Classical Studies

Classical Archaeology (Division 342)

221/Hist. of Art 221. Introduction to Greek Archaeology. (4). (HU).

This course surveys the history and art of Crete and Greece as revealed by archaeology from the third millennium through the 4th century B.C. In the prehistoric period, particular attention is given to architectural and ceramic developments as well as to the crosscurrent of trade and economic contacts among Asia Minor, Crete, and mainland Greece. Emphasis is also given to the impact archaeology has had on views and theories of history: the destructions of the civilizations of Crete and Troy, the end of the bronze age, the volcanic eruption of Thera. In the historic period, major artistic developments in architecture, sculpture, and painting are considered and special attention is given to social interpretations: temples as banks and monasteries; sculpture as dedication, decoration, and commemorative propaganda; architectural sculpture as realized myth. Discussions in the sections will concentrate on the historical background, archaeological field techniques, methods of dating and stratigraphy. The sections will meet in the Kelsey museum where it will be possible to work with the actual ancient artifacts recovered in University of Michigan excavations. There are two one-hour examinations and a final, as well as illustrated lectures and assigned readings. (Pedley)

433/Hist. of Art 433. Greek Sculpture. Hist. of Art 101 or permission of instructor. (3). (HU).

The course follows the development of Greek sculpture, both in the round and relief, from the renaissance in the late 8th century B.C. through the various phases of experimentation in the 7th and 6th centuries to the high points in the 5th and 4th centuries. Standing male and female figures are the principle types followed, with increasing attention given to architectural sculpture culminating in the majestic programs decorating the Temple of Zeus at Olympia and the Parthenon in Athens. Stylistic analysis, formal development, interpretation as social and artistic documents. There will be a midterm hour exam and a final; students will also be expected to write a paper of intermediate length (10-15 pages). (Pedley)

437/Hist. of Art 437. Egyptian Art and Archaeology. (3). (HU).

Through slide lectures this course provides a survey of major trends in ancient Egyptian architecture, sculpture, painting, and minor arts from the Pre-dynastic period to the advent of the Romans. Within this chronologically structured overview, the course will emphasize the relationship of the art to the socio-political context of ancient Egypt and neighboring cultures. Periodic workshop sessions in the Kelsey Museum will augment the classroom experience by providing first-hand acquaintance with objects of art and artifacts of daily life. It is recommended that a student have some background in art history or archaeology (ONE of the following courses: HA 101; ClArch 221; Anthro 282 or 386; GNE 361). Grades will be based on a midterm, final, class quizzes and one, short, object-oriented writing assignment. Required paperback texts: W.S. Smith, THE ART AND ARCHITECTURE OF ANCIENT EGYPT, rev. ed. (Pelican, 1981); W. Hallo and W.K. Simpson, THE ANCIENT NEAR EAST: A HISTORY. A large collection of reserve books will be available in the Fine Arts Library. (Herbert)

Classical Greek (Division 385)

Elementary Courses

101. Elementary Greek. (4). (FL).

In combination with Greek 102, this is the first half of a year-long introduction to ancient Greek and is designed to prepare students for the reading of Greek texts. Greek 101 concentrates on fifth-century B.C. Attic Greek which was the language of the "golden age" of Athens. The Greek language of that time and place represents a cultural and linguistic central point from which students can pursue their own interests within a wide range of Greek literature which extends from the Homeric epics to the Byzantine era and which includes the archaic, classical, and hellenistic periods as well as the koine Greek of the New Testament. The purpose of the course is to develop the fundamentals of the language so that these fundamentals can then be applied to whatever area of ancient Greek students wish to pursue. (Rickert)

300. Intensive Greek II. Greek 103 or equivalent. No credit to those who have completed Greek 102 or equivalent. (6). (FL).

This course involves the continued study of Greek grammar, but the emphasis is now upon the rapid reading of Attic prose, usually Xenophon, early Plato, or Lysias. Students who complete this course will be prepared to enter Greek 302 in the Winter Term. (A. Edwards)

301. Second-Year Greek. Greek 102 or equivalent. (4). (FL).

This course is the first half of the second-year ancient Greek language sequence. It includes a grammar review, translation, and analysis of ancient Greek texts. The primary purpose of the course is to prepare students for more and faster reading of Greek. It is followed by Greek 302 which is offered Winter Term. (Rosenmeyer)

Intermediate Courses

401. Readings in Classical Greek Prose. Greek 302 or permission of instructor. (3). (HU). May be repeated for a total of nine credits.

