Courses in Political Science (Division 450)

Primarily for First and Second Year Students

101. Introduction to Political Theory. (4). (SS).

The course will present students with some fundamental texts of Western political philosophy, Plato to Marx. The aim of the course is to make students acquainted with a tradition that develops a specific mode of inquiry-political philosophy-in the attempt to answer the question: How can human beings live together peacefully? How can we harmonize individual and collective good? The course includes two lecture sessions (one hour each) and a two-hour discussion session each week. Students will be required to prepare readings in advance of classes to participate in discussions, and to write papers showing their grasping of the material covered in the course. (Gobetti)

111. Introduction to American Politics. (4). (SS).

This is a wide-ranging survey of government and politics throughout the United States. Most of the course centers upon national government and politics. Among the main topics to be explored are the constitutional base, elections, political parties and interest groups, the presidency, Congress, the courts, and policy formulation in designated areas. The kinds of questions considered might include the following: What impact do interest groups have on governmental policy? Are there real differences between the two major political parties? What accounts for swings in voting behavior and election outcome from one time to another? Why is it that public policy emerges as it does in the United States? What is the level of trust in government? And how does that level change? These and others are issues confronted in the course. There are two lectures and two discussion sessions each week. The basis for grading includes a midterm and a final examination for all students; and written work as well as other forms of participation in each of the sections, under the guidance of individual instructors.

140. Introduction to Comparative Politics. (4). (SS).

This course will provide students with an understanding of politics in Great Britain, France, and the Soviet Union, and familiarize them with concepts used to analyze politics. Each of the countries will be discussed separately in order to introduce its distinctive features and to ensure that students understand how it operates. As the course progresses, we will draw increasingly broad comparisons. Certain key concepts will be introduced and used for comparative purposes. In particular, we will be concerned with the social and economic forces that influence political life; political parties and political competition; leadership succession; the role of political institutions; and the analysis of contemporary political conflicts. The course will offer two lectures per week, plus two meetings in relatively small discussion sections designed to encourage a two-way flow of communication. (Oksenberg)

160. Introduction to World Politics. (4). (SS).

The primary purpose of this beginning course is to expose the student to the core questions that should be asked at any beginning of the study of international politics. Who are the major actors in international affairs? What kind of order exists in relations among nations? What mechanisms exist for change? What regularities exist in the behavior of actors toward one another that give shape and direction to the system? We shall try to get at some of the questions raised by using three of the major approaches students in the field utilize to select the behaviors they wish to study. One approach is to study the process of decision-making in foreign policy. Another approach is to study the effects that differences in national growth have on the politics among nations. A third way is to study the way the international system constrains the actions of individuals and groups. The major elements of the course are contained in four sets of lectures. (1) The decision-making approach; (2) effects of national growth on international politics; (3) problems and consequences of different types of international systems; (4) global trends in contemporary world politics including such topics as imperialism, neocolonialism, international economics and interdependence, developed-developing world relations, international organizations, and the limits to growth. There will be one, possibly two, exams during the term, plus a final. Other requirements may include a 12-15 page essay and such additional assignments as may be made by individual section leaders. (Organski)

Primarily for Juniors and Seniors

359/CAAS 351. The Struggle for Southern Africa. Lectures: 2 credits; lectures and discussion: 4 credits. (Excl).

See CAAS 351. (Kokole)

391. Introductory Internship in Political Science. One 100-level course in political science, permission of supervising instructor before the internship period, and review by Department's internship adviser. Intended for non-concentrators. (2-4). (Excl). (EXPERIENTIAL). All internship courses may be elected for a maximum total of 8 credits.

Supervised internship, primarily for non-concentrators. Requires the approval of the instructor and review by the department's internship coordinator. (2-4 each)

395/Econ. 395/REES 395/Slavic 395/Hist. 332/Soc. 392. Survey of the Soviet Union. (4). (SS).

See REES 395. (Szporluk)

400. Introduction to Political Analysis. Upperclass standing; for concentrators who do not have two courses in political science at the 100-level or their equivalent. (4). (Excl).

