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Fall '00 Course Guide

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Courses in Biology (Division 328)

This page was created at 3:52 PM on Wed, Dec 13, 2000.

Fall Term, 2000 (September 6 December 22)

Open courses in Biology

Wolverine Access Subject listing for BIOLOGY

Take me to the Fall Term '00 Time Schedule for Biology.

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Biol. 100. Biology for Nonscientists.

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Karen Ocorr (kocorr@umich.edu) , Marcy Osgood (mosgood@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Some exposure to biology and chemistry at the high school level is assumed. Not open to those with Advanced Placement or "Departmental" credit in biology, nor to those concentrating in the biological sciences. Credit is granted for a combined total of 12 credits elected in introductory biology. (4). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: http://biology.lsa.umich.edu/courses/bio100/

Biology 100 is a one-term course designed to introduce students to current biological concepts. The course consists of three hours of lecture per week plus a coordinated discussion session which occupies two hours per week. Biology 100 provides an introduction to some general principles of biology and concentrates on the areas of cell biology and biotechnology, genetics and genetic diseases, evolution, and environmental biology.

A major objective of this course is to point out to students the nature of the scientific process and illustrate the uses and non-uses of science in contemporary life. Wherever possible, the ethical and social implications of contemporary scientific effort will be discussed. This course is designed for students with a minimal background in the biological sciences, but we do assume some exposure to biology and chemistry at the high school level. Discussion sections enroll 20 students and are taught by graduate student instructors. In the discussion section, students have the opportunity to review material presented in lecture and participate in discussions of issues raised in the lecture segment.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 101. Biology and Human Affairs.

Section 001.

Instructor(s): John Vandermeer (jvander@umich.edu) , Mark Wilson (wilsonml@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Credit is granted for a combined total of 12 credits elected in introductory biology. (4). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: http://coursetools.ummu.umich.edu/2000/fall/lsa/biology/101/001.nsf

This course is an introduction to those aspects of biology that have direct applicability to the lives of people in today's world. It covers current controversies within biology, especially as they relate to human life and human affairs. Topics discussed include race, health, and the environment. Background information is given for each topic, but the emphasis is placed on the controversies and the role of science in human affairs. In addition to the two lectures per week, there is a two-hour discussion period in which the topics are further explored and films are frequently shown.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 3 Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 103. Ecology: Principles and Applications.

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Deborah Goldberg (degold@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Credit is granted for a combined total of 12 credits elected in introductory biology. (4). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: http://biology.lsa.umich.edu/~www/Bio103/bio103syllabus.html

No Description Provided

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Biol. 105. Food.

Section 001.

Instructor(s): George Estabrook (gfred@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Credit is granted for a combined total of 12 credits elected in introductory biology. (3). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Several times a day you make a decision about whether to eat, and if so, what to eat. When, how much, and what kind of food you eat has a tremendous impact on how you feel, what you look like, how well you function, and what health you will enjoy (or suffer) throughout your life.

FOOD (BIO 105) is a natural science course for undergraduates who want to learn what are human nutritional needs, and where and how people have gotten food to meet them. FOOD will give students a biologically sound foundation on which to make judgments about personal and public health, related to food consumption and production. BIO 105 does not require any other prerequisite than a strong desire to learn about this subject for practical and personal empowerment. BIO 105 will discuss human physiology as it relates to human nutrition; the content and availability of nutrition in food sources; the effect on human health of additives, contaminants, and naturally occurring chemicals in food; how food has been and is now grown, processed, and marketed, and the impact of these practices on human health; and some social, emotional, and cultural aspects of food. Plenary lectures and small GSI-lead discussions.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 107. Evolution of Life.

Section 001.

Instructor(s): David Mindell (mindell@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Some exposure to biology at the high school level is assumed. Credit is granted for a combined total of 12 credits elected in introductory biology. (4). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course is intended for students not concentrating in the sciences and will provide an introduction to the concepts and processes of biological evolution. We will consider: (1) the history of evolutionary thought; (2) the evidence for evolution; (3) comparative methods for inferring evolutionary history; (4) an overview of the evolution of cells, organisms, and viruses; (5) evolutionary themes such as natural selection, chance, and cooperation; and (6) the consequences of an evolutionary world view for understanding disease, the value of biological diversity, and aspects of human culture.

The course consists of two one-and-a-half hour lectures per week plus a coordinated discussion section which occupies one hour per week. The course is designed for students with minimal background in the biological sciences; however, some exposure to biology at the high school level is assumed. Discussion sections enroll 20 students and are taught by graduate student instructors. Grades will be based on three exams, including a cumulative final, and writing assignments.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 110/AOSS 171/UC 110/Geol. 171/NR&E 110. Introduction to Global Change I.

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Ben van der Pluijm (vdpluijm@umich.edu), and five others

Prerequisites & Distribution: Credit is granted for a combined total of 12 credits elected in introductory biology. (4). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: http://www.globalchange.umich.edu/index.html

See University Courses 110.001.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Biol. 120. First Year Seminar in Biology.

Section 001 Emerging and Re-Emerging Infectious Diseases.

Instructor(s): Alice Reinarz (areinarz@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Only first-year students, including those with sophomore standing, may pre-register for First-Year Seminars. All others need permission of instructor. Credit is granted for a combined total of 12 credits elected in introductory biology. (3). (NS). (BS).

First-Year Seminar

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

During the age of discovery of antibiotics, medical scientists often expressed confidence in winning the "War on Disease." Microbes have prevailed, however, and recent news is filled with accounts of recurring and previously unknown threats. This seminar will examine clinical victories and failures to contain infectious diseases. Models will include polio, influenza, HIV infections, multi-drug resistant tuberculosis, and Ebola. This course is limited to 20 first-year students. The class will be primarily discussion format and will include oral presentations by students. The grade will be based on class discussion, group presentation, and written assignments.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 120. First Year Seminar in Biology.

Section 002 Adaptation and Natural Selection.

Instructor(s): Earl Werner (eewerner@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Only first-year students, including those with sophomore standing, may pre-register for First-Year Seminars. All others need permission of instructor. Credit is granted for a combined total of 12 credits elected in introductory biology. (3). (NS). (BS).

