Courses in Political Science (Division 450)

Primarily for First and Second Year Students

101. Introduction to Political Theory. (4). (SS).

By focusing on a selected number of classical texts from the history of political thought this class will introduce the student to some of the central theoretical questions and concepts that underlie our evaluations of political life. Readings will include works by Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Locke, Rousseau and Marx, as well as selected literary texts such as Aeschylus', ORESTEIA, Sophocles', ANTIGONE, and plays by Shakespeare. In these works we will find the basis for discussing such issues as the meaning of citizenship, of justice, of leadership and the relation of the individual to the political community. There will be two lectures and two discussion sections per week. Students will be evaluated on the basis of written and/or oral work assigned by their discussion leader and by class-wide midterm and final exams. The course can serve as one of the two prerequisites for upper division political science and for the political science concentration. (Saxonhouse)

111. Introduction to American Politics. (4). (SS).

This is a wide-ranging survey of government and politics throughout the United States. Most of the course centers upon national government and politics. Among the main topics to be explored are the constitutional base, elections, political parties and interest groups, the presidency, Congress, the courts, and policy formulation in designated areas. The kinds of questions considered might include the following: What impact do interest groups have on governmental policy? Are there real differences between the two major political parties? What accounts for swings in voting behavior and election outcome from one time to another? Why is it that public policy emerges as it does in the United States? What is the level of trust in government? And how does that level change? These and others are issues confronted in the course. There are two lectures and two discussion sessions each week. The basis for grading includes a midterm and a final examination for all students; and written work as well as other forms of participation in each of the sections, under the guidance of individual instructors. (Grassmuck)

140. Introduction to Comparative Politics. (4). (SS).

This course will provide students with an understanding of politics in Western Europe, China, the Soviet Union and Japan, and familiarize them with concepts used to analyze politics. Each of these countries will be discussed separately in order to introduce its distinctive features and to ensure that students understand how it operates. As the course progresses, we will draw increasingly broad comparisons. Certain key concepts will be introduced and used for comparative purposes. In particular, we will be concerned with the social and economic forces that influence political life; political parties and political competition; leadership succession; the role of political institutions; and the analysis of contemporary political conflicts. The course will offer two lectures per week, plus two meetings in relatively small discussion sections designed to encourage a two-way flow of communication. (Inglehart)

160. Introduction to World Politics. (4). (SS).

The primary purpose of this beginning course is to expose the student to the core questions that should be asked at any beginning of the study of international politics. Who are the major actors in international affairs? What kind of order exists in relations among nations? What mechanisms exist for change? What regularities exist in the behavior of actors toward one another that give shape and direction to the system? We shall try to get at some of the questions raised by using three of the major approaches students in the field utilize to select the behaviors they wish to study. One approach is to study the process of decision-making in foreign policy. Another approach is to study the effects that differences in national growth have on the politics among nations. A third way is to study the way the international system constrains the actions of individuals and groups. The major elements of the course are contained in four sets of lectures. (1) The decision-making approach; (2) effects of national growth on international politics; (3) problems and consequences of different types of international systems; (4) global trends in contemporary world politics including such topics as imperialism, neocolonialism, international economics and interdependence, developed-developing world relations, international organizations, and the limits to growth. There will be one, possibly two, exams during the term, plus a final. Other requirements may include a 12-15 page essay and such additional assignments as may be made by individual section leaders. (Organski)

Primarily for Juniors and Seniors

300. Contemporary Political Issues. (4). (SS).

It is recommended that the student has taken at least Political Science 111. The course will focus on the implications of recent political change for the conduct of political campaigns and the governance of the country. Critical issues in the study of political behavior will be addressed by examining the following five questions: 1) How are candidates for political office evaluated by the public? 2) Does the recent increase in political independence indicate that Independents are alienated from political parties or that they think parties are irrelevant? 3) Is the electorate more ideological today than in the past? 4) Are non-partisan group attachments replacing political parties as the mobilizing force in American politics? 5) Does the media select our candidates for high office? (Markus)

309. The Politics of Liberation. (4). (SS). May be elected for credit three times, provided that content is different.

BLACKS. This course will center on the investigation and discussion of the various frameworks of analysis used to examine the roles of Blacks in politics.