The aim of this course is two-fold: 1) to give the student a sense of the history of political philosophy from the ancient Greek period to the end of the sixteenth century, and 2) to help the student become aware of the complexities and assumptions entailed in the articulation of a coherent political theory. We will be reading the works of such major political philosophers as Plato, Aristotle, Cicero, St. Thomas Aquinas, and Machiavelli. We will be concerned with such issues as the basis for obligation, the sources of legitimacy, the role of the individual in the political community and the value and purpose of political life. Readings will be from primary sources. (Saxonhouse)

409/CAAS 456. Comparative Black Political Thought. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (Excl).

This is a comparative analysis of Black political thought. Select Black thinkers, chosen from African, Caribbean and Black American writers and ideological leaders will be studied. (Northrup)

411. American Political Processes. Any 100-level course in political science. (4). (Excl).

COURSE OBJECTIVES: 1) Provide an understanding of American mass politics, especially electoral politics, from both normative and empirical points of view and from the perspectives of the individual voter and the candidate for office. 2) Explore the extent, causes, and consequences of recent changes (or alleged changes) in public attitudes toward politics. 3) (Jennings)

412. The Legal Process. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (Excl).

This is a Collegiate Fellows course, emphasizing critical thinking. See page 3 of this Course Guide for a complete list of Collegiate Fellows courses.

Legal Process combines the study of legal theory with selected case studies in American and comparative law. The course examines the nature of legal interpretation, the organization of legal institutions, the role of constitutions in structuring governments and legal systems, and the relation between law and politics. Readings in legal philosophy are interspersed with materials that show how legal institutions function in the United States, England, West Germany, China, the Soviet Union and other polities, including several tribal legal systems. Through reading original materials and discussing them in class, students are expected to improve their abilities to relate theory and evidence and to learn to think more critically. Classes are run in modified "Socratic method" format, with heavy emphasis on class participation. Exams and papers require students to use their analytic skills to reason through the empirical and theoretical puzzles, developing their own arguments in response to the challenges of the subject matter. (Scheppele)

429. Seminar in Urban Analysis. Two courses in political science (urban) or permission of instructor. (4). (Excl). (EXPERIENTIAL). May be elected for credit twice.

Presidential elections capture the imagination of the American public and stimulate more people to engage in political activity than any other form of national, state or local election. To understand more about this process, students in the first part of this course conducted a survey of voters in the Ypsilanti-Ann Arbor area. In the second part of the course students will use the data gathered as the basis for a research paper on some aspect of political participation. (Walker)

431. Public Administration. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (Excl).

The focus of this course will be public bureaucracies and various ways of talking about them. The course will begin with an examination of what we mean by bureaucracy. Then, metaphores of bureaucracies (as symptoms based on expertise, as systems oriented to internal functioning, as systems oriented to external interest groups) will be explored. The readings will focus primarily at the national level, but the course itself will cover aspects of bureaucracies common to all levels. One or more papers, a midterm and a final examination will be required. (Feldman)

440. Comparative Politics. Any 100-level course in political science or upperclass standing. (4). (Excl).

This course will focus on four topics:

1. Democracy in Historical perspective;
2. Democracy and Dictatorship in the contemporary world;
3. Political parties and institutions in advanced industrial ;
4. Political conflict in advanced industrial societies.

We will examine the conditions that lead to the emergence of democracy, and those which are conductive to authoritarian forms of government; analyze factors that make politics in third world countries differ from those of industrialized societies; and examine patterns of political cleavages in mature industrial nations. (Inglehart)

441. Comparative Politics of Advanced Industrial Democracies. Any 100-level course in political science or upperclass standing. (4). (Excl).

This course examines the politics in the democracies of Western Europe, North America, and Japan. The focus is on political parties, elections, patterns of participation, public policy, and political economy. It should not be elected by students without a course in Political Science, or by students who have taken Political Science 440 or 442. Students will be evaluated by midterm and final examinations and by a paper. Lecture and discussion. (Barnes)

442. Governments and Politics in Western Europe. Any 100-level course in political science or upperclass standing. (4). (Excl).