First-Year Seminar

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This seminar will focus on the relation between natural selection and adaptation in organisms, and the practical and philosophical problems that arise in considering this relationship. We will discuss the mechanisms of natural selection and the processes giving rise to adaptations in organisms, the units and levels of selection, and the means by which we can determine when the features of an organism are an adaptation. We also will explore topics such as the tension between adaptation and constraint in evolutionary biology, the varied uses and misuses of the concepts in fields ranging from conservation biology to medicine, and the ethical implications of evolutionary ideas. Students will read extensively, participate in and lead discussions, and write 2-3 brief essays.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Biol. 140. Genetics and Society.

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Julian Adams (julian@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Credit is granted for a combined total of 12 credits elected in introductory biology. (4). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: http://www.biology.lsa.umich.edu/courses/bio140/F00CP.htm

This introduction to the impact of modern genetics on society is designed for students not concentrating in the sciences. Students will gain a background in genetics that should enable them to: (1) understand and evaluate reports on the latest advances in genetics that appear in the media; (2) be able to discuss the social history of genetics; (3) have a better appreciation of the "scientific method;" and (4) discuss aspects of genetics that have a bearing on our daily lives. There will be three lectures and a discussion group per week, with topics such as human diversity; genetics and medicine, including cancer, AIDS, and complex diseases; gene therapy; DNA and forensic analysis; technological and economic applications of genetics; and biological determinism. Course evaluation is mainly based on a flexible combination of short-answer exams and a term paper.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 162. Introductory Biology.

Section 001 If a Section You Want is Filled, Place Your Name on the Waitlist Maintained in 1039 Chemistry, 764-1430. Every Student Must Reserve Mondays, 6-8 p.m. for Exams. Exams will be Given Oct. 2, Oct. 23, Nov. 13, and Dec. 11.

Instructor(s): John Schiefelbein (schiefel@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Prior or concurrent enrollment in Chemistry 130. Biology 162 is not open to students who have completed Biol. 152, 154 or 195. Credit is granted for a combined total of 12 credits elected in introductory biology. (5). (NS). (BS). Laboratory fee ($68) required.

Credits: (5).

Lab Fee: Laboratory fee ($68) required.

Course Homepage: http://www.biology.lsa.umich.edu/courses/bio162/bio162.html

A one-term introductory course intended for concentrators in biology, other science programs, or preprofessional studies. Other suitably prepared students wishing detailed coverage of biology are also welcome. The aims of Biology 162 are:

  1. to provide factual and conceptual knowledge;
  2. to give an integrated overview of the central tenets of modern biology;
  3. to afford experience in obtaining and interpreting biological hypotheses; and
  4. to develop thinking and writing skills.

Topics in Biology 162 are divided among four areas:

  1. cellular and molecular biology;
  2. genetics;
  3. evolution; and
  4. ecology.

Students MUST:

  1. attend 3 lectures, 1 one-and-a-half hour discussion, and 1 three hour lab section each week;
  2. ATTEND THEIR ASSIGNED DISCUSSION AND LAB MEETINGS EACH WEEK STARTING WITH THEIR LAB AND DISCUSSIONS IN THE FIRST FULL WEEK OR THEIR SPACE MAY BE GIVEN TO SOMEONE ON THE WAITING LIST; and
  3. RESERVE the times and dates for the midterm and final exams (as specified in the Time Schedule) before enrolling.

Students usually purchase a textbook, lab manual, and course pack consisting of a syllabus and lecture notes. No other study guides or supplementary materials need be bought. For Honors credit, register for one of the Honors discussion/lab sections. For further information contact the Introductory Biology office, 1039 Chemistry Building (734) 764-1430.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 5 If A Section you want is filled, place your name on the Waitlist maintained in 1039 Chemistry, (734) 764-1430.

Biol. 200. Undergraduate Tutorial.

Instructor(s):

Prerequisites & Distribution: Permission of faculty member in biology. (2). (Excl). (BS). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for a total of six credits.

Credits: (2).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course is intended for sophomores learning research and laboratory techniques, working under close supervision of a faculty member. It may also be used for directed readings at an appropriate level. It includes reading on a significant topic and regular consultation with the faculty member chosen to supervise the work. The required paper could be on the scientific literature in a broad field, on biological issues on which the student may want to do continuing work, or on the detailed results of research in a biological specialty. Conferences, seminars, readings, and assigned writings are used to develop critical perspectives on modern biological problems and to provide breadth and sense of historical continuity in biological thought.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 5, P/I

Biol. 201. Introduction to Research in the Life Sciences.

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Robert Fogel (rfogel@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Grade of B+ or better in Biology 162 (or 152 or 154). (1). (Excl).

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course is designed to help students identify potential mentors for independent lab or field research. This course is particularly appropriate for students in Biology 162 or 305, 310, or 311 who hope to join the junior/senior Honors Program of the Biology Department. Membership in the LS&A freshman-sophomore Honors Program is not required.

This course will introduce students to the diversity of research opportunities and approaches to research in the biological sciences that are available on the Michigan campus, by having a variety of scientists who sponsor undergraduate research visit the class. Some of the scientists will be from the Department of Biology, while the rest will be from the Medical School and other schools at the University of Michigan. Students in the class will be evaluated based on two short papers, an oral presentation to the class, and on their participation in class discussion. Weekly reading assignments will form the basis of class discussion.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 207. Introductory Microbiology.

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Eric Mann (ericmann@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 162 (or 152). (4). (NS). (BS). Satisfies a Biology laboratory requirement. Laboratory fee ($70) required.

Credits: (4).

Lab Fee: Laboratory fee ($70) required.

Course Homepage: http://biology.lsa.umich.edu/courses/bio207/

The course consists of three one-hour lectures and one three-hour laboratory session each week. The lectures will trace the history of microbiology, microbial growth and metabolism, microbial diversity, and the importance of microbes in the environment, industry, and medicine. The laboratory sessions introduce microscopy, aseptic technique, staining, and the isolation, culture, and identification of microbes from the local environment. Grades are based on two lecture exams, weekly quizzes, a grant proposal, and the identification of unknown bacteria. The course is required for the microbiology concentration program, and is appropriate for the biology concentration.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 3 Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 208. Embryology.