359/CAAS 351. The Struggle for Southern Africa. Lectures: 2 credits; lectures and discussion: 4 credits. (SS).

This course will examine the social, economic and political problems of development within Southern Africa. (Wilson)

391. Introductory Internship in Political Science. One 100-level course in political science, permission of supervising instructor before the internship period, and review by Department's internship adviser. Intended for non-concentrators. (2-4). (Excl). (EXPERIENTIAL). May be elected for a total of 8 credits for both Political Science 391 and 392.

Supervised internship, primarily for non-concentrators. Requires the approval of the instructor and review by the department's internship coordinator. (2-4 each)

395/Econ. 395/REES 395/Slavic 395/Hist. 332/Soc. 392. Survey of the Soviet Union. (4). (SS).

See Russian and Eastern European Studies 395. (Hastie)

402. Development of Political Thought: To Modern Period. Junior standing or two courses in political science. (4). (SS).

The aim of this course is two-fold: (1) to give the student a sense of the history of political philosophy from the ancient Greek period to the beginning of the early modern period at the end of the sixteenth century, and (2) to help the student become aware of the complexities and assumptions entailed in the articulation of a coherent political theory. We will be reading the works of such major political philosophers as Plato, Aristotle, Cicero, St. Thomas Aquinas, and Machiavelli. We will be concerned with such issues as the basis for obligation, the sources of legitimacy, the role of the individual in the political community and the value and purpose of political life. Readings will be from primary sources. Class meetings will include both lectures and discussions. Course requirements will include two exams during the term and a final. There will be the option to replace one of the exams (not the final) with a paper. (Saxonhouse)

407. Selected Topics in Political Theory. (4). (SS). May be elected for credit twice.

The course treats German political thought at the turn of the century, and focuses on the discussions about the tasks of politics in modern society, the role of the State, and the nature of democracy. It will analyze the works of political scientists (Michels and Schumpeter), sociologists (Weber), and jurists (Kelsen and Schmitt). Students are expected to possess a good knowledge of the historical background, both of Germany and the Western world, covering the 19th and 20th centuries. The course will consist of lectures, but some time will be reserved for discussion, and reading the material in advance of class is therefore strongly recommended. A midterm and a final test will be required. The midterm will be an in-class exam. The final will be a take-home essay in which the student is expected to discuss the material covered in the course. The question(s) will be handed out on the last day of class, and the essays will be due by the end of the term. (Gobetti)

408. Communist Political Thought: From Marx to the Present. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course provides an introduction to Marxism and its development from Hegel to contemporary schools. Emphasis is placed on a thorough exploration of the basic ideas and concepts presented in the writings of Engels and Marx as well as on unresolved questions and contradictions in the Marxist heritage. Readings include extensive assignments from the writings of Marx, Engels, and Bolshevism. Each student is expected to write a major paper on a pertinent topic of the student's choice. The class format is a lecture/discussion combination. (Meyer)

410. American Policy Processes. Any 100-level course in political science. (4). (SS).

This course examines the formulation and implementation of public programs, mainly those of the U.S. central government, and mainly welfare-state in character. Lectures and readings concentrate on the contribution of political culture, institutional structure, and strategic choice to policy outcomes. The course proceeds by lectures and class discussion.

411. American Political Processes. Any 100-level course in political science. (4). (SS).

My aim in this course is to aquatint you with the political behavior of individuals, as it is conventionally studied in American political science. We will start by examining some of the assumptions that are the foundations for political science work investigating these matters. These foundational considerations cover normative proposals recommending criteria that desirable political systems ought to satisfy, factual observations concerning the institutional context in which ordinary individuals live and act, and theoretical proposals offering ways these matters can be studied. Then, though not really in strict sequence, we will examine some research covering several interrelated areas of political substance: political belief systems and political ideologies; partisanship; electoral (vote) choices; democratic political participation; and the nature of personal involvement in political affairs. My hope is that this way of introducing this field will both enable you to decide for yourself how adequate you think the usual political science treatments of individual political life are, and provide you with tools with which to articulate ways its approaches might be improved. Prior familiarity with political science work in these areas will be helpful.

