Courses in Political Science (Division 450)

Primarily for First and Second Year Students

101. Introduction to Political Theory. (4). (SS).

By focusing on a selected number of classical texts from the history of political thought this class will introduce the student to some of the central theoretical questions and concepts that underlie our evaluations of political life. Readings will include works by Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Locke, Rousseau and Marx, as well as selected literary texts such as Aeschylus' Oresteia, Sophocles' Antigone, and plays by Shakespeare. In these works we will find the basis for discussing such issues as the origins and purposes of political life, its relation to the pursuit of philosophy, the nature of political obligation, the meaning of the individual in political communities, political and social hierarchy and equality. There will be two lectures and two discussion sections per week. Students will be evaluated on the basis of written and/or oral work assigned by their discussion leader and by class-wide midterm and final exams. The course can serve as one of the two prerequisites for upper division political science courses and for the political science concentration. (Saxonhouse)

111. Introduction to American Politics. (4). (SS).

This is a wide-ranging survey of government and politics throughout the United States. Most of the course centers upon national government and politics. Among the main topics to be explored are the constitutional base, elections, political parties and interest groups, the presidency, Congress, the courts, and policy formulation in designated areas. The kinds of questions considered might include the following: What impact do interest groups have on governmental policy? Are there real differences between the two major political parties? What accounts for swings in voting behavior and election outcome from one time to another? Why is it that public policy emerges as it does in the United States? What is the level of trust in government? And how does that level change? These and others are issues confronted in the course. There are two lectures and two discussion sessions each week. The basis for grading includes a midterm and a final examination for all students; and written work as well as other forms of participation in each of the sections, under the guidance of individual instructors. (Grassmuck)

140. Introduction to Comparative Politics. (4). (SS).

This course will provide students with an understanding of politics in Western Europe, China, the Soviet Union, and Japan, and familiarize them with concepts used to analyze politics Each of the countries will be discussed separately in order to introduce its distinctive features and to ensure that students understand how it operates. As the course progresses, we will draw increasingly broad comparisons. Certain key concepts will be introduced and used for comparative purposes. In particular, we will be concerned with the social and economic forces that influence political life; political parties and political competition; leadership succession; the role of political institutions; and the analysis of contemporary political conflicts. The course will offer two lectures per week, plus two meetings in relatively small discussion sections designed to encourage a two-way flow of communication. (Inglehart)

160. Introduction to World Politics. (4). (SS).

This course provides an introduction to the basic approaches to the study of international politics. Material on the theories underlying these approaches is grounded in case studies of events from World War I to the present. The object is twofold: to familiarize students with the ways in which analysts have tried to understand international politics; and to equip students with both substantive knowledge of, and a grasp of the underlying theoretical issues concerning contemporary international problems. Students will be evaluated on the basis of both examination and several short writing assignments. All students are expected to attend discussion sections as well as the regular lectures for the course. (Lieberthal)

210/Amer. Inst. 240. Introduction to the Political Economy of American Institutions. (4). (SS).

See American Institutions 240. (Walker)

Primarily for Juniors and Seniors

300. Contemporary Political Issues. (4). (SS).

It is recommended that the student has taken at least Political Science 111. The course will focus on the implications of recent political change for the conduct of political campaigns and the governance of the country. Critical issues in the study of political behavior will be addressed by examining the following five questions: 1) How are candidates for political office evaluated by the public? 2) Does the recent increase in political independence indicate that Independents are alienated from political parties or that they think parties are irrelevant? 3) Is the electorate more ideological today than in the past? 4) Are non-partisan group attachments replacing political parties as the mobilizing force in American politics? 5) Does the media select our candidates for high office? (Markus)

309. The Politics of Liberation. (4). (SS). May be elected for credit three times, provided that content is different.

This course will center on the investigation and discussion of the various frameworks of analysis used to examine the roles of Blacks in politics.

320. Chicano Politics and the Chicano Community. (4). (Excl).

This course is intended to be a critical examination into the study of Chicano Politics.

391. Introductory Internship in Political Science. One 100-level course in political science, permission of supervising instructor before the internship period, and review by Department's internship adviser. Intended for non-concentrators. (2-4). (Excl). (EXPERIENTIAL). May be elected for a total of 8 credits for both Political Science 391 and 392.

