Classical Studies

Classical Archaeology (Division 342)

221/Hist. of Art 221. Introduction to Greek Archaeology. (4). (HU).

This course surveys the history and art of Crete and Greece as revealed by archaeology from the third millennium through the 4th century B.C. In the prehistoric period, particular attention is given to architectural and ceramic developments as well as to the crosscurrent of trade and economic contacts among Asia Minor, Crete, and mainland Greece. Emphasis is also given to the impact archaeology has had on views and theories of history: the destructions of the civilizations of Crete and Troy, the end of the bronze age, the volcanic eruption of Thera. In the historic period, major artistic developments in architecture, sculpture, and painting are considered and special attention is given to social interpretations: temples as banks and monasteries; sculpture as dedication, decoration, and commemorative propaganda; architectural sculpture as realized myth. Discussions in the sections will concentrate on the historical background, archaeological field techniques, methods of dating and stratigraphy. The sections will meet in the Kelsey museum where it will be possible to work with the actual ancient artifacts recovered in University of Michigan excavations. There are two one hour examinations and a final as well as illustrated lectures and assigned readings. (Pedley)

437/Hist. of Art 437. Egyptian Art and Archaeology. (3). (HU).

See History of Art 437 for description.

439/Hist. of Art 439. Greek Vase Painting. (3). (HU).

An introductory survey of the painted pottery produced on the Greek mainland from Mycenaean times through the early Hellenistic period. Pottery will be examined for art-historical, cultural, and archaeological information. The artist's progress in realistic representation of the human figure as revealed on Greek vases will be studied. Emphasis will be placed on the domination of the pottery market by different cities at different times. The use of pottery as an archaeological tool in dating and evaluating an excavation will be discussed. There are illustrated lectures and extensive reserve readings. A midterm, final, and paper are expected. (Herbert)

Classical Civilization (Division 344)

Courses in this division do not require a knowledge of Greek or Latin. They are intended for students who have not had time or opportunity to learn these languages but who wish to acquire knowledge of ancient literature, life, and thought, and of the debt modern civilization owes the Greeks and Romans.

101. Classical Civilization I: The Ancient Greek World (in English). (4). (HU).

This course serves as an introduction to the civilization of ancient Greece from its beginnings through the Hellenistic age. It is offered for students without a knowledge of Greek or Latin and also serves as a companion course for students in elementary Greek and Latin classes who wish to supplement their language learning. Lectures include topics on history, literature, art, archaeology, philosophy, mythology, society, customs, politics, science, religion, law, and the economic life of Greece with special emphasis on ancient Athens. The lectures are given by various members of the Classical Studies Department and other departments. Literature read includes The Iliad and The Odyssey of Homer; selections from Greek lyric poetry; selected tragedies of Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides; selections from the historians Herodotus and Thucydides; and selected philosophical writings of Plato. The readings average about 120 pages per week. There will be a midterm, three papers, and a final examination. Freshmen Honors students in Honors sections will write enough to meet the Introductory Composition requirement. This course is the first of a two-term series. Classical Civilization 102 is offered in the Winter Term and represents an equivalent treatment of the civilization of ancient Rome. It is recommended that the course be taken as a sequence, but it is not required. (Cameron)

352. Greek and Latin Elements in English Vocabulary. (3). (HU).

Students will learn enough elements of Greek and Latin vocabulary to increase significantly their understanding of English word formation. This leads to an improved ability to understand many unfamiliar words and to retain them. Although the emphasis is on Greek and Latin elements, the contribution of other languages is not neglected. Students are required to complete one programmed textbook and one more book chosen by the student with the approval of the instructor. A log of words learned each week beyond those in the text or covered in class is required. A minimum of 10 unit critiques and tests, a midterm, and a final exam. (Sections 002 and 003: Staff)

372. Sports and Daily Life in Ancient Rome. (4). (HU).

The material to be covered in 372 has been expanded to include various aspects of Roman daily life as well as sports. It will be offered for four credits, of which three hours consist of lectures (often illustrated with slides) and the fourth hour a discussion section which meets every week for one hour at a time. After some introductory lectures on the historical background, the first part of the course is devoted to organized sports in Rome, which comprise chariot-racing, gladiatorial fights, wild beast hunts, and theatrical performances. We then examine organized recreational activities including bathing, games, and the recreation of emperors. The second half of the term is devoted to daily life in the city of Rome, the different classes of society, housing, cooking and food, travel, tourism, gardens, women, and life expectancy. In the discussion sections we read selections from Latin authors in translation, authors who describe at first hand many aspects of daily life in Rome in their own day. The required text for the course is J.P.V. Balsdon, Life and Leisure in Ancient Rome. Lectures in the course are spread between several faculty members of the Department of Classical Studies. (Humphrey)

388/Phil. 388. History of Philosophy: Ancient. One Philosophy Introduction. (4). (HU).