This course focuses on politics in Great Britain, France, West Germany and Italy, the largest nations of Western Europe. It is appropriate for political science concentrators; history concentrators who are interested in Western Europe; students concentrating in French, German or Italian who would like to know more about the society whose language they are studying; or students who are simply curious about how the political systems of these countries work. Topics include: the historical background of contemporary politics; political institutions; the relationships among social and economic forces; parties and pressure groups; protest movements and new parties; current political trends; and the prospects for U.S.-European relations in the context of European plans for a common market in 1992. Requirements include a midterm, a research report of no more than 1500 words, and a final. (Pierce)

445. Eastern Europe: Revolution, Reaction, and Reform. (4). (Excl).

This course traces the political development of the socialist countries of Eastern Europe from revolution through reaction to attempts at reform. After examining the political cultures of the region, the course analyzes the Stalinist period, attempts at de-Stalinization and the search for political alternatives. The interaction of rulers and the ruled is examined by studying the elites, ethnic and social groups, public opinion and dissent in the area. Attempts at political and economic reform and the prospects for change are also included. This is a lecture course requiring a final examination and a choice of midterm examination or term paper. (Gitelman)

453. Government and Politics of the Middle East. Two courses in Poli. Sci. or permission of instructor. (4). (Excl).

This course is designed to introduce students to politics and political change in the Arab Middle East and North Africa. Its approach is comparative, and its primary concern is with understanding and explaining domestic politics in the Arab states of the region. The first part of the course focuses on the historical evolution of regimes in the inter-and postwar eras; the second part of the course is devoted to understanding the processes and structures that account for that evolution. (Crystal)

455. Government and Politics of China. (4). (Excl).

The aim of this course is to offer students a way of understanding the politics of China as a process of grappling with long-standing political and social issues the country continues to confront. We will do this by looking at various aspects and styles of politics, policy-making, and state-populace relations, and by reviewing the major episodes and periods in the political history of post-1949 China and the events since the death of Mao Zedong in 1976.

458. Chinese Foreign Policy. Political Science 428 or 455 or permission of the instructor. (4). (Excl).

This course explores the foreign policy of the People's Republic of China from 1949 to the present. It examines a number of factors that influence the international behavior of the People's Republic: historical legacies, decision making processes, domestic politics, and the evolving international situation itself. Requirements include midterm and final examinations and a term paper. (Lieberthal)

459/CAAS 449. Africa: Development and Dependence. Prior or concurrent study of the Third World; Pol. Sci. 465 is recommended but not required. (4). (Excl).

This class will investigate in what ways the concepts of development and dependency apply to the African experience. Political, economic, and social change in Africa will be measured by criteria of development, modernization, dependency and decay. The issues covered will include distortions of African economies, political instability, the quest for political order, and Africa's incorporation into the international capitalist system. Strategies of decolonization will also be examined. (Mazrui)

460. Problems in World Politics. Any 100-level course in political science. (4). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice with permission of the instructor.

This course will introduce the student to theoretical approaches to the explanation of international conflict. The course falls roughly into three parts, first, an illustration of the scientific approach to theory through an examination of flawed theories of war; second, a presentation of two useful theories of war, expected utility and bureaucratic politics; and finally, an application of those two theories to the nuclear age. The student should emerge from the course with a better understanding of both why international conflict occurs and how the scientific process works. The material will generally be presented as lectures with opportunities for discussion. No special background is required of the student, only an open mind and a willingness to challenge accepted wisdom. Students will be evaluated from two midterm and one final examination. (Morrow)

465. Political Development and Dependence. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (Excl).

The purpose of this course is to review the major theories of political development. The course is divided into five parts: 1) Major approaches to political development; 2) Agrarian movements; 3) Revolutions left and right; 4) Varieties of Authoritarianism; and 5) International dependence. The work for the course involves writing three papers each of about 10 to 15 pages. They are due at regular intervals during the term. (McDonough)

467. International Political Culture. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (Excl).

This course is designed to introduce students to the influence of cultural forces in both world politics and the world economy. The range of cultural forces examined is from religion to cultural nationalism, from the international sexual division of labor to the impact of English and French on educational systems in the Third World. The course will also expose students to the debate between economic determinism and the primacy of culture, between the power of material forces and the power of ideas and values. At the end of the course the students enrolled should have a developed appreciation of the significance of cultural forces in the interplay amongst the various forces and actors in the global order. Prior enrollment in course Political Science 361 is an asset. (Mazrui)