Supervised internship, primarily for non-concentrators. Requires the approval of the instructor and review by the department's internship coordinator. (2-4 each)

395/Econ. 395/REES 395/Slavic 395/Hist. 332/Soc. 392. Survey of the Soviet Union. (4). (SS).

See REES 395.

402. Development of Political Thought: To Modern Period. Junior standing or two courses in political science. (4). (SS).

The aim of this course is two-fold: (1) to give the student a sense of the history of political philosophy from the ancient Greek period to the end of the sixteenth century, and (2) to help the student become aware of the complexities and assumptions entailed in the articulation of a coherent political theory. We will be reading the works of such major political philosophers as Plato, Aristotle, Cicero, St. Thomas Aquinas, and Machiavelli. We will be concerned with such issues as the basis for obligation, the sources of legitimacy, the role of the individual in the political community and the value and purpose of political life. Readings will be from primary sources.

405. American Political Thought. Junior standing. (4). (SS).

This course explores the democratic theory of the American regime. The "founding" principles a religious/providential one, derived from Christianity, and a scientific/rational one, derived from the Enlightenment - are examined. Attention is then given to at least five competing notions of democracy (or the democratic majority): these center on national representation (Hamilton and Madison), local participation (Jefferson), national participation (Jackson), local representation (a state-based position), and national-local concurrence (Calhoun). Subsequently, the majorities that have come to predominate, as evidenced particularly during so-called critical realignments, are examined. The quarrels surrounding their formation (as ruling coalitions) are studied as those between colonialism and republicanism, con-federalism and federalism, sectionalism and nationalism, protectionalism and individualism, monopolism and progressivism, and privatism and social rationalism. Course readings are taken from a range of American authors. Special attention is given to the Federalist Papers; and works of Jefferson, Calhoun, Lincoln, Garrison, Emerson, Thoreau, Wilson, Bellamy, Veblen, Dewey, Lippmann, and others are investigated. Previous exposure to political theory is helpful but not necessary. Classes will entail lecture and discussion; and student performance will be evaluated on the basis of two hour exams (with a paper option for one of them), a final exam, and class preparation and participation.

408. Communist Political Thought: From Marx to the Present. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course provides an introduction to Marxism and its development from Hegel to contemporary schools. Emphasis is placed on a thorough exploration of the basic ideas and concepts presented in the writings of Engels and Marx as well as on unresolved questions and contradictions in the Marxist heritage. Readings include extensive assignments from the writings of Marx, Engels, and Bolshevism. Each student is expected to write a major paper on a pertinent topic of the student's choice. The class format is a lecture/discussion combination. (Meyer)

411. American Political Processes. Any 100-level course in political science. (4). (SS).

My aim in this course is to acquaint you with the political behavior of individuals, as it is conventionally studied in American political science. We will start by examining some of the assumptions that are the foundations for political science work investigating these matters. These foundational considerations cover normative proposals recommending criteria that desirable political systems ought to satisfy, factual observations concerning the institutional context in which ordinary individuals live and act, and theoretical proposals offering ways these matters can be studied. Then, though not really in strict sequence, we will examine some research covering several interrelated areas of political substance: political belief systems and political ideologies; partisanship; electoral (vote) choices; democratic political participation; and the nature of personal involvement in political affairs. My hope is that this way of introducing this field will both enable you to decide for yourself how adequate you think the usual political science treatments of individual political life are, and provide you with tools with which to articulate ways its approaches might be improved. Prior familiarity with political science work in these areas will be helpful. (Mebane)

412. The Legal Process. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

Legal Process will concentrate on the formal structure of the American court system, as well as on its rules, roles, and responsibilities. Our first aim will be descriptive, to depict as accurately as possible the inner working of the state and federal courts. Our second aim will be theoretical, to understand the fragile nature of legal legitimacy, the reliance of law on complex social customs, the reconstruction of reality in a legal context and the relation between legal logic and other forms of reasoning. This course will require of the student a large time commitment for reading and it will assume its students have flexible and critical minds. (Schepple)

413. American Constitutional Politics. Pol. Sci. 111, 410, or 411; or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This is a course in political science and political theory that uses law as its material; it is not a course in law offered by a department of political science. The focus of the course is one of the most vital aspects of politics: interpreting and applying the nation's most fundamental rules. Specifically, the emphasis is on three questions: (a) What is the Constitution (what is its nature and what does it include)? (b) Who may authoritatively interpret it? (c) And how should it be interpreted? Requirements : one short paper, a paper of medium length (as part of a moot court), and a final examination. Grading is tough. Texts : One casebook (Supreme Court opinions and other writings on the Constitution) and one or two paperbacks. Instructional method : mixture of lecture and discussion (student participation is expected). (Harris)