412. The Legal Process. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

Legal Process will concentrate on the formal structure of the American court system, as well as on its rules, roles, and responsibilities. Our first aim will be descriptive, to depict as accurately as possible the inner working of the state and federal courts. Our second aim will be theoretical, to understand the fragile nature of legal legitimacy, the reliance of law on complex social customs, the reconstruction of reality in a legal context and the relation between legal logic and other forms of reasoning.

413. American Constitutional Politics. Pol. Sci. 111, 410, or 411; or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This is a course in political science and political theory that uses law as its material; it is not a course in law offered by a department of political science. The focus of the course is one of the most vital aspects of politics: interpreting and applying the nation's most fundamental rules. Specifically, the emphasis is on three questions: (a) WHAT is the Constitution (what is its nature and what does it include)? (b) WHO may authoritatively interpret it? (c) And HOW should it be interpreted?

415. The American Chief Executive. Pol. Sci. 111, 410, or 411; or junior standing. (4). (SS).

An advanced survey of the American presidency. Topics include the development of the institution, the selection of the President with special emphasis on the current election, installation and operation of the new administration, and the development of selected executive policies. A basic knowledge of American government and politics is requisite.

417. Legislative Process. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course will examine the politics of the legislative process, with special emphasis on the United States Congress. Among the major topics addressed will be: the theory and practice of representation; legislative-executive relations; Congress and budget policymaking; parties and coalition-building; congressmen's voting decisions. Throughout the course one of our main objectives will be to assess the policy making performance of Congress and to examine the proposals for institutional reform.

418. Women and the Political System. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course will analyze the participation of women in political life and will investigate barriers to their participation. The role of women as activists, candidates, and participants in the political process will not be limited to American women, although the emphasis will be on the American political system. Cross-national comparisons will be made in order to develop a comparative perspective. The course will also include a section devoted to the collective, organized efforts of women who want to have an impact on the policy-making process.

423. Politics of the Metropolis. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course will focus on the current problems and controversies in the field of urban politics. The course will emphasize the interaction between politics and economics in American cities in the late 20th century, political conflict in cities and the process of resource allocation and service delivery by urban governments. The interaction between local governments and the federal government will be shown to be an evolving and critical factor in understanding local politics. The increasing importance of the politics of economic crisis and racial strife in American cities over the last 25 years will be a continuing theme of the course. One course in American politics is strongly recommended as a prerequisite for the course. This course is not part of a departmental sequence. The course will be conducted as a lecture course. Student evaluation will be based on a take home midterm examination, two short papers and a final examination. (Dawson)

439/Amer. Inst. 439. Inequality in the United States. Econ.. 201 or Poli. Sci. 111. (3). (SS).

See American Institutions 439. (Corcoran)

440. Comparative Politics. Any 100-level course in political science or upperclass standing. (4). (SS).

The purpose of this course is to familiarize students with politics in different types of political systems. Particular attention will be devoted to aspects of domestic politics, including patterns of participation and mobilization, democratization, culture, and revolution. The prerequisites are two courses in political science. Grades will be based largely on three short essays. Texts and readings from books and journal articles will be used. (Barnes)

442. Governments and Politics in Western Europe. Any 100-level course in political science or upperclass standing. (4). (SS).