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Kathryn Tosney (ktosney@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biology 162. (3). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: http://biology.lsa.umich.edu/~www/bio208/

In this Embryology course, we will study the entire organism as a function of time. We will seek to understand how a single cell, the fertilized egg, develops through time to form a multicellular organism. We will study the early stages of development, when cells divide and form the basic structures in the right places, establishing the basic body plan for each individual and initiating the development of different cell types.

We will study the embryo as it progresses through stages of cleavage, blastula formation, gastrulation and organogenesis. We will maintain a focus on human development, but we will use animal models to understand developmental concepts such as differentiation, determination, epigenesis and axis formation. Another goal is to develop conceptual and analytical skills, particularly the abilities to select and analyze information critically, to pose problems proficiently, to solve problems perceptively, to communicate persuasively and to work as an effective part of a team. The course will combine lectures with facilitated peer-learning sessions and computer-intensive exercises.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 3 Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 222. From Message to Mind: An Introduction to Neurobiology.

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Stephen Easter (sseaster@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 162 (or 152-154 or 195). (3). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: http://biology.lsa.umich.edu/courses/bio222/

An introduction to molecular, cellular, and systems-level neurobiology. Topics include: (1) bioelectricity; (2) intercellular communication; (3) sensory transduction and processing; (4) motor function; and (5) the neural basis of simple behaviors. Students will be evaluated by exams, papers, and participation in discussion.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 225(325). Principles of Animal Physiology: Lecture.

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Robert Denver (rdenver@umich.edu) , Cunming Duan (cduan@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 162 and a year of chemistry. (3). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: http://www.biology.lsa.umich.edu/courses/bio225/bio225.htm

This course is an introduction to the physiology of animals. The physiology of both invertebrate and vertebrate animals is covered as well as limited treatment of human physiology as it relates to general physiological mechanisms. The course relies on the comparative method in analyzing physiological systems of diverse taxa to identify general principles of functional mechanisms. The course also considers variations in these mechanisms as related to the requirements of the animals but does not attempt a phylogenetic survey.

The course is intended for concentrators and pre-medical students in their sophomore, junior, or senior years. The subject matter includes metabolism and temperature regulation, nervous and endocrine system controls and integration, respiration and circulation, water and ion balance, excretion, digestion, reproduction, and immune system function. There are three 1-hour lectures a week, three 1-hour examinations, and a final exam.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 226(326). Animal Physiology Laboratory.

Instructor(s): Sushama Pavgi (spavgi@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Concurrent enrollment in Biol. 225 (or prior enrollment in 325, with permission). Students who intend at a later date to take Biol. 225 will not be admitted to Biol. 226 without special permission. (2). (Excl). (BS). Satisfies a Biology laboratory requirement. Laboratory fee ($70) required.

Credits: (2).

Lab Fee: Laboratory fee ($70) required.

Course Homepage: http://www.biology.lsa.umich.edu/courses/bio226/webpagebio226.htm

This laboratory course provides hands-on experience with physiological systems at the level of organisms and organ systems. The laboratory meets for one four-hour session a week. Students perform experiments in small groups, collate class data and perform analyses. Each student is expected to lead one or more summary presentations at the beginning of the laboratory session following the conclusion of a previous laboratory exercise. The presentations will be 10-15 minutes in length and cover the analyses and summary of the data as well as provide conclusions and implications. Following the presentation, all students will be expected to contribute to the discussion. A term paper and oral presentation are required at the end of the academic term.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 230. Introduction to Plant Biology.

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Larry Nooden (ldnum@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 162 (or 152 or 195). (4). (NS). (BS). Laboratory fee ($65) required.

Credits: (4).

Lab Fee: Laboratory fee ($65) required.

Course Homepage: http://biology.lsa.umich.edu/~ldnum/bio230/230home.html

This course will provide a broad, integrated overview of plant biology including economic and environmental aspects. The general areas covered are: (1) Plant diversity the basic biology and evolution of the bacteria, fungi, algae, plantimals, bryophytes, and vascular plants. In addition, special aspects such as their environmental impacts, toxicology, cell biology, and molecular evolution will be covered. (2) Structure, function, and development from the cell-molecular level to the whole organism. Photosynthesis, internal transport, hormones, environmental controls, molecular biology, genetic engineering, and biotechnology will be included. (3) Ecology, adaptations to their environment, plant-animal interactions, ethnobotany, plant medicinals, biomes, biogeography, and evolution.

Students will also work with the Internet and electronic databases to answer questions in the course subject area. In addition to two hrs/week of lecture, there will be a discussion (one hr/week) and a lab (three hrs/week) with two field trips. Evaluations will be based on 2 one-hour exams, a final exam, four lab quizzes and two short papers. Students will have to purchase a textbook, lab manual, and a course pack consisting of a syllabus and some illustrations. This course is not open to those who have completed Biology 154.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 252. Chordate Anatomy and Phylogeny.

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Arnold Kluge (akluge@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 162 (or 152-154 or 195). (4). (Excl). (BS). Satisfies a Biology laboratory requirement. Laboratory fee ($60) required.

Credits: (4).

Lab Fee: Laboratory fee ($60) required.

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course teaches the comparative method, using the "three-fold parallelism" of anatomy, ontogeny, and paleontology. All examples are based on chordate animals, with emphasis on their anatomy and development. The introductory third of the course includes the theoretical basis of the comparative method, principles of evolutionary theory and speciation, and phylogenetics. The remainder of the course involves application of the method, with a survey of chordate structure, including the integument, skeleton, muscles, and the circulatory, urogenital, digestive, respiratory, and nervous systems. The laboratory provides practical experience in the comparative method, including dissections. There are three one-hour lectures per week and one three-hour laboratory. There are two hourly examinations and a final examination for the lecture, and a one-hour laboratory practical exam. A detailed syllabus and laboratory manual, rather than an assigned textbook, are used.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 281. General Ecology.