See Philosophy 388 for description. (N. White)

472. Roman Law. Not open to freshmen. (3). (HU).

This course acquaints students with the fundamental concepts of Roman private law, with their origin in the society and government of the High Roman Empire, and with their all-important influence in the development of Western European legal theory and institutions. The course aims primarily to meet the interests of undergraduates with a bent toward law as a profession, but it is open to all students (except freshmen). This year we will be experimenting with a direct application of the American case-law method to the teaching of Roman law. Our basic text will be a series of actual problems from the Roman jurists, which we will discuss in class; only as the occasion demands will the instructor "fill in the gaps" with short lectures on other relevant legal material. Thus students should develop a feel for legal analysis and for the contribution made through such analysis by the Roman jurists; at the same time, students will learn Roman law in a form that will be directly relevant to future legal studies. Besides the handouts, one general introduction to Roman law (ca. 250 pages) will be required reading. There will be one hour test on material covered in class, in addition to the final examination; one paper (10 pages) will allow the student to analyze in detail a particular legal problem. (Frier)

Classical Greek (Division 385)

Elementary Courses

101. Elementary Greek. (4). (FL).

In combination with Greek 102, this is the first half of a year-long introduction to ancient Greek and is designed to prepare students for the reading of Greek texts. Greek 101 concentrates on fifth-century B.C. Attic Greek which was the language of the "golden age" of Athens. The Greek language of that time and place represents a cultural and linguistic central point from which students can pursue their own interests within a wide range of Greek literature which extends from the Homeric epics to the Byzantine era and which includes the archaic, classical, and hellenistic periods as well as the koine Greek of the New Testament. The purpose of the course is to develop the fundamentals of the language so that these fundamentals can then be applied to whatever area of ancient Greek students wish to pursue. (Section 001 - Rickert; Section 002 Scodel)

301. Second-Year Greek. Greek 102 or equivalent. (4). (FL).

This course is the first half of the second-year ancient Greek language sequence. It includes a grammar review, translation (primarily Plato), and analysis of ancient Greek texts. The primary purpose of the course is to prepare students for more and faster reading of Greek. It is followed by Greek 302 which is offered Winter Term.

Intermediate Courses

401. Early Greek Prose and Poetry. Greek 302 or equivalent. (3). (HU).

This course is designed primarily to teach students how to read ancient Greek with some speed and comprehension. The syllabus will be composed of prose writings, with about two-thirds of the time spent on the Symposium of Plato and the remaining one-third on representative texts of fifth and fourth-century Attic prose authors. Requirements: midterm and final examinations, two oral reports which will form the basis of a final paper. (Rickert)

Advanced Courses

457. Greek Orators. Greek 302 or equivalent. (3). (HU).

We will read speeches primarily from the 5th and 4th centuries B.C., though perhaps from later periods as well. Our discussion will focus upon the speeches as rhetoric along with the peculiar preoccupations and stylistic traits of individual authors. (Edwards)

Latin Language and Literature (Division 411)

Elementary Courses

Two convictions are basic to the Elementary Latin Program of the Department of Classical Studies: (1) it is possible for every able-minded person to master the basic facts of a foreign language and (2) the learning experience leading to such a mastery is a privilege that is very specifically human and ought to be most satisfying. Essential grammatical facts are taught, and a knowledge of these facts enables students to understand Latin written by the famous authors of the Golden Age. Students acquire a working vocabulary and demonstrate understanding of the reading by writing a readable translation. Since at least 50% of the vocabulary of an educated speaker of English is Latin in origin, English improves as Latin stems and derivatives are learned. The program normally takes four terms to complete. A placement test may be taken at the beginning or end of a term, and a student may succeed in placing out of one or more courses in the introductory sequence.

In the Elementary Latin Program, the department is offering Latin 101, 102, 193, 221, 231, and 232 in the Fall Term, 1985. Latin 101 (see below) is for students with no previous Latin. A placement examination will determine the appropriate course for other students who enter the elementary sequence. Students with questions about which course to elect are encouraged to visit the department office in 2014 Angell Hall, 764-0360, or the Elementary Latin Office in 2012 Angell Hall, 764-8297.

101. Elementary Latin. No credit granted to those who have completed 103, 193, or 502. (4). (FL).

All of the assigned tasks/exercises in Latin 101 are directed toward the reading and translation of Classical Latin and not toward writing or conversation. The course has as its primary objective the acquisition of a fundamental understanding of basic Latin grammar. The text for the course is Knudsvig, Seligson, and Craig, Latin for Reading. Latin 101 covers approximately the first half of this text. Course topics include the morphology and syntax of nouns, pronouns, and adjectives; conjunctions, adverbs, and prepositions; and such basic sentence kernel types as active, passive, linking, and factitive. Grading is based on quizzes, class participation, hour examinations, and a final.

102. Elementary Latin. Latin 101. No credit granted to those who have completed 193 or 502. (4). (FL).

All of the assigned tasks/exercises in Latin 102 are directed toward the reading and translation of Classical Latin and not toward writing or conversation. The course continues the presentation of the essentials of the Latin language as it covers the last half of Knudsvig, Seligson, and Craig, Latin for Reading. Course topics include the morphology and syntax of verbs, and indirect statements, questions, and commands. Extended reading selections from Plautus (comedy) and Eutropius (history) are introduced. Grading is based on class participation, quizzes, hour examinations, and a final.