Fall Term, 1987, we will be reading Herodotus. The course will focus on continued improvement of reading ancient Greek and developing familiarity with the historical context in which and about which Herodotus wrote his HISTORIES. A term paper will be required. (A. Edwards)

Advanced Courses

501. Special Reading Course in Greek. First-year graduate student or permission. (4). (HU).

This course aims at rapid improvement of students' ability to read Greek of all kinds with both speed and accuracy. Both sight reading and homework assignments are drawn from a variety of authors, both poetry and prose, depending on the particular needs of students. Composition exercises provide a review of important points of grammar. Students are evaluated on the basis of class recitation, written assignments, and an examination. The course is intended primarily for graduate students in Classical Studies and Classical Art and Archaeology, but is open to others with at least two years of Greek (please consult instructor before enrolling. (Scodel)

519. Aeschylus. (3). (HU).

This course is intended as a general introduction to Aeschylus, and as an advanced reading course on the AGAMEMNON. Issues to be covered will depend greatly on interest, but the range will include literary evolution (e.g., Homer, the CATALOGUE OF WOMEN, Stesichorus' ORESTEIA), poetic versus dramatic technique, and archaic conceptions of ethics. The course requirements will consist in a presentation, a brief text-analysis, a translation exam, and a final paper (which may be based on the oral report). It is also recommended that all seven plays of Aeschylus be read in translation before the first class. Anyone interested in further information, or in getting a head start over the summer, is encouraged to talk with the instructor. (Porter)

Latin Language and Literature (Division 411)

Two convictions are basic to the Elementary Latin Program of the Department of Classical Studies: (1) it is possible for every able-minded person to master the basic facts of a foreign language and (2) the learning experience leading to such a mastery is a privilege that is very specifically human and ought to be most satisfying. Essential grammatical facts are taught, and a knowledge of these facts enables students to understand Latin written by the famous authors of the Golden Age. Students acquire a working vocabulary and demonstrate understanding of the reading by writing a readable translation. Since at least 50% of the vocabulary of an educated speaker of English is Latin in origin, English improves as Latin stems and derivatives are learned. The program normally takes four terms to complete. A placement test may be taken at the beginning or end of a term, and a student may succeed in placing out of one or more courses in the introductory sequence.

In the Elementary Latin Program, the department is offering Latin 101, 102, 193, 221, 231, and 232. Latin 101 (see below) is for students with no previous Latin. A placement examination will determine the appropriate course for other students who enter the elementary sequence. Students with questions about which course to elect are encouraged to visit the department office in 2016 Angell Hall, 764-0360, or contact Professor Knudsvig in 2012 Angell Hall, 764-8297.

Elementary Courses

101. Elementary Latin. No credit granted to those who have completed 103, 193, or 502. (4). (FL).

All of the assigned tasks/exercises in Latin 101 are directed toward the reading and translation of Classical Latin and not toward writing or conversation. The course has as its primary objective the acquisition of a fundamental understanding of basic Latin grammar. The text for the course is Knudsvig, Seligson, and Craig, LATIN FOR READING. Latin 101 covers approximately the first half of this text. Grading is based on quizzes, class participation, hour examinations, and a final.

102. Elementary Latin. Latin 101. No credit granted to those who have completed 193 or 502. (4). (FL).

All of the assigned tasks/exercises in Latin 102 are directed toward the reading and translation of Classical Latin and not toward writing or conversation. The course continues the presentation of the essentials of the Latin language as it covers the last half of Knudsvig, Seligson, and Craig, LATIN FOR READING. Extended reading selections from Plautus (comedy) and Eutropius (history) are introduced. Grading is based on class participation, quizzes, hour examinations, and a final.

193. Intensive Elementary Latin I. No credit granted to those who have completed 101, 102, 103 or 502. (4). (Excl).

This course is a rapid introduction to Latin and is intended for students with little or no prior Latin. Upperclass undergraduates in such fields as history, medieval or renaissance literature, or linguistics and who need to acquire a reading competence in Latin as quickly and as efficiently as possible should elect this course. So should other undergraduates who intend to continue the study of Latin and want a rapid introduction that enables them to take upperlevel Latin courses as soon as possible. This first term course covers elementary grammar and syntax. (Ross and staff)

221. Continuation Course in Latin. Two or more units of high school Latin and assignment by placement test. No credit granted to those who have completed 193, 194, 231, or 503. (4). (FL).

All of the assigned tasks and exercises in Latin 221 are directed toward the reading and translation of Classical Latin and not toward writing or conversation. The text used is the same as that in Latin 101 and 102, and the course starts at the beginning of the book. A more rapid pace is maintained as 221 covers the material of 101 and 102. Grading is based on class participation, quizzes, hour examinations, and a final.

231. Introduction to Latin Prose. Latin 102 or 103. No credit granted to those who have completed 194, 222, or 503. (4). (FL).

