes are in small recitation groups, requiring steady application measured in weekly tests and regular hand-in exercises, and a two-hour final exam. Emphasis is always given understanding, and rendering clearly into English. The course is the first half of a two-term sequence that is prerequisite to more advanced Chinese courses. (Crump)

461 Readings in Modern Chinese. Chinese 406 or equivalent. (5). (HU).

Graded readings at the fourth-year level of a variety of materials to improve command of structure and vocabulary in a range of standard colloquial styles. (Mills)

468/Phil. 468. Classical Chinese Thought (To A.D. 220) Upperclass standing; no knowledge of Chinese required. (3). (HU).

See Philosophy 468 for description. (Munro)

471. Classical Chinese Literature in Translation. No knowledge of Chinese required. (3). (HU).

Largely through lectures, this course will examine the highlights of early Chinese literature from antiquity to the 13th century. We will begin with The Book of Changes, The Book of Songs, and a few ancient philosophical texts (which are written in brilliant literary styles) from the millennium before Christ, the millennium in which China made an astonishing "philosophic breakthrough" in its civilization. We will then undertake to follow the development of the various forms of poetry, fiction, and other kinds of prose during the subsequent centuries. The principal aim is to enable students to become familiar with, and also to be able to enjoy, these masterpieces of literature that illustrate the range and depth of the Chinese imagination, the inner life of the individual as well as the outer social and political life of China through the ages. Two short papers and a final exam are required. Sample readings include Cyril Birch, ed., Anthology of Chinese Literature, Vol. I; two major texts in Taoist mysticism: Lao Tzu: Tao Te Ching and the "Inner Chapters" of the Chuang Tzu; Burton Watson, Chinese Lyricism; and other materials in a course pack. (Lin)

473. Twentieth-Century Chinese Literature in Translation. No knowledge of Chinese required. (3). (HU).

An introductory course in Modern Chinese literature in translation designed for the non-specialist who has no knowledge of the Chinese language. It covers the period from 1900 to the present and concentrates primarily on fiction because more fiction has been translated. Some poetry and plays are also read. Students are expected to read the equivalent of about two easy novels a week; background material is handled in lecture form by the instructor. The emphasis is on literature as a reflection of the Chinese in Chinese society in the 20th century. Class discussion is encouraged. There are either two oral reports a term or a term paper. Readings include novels like The Family by Pa Chin, the story of a split between the generations in a Szechwan family; Midnight by Mao Tun, a story of financial manipulation and intrigue in the Shanghai stockmarket of the 1930's; Schoolmaster Ni by Yen Sheng-t'ao, a story of the development of a young intellectual from an idealistic schoolmaster into a revolutionary; and The Sun Shines on the Sang Kang River by Ting Ling, the story of land reform in the Chinese countryside in the late 1940's. Plays on tensions in Chinese society by Tsao Yu and many collections of short stories are covered. (Mills)

495. Introduction to Chinese Linguistics. Chinese 101. (3). (Excl).

Chinese 495 is an introduction to the study of the Chinese language. Topics covered include the languages of China and their relationships (including both non-Chinese languages and Chinese dialects); the sound system and grammatical structure of standard (Mandarin) Chinese; the history of the Chinese language; the development of the Chinese writing system; the indigenous linguistic tradition of China; and language policy and language reform. Readings are mostly in course pack form. In addition to written tests, students are required to give one or more oral reports and to write one research paper. A background in linguistics, though helpful, is not required. (Baxter)

Courses in Japanese (Division 401)

101 Beginning Japanese. (5). (FL).

The course aims at the acquisition of the four basic language skills - reading, writing, speaking, and listening comprehension in Japanese. The emphasis is on thorough mastery of the fundamental structure of Japanese through aural-oral exercises and practice to the extent that natural fluency in both spoken and written Japanese is achieved. In the Fall Term the basic rules of the Japanese writing system are presented. Hiragana is used from the very beginning and later Katakana and approximately 70 Kanji are introduced. In the Winter Term an additional 130 Kanji are introduced. It is required that students make use of the taped exercises in the Language Laboratory or at home every day. Student evaluation will be based on (1) attendance, (2) classroom and homework performance, and (3) results of quizzes, tests, and the final examination. (Endo)

201 Second-Year Japanese. Japanese 102 or equivalent. (5). (FL).

Japanese 201 is offered Fall Term, 1985. Designed for students who have finished an introductory text, the course will help students acquire more proficiency in modern Japanese. Although increasing emphasis will be given to reading and writing, listening and speaking will constitute an integral part of the course, and the course will be conducted primarily in Japanese. Approximately 500 (cumulative) Kanji will be introduced in Japanese 201 and 800 (cumulative) in Japanese 202. The dialog section of each lesson will help students learn important styles of spoken Japanese in various social and cultural contexts. Evaluation will be based on quizzes, texts, exams and daily performance as well. (Endo)

