Asian Languages and Cultures


Courses in Buddhist Studies (Division 332)

320/Asian Studies 320/Phil. 335/Rel. 320. Introduction to Buddhism. Buddhist Studies 220 or equivalent. (3). (HU).

An introduction to the Buddhist religion, with attention to its moral and philosophical teachings, its modes of practice (e.g., meditation and ritual), and its social and institutional structures. The course takes a historical approach, concentrating primarily on the origins and development of the Hinayana, Mahayana, and Tantric traditions in India. The Buddhism of two other areas that fell within the sphere of Indian culture influence - Southeast Asia and Tibet will also be covered in some detail. The Buddhism of East Asia (China, Korea, and Japan) is touched on lightly at the end of the course. Students desiring an introduction to East Asian Buddhism are advised to take the sequel course "Buddhism in Zen Perspective" (Buddhist Studies 325). "Introduction to Buddhism" is in lecture format, but in-class discussion is encouraged. There will be essay style examinations, including a "take-home" midterm and in-class final. No previous knowledge of the subject is required, but the material covered is challenging, and a high degree of student commitment is expected. (Foulk)

405. Classical Tibetan. Permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course is designed to train students of Buddhist Studies in the basic skills necessary for reading Tibetan literature; it is not a class in spoken (colloquial) Tibetan. The plan of the course assumes that the student's primary interest is in the study of Buddhist literature. Accordingly, much time will be spent in reading Buddhist literature (autochthonous as well as in translation from Indic languages). The course offers explanations in the phonology of literary Tibetan ("Lhasa Dialect"), nominal derivation, syntax of nominal particles, verbal conjugation and suffixes, and the standard script (dbu-can). In the second term all reading exercises will be taken directly from classical sources (primarily from the works of Bu-ston, Taranatha, and Kamalasila). (Gomez)

480/Asian Studies 480/Phil. 457/Rel. 480. Problems in Buddhism. Buddhist Studies 320 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

This course discusses selected topics in the history of Buddhist ideas. The class combines lectures and discussions on a number of primary sources ("Buddhist Texts") in English translation. Buddhist doctrines are approached from several points of view, (history of religion, philosophy, psychology) using primarily, but not exclusively, the conceptualizations of classical Buddhist systems. Two exams and one short paper.

Courses in Chinese (Division 339)

101. Beginning Chinese. (5). (FL).

Chinese 101 is an introductory course in speaking, understanding, reading and writing Chinese. The student is expected to achieve control of the sound system, basic sentence patterns and basic vocabulary of Standard Mandarin Chinese (up to lesson 13 in both books). Starting the 5th week, we will learn to read and write the characters. In Chinese 101, the major emphasis is on SPEAKING and AURAL COMPREHENSION. We recommend that students listen to the tapes two hours per day. This is a five-credit-hour course. We meet one hour each day. Tuesdays and Thursdays are lectures; Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays are recitations. Students are required to register for both a lecture section and a recitation section. Attendance is taken everyday and NO AUDITS ARE ALLOWED. Textbooks: (a) John DeFrancis, BEGINNING CHINESE (Yale Univ. Press) (b) John DeFrancis, BEGINNING CHINESE READER, Part I and II (Yale Univ. Press). Materials covered (Fall Term): BEGINNING CHINESE, Lessons 1-13. BEGINNING CHINESE READER, Lessons 1-13. (Tao)

201. Second-Year Chinese. Chinese 102 or equivalent. (5). (FL).

This course is a continuation of work begun in Chinese 101-102. Students electing the course should have mastered the spoken language material presented in DeFrancis' BEGINNING CHINESE or a similar introductory text and should be able to recognize and write about 400 characters and 1200 combinations. The primary goal of the course is achievement of a basic level of reading competence within a vocabulary of 800 characters and accompanying combinations. A closely integrated secondary goal is continued improvement of aural understanding and speaking competence. These goals are approached through classroom drill and recitation, out-of-class exercises, and work in the language laboratory. Daily class attendance is required. Students are graded on the basis of daily classroom performance, periodic quizzes and tests, and homework assignments. The text is CHINESE LINGUISTICS PROJECT, Princeton, INTERMEDIATE CHINESE. (Liang)