This course reviews grammar as it introduces students to extended passages of classical Latin prose through selections from such authors of the first centuries B.C. and A.D. as Cicero, Caesar, Sallust, Livy, and Tacitus. Class discussions center upon the readings. Grading is based on class participation, quizzes, hour examinations, and a final.

232. Vergil, Aeneid. Latin 231 or 221. No credit granted to those who have completed 194, 222, or 503. (4). (FL).

The goal of this course is simple: to read extensive passages of Vergil's AENEID, with comprehension and enjoyment. To the degree that there is mastery of the paradigm forms and the most common principal parts of irregular verbs the daily assignments will be made easier. Careful attention is paid to Vergil's style, the more common poetic features he employs, mythological references, and the relation of the text to the life and time of the Emperor Augustus. Three hour exams, a two-hour final, and regular participation in class will determine the course grade; there are no papers. In-class translation is followed by a discussion of the text under consideration that day. (Nissen)

Intermediate Courses

301. Intermediate Latin. Latin 194, 222, 232 or equivalent. (3). (HU).

The primary goal of this course is to serve as an introduction to the study of Latin literature, and, through the literature, of Roman culture. Texts by major prose authors will be read with a view to their literary, historical, and political contexts. Translation, and review of morphology and syntax as needed, will be stressed. (Witke)

401. Republican Prose. Latin 301 or 302 or permission of instructor. (3). (HU). May be repeated for a total of 9 credits with permission of concentration adviser.

Fall Term, 1987, we will focus on Cicero's philosophical works and read Book One of DE FINIBUS and Books Three and Four of the TUSCULAN DISPUTATIONS. In Book One of DE FINITES Cicero describes and criticizes the Epicurean view of happiness. In Books Three and Four of the TUSCULANS, relying on the views of the Stoics and other Hellenistic schools of philosophy, he discusses various disturbances or diseases of the mind, how they keep us from being happy and how philosophy can cure us from them. Requirements include weekly written translations, a paper, midterm and final exams. (Rickert)

Advanced Courses

409. Augustan Poetry. Latin 301 or 302 or permission of instructor. (3). (HU). May be repeated for a total of 9 credits with permission of concentration adviser.

Fall Term, 1987, we will read Books 7-9 of Virgil's AENEID. Many students will have gained their first experience of Latin poetry by reading in the earlier books of the AENEID. The present course assumes knowledge of the first six books, in translation at least (the best modern English version is by R. Fitzgerald, available as a Vintage paperback, 1984). Our aim will be to make detailed exploration of Books 7-9, through close in-class reading of the Latin text and discussion of literary and cultural problems. How easy is it for Vergil, himself a child of an age of civil strife, to write about war in Italy? How can a poet so steeped in Alexandrian literary principles write martial epic? How can words with so many layers of reference sustain a linear narrative? Students will be responsible for about 60 lines of poetry per session (the commentary on AENEID 7-12 by R.D. Williams (Macmillan, 1973) will be used). There will be a short midterm test, a final exam, and one paper. (Hinds)

421/Education D421. Teaching of Latin. Senior standing in Latin. (3). (HU).

A workshop-type course designed to provide prospective secondary and college teachers with the skills necessary to analyze structures and texts and to design instructional materials and class presentations. The course will also introduce the students to those aspects of descriptive linguistics that have practical application to teaching and learning Latin. (Knudsvig)

426. Practicum. Junior/senior standing. (3). (HU).

In the Fall Term, 1987, permission of the instructor is required to elect Latin 426. Students must submit a plan for a project related to the teaching of Latin. The course is designed primarily for students who wish to continue work begun in Latin 421. (Knudsvig)

436/MARC 441. Medieval Latin II, 900-1350 A.D. Two years of college Latin or equivalent. (3). (HU).

A detailed study of an author, period, or genre of later Mediaeval Latin literature, to be decided upon in consultation with students enrolled. Two years of college Latin or equivalent. Latin 435 (MARC 440) is not a prerequisite. Midterm, final, and paper. (Witke)

466. Horace. Latin 301 or equivalent. (3). (HU).

The ODES of Horace will be read, with attention to the diction, style, meter, and interpretation of the verse. Emphasis will be placed on understanding the ODES in their literary and historical context. Familiarity with Greek lyric and contemporary Roman poetry is desirable, but not essential. Readings in secondary literature will be assigned. There will be a paper, midterm, and final. (Lyne)

529. Livy. (3). (HU).

This course will concentrate on Livy, books 1-2, 5, 21-22. It is intended mainly for graduate students, but advanced undergraduates are welcome. The major themes will be Livy's historical methods, his relation to the earlier historiographic tradition of Rome and the Hellenistic world, and his importance as the main surviving expounder of ROMANITAS. Several papers; a midterm examination and a final. (Frier)

Classical Civilization (Division 344)

Courses in this division do not require a knowledge of Greek or Latin. They are intended for students who have not had time or opportunity to learn these languages but who wish to acquire knowledge of ancient literature, life, and thought, and of the debt modern civilization owes the Greeks and Romans.