401. Japanese Literature in Translation: Classical Periods to 1600. A knowledge of Japanese is not required. (3). (HU).

A survey of Japanese literature from the eighth century through the sixteenth. All assigned readings are in English translation, and no previous knowledge of Japan or the Japanese language is required. Special attention is given to the greatest works of the pre-modern Japanese literary tradition, including the Man'yoshu, the eighth century anthology of the native; The Tale of Genji, the psychological novel of court life from the early eleventh century; diaries and essays from the Heian period (ca. 800-1200); the epic war tales of the thirteenth century; and some of the great noh plays of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. This course, together with Japanese 402, its sequel, are recommended to all students with a general interest in Japanese culture and civilization. Classes are primarily devoted to lectures, with occasional discussion periods and ample opportunity for questions from students. There are a midterm and final examination, emphasizing essay questions. Also, one short paper of some 10 to 15 pages is required. In addition to a course pack, required texts include: E.G. Seidensticker, trans., The Tale of Genji; and D. Keene, trans., Yoshida Kenko's Essays in Idleness. The course is required for concentrators in Japanese. (Ito)

405 Third-Year Japanese. Japanese 202 or equivalent. (5). (Excl).

The course aims at further development of overall language proficiency through reading of modern texts in various fields, discussion and composition. Classes will be mostly conducted in Japanese, and drills and homework assignments will be aimed at improving the students' command of grammar and more advanced vocabulary as well as developing translation techniques. The students will be given assignments to translate some pages of Japanese writings that are in the students' fields of specialization.

407 Advanced Readings in Modern Japanese Literature. Japanese 406 or concurrent enrollment in Japanese 406. (4). (HU).

This course introduces the student to modern Japanese fiction (largely short stories) and other materials written by outstanding writers for a mature Japanese audience. The emphasis is upon a literary approach, using close reading and translation, in class, of Japanese texts. Occasional papers and written translations of supplementary texts are required. The pace of reading is intended to help the student build up reading speed and comprehension. The course will also teach the student how to use dictionaries and other basic research aids effectively. It should be noted that this course in intended primarily for FELL undergraduate and graduate concentrators in Japanese, although non-concentrators are welcome. (Ito)

461. Social Science Readings in Japanese. Japanese 406. (4 each). (Excl). May be repeated for credit with permission of instructor.

This is a course designed to give the students who have completed three years of the Japanese language studies the opportunity to read the Japanese writing in various disciplines of social science. In the sense that Japanese 405-406 or Japanese 411 are prerequisite to this course, it is a part of the departmental sequence. The grades for the course are determined by means of two examinations and a paper which is usually the refined translation of a part of the students' readings for the term. The reading texts are chosen according to the students' needs and specialization. It is a reading course.

541 Classical Japanese. Japanese 406 and 408, or permission of instructor. (4). (HU).

An introduction to the classical written language, with emphasis upon grammar, syntax, and various classical written styles. A reading knowledge of modern Japanese (equivalent to at least three years of study) is a prerequisite. Class meetings are devoted to reading, translating from Japanese into English, grammatical analysis and drill. A selection of literary works from the tenth through the sixteenth centuries are read, with stress on accurate translation, close analysis of grammatical structure, and careful attention to literary qualities. Materials include the Hojoki (Record of My Hut) of Kamo no Chomei (1155-1216) and selections from the thirteenth-century war tale Heike Monogatari (Tale of the House of Taira). This course is required of graduate concentrators in Japanese and is a prerequisite (with Japanese 542) to advanced work in pre-modern Japanese literature. It is also highly recommended to graduate students of pre-modern Japanese history, Japanese art history, etc. It may also be taken by undergraduates with sufficient advanced preparation in the modern language. (Brower)

553. Classical Japanese Poetry. Japanese 542. (3). (HU). May be repeated for credit with permission of instructor.

An introduction to the Japanese classical poetic tradition through reading and analysis of representative Japanese verse from the seventh century A.D. through the 14th. A working knowledge of classical Japanese (equivalent to Japanese 541 and 542) is a prerequisite. Readings of individual poems and poetic literature are combined with oral reports, written work (equivalent to one long seminar paper), and occasional lectures by the instructor. Works covered include the great poetry anthologies, Man'yoshu (Collection of Ten Thousand Leaves, ca.759), Kokinshu (Collection of Ancient and Modern Times, ca. 905), and Shinkokinshu (New Collection of Ancient and Modern Times, ca. 1205). Other anthologies, individual collections, and critical works are also consulted. The course may be elected repeatedly for credit by the same students, in which case materials not previously studied are used. Recommended not only for graduate concentrators in Japanese, but also for students of pre-modern Japanese history, art history, Buddhism, etc. The approach is essentially analytical and practical, representing the application of Western techniques of analytical criticism to Japanese materials. (Brower)

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