405. Third-Year Chinese. Chinese 202 or 362. (5). (Excl).

Chinese 405 and 406 are a two-term sequence constituting the third year of the Chinese program. All four basic skills reading, writing, listening, and speaking are stressed, but the most time is devoted to learning to read various styles of modern Chinese, including fiction, essays, and documentary and journalistic materials. (Students who want more spoken language work are encouraged to enroll also for Chinese 378, (ADVANCED SPOKEN CHINESE.) Readings are selected from a large variety of textbook and non-textbook materials, most of them in course pack form. (Baxter)

451. Literary Chinese. Chinese 202 or 362. (4). (Excl).

This is a course for specialists, requiring knowledge of modern Chinese at least through the Second Year level. Using Shadick's A FIRST COURSE IN LITERARY CHINESE as a text, supplemented with locally prepared handouts, we treat selectively the styles of Chinese (poetry as well as prose) that were written in traditional times, from the Chou classical age into the Ch'ing dynasty. Classes are in small recitation groups, requiring steady application measured in weekly tests and regular hand-in exercises, and a two-hour final exam. Emphasis is always given understanding, and rendering clearly into English. The course is the first half of a two-term sequence that is prerequisite to more advanced Chinese courses.

468/Phil 468. Classical Chinese Thought (To A.D. 220) Upperclass standing; no knowledge of Chinese required. (3). (HU).

See Philosophy 468. (Munro)

471. Classical Chinese Literature in Translation. No knowledge of Chinese required. (3). (HU).

Largely through lectures, this course will examine the highlights of early Chinese literature from antiquity to the 13th century. We will begin with THE BOOK OF CHANGES, THE BOOK OF SONGS, and a few ancient philosophical texts (which are written in brilliant literary styles) from the millennium before Christ, the millennium in which China made an astonishing "philosophic breakthrough" in its civilization. We will then undertake to follow the development of the various forms of poetry, fiction, and other kinds of prose during the subsequent centuries. The principal aim is to enable students to become familiar with, and also to be able to enjoy, these masterpieces of literature that illustrate the range and depth of the Chinese imagination, the inner life of the individual as well as the outer social and political life of China through the ages. Two short papers and a final exam are required. Sample readings include Cyril Birch, ed., ANTHOLOGY OF CHINESE LITERATURE, Vol. I; two major texts in Taoist mysticism: LAO TZU: TAO TE CHING and the "Inner Chapters" of the CHUANG TZU: BASIC WRITINGS; Burton Watson, CHINESE LYRICISM; and other materials in a course pack. (Lin)

Courses in Japanese (Division 401)

101. Beginning Japanese. (5). (FL).

A thorough grounding is given in all the language skills: listening, speaking, reading, and writing. The aim of the oral component is to provide the student with the speaking and comprehension skills necessary to function effectively in practical situations in a Japanese-speaking environment. Attention is given to the social and cultural differences in the use of the language. In the reading and writing component the two KANA syllabaries (KATAKANA and HIRAGANA) and elementary characters (KANJI) are introduced. The goal of this component is to develop proficient reading skills through practice reinforced by oral and written short question-answer exercises. Students are required to practice with audio/video tapes a minimum of two hours for each class hour (12 hours per week). From the first day, recitation sessions are conducted entirely in Japanese; no English is permitted. Recitation sessions emphasize speaking/reading in Japanese contexts at normal speed with near native pronunciation, accent, intonation, rhythm and appropriate body language. Analyses, explanations, and discussions involving the use of English are specifically reserved for lectures with a linguist. Texts: Eleanor Harz Jorden and Mari Noda, JAPANESE: THE SPOKEN LANGUAGE, PART I-II; Eleanor Harz Jorden and Hamako Ito Chaplin, READING JAPANESE. (Goto, Ohara, Szatrowski, Staff).

