Germanic Languages and Literatures

Dutch Courses (Division 357)

111. First Special Speaking and Reading Course. (4). (FL).

This course provides the student with the basic grammar of the Dutch language. We mainly use the monolingual course-book Levend Nederlands (Living Dutch) and each lesson from the book will consist of everyday conversation, a grammatical explanation, exercises, a coherent word list, questions about the conversation, discussion, and homework. To enliven the class the teacher will provide the students with songs, newspaper articles, comics, etc. Films and video will be used where possible. The students are strongly advised to visit the cultural meetings organized by the Netherlands America University League. Books: Levend Nederlands Cambridge University Press, New York; W. Z. Shetter, Introduction to Dutch, Nijhoff, The Hague; P. de Kleijn, E. Nieuwborg, Basiswoordenboek Nederlands, Groningen, Wolters-Noordhoff, 1983; J. Hulstijn, M. Hannay, An English Self-Study Supplement to Levend Nederlands, Amsterdam, 1981. Also recommended: B. C. Donaldson, Dutch Reference Grammar, The Hague, Nijhoff, 1981. (Broos)

231. Second-Year Dutch. Dutch 112 or the equivalent. (4). (FL).

The course will start with an overview of the basic grammar of the Dutch language. We will develop skills in reading, writing, speaking, and listening by means of texts to be announced. Comics, songs, newspaper articles, and literature will enliven the course and introduce the students to contemporary Dutch society. Students are strongly advised to visit the evenings organized by the Netherlands America University League. Books: P. de Kleijn, E. Nieuwborg, Basiswoordenboek Nederlands, Groningen, Wolters-Noordhoff, 1983; J. Hulstijn, M. Hannay, An English Self-Study Supplement to Levend Nederlands, Amsterdam, 1981; and, B. C. Donaldson, Dutch Reference Grammar, The Hague, 1981. (Broos)

339. Independent Study. (2-4). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for credit.

This course serves the needs of students who wish to develop special topics not offered in the Dutch Studies curriculum. It may be a program of directed readings with reports, or it may be a research project and long paper. Courses in the past covered different areas like Dutch-Indonesian literature, the language of Rembrandt and his contemporaries, Dutch between English and German, etc. Courses must be supervised by a faculty member and the student must have the faculty member's agreement before electing the course. (Ton Broos)

480. Modern Dutch Literature. Dutch 231 or permission of instructor. (3). (HU).

The course will examine the poetry and prose of both The Netherlands and Belgium in modern times. The reading of poems, short stories, novellas, etc. in the original language will provide the student with material for discussion about authors, opinions, place and points of view of Modern Dutch literature. Topics in the past have included modern Dutch poetry, Dutch colonial literature, the legacy of Anne Frank: World War II in modern Dutch literature. In cooperation with the writer in residence, the student will have the unique opportunity to exchange ideas and opinions with the author about his or her work. The course will be conducted totally in Dutch. (Broos)

491. Colloquium on Modern Dutch Culture and Literature. (3). (HU).

This course is conducted in English by the annual visiting writer-in-residence, usually a well known novelist or poet chosen by the Dutch Ministry of Culture to represent The Netherlands. This year's writer will be the distinguished Renate Dorrestein, known for her novels and inspiring articles in several leading Dutch weeklies and magazines. The difference from ordinary creative or news writing courses is that you will meet an esteemed writer and have the opportunity to exchange views on culture, literature, the practice of writing, communication, etc. both American and Dutch. Students are encouraged to bring in their own writing for reviewing and critical assessment. The course has not the ordinary professorial approach and is open to all lovers of texts, literary or otherwise, both American and European. Regular class attendance and participation in class discussions followed by at least one substantial paper will be required. (Dorrestein)

German Courses (Division 379)

101. Elementary Course. No credit granted to those who have completed 100. (4). (FL).

The first year German program is designed to develop the four language skills understanding, speaking, reading and writing. Proficiency in these areas requires control of the sound system of the German language, mastery of the basic grammatical structures and the ability to understand simple reading passages dealing mainly with German life and culture. Special emphasis will be given to the development of oral skills. It is highly recommended that students make use of the taped exercises in the Language Laboratory. Quizzes are given after each chapter. In addition, there are midterm and final exams.