415. The American Chief Executive. Pol. Sci. 111, 410, or 411; or junior standing. (4). (SS).

An advanced survey of the American presidency. Topics include the development of the institution, the selection of the President with special emphasis on the current election, installation and operation of the new administration, and the development of selected executive policies. A basic knowledge of American government and politics is requisite. In addition to the final examination, two one-hour examinations (one of which may be replaced by a term paper) are required as part of the grading pattern. There are two textbooks. Readings are required and extensive. Additional work will be necessary for preparing a term paper. (Grassmuck)

417. Legislative Process. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course will examine the politics of the legislative process, with special emphasis on the United States Congress. Among the major topics addressed will be: the theory and practice of representation; legislative-executive relations; Congress and budget policymaking; parties and coalition-building; congressmen's voting decisions. Throughout the course one of our main objectives will be to assess the policy making performance of Congress and to examine the proposals for institutional reform. Requirements: two to three exams, one paper. (Hall)

418. Women and the Political System. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course will analyze the participation of women in political life and will investigate barriers to their participation. The role of women as activists, candidates, and participants in the political process will not be limited to American women, although the emphasis will be on the American political system. Cross-national comparisons will be made in order to develop a comparative perspective. The course will also include a section devoted to the collective, organized efforts of women who want to have an impact on the policy-making process. (Jennings)

431. Public Administration. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

The focus of this course will be public bureaucracies and various ways of talking about them. The course will begin with an examination of what we mean by bureaucracy. Then, metaphors of bureaucracies (as systems based on expertise, as systems oriented to internal functioning, as systems oriented to external interest groups) will be explored. The readings will focus primarily at the national level, but the course itself will cover aspects of bureaucracies common to all levels. One or more papers, a midterm and final examination will be required. (Feldman)

442. Governments and Politics in Western Europe. Any 100-level course in political science or upperclass standing. (4). (SS).

This course focuses on politics in Great Britain, France, West Germany and Italy, the largest nations of Western Europe. It is appropriate for political science concentrators; history concentrators who are interested in Western Europe; students concentrating in French, German or Italian who would like to know more about the society whose language they are studying; or students who are simply curious about how the political systems of these countries work. Topics include the influence of the past on contemporary politics, the relationship between the social structure and political cleavages, the forces and groups that affect government policy, protest movements (including the "Greens"), the contrasting programs and policies of the contending parties, and the forces making for political change. Requirements include a midterm, a final, and a term paper of no more than 2000 words. Instruction on how to use the computer is provided for interested students, and data for the countries treated in the course are made available. Computer work is not required; it is optional. (Pierce)

444. Government and Politics of the Soviet Union. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course examines the ideological, historical, and bureaucratic origins of the contemporary Soviet political system. It will discuss the influence of Marxism-Leninism, the political culture of Tsarist Russia, and the organization of the Soviet government and Communist Party. Students will evaluate competing explanations for Soviet policy in a number of areas, including the economy, agriculture, science and technology, culture, the role of women in society, the question of non-Russian nationalities, and the relationship between public opinion and elite politics. Students should emerge from the course with an appreciation of the strengths and weaknesses of the Soviet system, the sources of continuity and the prospects for change. (Evangelista)

445. Eastern Europe: Revolution, Reaction, and Reform. (4). (SS).

This course traces the political development of the socialist countries of Eastern Europe from revolution through reaction to attempts at reform. After examining the political cultures of the region, the course analyzes the Stalinist period, attempts at de-Stalinization and the search for political alternatives. The interaction of rulers and the ruled is examined by studying the elites, ethnic and social groups, public opinion and dissent in the area. Attempts at political and economic reform and the prospects for change are also included. This is a lecture course requiring a final examination and a choice of midterm examination or term paper. (Gitelman)

448. Governments and Politics of Latin America. Pol. Sci. 140 or 440; or a course on Latin America elected through another department. (4). (SS).