471. The American Foreign Policy Process. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (Excl).

U.S. FOREIGN POLICY: PROCESS and SUBSTANCE. This course has several objectives: (a) to help illuminate the process and setting that produces American foreign policy; (b) to help familiarize students with scientific method and quantitative historical analysis in the context of U.S. role in world politics; and (c) enhance the student's ability to read, analyze, and write in a manner that is conceptually precise, analytically rigorous, and semantically clear. There will be quite a few short abstracts, memos, and analyses, plus one larger written assignment. There will be assigned reading in: (a) two or three required texts; (b) a course pack, and (c) in the scholarly journals. This is not an "oral textbook" course; therefore lectures will be minimal, and informal but rigorous and interactive. This is not the best course for students who are passive or excessively concerned with admission to law school. Prerequisites: Political Science 160 and one 400-level social science course with grades of B+. (Singer)

472. International Security Affairs. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (Excl).

This course will examine a number of central issues in U.S. national security towards the Soviet Union since 1945 with particular attention given to current issues and policy debates. The course will be divided into three broad sections: 1) An analysis of U.S. and Soviet strategic doctrine, debates about force posture, ballistic missile defense, and strategic arms control. 2) NATO doctrine, conventional deterrence in Western Europe. 3) Political and military competition in the Third World. The objective of the course is to provide students with a good introduction to a number of important issues in security policy and to identify the underlying reasons for debate and disagreement on such issues. Classes will be conducted as a combination of lecture and discussion. Students will be graded on the basis of a midterm and final exam. (Huth)

475. International Relations of the Soviet Union. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (Excl).

Soviet foreign policy will focus on three central themes: the Soviet Union's evolving relationship with communist states and non-ruling communist parties; the evolving role of the Soviet Union in the international system with special attention to the U.S.-Soviet relationship; and the domestic sources of Soviet foreign policy behavior. Particular attention will be paid to the evolution of Soviet perspectives on international relations, learning and adaptation in Soviet foreign policy behavior and the links between Soviet international political evolution and Soviet foreign policy. Students should have had either Political Science 160 or 140. There will be a paper, a midterm and a final examination. I will lecture roughly two-thirds of the time, providing I hope ample opportunity for discussion, questions, and arguments. (Zimmerman)

481. Junior Honors Proseminar. Open only to Honors concentrators with junior standing. (4). (Excl).

This is the first seminar in the Political Science Honors program. It has two aims. First, it will alert students to the scope and method of the study of politics through a critical discussion of key concepts and their function in some of the classics of political theory. Second, it will introduce students to the range of specialized interests and methodological skills of the University's Political Science faculty.

486. Public Opinion, Political Participation, and Pressure Groups. One course in political science or permission of instructor. (4). (Excl).

SECTION 001. This course focuses on (1) the formation and nature of public opinion and mass political participation and (2) the link between public opinion and participation and public policy. It will familiarize students with survey and other methods for generating opinion and participation data. Particular attention will be given to the effects of race, gender, media, family, church, work environment, pressure groups, and political institutions on public opinion, participation and policy. Course requirements include a final exam, midterm and an optional research paper. (Langton)

491. Directed Studies. Two courses in political science and permission of instructor and the Director of Undergraduate Studies. (1-6). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). Political Science 491 and 492 may be elected for a total of eight credits. No more than four hours of directed study credit may be elected as part of a concentration program in Political Science.

A directed study on any subject agreed upon by a student and an advising instructor that does not duplicate a regular course offering. May be elected for 1-6 hours; a maximum of 4 credits may be applied toward the concentration core in political science. Students wishing to enroll for a directed study course are urged to work out the details of the course before the start of the term.

493. Senior Honors Proseminar. Open only to Honors concentrators with senior standing. (4). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). No more than four hours of Honors credit may be elected as part of a concentration plan in Political Science.

Open to seniors with Honors concentration in Political Science. Thesis writing course.

496. Undergraduate Seminar in American Government and Politics. Permission of instructor. Intended for senior concentrators. (4). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.

Section 001 This course will examine decision making as part of the behavior in which organizational members engage. Thus, we will begin by exploring briefly who is behaving and how meaning is attributed to behavior. Then some common ways of thinking about decision making (as rational behavior, as political behavior, as routine following behavior, as symbolic behavior) will be discussed. The course will end with an examination of the usefulness of the concept of decision making. Students will write discussion papers and take a final exam. (Feldman)

Section 002. (Langton)

497. Undergraduate Seminar in Comparative and Foreign Government. Permission of instructor. Intended for senior concentrators. (4). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.

