CLASSICAL STUDIES

Classical Archaeology (Division 342)

221/Hist. of Art 221. Introduction to Greek Archaeology. (4). (HU).

This course surveys the history and art of Crete and Greece as revealed by archaeology from the third millennium through the 4th century B.C. In the prehistoric period, particular attention is given to architectural and ceramic developments as well as to the crosscurrent of trade and economic contacts among Asia Minor, Crete, and mainland Greece. Emphasis is also given to the impact archaeology has had on views and theories of history: the destructions of the civilizations of Crete and Troy, the end of the bronze age, the volcanic eruption of Thera. In the historic period, major artistic developments in architecture, sculpture, and painting are considered and special attention is given to social interpretations: temples as banks and monasteries; sculpture as dedication, decoration, and commemorative propaganda; architectural sculpture as realized myth. Discussions in the sections will concentrate on the historical background, archaeological field techniques, methods of dating and stratigraphy. The sections will meet in the Kelsey museum where it will be possible to work with the actual ancient artifacts recovered in University of Michigan excavations. There are two one-hour examinations and a final, as well as illustrated lectures and assigned readings. (Pedley)

422/Hist. of Art 422. Etruscan Art and Archaeology. Class. Arch. 221 or 222; or permission of instructor. (3). (HU).

This course traces the developments of Etruscan civilization through its art and archaeology from its rise in the 7th century B.C. through its decline in the Hellenistic period (late 4th to the 1st century B.C.). The discussion of painting, sculpture, architecture, and minor arts is organized by period and locale. The evidence of the artifacts forms one focus for discussion of the socioeconomic conditions, religious and burial practices, and historical events of Etruscan civilization. Special attention will also be directed to new archaeological evidence for the nature of Etruscan urban life and rural settlements. The course material will be presented primarily in slide illustrated lectures; whenever possible, Etruscan objects in the Kelsey Museum and The Detroit Institute of Arts will be used in class discussions and for written assignments. Student performance is evaluated by two written assignments and in two examinations (midterm and final) which consist of slide attributions and essay questions. Students enrolled for graduate credit must do a substantial research paper for the second written assignment. (Mattingly)

440/Hist. of Art 440. Cities and Sanctuaries of Classical Greece. A course in archaeology or permission of instructor. (3). (HU).

This course surveys the archaeological remains of the major sites and religious sanctuaries of Classical Greece and traces their development from the emergence of Greece from the Dark Ages in the 8th century B.C. to the eastern expansion of Alexander the Great. Particular attention is given to the relationship between architectural and political developments insofar as changing architectural forms and emphasis can be said to reflect changing governmental forms. The city of Athens with its well-excavated civic center and documented democratic development is used as a specific model. The sanctuaries are studied for what light they can shed on governments in the city sanctuaries and the growth of pan-Hellenism in the regional sanctuaries such as Delphi and Olympia. All monuments studied in the course are also discussed in the context of their place within the development and refinement of Greek architectural styles and techniques over the centuries covered. Course requirements consist of one hour exam, a short (10-12 page) research paper, and a final exam based on illustrated lectures and required readings. (Herbert)

Classical Greek (Division 385)

Elementary Courses

101. Elementary Greek. (4). (FL).

In combination with Greek 102, this is the first half of a year-long introduction to ancient Greek and is designed to prepare students for the reading of Greek texts. Greek 101 concentrates on fifth-century B.C. Attic Greek which was the language of the "golden age" of Athens. The Greek language of that time and place represents a cultural and linguistic central point from which students can pursue their own interests within a wide range of Greek literature which extends from the Homeric epics to the Byzantine era and which includes the archaic, classical, and hellenistic periods as well as the KOINE Greek of the New Testament. The purpose of the course is to develop the fundamentals of the language so that these fundamentals can then be applied to whatever area of ancient Greek students wish to pursue. (Rosenmeyer)

102. Elementary Greek. Greek 101. No credit granted to those who have completed 103 or 310. (4). (FL).

Greek 102 is the second term of the elementary ancient Greek sequence and requires that the student has already completed Greek 101. Students who wish to begin Greek in the Winter Term should elect Greek 101. In Greek 102 students will supplement their study of syntax and grammar by reading Attic prose selections. There will be a series of quizzes and hourly exams in addition to a final exam.

