GERMANIC LANGUAGES AND LITERATURES

Dutch Courses (Division 357)

111. First Special Speaking and Reading Course. (4). (FL).

This course provides the student with the basic grammar of the Dutch language. We mainly use the monolingual course-book LEVEND NEDERLANDS (LIVING DUTCH) and each lesson from the book will consist of everyday conversation, a grammatical explanation, exercises, a coherent word list, questions about the conversation, discussion, and homework. To enliven the class the teacher will provide the students with songs, newspaper articles, comics, etc. Films and video will be used where possible. The students are strongly advised to visit the cultural meetings organized by the Netherlands America University League. Books: LEVEND NEDERLANDS, Cambridge University Press, New York; W. Z. Shetter, INTRODUCTION TO DUTCH, Nijhoff, The Hague; P. de Kleijn, E. Nieuwborg, BASISWOORDENBOEK NEDERLANDS, Groningen, Wolters-Noordhoff, 1983; J. Hulstijn, M. Hannay, An ENGLISH SELF-STUDY SUPPLEMENT TO LEVEND NEDERLANDS, Amsterdam, 1981. Also recommended: B. C. Donaldson, DUTCH REFERENCE GRAMMAR, The Hague, Nijhoff, 1981. (Broos)

231. Second-Year Dutch. Dutch 112 or the equivalent. (4). (FL).

The course will start with an overview of the basic grammar of the Dutch language. We will develop skills in reading, writing, speaking, and listening by means of texts to be announced. Comics, songs, newspaper articles, and literature will enliven the course and introduce the students to contemporary Dutch society. Students are strongly advised to visit the evenings organized by the Netherlands America University League. Books: P. de Kleijn, E. Nieuwborg, BASISWOORDENBOEK NEDERLANDS, Groningen, Wolters-Noordhoff, 1983; and B.C. Donaldson, DUTCH REFERENCE GRAMMAR, The Hague, 1981. (Broos)

339. Independent Study. (2-4). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for credit.

This course serves the needs of students who wish to develop special topics not offered in the Dutch Studies curriculum. It may be a program of directed readings with reports, or it may be a research project and long paper. Courses in the past covered different areas like Dutch-Indonesian literature, the language of Rembrandt and his contemporaries, Dutch between English and German, etc. Courses must be supervised by a faculty member and the student must have the faculty member's agreement before electing the course. (Broos)

480. Modern Dutch Literature. Dutch 231 or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

The course will examine the poetry and prose of both The Netherlands and Belgium in modern times. The reading of poems, short stories, novellas, etc. in the original language will provide the student with material for discussion about authors, opinions, place and points of view of Modern Dutch literature. Topics in the past have included modern Dutch poetry, Dutch colonial literature, the legacy of Anne Frank: World War II in modern Dutch literature. In cooperation with the writer in residence, the student will have the unique opportunity to exchange ideas and opinions with the author about his or her work. The course will be conducted totally in Dutch. (Broos)

491. Colloquium on Modern Dutch Culture and Literature. (3). (Excl). May be repeated for a total of 6 credits.

This course is conducted in English by the annual visiting writer-in-residence, usually a well known novelist or poet chosen by the Dutch Ministry of Culture to represent The Netherlands. The difference from ordinary literature and creative or news writing courses is that you will meet an esteemed writer and have the opportunity to exchange views on culture, literature, the practice of writing, communication, etc. both American and Dutch. Students are encouraged to bring in their own writing for reviewing and critical assessment. The course has not the ordinary professorial approach and is open to all lovers of texts, literary or otherwise, both American and European. Regular class attendance and participation in class discussions followed by at least one substantial paper will be required.

German Courses (Division 379)

101. Elementary Course. No credit granted to those who have completed 100. (4). (FL).

First course of a two-term sequence in elementary German. The first-year program is designed to develop the ability to understand and speak "everyday German," to develop reading and writing skills, and to get to know the German-speaking world through discussions, readings, and videos. Ample opportunity is provided to develop conversational skills in a wide variety of situations encountered in German-speaking cultures. Additional time outside of class is required to listen to cassettes, to watch videos, to read, and to study the structure of the German language. There are chapter tests and an oral and written midterm and final. The language of instruction is German.