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Beverly Rathcke (brathcke@umich.edu) , Earl Werner (eewerner@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 162 (or 152 and 154) and a laboratory course in chemistry. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in Biol. 381. (3). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: http://www.biology.lsa.umich.edu/courses/bio281/bio281.html

The course introduces the basic concepts and principles of ecology as applied to the study of individuals, populations, and communities of both plants and animals. Course topics include the roles of physical and biotic factors influencing the distribution and abundance of organisms, the dynamics of population growth, species interactions including competition, predation, mutualism, the structure of ecological communities, ecological succession, and applications of ecology to problems of environment and resource management. Biology 281 is a suitable prerequisite for intermediate and advanced courses in ecology. There will be lectures, discussions, and computer simulations. Three exams will constitute the main basis of evaluation.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 282. General Ecology Laboratory.

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Beverly Rathke (brathke@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 162 (or 152 and 154), a laboratory course in chemistry, and concurrent or prior enrollment in Biol. 281. (3). (Excl). (BS). Laboratory fee ($70) required.

Credits: (3).

Lab Fee: Laboratory fee ($70) required.

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This laboratory course introduces the basic concepts and methods used in ecological research. The laboratories consist of both field and laboratory research projects, field trips, computer analyses, and an independent research project that is designed by each student. Students will write up laboratory reports and a paper on their independent research, give an oral presentation on their independent research, and participate in laboratory discussions.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 288. Animal Diversity.

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Diarmaid ÓFoighil (diarmaid@umich.edu) , Gerald Smith (grsmith@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 162. (4). (NS). (BS). Laboratory fee ($70) required.

Credits: (4).

Lab Fee: Laboratory fee ($70) required.

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Biology 288 will provide biology majors with a comprehension of the remarkable diversity of animal body plans present in nature. It will devote equal time to invertebrates and vertebrates and will consider the spectrum of multicellular animal life in the context of major issues in evolution and ecology. Diversity in morphology, development, life history, behavior and ecology will be addressed, with an emphasis on evolutionary innovations which underlay significant animal radiations. Laboratory exercises will demonstrate some of the above processes as well as anatomy, functional morphology, and hypotheses of adaptation. The laboratory exercises and lectures will be taxon based; processes will be touched upon repeatedly in a comparative manner.

This course is intended to serve the needs of Biology concentrators. There will be three one-hour lectures per week and three-hour lab session. Tests based on lecture material will be multiple choice and short answer questions. There will also be a term paper project and a lab practical exam.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 300. Undergraduate Research.

Instructor(s):

Prerequisites & Distribution: Eight credits of biology and 3.0 grade point average in science; permission of faculty member in biology. (1-3). (Excl). (BS). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for a total of 9 credits.

Credits: (1-3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Biology 300 intended primarily for juniors, including Honors students, who wish to pursue independent research or study at an intermediate level in an area of biological science. Students may ask an appropriate faculty member in the Department of Biology to direct the research project and supervise related readings. The project may take the form of an investigation of new problems in the field or laboratory, a detailed investigation of primary sources (a literature survey), development of new procedures or programs, design of a classroom experiment, etc. A final paper is required and must be approved by the research advisor.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 5, P/I

Biol. 302. Teaching Experience for Undergraduates.

Instructor(s):

Prerequisites & Distribution: Permission of instructor. (1-3). (Excl). May not be included in any of the Biological Sciences concentration programs. (EXPERIENTIAL).

Credits: (1-3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Undergraduates participating in this course are responsible for (1) aiding regularly assigned Graduate Student Instructors; (2) providing tutorial help for undergraduates enrolled in the course; (3) meeting regularly with discussion and laboratory sessions; and (4) participating with Graduate Student Instructors in instructional activities.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 5, P/I

Biol. 305. Genetics.

Section 001 Exams will be Held Mondays, Oct. 2, Oct. 23, and Nov. 15, 6-8 p.m. the Fourth Exam will be Given Tuesday, Dec. 12, 7:00 A.M. 10:00 A.M.

Instructor(s): Wesley Brown (wbrown@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 162 (or 152 or 195), and prior or concurrent enrollment in Chem. 210. (4). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: http://www.biology.lsa.umich.edu/courses/bio305/bio305.html

This course is intended for students who are concentrating in the natural sciences, or who will apply for graduate or professional study in the biological sciences. The material is divided into two sections: classical studies of how genes are transmitted; and molecular studies of gene structure and regulation. There are three hours of lecture each week, and one discussion section directed by a graduate student instructor. The discussion sections are used to review and expand on lecture material, and to discuss problem assignments. Grading is based on examinations covering both lecture material and problem assignments, and on discussion section quizzes.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 306. Introductory Genetics Laboratory.

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Santhadevi Jeyabalan (sjeyabal@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Prior or concurrent enrollment in Biol. 305. (3). (Excl). (BS). Satisfies a Biology laboratory requirement. Laboratory fee ($70) required.

Credits: (3).

Lab Fee: Laboratory fee ($70) required.

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course provides students with laboratory experience on basic genetic principles. Students will analyze patterns of inheritance, gene interaction, linkage relationship, and genetic mapping of unknown mutants of Drosophila through a series of genetic crosses. By using molecular techniques such as Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) and gel electrophoresis, mutations in Caenorhabditis elegans will be mapped to chromosomal locations. The experiments in microbial genetics include mapping by conjugation in E. coli, recombination analysis by transduction using bacteria and phage, and complementation tests on "his" mutants of yeast. Experiments in Human Population Genetics include calculating allelic frequencies of PTC tasting in the class.

Students will also be doing DNA fingerprinting of a VNTR locus using their own squamous epithelial cells. One hour lecture on Mondays 1-2 PM and one three-hour lab are scheduled each week; additional 3-4 hours of lab time per week is expected at irregular times. Students are expected to write one formal lab report and to keep a complete and accurate record of all results and analyses in a bound lab notebook. There are two tests given during the term.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 310. Introductory Biochemistry.