301. Second-Year Greek. Greek 102 or equivalent. (4). (FL).

This course is the first half of the second-year ancient Greek language sequence. It includes a grammar review, translation, and analysis of ancient Greek texts. The primary purpose of the course is to prepare students for more and faster reading of Greek. It is followed by Greek 302 which is offered Winter Term. (Scodel)

Intermediate Courses

401. Readings in Classical Greek Prose. Greek 302 or permission of instructor. (3). (HU). May be repeated for a total of nine credits.

This course will meet three times a week for an hour, and will concentrate on translation, comprehension, and explication of texts. Selected speeches of Demosthenes and Lysias will be read, and if time permits, speeches, or selections from speeches, of Antiphon and Andokides will also be perused. Course requirements: an hour exam at midterm, a final exam, and a paper some 5-10 pages in length. (Pedley)

Advanced Courses

555. Plato, Republic. Permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course will aim at familiarizing students with the whole of the REPUBLIC, important ongoing debates about its views, and the relationship of these views to earlier dialogues and philosophical problems. In addition, each student will pursue a topic of special interest. We will read at least half in the original Greek and all in translation. (Rickert)

Latin Language and Literature (Division 411)

Two convictions are basic to the Elementary Latin Program of the Department of Classical Studies: (1) it is possible for every able-minded person to master the basic facts of a foreign language and (2) the learning experience leading to such a mastery is a privilege that is very specifically human and ought to be most satisfying. Essential grammatical facts are taught, and a knowledge of these facts enables students to understand Latin written by the famous authors of the Golden Age. Students acquire a working vocabulary and demonstrate understanding of the reading by writing a readable translation. Since at least 50% of the vocabulary of an educated speaker of English is Latin in origin, English improves as Latin stems and derivatives are learned. The program normally takes four terms to complete. A placement test may be taken at the beginning or end of a term, and a student may succeed in placing out of one or more courses in the introductory sequence.

In the Elementary Latin Program, the department is offering Latin 101, 102, 103, 193, 231, and 232. Latin 101 (see below) is for students with no previous Latin. A placement examination will determine the appropriate course for other students who enter the elementary sequence. Students with questions about which course to elect are encouraged to visit the department office in 2016 Angell Hall, 764-0360, or contact Professor Knudsvig in 2012 Angell Hall, 764-8297.

Elementary Courses

101. Elementary Latin. No credit granted to those who have completed 103, 193, or 502. (4). (FL).

All of the assigned tasks/exercises in Latin 101 are directed toward the reading and translation of Classical Latin and not toward writing or conversation. The course has as its primary objective the acquisition of a fundamental understanding of basic Latin grammar. The text for the course is Knudsvig, Seligson, and Craig, LATIN FOR READING. Latin 101 covers approximately the first half of the text. Grading is based on quizzes, class participation, hours examinations, and a final.

102. Elementary Latin. Latin 101. No credit granted to those who have completed 193 or 502. (4). (FL).

All of the assigned tasks/exercises in Latin 102 are directed toward the reading and translation of Classical Latin and not toward writing or conversation. The course continues the presentation of the essentials of the Latin language as it covers the last half of Knudsvig, Seligson, and Craig, LATIN FOR READING. Extended reading selections from Plautus (comedy) and Eutropius (history) are introduced. Grading is based on class participation, quizzes, hour examinations, and a final.

103. Review Latin. Some background in Latin and assignment by placement test. Credit is granted for no more than two courses among Latin 101, 102 and 103. No credit granted to those who have completed 193 or 502. (4). (FL).

All of the assigned tasks and exercises in Latin 103 are directed toward the reading and translation of Classical Latin and not toward writing or conversation. The text used is the same as that in Latin 101 and 102, and the course starts at the beginning of the book. A more rapid pace is maintained as 103 covers the material of 101 and 102. Grading is based on class participation, quizzes, hour examinations, and a final.