This course focuses on politics in Great Britain, France, West Germany and Italy, the largest nations of Western Europe. It is appropriate for political science concentrators; history concentrators who are interested in Western Europe; students concentrating in French, German or Italian who would like to know more about the society whose language they are studying; or students who are simply curious about how the political systems of these countries work. Topics include the influence of the past on contemporary politics, the relationship between the social structure and political cleavages, the forces and groups that affect government policy, protest movements (including the "Greens"), the contrasting programs and policies of the contending parties, and the forces making for political change. Requirements include a midterm, a final, and a term paper of no more than 2000 words. (Pierce)

444. Government and Politics of the Soviet Union. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course examines the ideological, historical, and bureaucratic origins of the contemporary Soviet political system. It will discuss the influence of Marxism-Leninism, the political culture of Tsarist Russia, and the organization of the Soviet government and Communist Party. Students will evaluate competing explanations for Soviet policy in a number of areas, including the economy, agriculture, science and technology, culture, the role of women in society, the question of non-Russian nationalities, and the relationship between public opinion and elite politics. Students should emerge from the course with an appreciation of the strengths and weaknesses of the Soviet system, the sources of continuity and the prospects for change. (Evangelista)

445. Eastern Europe: Revolution, Reaction, and Reform. (4). (SS).

This course traces the political development of the socialist countries of Eastern Europe from revolution through reaction to attempts at reform. After examining the political cultures of the region, the course analyzes the Stalinist period, attempts at de-Stalinization and the search for political alternatives. The interaction of rulers and the ruled is examined by studying the elites, ethnic and social groups, public opinion and dissent in the area. Attempts at political and economic reform and the prospects for change are also included. This is a lecture course requiring a final examination and a choice of midterm examination or term paper. (Gitelman)

448. Governments and Politics of Latin America. Pol. Sci. 140 or 440; or a course on Latin America elected through another department. (4). (SS).

An introduction to the study of social and political conflict and change in contemporary Latin America. The class combines attention to major issues and trends with in-depth analysis of selected cases. Among the issues and cases to be considered in Winter 1986 are the following: the changing role of the Catholic Church, the expansion of the state, patterns of economic transformation and their political implications, formation and mobilization of peasantries, international influences on domestic politics. Detailed attention will be paid to cases such as Mexico, Central America, Venezuela, Chili, Peru, Brazil, Columbia. Class format combines lecture with discussion. There will be a midterm examination and a final examination. (Levine)

453. Government and Politics of the Middle East. Two courses in Poli. Sci. or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course is designed to introduce students to politics and political change in the Arab Middle East and North Africa. Its approach is comparative, and its primary concern is with understanding and explaining domestic politics in the Arab states of the region. The first part of the course focuses on the historical evolution of regimes in the inter-and postwar eras; the second part of the course is devoted to understanding the processes and structures that account for that evolution. (Crystal)

455. Government and Politics of China. (4). (SS).

The aim of this course is to offer students a way of understanding the politics of China as a process of grappling with long-standing political and social issues the country continues to confront. We will do this by looking at various aspects and styles of politics, policy-making, and state-populace relations, and by reviewing the major episodes and periods in the political history of post-1949 China and the events since the death of Mao Zedong in 1976.

456. Government and Politics of Japan. Pol. Sci. 140, 440, or 450; or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

Japan is an ever-more interesting country to study, due to both its obvious importance, and the fact that it is the only post-industrial non-western country. This course offers an overview of contemporary Japanese politics, designed for students with a general interest in Japan as well as political science concentrators. Special attention is given to how politics has affected, and has been affected by, cultural patterns, social organization, economic growth and Japan's position in the world. Requirements include midterm and final examination and a short writing assignment. Readings are drawn from a variety of books and recent articles. (Campbell)

460. Problems in World Politics. Any 100-level course in political science. (4). (SS). May be elected for credit twice with permission of the instructor.

This course will introduce the student to theoretical approaches to the explanation of international conflict. The course falls roughly into three parts, first, an illustration of the scientific approach to theory through an examination of flawed theories of war; second, a presentation of two useful theories of war, expected utility and bureaucratic politics; and finally, an application of those two theories to the nuclear age. The student should emerge from the course with a better understanding of both why international conflict occurs and how the scientific process works. The material will generally be presented as lectures with opportunities for discussion. No special background is required of the student, only an open mind and a willingness to challenge accepted wisdom. Students will be evaluated from two midterm and one final examination. (Morrow)

463. International Organization and Integration. Pol. Sci. 160 or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course is concerned with ways of managing issues arising from increasing interdependence among nation states. It examines the role of international organizations in the contemporary global political system. It considers the historical development of international organizations, their political processes, and their activities. It explores the consequences of the growth of international organizations for the global political system, particularly in terms of the extent to which international integration is being achieved. Primary attention is devoted to international governmental organizations, but international non-governmental organizations are also considered.