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Karen Ocorr (kocorr@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 162 (or 152 or 195); and organic chemistry. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in Biol. 311, Biol. Chem. 415, or Chemistry 451. (4). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: http://biology.lsa.umich.edu/~www/bio310/

Introductory Biochemistry is designed to be a general introduction to the chemistry of biological systems. The biweekly lectures for this course present information on biomolecules and the chemical reactions that occur in cells. Students are also exposed to the strategies used by cells and multicellular organisms to coordinate the activity of various metabolic pathways. Topics covered include: protein structure and function; enzyme kinetics; molecular biology techniques, intermediary metabolism; photosynthesis; transcription; translation; and the hormonal regulation of metabolism.

In addition to the lectures, there is a weekly discussion session which has a project-based format where students are provided with an opportunity to become more actively involved in their own learning experience. Students will have the chance to further explore the relationship between Biochemistry and the world around them through weekly mini-presentations. A variety of weekly projects are designed to help students master the material using the Internet, scientific literature, etc. Discussion sessions are informal, allowing students ample opportunity to discuss the lecture topics and ask questions. There is an extensive web site for this course providing students with numerous additional resources to help them master the material (http://biology.lsa.umich.edu/~www/bio310/). Grades in this course are based on performance in the discussion session, two in-class exams, and a final exam.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 311. Introductory Biochemistry.

Section 001 Orientation Meeting Wed., Sept. 6, 6:00 p.m.- 7:00 p.m. N S Aud. Self-Paced, Personalized System of Instruction. Optional Lectures on Thursdays from 12-1 p.m., in 4140 Nat. Sci. Midterm Exam Wed., Oct. 18, 6:00 9:00 p.m. Final Exam Mon., Dec. 18, 6:00 9:00 p.m.

Instructor(s): Marcy Osgood (mosgood@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 162 (or 152 or 195); and organic chemistry. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in Biol. 310, Biol. Chem. 415, or Chem 451. (4). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: http://biology.lsa.umich.edu/courses/bio311/

This course is taught by a self-paced, personalized system of instruction. Students interact, according to their own schedules, with undergraduate TA's. The student takes both a written and an oral quiz for each of 12 units which is graded and evaluated by the TA. If mastery is attained, the student may proceed to the next unit. Grades are assigned according to the number of units successfully completed and performance on the midterm and final examinations. This system is designed to take into consideration different rates of individual learning as well as to eliminate competition among students. TA's are available approximately 75-80 hours/week.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 3 Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 324(224). Biology of Cancer.

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Lewis Kleinsmith (lewisk@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 162. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in Biol. 124. (3). (NS). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

The Biology of Cancer is a lecture/discussion course designed to provide students with a basic understanding of the biological events associated with the development of cancer. This course is organized around three fundamental questions: What is cancer; what are the causes of cancer; and can cancer be cured or prevented? Lectures will include descriptions of classical and recent experiments which address these questions, and will also provide students with the vocabulary and background needed to critically read and evaluate technical literature dealing with the subject of cancer. Student performance will be evaluated by a combination of three exams and a term paper based upon library research. In order to provide the time required for this library research, the lecture-discussion meetings will be dismissed for approximately one week late in the term. There will be no assigned textbook, but some reading will be assigned from the course pack. The class will meet twice a week for an hour and a half lecture, and a weekly hour and a half discussion session will also be held.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 355/NR&E 337. Woody Plants I: Biology and Identification.

Section 001 Meets with with SNR&E 437.

Instructor(s): Burton Barnes

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 162 (or 152 or 195). (4). (Excl). (BS). Satisfies a Biology laboratory requirement. Laboratory fee ($45) required.

Credits: (4).

Lab Fee: Laboratory fee ($45) required.

Course Homepage: http://www.umich.edu/~nre437/

The identification of trees, shrubs, and vines is the basis for the study of their biology and ecology. Woody plants are studied in their natural ecosystems including upland (oak-hickory, beech-sugar maple, lake plain), wetland (swamp, bog), and floodplain forests. Non-native species and ornamental plants are taught in the Saginaw Forest, Stinchfield Woods, Nichols Arboretum, and main campus. An introduction to the biology and ecology of woody plants is given in lectures.

Topics include vegetative and reproductive morphology; woody plant biology, ecology, and diversity; variation and genetics; systematics of woody plants; ornamental plants; and winter conditions. Also discussed are important trees of southern and western U.S., China, and the tropics. Field trips are scheduled from 1:00 to 6:00 once a week. Michigan Trees (Barnes and Wagner) is the required textbook. Grading is based on 60% on plant identification (field quizzes and exams and indoor identification exams); 40% on lecture material (two hour-exams).

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: 2, at SNRE Office of Academic Programs, 1024 Dana.

Biol. 380. Oceanography: Marine Ecology.

Section 001.

Instructor(s): John Lehman (jtlehman@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 162 (or 152-154 or 195), and at least one term of college chemistry or physics. (3). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Marine ecology is a study of the organisms and processes of the ocean, including both water and sediment communities. This course teaches physical and chemical aspects, but emphasizes biological aspects of oceanography, and applies ecological and evolutionary principles to the study of marine life. Lectures introduce the major groups of marine organisms and cover the interrelationships of marine organisms and their environments. Organisms and communities from the following habitats are discussed: estuaries; the rocky intertidal; coral reefs; the coastal zone; the deep sea; and the open ocean. The course treats organisms as different as bacteria and whales. This course is required for the Marine Biology option of the undergraduate Oceanography concentration. Grading is based on two one-hour exams plus a comprehensive final.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 390. Evolution.

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Brian Hazlett (bhazlett@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 162 (or 152-154). (4). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (4; 5 in the half-term in Ann Arbor; 5 at Biol. Station).

Course Homepage: http://www.biology.lsa.umich.edu/courses/bio390/390index.html

This lecture course covers the fundamentals of evolutionary biology with a focus on living organisms. It includes a historical survey of the development of evolutionary theory from ancient philosophers to the present, and critical examination of phylogenetic systematics, natural selection, population genetics, molecular evolution, microevolution, and macroevolution. Weekly discussions will focus on primary literature. Two midterm tests and one cumulative final exam will test students' knowledge of lecture material. Writing assignment(s) based on readings from the primary scientific literature will be required.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 400. Advanced Research.

Instructor(s):

Prerequisites & Distribution: 12 credits of biology, 3.0 average in science, and permission of faculty member in biology. (1-3). (Excl). (BS). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for a total of 9 credits.