An introduction to the study of social and political conflict and change in contemporary Latin America. The class combines attention to major issues and trends with in-depth analysis of selected cases. Among the issues and cases to be considered in Winter 1986 are the following: the changing role of the Catholic Church, the expansion of the state, patterns of economic transformation and their political implications, formation and mobilization of peasantries, international influences on domestic politics. Detailed attention will be paid to cases such as Mexico, Central America, Venezuela, Chili, Peru, Brazil, Columbia. Class format combines lecture with discussion. There will be a midterm examination and a final examination. (Levine)

453. Government and Politics of the Middle East. Two courses in Poli. Sci. or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course is meant to serve as an introduction to the politics and societies of the Middle East. Towards this end, emphasis will be put on processes of sociopolitical change, modernization, political development, and political economy. We will emphasize the role of political elites, questions of legitimacy, social/political mobilization, and political participation. (Crystal)

455. Government and Politics of China. (4). (SS).

The aim of this course is to offer students a way of understanding the politics of China as a process of grappling with long-standing political and social issues the country continues to confront. We will do this by looking at various aspects and styles of politics, policy-making, and state-populace relations, and by reviewing the major episodes and periods in the political history of post-1949 China and the events since the death of Mao Zedong in 1976. Thus, the course will be broken down into four nearly equal parts: (1)the social, political and international issues fueling the Communist revolution of 1949; (2) styles and aspects of Chinese politics (historically and under communism);(3) major episodes and periods, 1949-1976; and (4) post-Mao China: reforms and succession. Evaluation will be based on a midterm (25% of the grade); a 10-page term paper (35%); and a final exam (40%). There is no required prerequisite for this course. There will be three textbooks and a course pack. Instructional methods will include both lecture and discussion of the readings.

456. Government and Politics of Japan. Pol. Sci. 140, 440, or 450; or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

An overview of contemporary Japanese politics, designed for students with a general interest in Japan as well as political science concentrators. Special attention is given to how politics has affected, and has been affected by, cultural patterns, social organization, economic growth and Japan's position in the world. Requirements include midterm and final examinations and a short writing assignment. Readings are drawn from a variety of books and recent articles. Because enrollment in this course has increased, it can no longer be conducted in an informal discussion style, but it will be reorganized for 1985 to build in chances for class discussion. (Campbell)

460. Problems in World Politics. Any 100-level course in political science. (4). (SS). May be elected for credit twice with permission of the instructor.

This course will introduce the student to theoretical approaches to the explanation of international conflict. The course falls roughly into three parts, first, an illustration of the scientific approach to theory through an examination of flawed theories of war; second, a presentation of two useful theories of war, expected utility and bureaucratic politics; and finally, an application of those two theories to the nuclear age. The student should emerge from the course with a better understanding of both why international conflict occurs and how the scientific process works. The material will generally be presented as lectures with opportunities for discussion. No special background is required of the student, only an open mind and a willingness to challenge accepted wisdom. Students will be evaluated from two midterm and one final examination. (Morrow)

463. International Organization and Integration. Pol. Sci. 160 or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course analyzes ways of managing issues arising from increasing interdependence among nation states. It examines the role of international organizations in the contemporary global political system. It considers the historical development of international organizations, their political processes, and their activities. It explores the consequences of the growth of international organizations for the global political system, particularly in terms of the extent to which international integration is being achieved. Primary attention is devoted to international governmental organizations such as the agencies of the United Nations system and the European communities, but international non-governmental organizations are also considered. Responsibilities of students taking the course for credit include: (1) studying the assigned readings and participation in class discussions; (2) writing three papers of no more than 3,500 words in length; (3) writing a midterm examination; and (4) writing a final examination. (Jacobson)

465. Political Development and Dependence. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

The purpose of this course is to review major theories of political development. The course is divided into five parts: (1) Major Approaches to Political Development; (2) Agrarian Movements; (3) Revolutions Left and Right; (4) Varieties of Authoritarianism; and (5) International Dependence. The work for the course involves writing three papers each of about 10 to 15 pages. They are due at regular intervals during the term. (McDonough)

469. Politics of International Economic Relations. Pol. Sci. 160 or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

The course will deal with the interplay of political and economic considerations in international relations.