201. Second-Year Japanese. Japanese 102 or equivalent. (5). (FL).

Further training is given in all the language skills (listening, speaking, reading, and writing) for students who have acquired a basic language proficiency. The aim of the oral component is to provide the student with the speaking and comprehension skills necessary to function effectively in more advanced practical situations in a Japanese-speaking environment. In the reading and writing component, the emphasis is on reading elementary texts, developing an expository style, and writing short answers/essays in response to questions about these texts. Discussions on the social and cultural use of language are provided. Students are required to practice a minimum of two hours for each class hour (12 hours per week). Recitation sessions are conducted entirely in Japanese; no English is permitted. Recitation sessions emphasize speaking/reading in Japanese contexts at normal speed with near-native pronunciation, accent, intonation, rhythm, and appropriate body language. Analyses, explanations, and discussions involving the use of English are specifically reserved for lectures with a linguist. Texts: Eleanor Harz Jorden and Mari Noda, JAPANESE: THE SPOKEN LANGUAGE: PARTS II-III; Eleanor Harz Jorden and Hamako Ito Chaplin, READING JAPANESE. (Unedaya, Staff)

378. Advanced Spoken Japanese. Japanese 202 or 362. (1). (Excl). May be repeated for credit.

Instruction in storytelling, lecturing, and speechmaking, with emphasis on both the construction of discourse and Japanese patterns of oral delivery. The class will also include discussions of socio-cultural differences and difficulties Americans have integrating into the Japanese environment.

401. Japanese Literature in Translation: Classical Periods to 1600. A knowledge of Japanese is not required. (3). (HU).

A survey of Japanese literature from the eighth century through the sixteenth. All assigned readings are in English translation, and no previous knowledge of Japan or the Japanese language is required. Special attention is given to the great works of the Japanese literary tradition, including the MAN 'YOSHU, the eighth century anthology of native poetry; THE TALE OF GENJI, the novel of court life from the early eleventh century; diaries and essays from the Heian period (ca. 800-1200); the epic war tales of the thirteenth century; and some of the major noh plays of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. This course, together with Japanese 402, its sequel, are recommended to all students with a general interest in literature or in Japanese culture. Classes are in a lecture and discussion format, with ample opportunity for questions from students. The course has a midterm and a final examination, emphasizing essay questions. Also, one short paper of some 8 to 10 pages is required. In addition to a course pack, required texts include: E.G. Seidensticker, trans., THE TALE OF GENJI; and D. Keene, trans., YOSHIDA KENKO'S ESSAYS IN IDLENESS. The course is required for concentrators in Japanese. (E. Ramirez-Christensen)

405. Third-Year Japanese. Japanese 202 or equivalent. (5). (Excl).

Advanced training is given in all the language skills. Practice in the use of spoken Japanese is contextualized within simulated Japanese social settings. A variety of selected modern texts (essays, fiction, and newspapers) are read with emphasis on expository style. The goal is to produce self-sufficient readers who can read and discuss most texts with the aid of a dictionary. Students are required to practice with audio/visual tapes a minimum of two hours for each class hour (10 hours per week). Recitation sessions emphasize speaking/reading in Japanese contexts at normal speed with near-native pronunciation, accent, intonation, rhythm, and appropriate body language. Analyses, explanations, and discussions involving the use of English are specifically reserved for lectures with a linguist. Texts: Eleanor Harz Jorden and Mari Noda, JAPANESE: THE SPOKEN LANGUAGE: PART III; Eleanor Harz Jorden and Hamako Ito Chaplin, READING JAPANESE; selected reading material for Third-Year Japanese. (Oshiro, Staff)

450. Undergraduate Seminar in Japanese Literature. Japanese 401 and 402. Knowledge of Japanese is not required. (3). (Excl). May be elected for a total of 6 credits with permission of the instructor.