102. Elementary Course. German 101 or the equivalent. No credit granted to those who have completed 100. (4). (FL).

See German 101.

111. First Special Reading Course. Undergraduates must obtain permission of the department. (4). (Excl).

The objective of this course is to teach students to read simple German expository prose. Course content focuses on an introduction to the essentials of German grammar and syntax both in class lectures and in texts. Students are required to read but not to write and speak German. The course uses traditional methods of instruction which present rules of grammar and syntax as well as a basic vocabulary. Since much memorization is necessary, it is essential that students have time to do required course work which averages about twelve hours each week exclusive of class time. Course requirements include daily preparation and recitation, three one-hour examinations devoted to specific problems of grammar and vocabulary, and a final examination requiring the translation of sight passages without the aid of a dictionary. The class is taught in English, and the course text is Jannach, German for Reading Knowledge, (third edition). There are no course prerequisites, but German 111 is open only to graduate students who wish to fulfill a German foreign language requirement and to advanced undergraduates in special programs who already have met the LSA foreign language requirement. Undergraduates must receive departmental permission prior to electing the course.

231. Second-Year Course. German 102 or the equivalent (placement test). No credit granted to those who have completed 230 or. (4). (FL).

This course is conducted primarily in German and is designed to expand the speaking, understanding, reading, and writing skills acquired in German 102. A thorough review and continuation of the grammar is included. Students are expected to read and discuss short stories and a short novel, write essays, and prepare daily assignments. Requirements also include weekly quizzes, a midterm examination, and a final examination.

232. Second-Year Course. German 231 or the equivalent (placement test). No credit granted to those who have completed 230 or 236. (4). (FL).

This course is conducted in German and is designed to expand the writing, reading, and speaking skills acquired in German 231; it also serves as an introduction to modern literature of German speaking countries. Students are expected to read and discuss short stories and a novel, and write essays on the material covered in class. Requirements include periodic quizzes, a midterm examination, and a final examination.

236. Scientific German. German 231 or the equivalent (placement test). No credit granted to those who have completed 232. (4). (FL).

The purpose of this course is to provide basic practice in the reading and translation of texts primarily from the natural sciences. Course requirements include daily preparation and recitation. Students will also select and translate an outside article in their field. Quizzes are given in addition to a final exam. Texts supplied by instructor.

325. Practice in Writing and Speaking German. German 232 or the equivalent (placement test). (3). (Excl).

The sequence of German 325 and 326 is primarily intended to improve fluency and accuracy in written and spoken German. One hour each week is devoted to a systematic grammar review including translation from English to German. The remaining class time is devoted to German conversation based on a discussion of a reading text and of other topics chosen at the discretion of the individual instructor. A German essay of one or two pages is assigned approximately every week. One or more five-minute oral presentations may be required. There are midterm and final examinations.

326. Practice in Writing and Speaking German. German 232 or the equivalent (placement test). (3). (Excl).

Except by special permission of the instructor, only students who have completed German 325 should elect 326. See 325 for the description.