Credits: (1-3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Intended for those engaged in original research at an advanced level. This course number is most frequently elected by senior Honors students who have completed Biology 300 and who are completing their research and writing their thesis. A final paper is required. (Refer to the description of Biology 300 for more information.)

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 5, P/I

Biol. 407. Advanced Genetic Principles.

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Steven Clark (clarks@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 305 and Biol. 310, 311, or Biol. Chem. 415. (3). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

The advent of molecular biology and genomic resources has revolutionized the genetic and molecular tools available to researchers. Emphasis in the course is placed on modern approaches used in studies of animals, plants, and microbes to illuminate genetic and molecular genetic principles. The course covers advanced Mendelian genetics (including complex genetic pathways, activation screens, enhancer/suppressor mutagenesis, and cell autonomy studies), reverse genetics (including knock-outs, antisense technology, viral-induced gene silencing, and gene- and enhancer-traps), and molecular genetics (including expression analysis, misexpression, metabolic engineering, and marker gene fusions and attendant screens). Students will be evaluated by a midterm and final exam, an oral presentation, a term paper, and a genomics project. This course is intended for advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students. The course will meet twice a week for one-and-one-half hours.

Course requirements include a midterm and final exam, an oral presentation, a term paper, and a genomics project. The term paper will be 5 pages and it will be a critical analysis of a primary research article. The lectures include discussion and interactions with students.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 411. Protein Structure and Function.

Section 001.

Instructor(s): James Bardwell (jbardwel@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 310, 311, or Biol. Chem. 415. (3). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: http://www.biology.lsa.umich.edu/courses/bio411/

A taste of bioinformatics. This course is a practical hands-on approach to extract information about protein and DNA sequences. Students will learn how to do elementary sequence analysis databases, searching, alignment, and 3D structure prediction using analysis tools that are available on the web. Students will learn how to get the most out of their sequence. We will also discuss how protein structure is related to function, and investigate how proteins fold.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code:

Biol. 412. Teaching Biochemistry by the Keller Plan.

Instructor(s): Marcy Osgood (mosgood@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 311 and permission of instructor. (3). (Excl). This is a graded course. May not be included in any of the Biological Sciences concentration programs. (EXPERIENTIAL).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: http://www.biology.lsa.umich.edu/~www/bio311/proctor.shtml

Undergraduates who previously have taken an introductory biochemistry course act as TAs for Introductory Biochemistry (Biology 311). TAs meet with the instructor for a two-hour class each week for lectures, presentations, and discussions of teaching and biochemistry. TAs also prepare a report on a recent advance in biochemistry which they present to their peers and the instructor. The major roles of the TAs are to examine the students on their mastery of unit material and to help the students with explanations supplementary to the textbook. At the completion of an instructor-generated written quiz, the student and TA grade the quiz together. TAs learn considerable biochemistry by repeated teachings of unit materials and, in addition, profit from their experience as teachers and evaluators.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: 5, P/I

Biol. 418. Endocrinology.

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Robert Denver (rdenver@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 162, 225, and organic chemistry. (3). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: http://www.biology.lsa.umich.edu/courses/bio418/bio418.htm

This course is a comparative study of animal endocrine functions with emphasis on the cellular origin and chemical nature of hormones, the cellular and molecular mechanisms of hormone action, general endocrine control mechanisms, the evolution of hormones and hormonal control and their physiological actions in animals. The course will concentrate on the endocrine systems of vertebrates; there will be limited treatment of human endocrinology. Instruction in Biology 418 assumes a basic familiarity with general and comparative physiology. Training in chemistry through organic is essential, and courses in biochemistry and cell and molecular biology are helpful.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 422/Cell and Developmental Biology 422. Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology.

Section 001.

Instructor(s): John Kuwada (kuwada@umich.edu) , Bruce Oakley (boakley@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 162 (or 152-154, or 195), one year of physics, prior or concurrent enrollment in biochemistry. (3). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: http://www.biology.lsa.umich.edu/courses/bio422/422home.html

This course deals primarily with the properties of individual nerve cells, and small groups of nerve cells. This provides the basis for understanding information processing by the nervous system, learning and memory, development of neurons, and neurological and psychiatric disorders. Considerable emphasis will be placed on understanding the molecules that endow the nervous system with these properties.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 423. Introduction to Research in Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology.

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Richard Hume (rhume@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Concurrent enrollment in Biol. 422; or completion of Biol. 222 or 422, and permission of instructor. (3). (Excl). (BS). Satisfies a Biology laboratory requirement. Laboratory fee ($70) required.

Credits: (3).

Lab Fee: Laboratory fee ($70) required.

Course Homepage: http://biology.lsa.umich.edu/~www/bio423/bio423syl.htm

This lab course provides an introduction to experimental approaches in neurobiology. Emphasis is on molecular, anatomical, and physiological approaches for studying neuronal function. Among the molecular topics to be covered are analysis of cDNA clones, PCR amplification of DNA and expression of genes in foreign tissues. Among the anatomical topics to be covered are gross and microscopic anatomy of nervous systems, axonal pathway tracing, and immunocytochemical localization of specific neuronal proteins. Among the physiological topics to be covered are intracellular, extracellular and patch clamp recording, as well as the use of computers in the acquisition and analysis of data. This course is intended for students who plan to engage in research in neurobiology.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: 5, P/I

Biol. 427. Molecular Biology.

Section 001 Every Student Must Reserve Mondays, Oct. 2, Nov. 6, and Dec. 11, from 6:00-8:00 p.m. for Exams.

Instructor(s): Robert Helling (helling@umich.edu) , Jianming Li (jian@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 305; and Biol. 310 or 311, or Biol. Chem. 415. (4). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Comprehensive coverage of the general principles governing the structures, synthesis, and functions of DNA, RNA, and proteins in the context of the cell. Emphasizes understanding methods and interpretation of data. Topics include genome organization, DNA replication and transposition, chromosome segregation, transcription and translation, the processing of macromolecules, signal transfer, and regulation at various levels. Two lectures per week are supplemented by a 1.5 hour discussion section.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 3 Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 428. Cell Biology.