102. Elementary Course. German 101 or the equivalent. No credit granted to those who have completed 100. (4). (FL).

Second course of a two-term sequence in elementary German. See German 101 for a general description.

103. Review of Elementary German. Assignment by placement test or permission of department. No credit granted to those who have completed 100 or 102. (4). (FL).

Course for students who have had two to three years of high school German or one or more terms of college German not at the University of Michigan - but who are not yet at second-year proficiency. This course is designed to develop the ability to understand and speak "everyday German," to develop reading and writing skills, and to get to know the German-speaking world through discussions, readings, and videos. Ample opportunity is provided to develop conversational skills in a wide variety of situations encountered in German-speaking cultures. Additional time outside of class is required to listen to cassettes, to watch videos, to read, and to study the structure of the German language. There are chapter tests and an oral and written midterm and final. These sections meet FIVE times per week. Students may enroll in 231 upon satisfactory completion of this course. The language of instruction is German.

111. First Special Reading Course. Undergraduates must obtain permission of the department. (4). (Excl).

The objective of this course is to teach students to read simple German expository prose. Course content focuses on an introduction to the essentials of German grammar and syntax both in class lectures and in texts. Students are required to read but not to write and speak German. The course uses traditional methods of instruction which present rules of grammar and syntax as well as a basic vocabulary. Since much memorization is necessary, it is essential that students have time to do required course work which averages about twelve hours each week exclusive of class time. Course requirements include daily preparation and recitation, three one-hour examinations devoted to specific problems of grammar and vocabulary, and a final examination requiring the translation of sight passages without the aid of a dictionary. The class is taught in English, and the course text is Jannach, GERMAN FOR READING KNOWLEDGE, (third edition). There are no course prerequisites, but German 111 is open only to graduate students who wish to fulfill a German foreign language requirement and to advanced undergraduates in special programs who already have met the LSA foreign language requirement. Undergraduates must receive departmental permission prior to electing the course. (Hofacker)

231. Second-Year Course. German 102 or the equivalent (placement test). No credit granted to those who have completed 230 or 221. (4). (FL).

First course of a two-term sequence in contemporary intermediate German. The second-year program is designed to increase students' proficiency in understanding, speaking, writing, and reading German. Students are expected to increase the level of accuracy at which they can express themselves and the range of situations in which they can function in German-speaking cultures. They will be able to read, comprehend, and discuss a large variety of texts from commonly read West German periodicals. Traditional whole class instruction is supplemented with communicative activities involving pairs or small groups of students and with selections from the DEUTSCH DIREKT! video series. There are four hourly tests, a midterm, and a final examination. In addition, students give a three-minute oral presentation in German on a topic of personal interest and write three essays related to class readings. The language of instruction is German.

232. Second-Year Course. German 231 or the equivalent (placement test). No credit granted to those who have completed 230 or 236. (4). (FL).

Second course of a two-term sequence in contemporary intermediate German. See German 231 for a general description. Students will be able to read, comprehend, and discuss short German prose as well as a longer work. There are quizzes, two midterms, and a final examination. Students will give a five-minute oral presentation in German on a topic of personal interest and write four essays related to class readings; the fourth and last essay is written in class. The language of instruction is German.

325. Practice in Writing and Speaking German. German 232 or the equivalent (placement test). (3). (Excl).

SECTION 001 and 002. This course is designed to refine students' proficiency in written and spoken German. Students will be able to read, comprehend, and discuss a variety of authentic texts, e.g., fairy tales, contemporary fiction, and culturally-oriented non-fiction materials. During the term, students are expected to give two ten-minute oral presentations and to write six 200-word compositions. Each student will receive individualized writing/speaking objectives for the term. Video and audio recordings supplement traditional classroom instruction. Grades: Composition (35%), Oral Presentations and Class Participation (25%), Midterm (15%), and Final (25%). Texts: COCHRAN'S GERMAN REVIEW GRAMMAR, 3rd ed. and course pack for readings and topics for discussion. (Denk)