465. Political Development and Dependence. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

The purpose of this course is to review major theories of political development. The course is divided into five parts: (1) Major Approaches to Political Development; (2) Agrarian Movements; (3) Revolutions Left and Right; (4) Varieties of Authoritarianism; and (5) International Dependence. (Hawes)

467. International Political Culture. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course is designed to introduce students to the influence of cultural forces in both world politics and the world economy. The range of cultural forces examined is from religion to cultural nationalism, from the international sexual division of labor to the impact of English and French on educational systems in the Third World. The course will also expose students to the debate between economic determinism and the primacy of culture, between the power of material forces and the power of ideas and values. At the end of the course the students enrolled should have a developed appreciation of the significance of cultural forces in the interplay amongst the various forces and actors in the global order. Prior enrollment in course Political Science 361 is an asset. (Mazrui)

469. Politics of International Economic Relations. Pol. Sci. 160 or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

The course will deal with the interplay of political and economic considerations in international relations. Although the two are usually dealt with separately, there is an obvious interdependence of politics and economics in the international movements of goods (trade), capital (investments) and aid.

471. The American Foreign Policy Process. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

U.S. FOREIGN POLICY: PROCESS and SUBSTANCE. This course has several objectives: (a) to help illuminate the process and setting that produces American foreign policy; (b) to help familiarize students with scientific method and quantitative historical analysis in the context of U.S. role in world politics; and (c) enhance the student's ability to read, analyze, and write in a manner that is conceptually precise, analytically rigorous, and semantically clear. There will be quite a few short abstracts, memos, and analyses, plus one larger written assignment. There will be assigned reading in: (a) two or three required texts; (b) a course pack, and (c) in the scholarly journals. This is not an "oral textbook" course; therefore lectures will be minimal, and informal but rigorous and interactive. This is not the best course for students who are passive or excessively concerned with admission to law school. Prerequisites: Political Science 160 and one 400-level social science course with grades of B+. (Singer)

472. International Security Affairs. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course covers defense, deterrence, and arms control in the contemporary context. Special emphasis is given to the policies, perspectives, and capabilities of the United States and the Soviet Union, but consideration is also given to Western Europe and China. Illustrative issues are alternative strategic nuclear doctrines, prospects for arms control, conscription, organization of the Executive Branch for foreign and military policy formation, and interalliance politics. (Tanter)

475. International Relations of the Soviet Union. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

Soviet foreign policy will focus on three central themes: the Soviet Union's evolving relationship with communist states and non-ruling communist parties; the evolving role of the Soviet Union in the international system with special attention to the U.S.-Soviet relationship; and the domestic sources of Soviet foreign policy behavior. Particular attention will be paid to the evolution of Soviet perspectives on international relations, learning and adaptation in Soviet foreign policy behavior and the links between Soviet international political evolution and Soviet foreign policy. Students should have had either Political Science 160 or 140. There will be a paper, a midterm and a final examination. I will lecture roughly two-thirds of the time, providing I hope ample opportunity for discussion, questions, and arguments. (Zimmerman)

480/Amer. Inst. 452. Political Mobilization and Policy Change Poli. Sci. 111 or Amer. Inst. 240 or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

See American Institutions 452. (Walker)