350. Business German. German 232. (3). (Excl).

This is an introduction to the vocabulary, practices and procedures found in German business activity. Included are the nomenclature of office procedure, business letters and reports. In addition the course examines the German educational and political system from the standpoint of business practices, such as merchandising and advertising. The reading consists of the reading of actual business, merchandising and advertising material. There is a midterm and a final examination, and the writing of papers and translations during the course is required. The text consists largely of a course pack and a basic text. (Fabian)

381. Eighteenth to Nineteenth-Century Drama. German 232 or the equivalent (placement test). (3). (HU).

This course provides an introduction to German literature of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries through several of the great classical dramas. In conjunction with German 382, 383, 384, or 385 this course can be elected in partial fulfillment of the requirements for a German concentration or for a German teaching major or minor. The course will begin with the reading of Lessing's lively comedy set against the backdrop of the Seven Years' War, Minna von Barnhelm. The struggle of the great individuality in the context of political intrigues and social forces of history is the central theme of the next play, Schiller's Maria Stuart, the tragedy of Mary, Queen of Scots, held captive by Queen Elizabeth I. Kleist's Prinz Friedrich von Homburg, an astonishingly "modern" drama, depicts the existential struggle of a young man in confrontation with death. Each student will be asked to choose a drama from the period as "outside reading." The emphasis of the course is on the analysis of the works, mainly in class discussion. Students will write two short interpretive papers and a final exam. (Grilk)

384. Short Fiction: Romanticism to Realism. German 232 or permission of chairman. (3). (HU).

Drawing on novellas by the great masters of 19th-century German prose, this course provides carefully paced reading practice at the third year level. Included are works by Ludwig Tieck, E.T.A. Hoffman, Eichendorff, Kleist, Grillparzer, Droste-Hulshoff, Keller, Meyer, and Gerhart Hauptmann. Chosen to be representative of the most significant works by the top writers of this period, these works encompass Romanticism, Poetic Realism, and Naturalism, the first phase of "modern" German literature and should provide a comprehensive and aesthetically rewarding survey of the main trends and currents on covering the aims of the Romantics, pre-Freudian psychological writing, 19th-century sociological problems, painting and music of the period. Discussion is emphasized. A course pack is available. A term paper and a final exam are required.

415. The German Language Past and Present. Junior standing. (3). (Excl).

The objectives of German 415 are to introduce students to the assumptions, terminology, and methodologies of both descriptive and historical linguistics, and to apply these to a survey of the historical background of German from pre-literate times to the present, with emphasis on the emergence of the standard literary dialect. Although our main concern will be the internal structure of the language, we will relate this to the cultural context in which it has evolved. Instruction is through lectures and discussions. Evaluation will be based on homework problems, quizzes, short papers, and a final examination. Students should have attained at least fourth-term proficiency in German. (Kyes)

425. Intermediate Composition and Conversation. German 325 and 326; or the equivalent. (3). (Excl).

Various approaches are used to improve the student's written and spoken German. Each week a composition of at least two pages is assigned. Sometimes the instructor assigns a specific topic while at other times students select their own topics. Occasionally students are required to listen, in the language laboratory, to a tape on some aspect of German history or culture and to use it as a departure point for an essay. Class discussions are based on topics selected by the instructor and the students. Brief presentations by individual students are occasionally required. German is used exclusively in class. The final course grade is based on compositions as well as participation in discussion. German 425 is regularly offered during the Fall Term while German 426 is regularly offered during the Winter Term. German 426 may be taken independently of 425. (Weiss)

456(482). Nineteenth Century German Theatre. 3 years college German; or permission of instructor. (3). (HU).

The readings usually consist of works by Grabbe, Buchner, Hebbel, Grillparzer, Hauptmann, and Hofmannsthal. Discussion is encouraged. Students are responsible only for a thorough knowledge of the individual plays, but these works will be used as a starting point to illustrate the main movements as well as authors of the century. There will be a midterm, a final and a term paper (in English or German) on a play read in class. The class will be conducted in German, but students contribute in English if they desire. (Cowen)

459(489). The Literature of the German Democratic Republic. Senior standing; or permission of instructor. (3). (HU).