SECTION 003. The sequence of German 325 and 326 is primarily intended to improve fluency and accuracy in written and spoken German. One hour each week is devoted to a systematic grammar review including translation from English to German. The remaining class time is devoted to German conversation based on readings and topics chosen at the discretion of the individual instructor. A German essay of one or two pages is assigned approximately every week. One or more five-minute oral presentations may be required. There are midterm and final examinations. (Grilk)

Section 004. See SECTION 003. (Dunnhaupt)

326. Practice in Writing and Speaking German. German 232 or the equivalent (placement test). (3). (Excl).

German 326 is a continuation of 325, emphasizing grammar review, conversation, and practice in writing. Requirements are similar to those of 325. (Weiss)

350. Business German. German 232. (3). (Excl).

This is an introduction to the vocabulary, practices and procedures found in German business activity. Included are the nomenclature of office procedure, business letters and reports. In addition the course examines the German educational and political system from the standpoint of business practices, such as merchandising and advertising. The reading consists of the reading of actual business, merchandising and advertising material. There is a midterm and a final examination, and the writing of papers and translations during the course is required. The text consists largely of a course pack and a basic text. (Fabian)

381. Eighteenth to Nineteenth-Century Drama. German 232 or the equivalent (placement test). (3). (HU).

This course provides an introduction to German literature of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries through several of the great classical dramas. In conjunction with German 382, 383, 384, or 385 this course can be elected in partial fulfillment of the requirements for a German concentration or for a German teaching major or minor. The course will begin with the reading of Lessing's lively comedy set against the backdrop of the Seven Years' War, MINNA VON BARNHELM. Our second text will be the best known in this entire period, DIE GRETCHEN-TRAGODIE from Goethe's FAUST. The third play will be chosen according to the background of the class. Our final play will be Kleist's PRINZ FRIEDRICH VON HOMBURG, an astonishingly "modern" drama, which depicts the existential struggle of a young man in confrontation with death. The emphasis of the course is on the analysis of the works, mainly in class discussion. Students will write two short interpretive papers and a final exam. (Grilk)

384. Short Fiction: Romanticism to Realism. German 232 or permission of chairman. (3). (HU).

Drawing on novellas by the great masters of 19th-century German prose, this course provides carefully paced reading practice at the third year level. Included are works by Ludwig Tieck, E.T.A. Hoffmann, Eichendorff, Kleist, Grillparzer, Droste-Hulshoff, Keller, Meyer, and Gerhart Hauptmann. Chosen to be representative of the most significant writers of this period, these works encompass Romanticism, Poetic Realism, and Naturalism, the first phase of "modern" German literature, and should provide a comprehensive and aesthetically rewarding survey of the main trends and currents by covering the aims of the Romantics, pre-Freudian psychological writing, 19th-century sociological problems, painting and music of the period. Discussion is emphasized. A course pack is available. A term paper and a final exam are required. (Section 001 Dunnhaupt; 002 Cowen)

415. The German Language Past and Present. Junior standing. (3). (Excl).

The objectives of German 415 are to introduce students to the assumptions, terminology, and methodologies of both descriptive and historical linguistics, and to apply these to a survey of the historical background of German from pre-literate times to the present, with emphasis on the emergence of the standard literary dialect. Although our main concern will be the internal structure of the language, we will relate this to the cultural context in which it has evolved. Instruction is through lectures and discussions. Evaluation will be based on homework problems, quizzes, short papers, and a final examination. Students should have attained at least fourth-term proficiency in German. (Kyes)

425. Intermediate Composition and Conversation. German 325 and 326; or the equivalent. (3). (Excl).

Various approaches are used to improve the student's written and spoken German. Each week a composition of at least two pages is assigned. Sometimes the instructor assigns a specific topic while at other times students select their own topics. Occasionally students are required to listen to a tape on some aspect of German history or culture and to use it as a departure point for an essay. Class discussions are based on topics selected by the instructor and the students. Brief presentations by individual students are required. German is used exclusively in class. The final course grade is based on compositions as well as participation in discussion. German 425 is regularly offered during the Fall Term while German 426 is regularly offered during the Winter Term. German 426 may be taken independently of 425. (Weiss)