Section 001 Every Student Must Reserve Mondays, Oct. 9 and Nov 13, 6:00-8:00 p.m., for Exams.

Instructor(s): Jesse Hay (jessehay@umich.edu) , Laura Olsen (ljo@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 305; and Biol. 310 or 311, or Biol. Chem. 415. Students with credit for Biol. 320 must obtain permission of instructor. (4). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: http://www.biology.lsa.umich.edu/~www/bio428/

Biology 428 is designed to provide students with a comprehensive overview of the biology of eukaryotes and prokaryotes at the cellular and molecular level. This course is intended for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students. The information is presented at a level that requires students to integrate information from their other biology, chemistry, and biochemistry courses. Topics include: cell structure and function; cell membranes; intracellular organelles and cytoskeleton; inter- and intra-cellular signaling; cell development; and cell cycle. Students will be expected to integrate the scientific data presented in class as well as to read and interpret basic research drawn from the current scientific literature. Grades will be based on three exams and the discussion section.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 433/NR&E 433. Ornithology.

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Terry Root (tlroot@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 162. (4). (Excl). (BS). Laboratory fee ($75) required.

Credits: (4).

Lab Fee: Laboratory fee ($75) required.

Course Homepage: http://www.ummz.lsa.umich.edu/birds/ornclass/

This course examines the physiology, ecology, social behavior, systematics, history, and conservation of birds. Lecture topics include flight, physiology, respiration, circulation, visual and vocal communication, adaptations for different life styles, individual and social behavior, migration, breeding biology, cooperative breeding and brood parasitism, and the origin and speciation of birds, and the conservation of birds. Field trips to different habitats to observe wild birds, and laboratories are focused on identification, morphology and behavior. Background: a course in biology, or permission of instructor and an interest in birds. Student evaluation is based on field and lab quizzes, two topic papers, three lecture exams, and a written final exam. Required books: Text to be announced and Field Guide to the Birds of North America, 2nd ed.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 435. Intracellular Trafficking.

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Jesse Hay (jessehay@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 305, Biol. 310, 311, or Biol. Chem. 415, and Biol. 428. (3). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This is an advanced discussion-oriented course covering the latest research in the field of intracellular trafficking. Topics covered include molecular basis of secretion, vesicle transport, protein targeting, molecular motors, and organelle biogenesis. Students will be presented lectures providing them with enough background to understand specific questions and gaps in our knowledge of intracellular trafficking mechanisms. However, most of the class time will be spent discussing current research papers from the primary literature. The emphasis will be on the critical evaluation of these studies' experimental approaches, interpretation of data and conclusions.

This course is intended for students with a serious interest in cell biological research. It is intended for advanced, graduate school-bound undergraduates, and first- and second-year graduate students. There will be two 1.5 hour class periods per week. Students will be assigned problem sets to ensure that they have done the reading before class and have thought sufficiently about the issues involved. The course will also require participation in discussion. In addition, each student will have to present at least one research paper to the class, explain the questions being addressed, techniques, pitfalls, etc.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 436(336). Introductory Immunology.

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Eric Mann (ericmann@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 305 and biochemistry (Biol. 310, 311, or Biol. Chem. 415). (3). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course is intended to introduce pre-professional and biology concentrators to the theoretical and experimental principles of immunology. Topics covered include: a detailed study of the molecules, cells, and organs that constitute the immune system; the innate and adaptive immune responses; and the role of the immune system in host defense, allergy, and organ transplantation. Topics will be illustrated with clinical case studies. Grades are based on three exams. The course is appropriate for concentrations in biology, microbiology, and cell and molecular biology.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 440/NR&E 422. Biology of Fishes.

Section 001.

Instructor(s): William Fink (wfink@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 162 and one additional biology course. (3). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: http://www.umich.edu/~bio440

Lectures cover many aspects of the biology of lower vertebrates known as fishes, including evolution, physiology, functional morphology, phylogeny, biogeography, ecology, behavior and reproduction. Much of the course involves participation in the class web site, which should be consulted for a syllabus, descriptions of expectations, and specifics of topics to be discussed. Evaluation of students is based on a take-home midterm exam, a cumulative closed-book final exam, a "capsule" describing the biology of a particular fish species (chosen by the student) for inclusion on the web site, and class participation. All exams consist of essay questions that will require a synthesis of class material, and logic examination of novel problems. An optional laboratory course (Bio 441/NR&E 423) examines field methods, classification, and identification of Michigan fishes.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Biol. 441/NR&E 423. The Biology of Fishes Laboratory.

Instructor(s): Gerald Smith (grsmith@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 162 and one additional biology course. (1). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: http://www.umich.edu/~bio440/LABORATORIES.HTML

Optional laboratory course accompanying Biology 440, providing an introduction to the field methods used in fish biology and fisheries, and examining the diversity of the Michigan ichthyofauna and major groups of world fishes.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Biol. 459. Systematic Botany.

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Willliam Anderson (wra@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 162 (or 152-154, or 195), or Biol. 255. (4). (Excl). (BS). Satisfies a Biology laboratory requirement. Laboratory fee ($30) required.

Credits: (4).

Lab Fee: Laboratory fee ($30) required.

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Plant biodiversity taught with lectures, color projection slides, specimens, living plants, and laboratories. Emphasis at level of orders, families, and genera, temperate and tropical, to familiarize students with plants from all parts of the world. Focuses mainly on flowering plants but also gymnosperms and pteridophytes. Subjects like habitats, endangered species, geography, biosystematics, cladistics, and floral biology are given special lectures. Plant systematics is essential to botanists but the course is needed also by conservationists, ecologists, zoologists, foresters, and ethnobotanists. Some students take the course simply because they enjoy plants. Two midterms, a final, and lab quizzes.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 461. Morphology and Evolution of Vascular Plants.

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Robyn Burnham (rburnham@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 162 (or 154) or 255. (5). (Excl). (BS). Laboratory fee ($70) required.

Credits: (5).

Lab Fee: Laboratory fee ($70) required.