193. Intensive Elementary Latin I. No credit granted to those who have completed 101, 102, 103 or 502. (4). (Excl).

This course is a rapid introduction to Latin and is intended for students with little or no prior Latin. Upperclass undergraduates in such fields as history, medieval or renaissance literature, or linguistics and who need to acquire a reading competence in Latin as quickly and as efficiently as possible should elect this course. So should other undergraduates who intend to continue the study of Latin and want a rapid introduction that enables them to take upperlevel Latin courses as soon as possible. This first term course covers elementary grammar and syntax. (Ross and Humphrey)

231. Introduction to Latin Prose. Latin 102 or 103. No credit granted to those who have completed 194, 222, or 503. (4). (FL).

This course reviews grammar as it introduces students to extended passages of classical Latin prose through selections from such authors of the first centuries B.C. and A.D. as Cicero and Caesar. Class discussions center upon the readings. Grading is based on class participation, quizzes, hour examinations, and a final.

232. Vergil, Aeneid. Latin 231 or 221. No credit granted to those who have completed 194, 222, or 503. (4). (FL).

The goal of this course is simple: to learn to read extensive passages of Vergil's AENEID, with comprehension and enjoyment. Careful attention is paid to Vergil's style, the more common poetic features he employs, mythological references, and the relation of the text to the life and time of the Emperor Augustus. Quizzes, hour exams, a two-hour final, and regular participation in class will determine the course grade; there are no papers.

Intermediate Courses

301. Intermediate Latin. Latin 194, 222, 232 or equivalent. (3). (HU).

The primary goal of this course is to serve as an introduction to the study of Latin literature, and, through the literature, of Roman culture. Texts by major poets and prose authors will be read with a view to their literary, historical, and political contexts. Translation, and review of morphology and syntax as needed, will be stressed. There will be quizzes, a midterm, and final exam.

401. Republican Prose. Latin 301 or 302 or permission of instructor. (3). (HU). May be repeated for a total of 9 credits.

This course will deal with the early books of Livy's history of Rome; our purpose will be to improve students' abilities at reading and interpreting the Latin text. There will be one-hour examinations, a short paper, and a final exam.

409. Augustan Poetry. Latin 301 or 302 or permission of instructor. (3). (HU). May be repeated for a total of 9 credits.

THE POETRY OF OVID. This course is an evaluation of the poetry of Ovid, and seeks to assess his originality in Roman poetry, as well as his place in Augustan poetry and Roman literature as a whole. Selections will be chosen from among his AMORES, HEROIDES, ARS AMATORIA, METAMORPHOSES, TRISTIA, and EPISTULAE EX PONTO. Hour examination, final examination, short paper. Translation in class together with analysis of Ovid's poetic techniques, strategies, and aims. (Rosenmeyer)

Advanced Courses

421/Education D421. Teaching of Latin. Junior standing in Latin and permission of instructor. I: (3); III b: (2). (Excl).

A workshop-type course designed to provide prospective secondary and college teachers with the skills necessary to analyze structures and texts and to design instructional materials and class presentations. The course will also introduce the students to those aspects of modern linguistic theories that have practical application to teaching and learning Latin. (Knudsvig)

426. Practicum. Junior or senior standing, and permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

In the Fall Term, 1989, permission of the instructor is required to elect Latin 426. Students must submit a plan for a project related to the teaching of Latin. The course is designed primarily for students who wish to continue work begun in Latin 421. (Knudsvig)

535. Petronius. Latin 401 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

This course endeavors to read the entire SATYRICON with special attention to its use of non-standard grammar and syntax, its possible interpretations (epic parody, satire, anti-romance) and the means by which it achieves its effects. Method of study will rely heavily on translation in class and on discussion. Midterm, paper, possibly a final examination. Primarily for graduate students, but undergraduates welcome. (Witke)

Classical Civilization (Division 344)

Courses in this division do not require a knowledge of Greek or Latin. They are intended for students who have not had time or opportunity to learn these languages but who wish to acquire knowledge of ancient literature, life, and thought, and of the debt modern civilization owes the Greeks and Romans.