471. The American Foreign Policy Process. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

The course is designed to provide the advanced undergraduate student with: (a) an understanding of the global and domestic context within which US foreign policy is formulated, executed, evaluated, and modified; (b) alternative interpretations of the policy process and context; (c) methods by which these interpretations can be compared and tested against the empirical evidence; and (d) the ability to evaluate past policy decisions and propose future ones. In pursuit of these objectives, we will examine and discuss some case histories (World War I and II, formation of the UN, Cuban Missile Crisis, Vietnam War, SALT negotiations, GATT agreements, etc.), along with memoirs of participants and scholarly analyses of the cases. Equally important will be the efforts of scholars to generalize from such cases, using methods that range from the impressionistic to the highly quantitative. We will meet twice per week for lectures and discussions combined, and there will be assigned as well as suggested readings each week. Evaluation will rest on take-home final exam, several brief memos during the term, intelligent participation in discussion, and additional work of an optional nature. Prior work in scientific method is desirable but not essential. Texts not yet selected. (Singer)

472. International Security Affairs. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course covers defense, deterrence, and arms control in the contemporary context. Special emphasis is given to the policies, perspectives, and capabilities of the United States and the Soviet Union, but consideration is also given to Western Europe and China. Illustrative issues are alternative strategic nuclear doctrines, prospects for arms control, conscription, organization of the Executive Branch for foreign and military policy formation, and interalliance politics.

478. International Relations of the Far East. Pol. Sci. 160 or Asian Studies 122 or Hist. 111 or equivalent. (4). (SS).

This course examines the interplay of the Great Powers in East and Southeast Asia China, Japan, Russia, Britain, and the United States from the 1840's to the present. The course is rooted in the assumption that contemporary international relations can only be understood through a sound knowledge of history. We will examine how the Great Powers repeatedly have competed for influence in Tibet, Sinkiang, Mongolia, Manchuria, Korea, Taiwan, and Vietnam. We will trace the complicated linkages between shifts in the balance of power in Europe, Africa, and the Middle East and developments in East and Southeast Asia. We will trace continuities and changes in the nature of interstate relations in the region over the past 150 years. Our approach will be chronological. This is a demanding course aimed at the serious and mature student of world affairs. The required readings are considerable. Grades will be based on a final exam, and a research paper.

479/CAAS 479. International Relations of Africa. (4). (SS).

Africa as an international subsystem; the foreign policies of African states; aid and trade in African international relations; race and culture in African diplomacy; alliances and alignments in world policies; the political economy of dependency, liberation, and development. (Mazrui)

481. Junior Honors Proseminar. Open only to Honors concentrators with junior standing. (4). (SS).

This is the first seminar in the Political Science Honors program. It has two aims. First, it will alert students to the scope and method of the study of politics through a critical discussion of key concepts and their function in some of the classics of political theory. Second, it will introduce students to the range of specialized interests and methodological skills of the University's Political Science faculty. The purpose of this is not only to help students see what forms the age-old questions about politics take in contemporary research, but also to help them find faculty supervisors for their Honors theses. Open to Honors concentrators in Political Science. There is no prerequisite, but Political Science 101 or 400 might be useful preparations. (Meyer)

486. Public Opinion, Political Participation, and Pressure Groups. One course in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course focuses on (1) the formation and nature of public opinion and mass political participation and (2) the links between public opinion and participation and public policy. It will familiarize students with survey and other methods for generating opinion and participation data. Particular attention will be given to the effects of socio-economic structure, gender, media, life cycle, family, peer group, school, work environment, pressure groups, and political institutions on public opinion participation, and policy. Course requirements include a final exam, midterm and an optional research paper. (Langton)

491. Directed Studies. Two courses in political science and permission of instructor and the Director of Undergraduate Studies. (1-6). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). Political Science 491 and 492 may be elected for a total of eight credits. No more than four hours of directed study credit may be elected as part of a concentration program in Political Science.

A directed study on any subject agreed upon by a student and an advising instructor that does not duplicate a regular course offering. May be elected for 1-6 hours; a maximum of 4 credits may be applied toward the concentration core in political science. Students wishing to enroll for a directed study course are urged to work out the details of the course before the start of the term.

493. Senior Honors Proseminar. Open only to Honors concentrators with senior standing. (4). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). No more than four hours of Honors credit may be elected as part of a concentration plan in Political Science.