This course provides an opportunity to focus on major thematic and critical issues in Japanese literature by utilizing the considerable body of English translations now available. The method consists of close textual analysis, brief oral presentations preceding discussions, and critical written articulations of the issue under study through four short essays during the term and a final long paper. Prerequisites are Japanese 401 and 402 or, for non-concentrators, permission of the instructor. TOPIC FOR FALL 1988: THE HAIKU UNIVERSE OF DISCOURSE. The seminar will examine the world's briefest poem, the HAIKU. How does this 17-syllable, 3-line poem signify? What assumptions regarding the nature of language and meaning lie behind its composition and interpretation? What is its link to Zen practice? Readings will be from the poetry as well as the critical commentaries of the master Basho and his disciples, with later poets such as Buson and Issa providing opportunities for comparative study. The Western understanding of HAIKU as demonstrated in the Imagist movement, Ezra Pound, and Roland Barthe's EMPIRE OF SIGNS will also be examined. Given the brevity of the poems, analysis of the original Japanese texts and their variant English translations will often be possible. (E. Ramirez-Christensen)

554. Modern Japanese Literature. Japanese 406 and 408; or permission of instructor. (3 each). (Excl). May be repeated for credit with permission of instructor.

This course provides students the opportunity to read major works of modern Japanese literature in the original and to discuss them in a seminar setting. The topic for the course changes each term. The seminar may focus on a single prominent writer such as Mori Ogai, Natsume Soseki, or Tanizaki Jun'ichiro; survey such literary movements as Japanese Naturalism or the Shirakaba school; or explore such issues as the image of the individual, the vision of the past, or the uses of the first person narrator in the modern Japanese novel. Participants in the seminar should be prepared to read a novel a week in Japanese, contribute regularly to discussions, and present frequent oral critiques of the texts discussed. A twenty-page paper is required. (Ito)

Courses in South and Southeast Asia (Division 483)

Language Courses

205(405). Intermediate Hindi-Urdu. S&SEA 106. (4). (FL).

South and Southeast Asia 205 is the third term in the sequence of courses offered in the Hindi and Urdu by the Dept. of Asian Languages and Cultures. Meeting four times a week, the course is intended to increase students' skills in speaking and comprehension as well as introduce them to the Nastalig writing system used for Urdu. They will continue to develop their proficiency in reading and writing the Devanagari script. Students with strong background in Hindi-Urdu may be able to enter the sequence at this point. See the instructor for placement evaluation. (Hook)

301. Thai. (4). (FL).

This course is the first half of the sequential Elementary Thai courses. The emphases are on practicing pronunciation and simple conversation, reading and writing simple Thai, and expanding students' vocabulary. Four hours of language lab are recommended. Evaluations are based on observations of students' progress, midterm, and final.

303. Elementary Indonesian. (4). (FL).

The course is the first half of a two-term sequence designed to provide the student with a basic working knowledge of the Indonesian language. The course aims at the acquisition of the four basic language skills listening, speaking, reading, and writing in modern Indonesian. The class emphasizes aural-oral exercises and practice and the learning of culture throughout the course. The text used is keyed to a set of tapes for use in the language lab and concentrates on practical knowledge of the language. Evaluation is based on classroom performance, homework assignments, tests, and a final exam. (Florida)

305(505). Advanced Hindi-Urdu. S&SEA 205 and 206. (3). (FL). May be elected twice for a total of six credits.