450. Medieval German Literature in Modern German Translation. Senior or graduate standing; or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

The course is designed for concentrators of German and students in other fields who have a sufficient knowledge of German. It is an introduction to the study of the main literary genres of the centuries between approximately 700 and 1400. The readings will be selected from heroic, spiritual, courtly, and post-courtly literature. They will include the earliest medieval drama. Europe's first animal epic, the first chivalric romance, the Tristan story, the Parzival-Grail romance, the 'Nibelungenlied,' and pre-Boccaccian novella. The lyrics of the German troubadours (Minnesanger) will be treated, with musical illustrations, in the latter part of the term. The discussions will center upon thematic and moral concerns, ideological and cultural background as well as formal aspects of the works. Attention will also be directed to other literatures of the Middle Ages (e.g., Scandinavian, English, French). Texts: Books, as far as available, and course pack. Method of instruction: Lectures in German, discussions in German and English. The grade will be determined on the basis of class participation, midterm and final exams, and a paper of medium length. (Scholler)

453. German Classical Literature. 3 years of college German; or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

The course will consist of an intensive reading of works by Lessing, Goethe, Schiller, and Kleist. Readings will be drawn from several genres, including drama, lyric poetry, and theoretical essays (the latter in excerpts as a course pack). Necessary background material, including consideration of what "classical" means in the context of German literary history, will be presented via short lectures. The main body of the course, however, will be discussion of the primary works. There will be some reading in secondary literature, and two short papers will be required. There will be a final examination. The primary language of the classroom will be German, but students may write their papers and the final examination in English. (Crichton)

458. German Literature after 1945. Junior standing; or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

SECTION 001. The main purpose of this course is to provide a survey of the various authors, movements, styles, attitudes, etc. prevalent in postwar German prose to advanced students in German via the (relatively) short narrative form. The scope will encompass the two generations of postwar writers. Central themes will include: (1) the interrelation between narrative style and chronology; (2) comparison of the two groups; (3) the interaction between literature and ideology so significant to the postwar era in Germany; (4) the problems of linguistic insufficiency; (5) generic classification of short forms examined; (6) audience and reception of the works. Basic method of instruction will be discussion, along with occasional lectures. Evaluation will be based on class participation and two papers (one short interpretation of 5-7 pages, one long research paper of 10-15 pages). Authors to be read include Gunter Grass, Heinrich Boll, Peter Handke, Thomas Bernhard, Anna Seghers, Christa Wolf, Ingeborg Bachmann, Gabriele Wohnmann, and others. No special background is required, but considerable fluency in German is necessary. The course is elective. (Fries)

Section 002 POETRY AND DRAMA. This course will examine main trends in German, Austrian, and Swiss literature, from 1945 to the present, with special emphasis on poetry and drama. Developments in these two genres will be seen against major historical, social, and political events of the period. Significant movements to be studied include Poesie Concrete vs. Political Poetry, Theater of the Absurd vs. Documentary Theater, Hermetic Poetry vs. New Subjectivity. Main authors covered will be Celan and Bachmann, Enzensberger and Krolow, Bernhard and Kroetz, Hacks and Muller, Handke and Kirsh. There will be a final exam and two papers (one short interpretation, one longer, researched account of a problem). Lectures will be given in German, discussion in German and English; papers can be written in English or German. (Seidler)

471. German Literature from Its Beginning to the Present I. Two 300-level German literature courses or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

German 471, and its companion course 472, provide an overview that integrates the students' specialized knowledge of German writers, genres, and periods into a larger interdisciplinary context. The approach is three-fold: (1) Lectures in German sketch in the different philosophical, cultural, and socio-political backgrounds against which major literary works were created, certain genres flourish or disappeared, and literary movements arose; (2) a literary history is real as a supplement to lectures and discussions, and (3) German texts from all genres (poetry, drama, narrative prose) are read in their entirety. German 471 is devoted to German literature from its beginnings to the Enlightenment; German 472 covers STURM UND DRANG through contemporary literature. While identification of significant milestones in German literary history is important, greater emphasis is placed on students' ability to compare, contrast, and assimilate works of different authors, movements, and interdisciplinary influences, and on the development of the students' aesthetic sensitivity, critical judgment, and imagination. Students will have a midterm and a final, and write a term paper.