Open to seniors with Honors concentration in Political Science. Thesis writing course. (Meyer)

496. Undergraduate Seminar in American Government and Politics. Permission of instructor. Intended for senior concentrators. (4). (SS). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 001 Undergraduate Seminar in American Government and Politics.
This course will examine decision making as part of the behavior in which organizational members engage. Thus, we will begin by exploring briefly who is behaving and how meaning is attributed to behavior. Then some common ways of thinking about decision making (as rational behavior, as political behavior, as routine following behavior, as symbolic behavior) will be discussed. The course will end with an examination of the usefulness of the concept of decision making. Students will write discussion papers and take a final exam. (Feldman)

Section 002 Constitution-Making. This is a seminar in constitutional theory which focuses on the problems of creating or restructuring a political order by writing and adopting the design of that order in a set of words contained within a text. This course will have a large component of political and interpretive theory, as well as American political thought. It is a way of looking analytically at the founding of the American Constitution by considering how a new Constitution would be written, argued for, and ratified 200 years later then questioning the nature of its authority. After two centuries of experience in interpreting the constitutional document, how might a constitutional convention draft a new one to take into account the problems of interpretation that we have discovered? Requirements : Extensive reading and active scholarly debate; one medium-length paper, most likely in the form of a moot court problem; a final essay examination. (Will Harris)

497. Undergraduate Seminar in Comparative and Foreign Government. Permission of instructor. Intended for senior concentrators. (4). (SS). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 001 Electoral Politics in France and the United States.
Within the framework of democratic theory, electoral practices in France and the U.S. will be analyzed from the perspectives of the voters and the candidates. Both presidential and legislative elections will be compared, and the U.S. Congressional elections of November 1986 will be closely monitored and compared with the French legislative elections of March 1986. Discussion will center around such topics as the determinants of electoral choice; nomination of candidates and campaign strategies; the impact of differences in party systems and electoral laws on popular electoral behavior and electoral results; and the role of the media. Students will make brief oral reports based on common readings, and each student will prepare a research paper and report to the seminar toward the end of the term. Students will perform computer analysis of sample survey data, but no prior statistical or computer experience is assumed. A reading knowledge of French is recommended but not required. (Pierce)

498. Undergraduate Seminar in International Politics. Permission of instructor. Intended for senior concentrators. (4). (SS). May be elected for credit twice.
Section 001 Undergraduate Seminar in World Politics.
This seminar is for more advanced upper class concentrators in the social sciences, and aims to prepare the student to read, evaluate, and design systematic research in the world politics problem area specified for each term. The focus this term will be on decision-making in international conflict; texts not yet selected. Prerequisites: introductory course in world politics and at least two upper-level social science courses; modest competence in statistics is desirable, but not essential. Students will prepare a few brief memos, one longer paper, and a final exam. (Singer)

Section 002 Traditional Readings in World Politics. This seminar will give the student an opportunity to read several classic works in world politics, critically analyze them, and apply them to gain better understanding of the modern world. The issue of the relevant role of moral and pragmatic impulses in foreign policy will be discussed in the light of this literature, and students will be encouraged to draw their own conclusions about the role of each in current American foreign policy. Students will be required to write four five-page critical papers during the seminar and a final examination at its completion. (Morrow)

Section 003 Explaining Soviet Security Policy. This course explores competing explanations for Soviet security policy, broadly conceived. It will seek to identify the main factors influencing the development of Soviet strategy, the threat and use of military force, the procurement of weapons, and arms-control policy. The course will focus on the use of case studies to evaluate contending explanations and will examine the strengths and weaknesses of the case-study method. Students will be expected to prepare critiques of the existing scholarship and to conduct some original research. Previous course work in Soviet politics and/or international relations would be helpful. (Evangelista)

514. The Use of Social Science Computer Programs. Pol. Sci. 499 or equivalent; or permission of instructor. (1). (Excl).

This course introduces the student to the computer and to campus software systems. Topics considered include how the computer can be used to analyze social science data. Instruction will be provided in the use of a decwriter terminal and a display (CRT) terminal. The primary software system covered by this course is MIDAS, but students will also be introduced to OSIRIS and to basic MTS commands.

591. Advanced Internship in Political Science. Two courses in political science at the 400 level or above and concentration in political science; or graduate standing. Permission of supervising instructor and review by the Department's internship advisor. No more than 4 credits of internship may be included as part of a concentration plan in political science. (2-6). (Excl). (EXPERIENTIAL). With approval, may be elected for a total of 8 credits for both Political Science 591 and 592.

Advanced Internship requires careful, individual planning between senior students in Political Science and individual faculty members who approve the internship and provide instruction. To register for the course, the student must complete the internship form and obtain an override to enter the course. The form is available in 6619 Haven Hall.

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