South and Southeast Asia 305 is the fifth term in the sequence of courses offered by the Dept. of Asian Languages and Cultures in Hindi-Urdu. Meeting three times a week, the course is intended to further students' skills in speaking and aural comprehension as well as increase their proficiency in reading and writing both Hindi and Urdu. Students with prior work in Hindi-Urdu may be able to join the sequence at this point. See the instructor for placement. (Hook)

307. Elementary Tagalog. (4). (FL).

Tagalog is the national language of the Philippines. Elementary Tagalog is a two-term sequence designed to give the student who has little or no knowledge of Tagalog the necessary basis for learning to speak it and to have a functional acquaintance with the cultural context in which it functions. Tagalog is particularly interesting in the way it has integrated the broad influences of both Spanish and English into its own syntactic and semantic systems. The oral approach is greatly emphasized in the classroom, using questions and answers and short dialogues to develop active use of the language in the most natural way possible. This is complemented by the use of taped lessons in the Language Laboratory. There are frequent short quizzes, a midterm, and a final examination. At the end of the first year, the student should be able to handle brief exchanges in common social situations and to read and write simple Tagalog. For the student specializing in Philippine studies, learning Tagalog is a must. For the student specializing in language studies, a number of linguists of note have found Tagalog structure highly instructive in understanding certain aspects of language. For the student with Philippine affinities, learning Tagalog provides a bond of understanding and for some, a link to one's roots. For the student who has neither a Philippine connection nor a specialist interest in language, learning Tagalog can be rewarding as it provides an experience of new modes of expression and new ways of looking at the world around us and within ourselves. (Naylor)

401. Intermediate Thai. S&SEA 302. (3). (FL).

This course is the first half of the sequential Intermediate Thai courses. It is designed to increase students' speaking, listening, reading, and writing abilities, as well as vocabulary expansion. Students practice pronunciation and conversation as well as read and write short paragraphs. Four hours of language lab per week are recommended. Evaluations are based on observations of students' progress, midterm, and final.

403. Intermediate Indonesian. S&SEA 304. (3). (FL).

The course is the first half of a two-term sequence aimed at increasing the student's proficiency in the four basic language skills listening, speaking, reading, and writing in modern Indonesian. Although increasing emphasis is given to the development of reading and writing skills, listening and speaking constitute an integral part of the course which is conducted entirely in Indonesian. Vocabulary building and instruction in matters of cross-cultural sensitivity are of great import. The primary text used is keyed to a set of tapes for use in the language lab and concentrates on practical knowledge of the language. Supplementary materials introduce the student to reading modern Indonesian literature. Evaluation is based on classroom performance, homework assignments, tests, and a final exam. (Florida)

433. Intermediate Tagalog. S&SEA 314 or permission of instructor. (3). (FL).

This course is designed for the student who has some knowledge of Tagalog and who wishes to develop some fluency in spoken Tagalog and to be acquainted with Tagalog literature. It is part of a two-term sequence which is essentially a continuation of what has been learned in the first year but there will be more emphasis on reading and writing. Students who have not taken Elementary Tagalog (South and Southeast Asia 307) may take this course if they pass an evaluation test to be given by the instructor. The format will be as follows: two class hours a week will be devoted to readings and grammar review and one class hour a week will be devoted to guided conversation. Readings will be assigned and these will provide the framework for the discussion of grammatical points and question and answer sessions in Tagalog on the content. There will be written assignments, a midterm, and a final examination. By the end of the second year, students should have acquired sufficient competence to handle longer conversations, write brief letters, read certain plays, newspapers, magazines, etc. Course texts are: INTERMEDIATE READINGS IN TAGALOG, ed. by Bowen; TAGALOG REFERENCE GRAMMAR by Schacter and Octanes; and a Tagalog-English Dictionary. Supplementary readings will be assigned during the term. (Naylor)

501. Advanced Thai. S&SEA 402. (3). (FL).

This course is the first half of the two course sequence of Advanced Thai. The course is designed to improve students' proficiency in speaking, reading, writing, and comprehension of the Thai language. The course is flexible and tailored to suit students' needs and interests.

503. Advanced Indonesian. S&SEA 404. (3). (FL).

The course aims at further development of overall Indonesian language proficiency through reading modern texts in various fields, discussion and composition. Classroom discussion is conducted entirely in Indonesian. Assignments are intended to help the student improve command both of grammar and of more advanced vocabulary. (Florida)


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