481. Junior Honors Proseminar. Open only to Honors concentrators with junior standing. (4). (SS).

This is the first seminar in the Political Science Honors program. It has two aims. First, it will alert students to the scope and method of the study of politics through a critical discussion of key concepts and their function in some of the classics of political theory. Second, it will introduce students to the range of specialized interests and methodological skills of the University's Political Science faculty. The purpose of this is not only to help students see what forms the age-old questions about politics take in contemporary research, but also to help them find faculty supervisors for their Honors theses. Open to Honors concentrators in Political Science. There is no prerequisite, but Political Science 101 or 400 might be useful preparations. (Meyer)

483. American Political Parties and Electoral Problems. Political Science 111, 140, 410, or 411; or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course examines American political parties within a comparative context. After a brief discussion of the historical development of the American party system the following topics are considered: party organization, party leadership, campaigns and party finance, leadership recruitment, nominations and the national presidential convention and primary systems, elections and voting behavior, and party leadership in the policy process and in government. Much time is spent in analyzing the system from the standpoint of (1) where is it going is realignment taking place? (2) how "democratic" and responsive is it? and (3) what is the impact of the party system and its activities on the public and on society? The distinctive features of the American system in contrast to other systems are discussed as well as the factors responsible for producing the American system. Finally, an attempt is made to evaluate the system, to discuss its defects as well as its strong points, and to suggest types of reforms that might be introduced. A research paper from 10-15 pages in length is required as well as one or two one-hour examinations and a final. There are also required readings, a text, and recommended readings. Students are often involved in a Field Survey Project in which they interview party leaders and/or citizens concerning their attitudes toward, and participation in, parties and campaigns. (Eldersveld)

486. Public Opinion, Political Participation, and Pressure Groups. One course in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (SS).

This course focuses on (1) the formation and nature of public opinion and mass political participation and (2) the links between public opinion and participation and public policy. It will familiarize students with survey and other methods for generating opinion and participation data. Particular attention will be given to the effects of race, gender, media, family, church, school, work environment, pressure groups, and political institutions on public opinion, participation, and policy. Course requirements include a final exam, midterm and an optional research paper. (Langton)

491. Directed Studies. Two courses in political science and permission of instructor and the Director of Undergraduate Studies. (1-6). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). Political Science 491 and 492 may be elected for a total of eight credits. No more than four hours of directed study credit may be elected as part of a concentration program in Political Science.

A directed study on any subject agreed upon by a student and an advising instructor that does not duplicate a regular course offering. May be elected for 1-6 hours; a maximum of 4 credits may be applied toward the concentration core in political science. Students wishing to enroll for a directed study course are urged to work out the details of the course before the start of the term.

493. Senior Honors Proseminar. Open only to Honors concentrators with senior standing. (4). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). No more than four hours of Honors credit may be elected as part of a concentration plan in Political Science.

Open to seniors with Honors concentration in Political Science. Thesis writing course. (Meyer)

495. Undergraduate Seminar in Political Theory. Permission of instructor. Intended for senior concentrators. (4). (SS). May be elected for credit twice.

An undergraduate seminar in political theory. The topic will be announced later.

496. Undergraduate Seminar in American Government and Politics. Permission of instructor. Intended for senior concentrators. (4). (SS). May be elected for credit twice.

ECONOMIC CONDITIONS, PUBLIC OPINION and ELECTIONS in the U.S. Economic conditions in the United States are variable and diverse. Economic conditions fluctuate over time: in the short run there are business and other kinds of cycles; over the longer haul there are changes in both the structural composition and the geographic distribution of production and consumption. Economic conditions vary over regions of the country: from area to area the level of economic "well-being" varies, as does the degree of inequality; different local economies include economic sectors in different proportions and on different scales. The actions taken by national, state and local governments to try to improve economic conditions vary across localities, in addition to being different at different times. The overall aim of the present seminar is to discover what consequences such variations and diversities in the U.S. economy have for popular support (or demand) for governmental policies and political incumbents, and for the election outcomes. While reviewing recent research concerning such questions, we will consider how further research might fruitfully be conducted. Each student will be expected to write a paper based on original empirical or theoretical analysis. Students should have a good basic understanding of American politics, at least at the level of Political Science 411. At least elementary familiarity with macroeconomics or with mathematical or statistical methods of analysis will be useful. (Mebane)

Section 002 An undergraduate seminar in American government and politics. The topic will be announced later.