The course provides an introduction to the social and political structure of East Germany as a basis for the understanding of the literature. A survey of the literature of the GDR from its founding in 1949 until the present includes prose, poetry and drama by a spectrum of authors ranging from party-liners to oppositional writers who later were forced to leave the country. Since most of the works read are not widely available in English translation, a reading ability in German comparable to that of a 300-level literature course is necessary. Instruction is by lecture, usually in German, and class discussion is conducted in English or German, according to the preferences of individual members. A midterm and final examination are required; in addition, undergraduates write an eight-page, graduates a twelve-page term paper. The selection of works read will vary with the availability of editions, but prose works by Christa Wolf, Herman Kant and Ulrich Plenzdorf are included. Instructional aids, including slides, are employed. (Hofacker)

German Literature and Culture in English

Courses in this section do not require knowledge of German.

330. German Cinema. (3). (HU).

This course traces the development of the German cinema in its social, political and cultural context. It presents major films and filmmakers in relation to their historical circumstances and to developments in the other arts. The subject matter falls into three periods: The Expressionistic period of film making following World War I up to 1933, the era of the Third Reich from 1933 to 1945, and from 1965 to the present. Filmmakers discussed include F.W. Murnau, Fritz Lang, G.W. Pabst, Volker Schlondorff, R.W. Fassbinder, Werner Herzog and Wim Wenders. The films cover various genres of fictional and documentary approach. Ten to twelve films will be shown. There will be some opportunity for additional viewing on an individual basis. The course will consist of lectures and directed discussions. The required readings consist of secondary material on the cultural background of the German cinema, and commentaries on the films and film makers. Students will write five short (two to four page) papers and a term paper. A course fee of $20 will cover film rentals.

441. German Masterpieces in English Translation. Junior or senior standing; or permission of instructor. (3). (HU). May be repeated for a total of 9 credits.
Section 001. From Heroic Lay to Holy Grail and Unholy Novella.
The German Middle Ages brought forth an impressive array of literary masterpieces. In this course, special attention is given to the decades before and after 1200 with the Arthurian narrative by Hartmann, the Tristan by Gottfried von Strassberg, the Parzival-Grail story by Wolfram, and the anonymous Nibelungen epic. But the reading list also covers the earlier periods and contains a number of European "firsts" from the 10th and 11th centuries, e.g., the first medieval woman writer, the first chivalric novel, and the first animal epic. The works will be analyzed as significant documents of medieval man's world-view; and considerations of form and type will lead to discussions pertaining to the emergence and development of literary genres. Selections from the lyrical output (with musical illustrations) include poems of the Carmina Burana manuscript, of Walther, the minnesinger (troubadour) par excellence, and of Tannhauser, the poet of Wagnerian fame. Readings of the novella are chosen from the large body of its courtly, hagiographic, and fabliau-type variants, stemming mainly from the 13th century but with prototypes of an earlier age. Student evaluation will be based on class participation, two short papers, and a final exam. (Scholler)

446. Contemporary German Literature in English Translation. Junior standing. (2). (HU).

This course will introduce students without a knowledge of German to the current literary scene in the German speaking countries. Leading writers of fiction (Canetti, Boell, Grass, Handke), of drama (Weiss, Hochhuth, Bernhard, Kroetz), and of lyric poetry (Krolow, Celan, Bachmann, Enzensberger) will be analyzed in a comparative fashion (especially trends in the U.S. and Great Britain) and in the context of social developments since WWII. Class discussions, short reports, one substantial paper, final exam. (Seidler)

449. Special Topics in English Translation. Junior or senior standing; or permission of instructor. (3). (HU). May be repeated for a total of 9 credits.