491. German Honors Proseminar. Senior Honors standing. (3). (Excl). May not be repeated for credit.

Completion of the sequence of German 491 and 492 is required for an Honors concentration in German. Interested students not already in the German Honors concentration program should apply to Professor Fries for admission (minimum 3.0 GPA with at least 3.5 in German). German 491 is regarded as a preparatory term in anticipation of 492 (Winter Term), in which each student writes an Honors thesis. The kinds of works to be read will thus be determined by the perceived needs of the students, geared possibly toward already-identified thesis topics and/or toward intensified focus on one genre, period, or specific authors, etc. Regardless of ultimate subject matter, the intent of the seminar will be to increase students' critical reading abilities and their familiarity with the employment of secondary literature. Requirements for the course include (at least) one oral presentation and two papers (totaling about 25 pages). Students are urged to contact Professor Fries in advance of the Fall Term to arrange an interview in which particular individual needs and interests will be discussed, so that the course may be tailored to fit each group. (Fries)

503/Education 500. Teaching German/Applied Linguistics. Junior or senior standing; or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course is for students who want to gain a comprehensive and thorough understanding of the theoretical foundations of the teaching of German as a foreign language. Such an understanding is a prerequisite to a knowledgeable and skillful use of methods and techniques. The task of learning German is examined from the interdisciplinary perspectives of linguistics, psychology, and education. With this background the major approaches to foreign language teaching are discussed with particular emphasis on approaches that focus on communicative language learning/learning for proficiency. There will be a midterm examination and a final research project, and the participants of the course are expected to give several short oral papers and to provide written analyses of three visits to German lower division language courses. (Tschirner)

540. Introduction to German Studies. Permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

Proseminar for beginning graduate students, and others by permission, with a maximum of student participation. The course is to inform about: bibliographical tools, literary terminology, various methods to be applied to the study of literary works, of the history of literature from the Renaissance to the present, major aspects of poetics (genres, metrics, etc.) Instructor will speak German, students have the option. Students will give a presentation in class and a term paper resulting from it; there will be a final examination on bibliographical tools and literary terms. (Schelle with Grilk)

German Literature and Culture in English

Courses in this section do not require knowledge of German.

241. Introduction to German Studies. (3). (HU).

This course introduces students to the central themes and problems of German culture, and acquaints them with the difficulties and rewards of interdisciplinary work, while calling upon them to practice close, critical reading. Texts trace important recurring themes, such as the Thirty Year's war, Germanic mythology (Parcifal), and cultivation of inwardness in the face of political upheaval. The course will prepare students for upper-level offerings in German culture and literature in English translation, as well as for work in history, philosophy, art history, and other fields. Students submit three five-page papers at regular intervals, one of which is to be expanded to a 15-20 page term paper. (Amrine)

330. German Cinema. (3). (Excl).

This course traces the development of the German cinema in its social, political and cultural context. It presents major films and filmmakers in relation to their historical circumstances and to developments in the other arts. The subject matter falls into three periods: The Expressionistic period of film making following World War I up to 1933, the era of the Third Reich from 1933 to 1945, and from 1965 to the present. Filmmakers discussed include F.W. Murnau, Fritz Lang, G.W. Pabst, Volker Schlondorff, R.W. Fassbinder, Werner Herzog and Wim Wenders. The films cover various genres of fictional and documentary approach. Ten to twelve films will be shown. There will be some opportunity for additional viewing on an individual basis. The course will consist of lectures and directed discussions. The required readings consist of secondary material on the cultural background of the German cinema, and commentaries on the films and film makers. Students will write five short (two to four page) papers and a term paper. The films will be viewed in VHS format. (Fabian)

417/Ling. 417/Anthro 476. Principles and Methods of Historical Linguistics. Ling. 411 or equivalent. (3). (Excl).