497. Undergraduate Seminar in Comparative and Foreign Government. Permission of instructor. Intended for senior concentrators. (4). (SS). May be elected for credit twice.

GOVERNMENT and OPPOSITION: The POLITICS of CONTROL in the THIRD WORLD. This seminar examines the ways governments deal with organized opposition. It analyzes, first, the nature of political control (definitions of and approaches to the study of repression) and, second, the mechanisms states employ (e.g., disappearance, censorship, party control, development of a coercive apparatus). Cases are drawn from the Middle East, Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Prerequisites: a course in development or a comparative course with substantive Third World content, or permission of the instructor. (Crystal)

498. Undergraduate Seminar in International Politics. Permission of instructor. Intended for senior concentrators. (4). (SS). May be elected for credit twice.

SECTION 001 EXPLAINING SOVIET SECURITY POLICY. This course explores competing explanations for the Soviet security policy, broadly conceived. It will seek to identify the main factors influencing the development of Soviet strategy, the threat and the use of military force, the procurement of weapons, and arms-control policy. The course will focus on the use of case studies to evaluate contending explanations and will examine the strengths and weaknesses of the case-study method. Students will be expected to prepare critiques of the existing scholarship and to conduct some original research. Previous course work in Soviet politics and/or international relations would be helpful. (Evangelista)

Section 002 This seminar is for advanced upper class concentrators in the social sciences, and aims to prepare the student to read, evaluate, and design systematic research in the world politics problem area specified for each term. The focus this term will be on decision-making in international conflict; texts not yet selected. Prerequisites: introductory course in world politics and at least two upper-level social science courses; modest competence in statistics is desirable, but not essential. Students will prepare a few brief memos, one longer paper, and a final exam. (Singer)

Section 003 THE THEORY AND PRACTICE OF ARMS CONTROL. This course will first explore the theoretical underpinning of superpower arms control. In what ways can arms control help to create a safer international climate? How does arms control differ from disarmament? What is the relationship between arms control and arms races? How should U.S. arms control policy be related to the strategic nuclear forces required for deterrence? What factors determine the feasibility of arms control proposals? We will then study several cases of superpower arms control, including SALT I, the ABM Treaty, SALT II and the negotiations carried out during the Reagan administration. Based upon theories explored earlier in the course, we will address questions like: what factors influence the outcome of negotiations? what has been the impact of strategic arms control? what arms control policies should the U.S. pursue in the future? Students should have taken Pol. Sci. 472 or receive permission from the instructor. Course grades will be based upon participation in class discussion, short papers, and a final exam. (Glaser)

SECTION 005 THE USE of FORCE in INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS. This is an undergraduate course designed to introduce students to a wide variety of theoretical approaches to analyzing and the results of empirical research on the causes of war in international relations. The first two-thirds of the course will focus on different levels of analysis which can be utilized to study international conflict, ranging from the structure of the international system to crisis decision making behavior. The final one third of the course will examine a number of important conflicts involving the United States in the post-WWII period; Korean War, Cuban Missile Crisis, Vietnam War. Recommended courses include 20th century United States and European diplomatic history and/or political science courses on international relations and United States foreign policy. The students will be graded on the basis of one short paper and a final exam. The class will be conducted as a discussion with heavy emphasis on student participation. (Huth) 450;472

SECTION 002 THE U.S. and the SOVIET UNION AS RIVALS. This is an undergraduate course designed to introduce students to the competitive political and military relationship between the United States and the Soviet Union in the post-WWII period. Three general areas of competition will be examined: (1) The strategic arms race (2) Deterrence in Western Europe (3) Intervention and rivalry in the Third World. Recommended background includes history courses on the foreign relations of the United States and the Soviet Union and/or political science courses on United States and Soviet foreign policy. Students will be graded on the basis of a midterm and final exam. The course will be conducted as a lecture through discussion and questions from the students are welcome. (Huth)


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