101. Classical Civilization I: The Ancient Greek World (in English). (4). (HU).

This course serves as an introduction to the civilization of ancient Greece from its beginnings to the Hellenistic age. It is offered for students without a knowledge of Greek or Latin and also serves as a companion course for students in elementary Greek and Latin classes who wish to supplement their language learning. Lectures will trace the development of Greek literature and thought within the context of Greek society. Literature read includes THE ILIAD and THE ODYSSEY of Homer; selected lyric poetry; selected tragedies of Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides; selected comedies of Aristophanes; selections from the historians Herodotus and Thucydides; and selected philosophical writings of Plato. The readings average about 90 pages per week. There will be a midterm, two papers, and a final examination. Freshmen Honors students in Honors sections will write enough to meet the Introductory Composition requirement. This course is the first of a two-term series. Classical Civilization 102 is offered in the Winter Term and represents an equivalent treatment of the civilization of ancient Rome. It is recommended that the course be taken as a sequence, but it is not required. (Scodel)

152(352). Greek and Latin Elements in English Vocabulary. (3). (Excl).

Students will learn enough elements of Greek and Latin vocabulary, and enough principles of linguistics, to increase significantly their understanding of the etymology, form and meaning of English words. There will be two large lectures and one small group discussion section per week. Two textbooks plus an approved college level desk dictionary are required. The grade will be based upon homework assignments, frequent quizzes, three exams, and participation in discussion sections. (Knudsvig)

320. Individual and Tyranny (the Early Roman Empire). (1). (HU).

In a few short years the government of Rome turned from a Republic, in which power was balanced carefully between Senate and People, into a dictatorship, in which absolute power was in the hands of the emperor: increasing political instability of the last century of the Republic led inevitably (it seems to us) to the concentration of power in the hands of Julius Caesar and his successors, Augustus Caesar, Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius, and Nero (the Julio-Claudian emperors); but to Roman citizens of the time the transition was hardly perceptible, and then was inexplicable. Tiberius retained (so it seemed then) the forms of balanced powers inherited from Augustus, but by Nero's death in 54 AD one man controlled all, and the world was subject to his whims and vices. This course will trace this transformation and will then focus on the figures and reigns of Tiberius and Nero. We will read Tacitus and Petronius. There will be a final exam . (Ross)

372. Sports and Daily Life in Ancient Rome. (4). (HU).

The course is offered for four credits, of which three hours consist of lectures (often illustrated with slides) and the fourth hour a discussion section which meets every week for one hour at a time. Students select the discussion section which they wish to attend from among nine different section times which will be announced on the first day of class. In the discussions we read selections from ancient writers in translation and from recent scholarship on Roman history and society, which are made available in a course pack obtainable from AccuCopy at the corner of Maynard and East William. In the lectures we begin with some background on Roman religion and Roman history and then consider the different social classes and their lifestyles; the second half of the term deals with the major sports of chariot racing, gladiator fights, wild beast hunts, theatre performances, and activities at the baths. The grade will be based upon a midterm and a final examination and upon performance in discussion sections. (Humphrey)

388/Phil. 388. History of Philosophy: Ancient. One Philosophy Introduction. (4). (Excl).

See Philosophy 388. (White)

472. Roman Law. Not open to freshmen. (3). (HU).

This course acquaints students with the fundamental concepts of Roman private law, with their origin in the society and government of the High Roman Empire, and with their all-important influence in the development of Western European legal theory and institutions. The course aims primarily to meet the interests of undergraduates with a bent toward law as a profession, but it is open to all students (except freshmen). We will use a direct application of the American case-law method to the teaching of Roman law. Our basic text will be a series of actual problems from the Roman jurists, which we will discuss in class; only as the occasion demands will the instructor "fill in the gaps" with short lectures on other relevant legal material. Thus students should develop a feel for legal analysis and for the contribution made through such analysis by the Roman jurists; at the same time, students will learn Roman law in a form that will be directly relevant to future legal studies. Besides the handouts, one general introduction to Roman law (ca. 250 pages) will be required reading. There will be one hour test on material covered in class, in addition to the final examination; one paper (10 pages) will allow the student to analyze in detail a particular legal problem. (Frier)


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