Existentialism combines the investigation of major issues in the history of Western philosophy with daily problems of intense personal concern. In this course, existentialism will be viewed as a literary as well as a philosophical movement united by a number of recurrent and loosely related themes. (1) Theological: the disappearance of God; the condition of being "thrown" into an indifferent and ultimately absurd universe; man's encounter with nothingness beneath the floor of everyday reality revealed when familiar objects and language drop away. (2) Psychological: man's imperfection, fragility, and loneliness; the feeling of anxiety and despair over the emptiness of life and the terror of death; arguments for and against suicide; human nature as fundamentally ambiguous and hence not explicable in scientific thought or in any metaphysical system; the absence of a universally valid morality; and human nature as undetermined and free. (3) Social: man's rebellion against the inhumanity of social institutions that suffocate the "authentic self"; the escape from individual responsibility into the "untruth of the crowd." (4) Finally, man's various attempts to transform nihilistic despair into a creative affirmation of life. Midterm and final examinations. Philosophical texts: Pascal, Pensees; Kierkegaard, The Concept of Dread; Nietzsche, Thus Spake Zarathustra; Buber, I and Thou; Camus, The Myth of Sisyphus; Heidegger, The Way Back into the Ground of Metaphysics; Fiction: Dostoevsky, Notes From the Underground; Tolstoy, The Death of Ivan Ilyich; Conrad, The Heart of Darkness; Kafka, The Castle; Sartre, Nausea; Camus, The Plague. (Peters)

Scandinavian Courses (Division 471)

103. Elementary Swedish. (4). (FL).

For students with little or no previous study of Swedish, this course provides a basic introduction to Swedish grammar and vocabulary, with the emphasis placed on developing communicative language skills. Extensive practice in listening, speaking and reading. The students will be evaluated on the basis of class participation, assignments and tests. The teacher is a native speaker from Sweden.

105. Elementary Danish. (4). (FL).

For students with little or no previous study of Danish, this course provides a basic introduction to Danish grammar and vocabulary, with emphasis placed on developing communicative language skills. Extensive practice in listening, speaking and reading. Regular exercises and tests. Grades will be determined on a basis of class participation and test results. The teacher for this course is a native speaker from Denmark.

233. Second-Year Swedish. Swedish 104. (4). (FL).

This course covers the material of a second year course in Swedish language. The emphasis is on speaking, writing, reading, and listening skills. Readings are selected (for oral commentary) from contemporary Swedish prose, poetry and politics. Both books and newspapers are used. All instruction will be in Swedish and tests and examinations will be given at regular intervals. Grades will be determined on the basis of class participation and tests. Students needing Swedish 103 and 104 or the equivalent for entry into this course can meet the prerequisite by passing an examination given by the instructor. The teacher is a native speaker from Sweden.

235. Second-Year Danish. Danish 106. (4). (FL).

This course covers the material of a second year course in Danish language. Emphasis is on speaking, reading, writing and listening skills. Readings are selected (for oral and written commentaries) from contemporary Danish poetry, prose, newspapers etc. All instruction will be given in Danish and tests and examinations will be given at regular intervals. Grades will be determined on a basis of class participation and test results. Students needing Danish 105 and 106, or the equivalent, for entry into this course can meet this requirement by passing an examination to be given by the instructor, who is a native speaker from Denmark.

Scandinavian Courses in English

Courses in this section do not require knowledge of a Scandinavian language.

331. Introduction to Scandinavian Civilization. (3). (HU).

The course is meant to provide an opportunity to become acquainted with the society and culture of the modern states of Scandinavia: Iceland, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, and Finland. There are no prerequisites, and no knowledge of a Scandinavian language is required. The course is open to everyone, but is also a part of the concentration in Scandinavian Studies. It will deal with many aspects of Scandinavia, mostly contemporary. There will be a geographical overview, showing how location and climate affect the countries' roles in today's world, followed by a short historical summary tracing the development of their societies to the present day. The vast majority of the course will deal with post-World War II Scandinavia, especially those subjects where these countries have made important contributions to the rest of the world. Among the topics to be studied will be politics, economics, social welfare, art and architecture, music, film, literature, drama, the media, emigration, and Scandinavian languages. The course will be a combination of lectures by the instructor, and guests, and discussions. A class report will be required, plus a final exam. The required textbook is Scandinavia by Franklin Scott; other readings will be added. (K. Marzolf)


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