193. Intensive Elementary Latin I. No credit granted to those who have completed 101, 102, 103 or 502. (4). (FL).

Taught jointly with Latin 502. See Latin 502 for the description. (Humphrey and Ross)

221. Continuation Course in Latin. Two or more units of high school Latin and assignment by placement test. No credit granted to those who have completed 193, 194, 231, or 503. (4). (FL).

All of the assigned tasks/exercises in Latin 221 are directed toward the reading and translation of Classical Latin and not toward writing or conversation. The text used is the same as that in Latin 101 and 102, and the course starts at the beginning of the book. A more rapid pace is maintained as 221 covers the material of 101 and 102. Grading is based on class participation, quizzes, hour examinations, and a final.

231. Introduction to Latin Prose. Latin 102 or 103. No credit granted to those who have completed 193, 194, 221, or 503. (4). (FL).

This course reviews grammar as it introduces students to extended passages of classical Latin prose through selections from such authors of the first centuries B.C. and A.D. as Cicero, Caesar, Sallust, Livy, and Tacitus. Class discussions center upon the readings. Grading is based on class participation, quizzes, hour examinations, and a final.

232. Vergil, Aeneid. Latin 231 or 221. No credit granted to those who have completed 193, 194, 222, or 503. (4). (FL).

The goal of this course is simple: to read extensive passages of Vergil's Aeneid, with comprehension and enjoyment. To the degree that there is mastery of the paradigm forms and the most common principal parts of irregular verbs the daily assignments will be made easier. Careful attention is paid to Vergil's style, the more common poetic features he employs, mythological references, and the relation of the text to the life and times of the Emperor Augustus. Three hour exams, a two-hour final, and regular participation in class will determine the course grade; there are no papers. In-class translation is followed by a discussion of the text under consideration that day. (Section 001 Nissen; Section 002 Staff)

Intermediate Courses

301. Intermediate Latin. Latin 194, 222, 232 or equivalent. (3). (HU).

The primary goal of this course is to serve as an introduction to the study of Latin literature, and, through the literature, of Roman culture. Texts by major prose authors will be read with a view to their literary, historical, and political contexts. Translation, and review of morphology and syntax as needed, will be stressed.

401. Republican Prose. Latin 232 or the equivalent. (3). (HU). May be repeated for a total of 9 credits with permission of concentration adviser.

Representative texts of the Republic (especially Caesar and Sallust) will be studied in order (1) to strengthen the student's ability to read Latin and (2) to increase his awareness of the history (political and intellectual) of the period. (Ross)

Advanced Courses

409. Augustan Poetry. Latin 232 or the equivalent. (3). (HU). May be repeated for a total of 9 credits with permission of concentration adviser.
This course is an evaluation of the poetry of Ovid, and seeks to assess his originality in Roman poetry, as well as his place in Augustan poetry and Roman literature as a whole. Texts to be read include extracts from his Amores; Heroides; Ars Amatoria; Metamorphoses; Tristia; and Epistulae ex Ponto. (A course pack will be available.) Hour examination, final examination, short paper. Translation in class together with analysis of Ovid's poetic techniques, strategems, and aims. (Witke)

435/MARC 440. Medieval Latin I, 500-900 A.D. Two years of college Latin or equivalent. (4). (HU).

See MARC 440 for description. (Witke)

475. Roman Historiography. (3). (HU).

Survey of Roman historical writing, concentrating on the aims and influences of antiquarians, the development of style, and Roman theories of history from Hellenistic times through early Christian days. Guided readings in the most important works from Polybius to Cassiodorus.

502. Rapid Beginning Latin. Intended for graduate students. No credit granted to those who have completed 101, 102, 103, 193, or 504. (4). (FL).

This course, taught jointly with Latin 193, is a rapid introduction to Latin and is intended for students with little or no prior Latin. It is especially designed for graduate students who are in such fields as history, medieval or renaissance literature, or linguistics and who need to acquire a reading competence in Latin as quickly and efficiently as possible. Upperclass undergraduates with the same needs or undergraduates who intend to continue the study of Latin and want a rapid introduction that enables them to take upper-level Latin courses as soon as possible should elect Latin 193. The first term course (Latin 193/502) covers elementary grammar and syntax. (Humphrey and Ross)

535. Petronius. Latin 401 or equivalent. (3). (HU).

A close reading of the Satyricon, with emphasis on genre (romance, the "novel"), on contemporary society (the status, aspirations, and ideology of freed slaves), and literary culture (of the age of the emperor Nero). (Frier)

562. Cicero, Orations. Latin 401 or equivalent. (3). (HU).

Selected orations, representing the different phases of Cicero's career, will be closely read in class; others will be assigned for review in oral reports. The chief emphasis will be social, cultural, and literary (rather than political). Cicero will be viewed as a bridge between the Roman tradition (political and moral) and the Greek world (whose attainments were intellectual and artistic). His technical accomplishments as orator in delineating character, in invective, in telling use of historical exempla, in weighty seriousness (gravitas ) and deployment of humor - will be analyzed and stressed. (D'Arms)

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