SECTION 001 ELECTORAL POLITICS IN FRANCE AND THE UNITED STATES. Electoral practices in France and the U.S. will be analyzed from the perspectives of the voters and the candidates. Both presidential and legislative elections will be considered, but the main focus will be on presidential selection. Topics include the different constitutional structures and party systems, the methods of winnowing candidates, the long-term forces underlying partisanship among the voters, the group basis of electoral choices, the character of governance that emerges, and long-term political trends. Each student will write two short papers and a substantial research paper, making brief oral reports on the short ones early in the term. Students will perform computer analysis of sample survey data, but no prior computer or statistical experience is required or assumed. A reading knowledge of French is recommended but not required. There is no examination, but attendance at all class meetings is required except for medical reasons. (Pierce)

Section 002 RELIGION AND POLITICS IN LATIN AMERICA. The seminar will consider the changing role of religion and of the Catholic church in Latin American politics. Topics covered include: liberation theology, base communities, as well as contemporary and historical sources of conflict and change. The requirements include a weekly short paper, oral reports, active class participation, a substantial term paper or a take-home final. (Levine)

SECTION 003. UNDERGRADUATE SEMINAR ON THE POLITICS OF ADVANCED INDUSTRIAL SOCIETY. This seminar will examine changing patterns of social and political behavior in advanced industrial societies such as those of Western Europe, the U.S., Canada, the USSR and Japan. We will discuss the impact of economic and technological change on the values, attitudes and behavior of the peoples of these societies, and the impact of these cultural changes on the political issues and political cleavages that are becoming central to these societies. Our final topic will be to examine the types of problems that will confront these societies in the 21st Century, and potential ways of coping with them. (Inglehart)

498. Undergraduate Seminar in International Politics. Permission of instructor. Intended for senior concentrators. (4). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.

SECTION 001. This is a seminar on the Arab-Israel conflict. Core concepts and ideas include bargaining and negotiation, crisis as an opportunity for diplomacy, how global, regional, and domestic factors interrelate to explain conflict and cooperation, the relationship between force and diplomacy, the effect of threat on deterrence, coercion, and escalation, the relationship between coalition formation and consensus building, as well as incremental and comprehensive approaches to peace. Students will have the opportunity to take part in a set of role playing exercises in which they play the parts of historical personalities. (Tanter)

SECTION 002 THE THEORY AND PRACTICE OF ARMS CONTROL. This course will first explore the theoretical underpinnings of superpower arms control. In what ways can arms control help to create a safer international climate? How does arms control differ from disarmament? What is the relationship between arms control and arms races? How should U.S. arms control policy be related to the strategic nuclear forces required for deterrence? What factors determine the feasibility of arms control proposals? We will then study several cases of superpower arms control, including SALT I, the ABM Treaty, SALT II and the negotiations carried out during the Reagan administration. Based upon theories explored earlier in the course, we will address questions like: what factors influence the outcome of negotiations? What has been the impact of strategic arms control? What arms control policies should the U.S. pursue in the future? Students should have had Pol. Sci. 472 and must receive permission from the instructor. Course grade will be based upon participation in class discussion, short papers, and a final exam. (Glaser)

Section 003 TRADITIONAL READINGS IN WORLD POLITICS. This seminar will give the student an opportunity to read several classic works in world politics, critically analyze them, and apply them to gain better understanding of the modern world. Exact details and course requirements will be given at the first meeting. (Morrow)

514. The Use of Social Science Computer Programs. Pol. Sci. 499 or equivalent; or permission of instructor. (1). (Excl).

This course introduces the student to the computer and to campus software systems. Topics considered include how the computer can be used to analyze social science data. Instruction will be provided in the use of a Decwriter terminal and a display (CRT) terminal. The course will cover statistical packages such as MIDAS, conferencing and electronic mail.

591. Advanced Internship in Political Science. Two courses in political science at the 400 level or above and concentration in political science; or graduate standing. Permission of supervising instructor and review by the Department's internship advisor. No more than 4 credits of internship may be included as part of a concentration plan in political science. (2-6). (Excl). (EXPERIENTIAL). All internship courses may be elected for a maximum total of 8 credits.

Advanced Internship requires careful, individual planning between senior students in Political Science and individual faculty members who approve the internship and provide instruction. To register for the course, the student must complete the internship form and obtain an override to enter the course. The form is available in 6619 Haven Hall.


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