101. Classical Civilization I: The Ancient Greek World (in English). (4). (HU).

This course serves as an introduction to the civilization of ancient Greece from its beginnings through the Hellenistic age. It is offered for students without a knowledge of Greek or Latin and also serves as a companion course for students in elementary Greek and Latin classes who wish to supplement their language learning. Lectures will trace the development of Greek literature and thought within the context of Greek society. Literature read includes THE ILIAD and THE ODYSSEY of Homer; selected lyric poetry; selected tragedies of Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides; selected comedies of Aristophanes; selections from the historians Herodotus and Thucydides; and selected philosophical writings of Plato. The readings average about 90 pages per week. There will be a midterm, two papers, and a final examination. Freshmen Honors students in Honors sections will write enough to meet the Introductory Composition requirement. This course is the first of a two-term series. Classical Civilization 102 is offered in the Winter Term and represents an equivalent treatment of the civilization of ancient Rome. It is recommended that the course be taken as a sequence, but it is not required. (Scodel)

152(352). Greek and Latin Elements in English Vocabulary. (3). (HU).

Students will learn enough elements of Greek and Latin vocabulary, and enough principles of linguistics, to increase significantly their understanding of the etymology and form of English words. There will be two large lectures and one small group discussion section per week. Two textbooks plus an approved college level desk dictionary are required. The grade will be based upon homework assignments, frequent quizzes, three exams, and participation in discussion sections. (Knudsvig)

372. Sports and Daily Life in Ancient Rome. (4). (HU).

The course is offered for four credits, of which three hours consist of lectures (often illustrated with slides) and the fourth hour a discussion section which meets every week for one hour at a time. Students select the discussion section which they wish to attend from among nine different section times which will be announced on the first day of class. In the discussions we read selections from ancient writers in translation and from recent scholarship on Roman history and society, which are made available in a course pack obtainable from AccuCopy at the corner of Maynard and East William. The required textbook for the course is H.H. Scullard, FESTIVALS AND CEREMONIES OF THE ROMAN REPUBLIC, obtainable only from Ulrich's Bookstore. In the lectures we begin with some background on Roman religion and Roman history and then consider the different social classes and their lifestyles; the second half of the term deals with the major sports of chariot racing, gladiator fights, wild beast hunts, theatre performances, and activities at the baths. The grade will be based upon a midterm and a final examination and upon performance in discussion sections. (Humphrey)

388/Phil. 388. History of Philosophy: Ancient. One Philosophy Introduction. (4). (HU).

See Philosophy 388. (White)

472. Roman Law. Not open to freshmen. (3). (HU).

This course acquaints students with the fundamental concepts of Roman private law, with their origin in the society and government of the High Roman Empire, and with their all-important influence in the development of Western European legal theory and institutions. The course aims primarily to meet the interests of undergraduates with a bent toward law as a profession, but it is open to all students (except freshmen). We will use a direct application of the American case-law method to the teaching of Roman law. Our basic text will be a series of actual problems from the Roman jurists, which we will discuss in class; only as the occasion demands will the instructor "fill in the gaps" with short lectures on other relevant legal material. Thus students should develop a feel for legal analysis and for the contribution made through such analysis by the Roman jurists; at the same time, students will learn Roman law in a form that will be directly relevant to future legal studies. Besides the handouts, one general introduction to Roman law (ca. 250 pages) will be required reading. There will be one hour test on material covered in class, in addition to the final examination; one paper (10 pages) will allow the student to analyze in detail a particular legal problem. (Frier)

476. Pagans and Christians in the Roman World. (3). (HU).

The course will survey the rise of Christianity to the position of the dominant religion in the Roman Empire between the late First Century A.D. and the end of the Fourth Century A.D. Topics covered will include the nature of classical cult and its place in the socio-economic structure of the Roman Empire, belief in the divine, oracles, magic and holy men of various sorts. Emphasis will be placed on the changing place of the Christian Church in the classical world, persecution and conversion, the different ways in which people at various levels of society dealt with its tenets. The course will conclude with a thorough analysis of the conversion of Constantine, the apostasy of the Emperor Julian and the role of the Emperor Theodosius in strengthening the position of the Church. Readings will be selected from recent modern works on the subject and a wide variety of Classical texts in translation. This is strictly a lecture course, for which the requirements will be a midterm, a final and a ten page paper. No prerequisite course or special background is required. (Potter)

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