See Ling. 417. (Wiegand)

441. German Masterpieces in English Translation. Junior or senior standing; or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl). May be repeated for a total of 9 credits.

By providing an introduction in particular to German literature in terms of its "masterpieces," this course also confronts the concept of masterpieces in any art form. Consequently, we shall be reading selected prose narratives and dramas in translation, discussing their intrinsic literary merits, and using them to learn more about the major figures, periods and developments in German and European literature, philosophy and art (e.g., Romanticism, Realism, Expressionism, etc.) Moreover, we shall examine, by example, what constitutes a masterpiece as the unit of a literary canon. In this context, questions such as the following will be raised: Is a work a masterpiece because it describes its times, or because it transcends them? Must its technique be exemplary, or can its conception, even though not realized in an aesthetically satisfactory manner, raise it above the patently less ambitious works of its time? In other words, we shall try to understand more about the individual author's intentions and our own expectations of literature in general. Students will be responsible ONLY for the literary texts themselves, which will, according to availability, include works by Goethe, Schiller, E. T. A. Hoffmann, Buchner, Hauptmann, Thomas Mann, Kaiser, Kafka, Brecht, Durrenmatt, and Grass. Although the amount of material to be covered will necessitate many lectures, as much time as possible will be given to discussion. Three papers (10-15 typed pages) and a final examination will be written. There are no surprise quizzes. (Cowen)

446. Contemporary German Literature in English Translation. Junior standing. (2). (Excl).

This course will introduce students without a knowledge of German to the current literary scene in the German speaking countries. Leading writers of fiction (Canetti, Boell, Grass, Handke), of drama (Weiss, Hochhuth, Bernhard, Kroetz), and of lyric poetry (Krolow, Celan, Bachmann, Enzensberger) will be analyzed in a comparative fashion (especially trends in the U.S. and Great Britain) and in the context of social developments since WWII. Class discussions, short reports, one substantial paper, final exam. (Seidler)

Scandinavian Courses (Division 471)

103. Elementary Swedish. (4). (FL).

For students with little or no previous knowledge of Swedish, this course provides a basic introduction to Swedish grammar and vocabulary, with the emphasis placed on developing communicative language skills. Extensive practice in listening, speaking and reading. The students will be evaluated on the basis of class participation, assignments and tests. The teacher is a native speaker from Sweden.

105. Elementary Danish. (4). (FL).

For students with little or no previous study of Danish, this course provides a basic introduction to Danish grammar and vocabulary, with emphasis placed on developing communicative language skills. Extensive practice in listening, speaking and reading. Regular exercises and tests. Grades will be determined on a basis of class participation and test results. The teacher for this course is a native speaker from Denmark.

233. Second-Year Swedish. Swedish 104. (4). (FL).

This course covers the material of a second year course in Swedish language. The emphasis is on speaking, writing, reading, and listening skills. Readings are selected (for oral commentary) from contemporary Swedish prose, poetry and politics. Both books and newspapers are used. All instruction will be in Swedish and tests and examinations will be given at regular intervals. Grades will be determined on the basis of class participation and tests. Students needing Swedish 103 and 104 or the equivalent for entry into this course can meet the prerequisite by passing an examination given by the instructor. The teacher is a native speaker from Sweden.

235. Second-Year Danish. Danish 106. (4). (FL).

This course covers the material of a second year course in Danish language. Emphasis is on speaking, reading, writing and listening skills. Readings are selected (for oral and written commentaries) from contemporary Danish poetry, prose, newspapers etc. All instruction will be given in Danish and tests and examinations will be given at regular intervals. Grades will be determined on a basis of class participation and test results. Students needing Danish 105 and 106, or the equivalent, for entry into this course can meet this requirement by passing an examination to be given by the instructor, who is a native speaker from Denmark.


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