Course Homepage: http://www.biology.lsa.umich.edu/bio461/

The course explores the evolutionary relationships of vascular plants through their morphology, anatomy and life cycles. Lectures will examine the characters used to determine evolutionary relationships among the major groups of vascular plants, both extant and extinct. Major groups covered are mosses, ferns, seed ferns, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Laboratory sessions will familiarize participants with interpreting vegetative and reproductive organs in each group. Two lecture exams, two lab exams, one term paper.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 468. Mushrooms and Molds: Biology and Use.

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Robert Fogel (rfogel@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 162 (or 154). (5). (Excl). (BS). Satisfies a Biology laboratory requirement. Laboratory fee ($50) required.

Credits: (5).

Lab Fee: Laboratory fee ($50) required.

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

The mushrooms and molds have changed the course of human history and continue to have a profound impact on man and the global ecosystem as important plant, insect, and human pathogens and as important nutrient recyclers. Their increasing importance in biotechnology has brought new recognition to these fascinating and unique organisms. This course surveys the members of the Kingdom Fungi, provides an introduction to their ecology, physiology, genetics, and importance in biotechnology, medical mycology, and plant pathology through lectures, laboratories, and field trips. This course is important for students interested in careers in biotechnology, medical mycology, biodiversity, plant pathology, forest pathology, systematics, and ecology. Grades are based on three hourly exams and a term project. General Biology (Biol. 162), or equivalent, is a recommended prerequisite.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 2 Waitlist Code: 1

Biol. 477. Laboratory in Field Ecology.

Section 001.

Instructor(s): John Vandermeer (jvander@umich.edu) , Lisa Curran (lcurran@umich.edu) , Ivette Perfecto (perfecto@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: A course in ecology. (5). (Excl). (BS). Laboratory fee ($30) required.

Credits: (5).

Lab Fee: Laboratory fee ($30) required.

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

Organizational Meeting, 5 p.m. in 2044 Nat. Sci. on Wednesday, September 6. This Course will Meet September 15 October 27, Friday Evenings Beginning At 7:00 p.m. and Concluding Sunday Evenings At 7:00 p.m. There will Also be a Weekly Meeting on Tuesdays from 5-7 p.m.

Ecology students require intensive practice in making field observations and systematically exploring the implications of those observations. One vehicle for doing so is the "field problem" based course, in which a faculty member chooses a general topic and works with a small group of students exploring that topic for an entire day. The field problem-based course is distinct from the laboratory course in that field problems seek to explore an unknown area. The course does not include "set labs" or repeats of well-known patterns. The professor and students seek to explore a specific research question that has not been examined before. The exercise of working through the details of a new problem along with the professor gives the student practice in the creative part of the scientific endeavor. Working with a variety of faculty members the student experiences several "styles" of doing science. The general structure of the course, centered around the field problem, encourages a great deal of discussion among students and between students and faculty. A major goal of the course is to facilitate that discussion. In addition, there is a relatively large lecture load, with an average of four lectures per week.

The Patterson Lake Nature Center is in southeastern Livingston County, approximately 25 miles northwest of Ann Arbor. The Center adjoins the E.S. George Reserve, a University of Michigan research facility. Together the two offer nearly 2,000 acres of protected wildlands, containing a great variety of terrestrial and aquatic habitats all available for research and teaching.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Biol. 480. Computer-Aided Inferences in Evolution and Ecology.

Section 001.

Instructor(s): George Estabrook (gfred@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Senior natural science concentrator or graduate student. (4). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course is for prospective professional researchers in natural science who want to learn the concepts, techniques, and language skills to formulate hypotheses so that computers (rather than mathematics) can derive predictions with which to compare data. Such hypotheses are less constrained by mathematical needs and so can better meet the needs of natural science.

This course will provide instruction (or review) in the fundamentals of PASCAL programming, and most techniques will be provided as PASCAL PROCEDURES already written and ready for you to use. No prior programming experience is required, and a working knowledge of high school algebra is sufficient. The course provides instruction (or review) of probability processes that can (and must) be made part of your scientific hypothesis. Predictions take the form of probability distributions that can directly impute significance to your observed data. Students work with the data of their choice, and discuss applications of the concepts in their areas of interest. A term project replaces the final exam. Lectures, discussion, computer lab.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: 1 Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Biol. 481. Population Dynamics and Ecology.

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Deborah Goldberg (degold@umich.edu) , John Vandermeer (jvander@umich.edu) , Mark Wilson (wilsonml@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: A course in ecology. Calculus is strongly recommended. (4). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

An examination of the principles of population ecology. Theoretical and empirical research on population dynamics and regulation of managed and natural populations are emphasized, as well as the development of the mathematical and computer skills for modeling dynamics of single and interacting populations. Specific topics include concepts of linear and nonlinear dynamics, demography, life history evolution, density-dependence and population regulation, and basic models of competition, mutualism, predator-prey, host-disease, and other population interactions. A background in ecology or permission of the instructor is required. There will be two 1.5 hour lectures and one two hour discussion section a week. Discussion sections will cover original readings from the literature and techniques for modeling populations. Course requirements include computer modeling projects and writeups, a midterm, and a final.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Biol. 489/NR&E 430. Soil Properties and Processes.

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Donald Zak (drzak@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 162 and chemistry. (3). (Excl). (BS). Satisfies a Biology laboratory requirement. Laboratory fee ($25) required.

Credits: (3).

Lab Fee: Laboratory fee ($25) required.

Course Homepage: http://www.umich.edu/~nre430/

Soil as a central component of terrestrial ecosystems, with a particular emphasis on physical, chemical, microbiological processes as they are related to plant growth. Quantitative analysis and interpretation of field and laboratory data are stressed throughout the course. Temperate forest ecosystems are the primary focus of the course; however, numerous examples are drawn from boreal, temperate, and tropical ecosystems.

Prerequisites: Students are expected to have a background in chemistry and biology. In particular, a working knowledge of chemical equilibria, ionic solution chemistry, pH, and oxidation-reduction reactions is highly recommended. Students without such background should consult with the instructor before enrolling. Also useful (although not required) is familiarity with biochemistry, plant physiology, microbiology, geology, and local flora. You will find it very helpful if you have had Woody Plants (NRE 437). The lectures and laboratory exercises in Soil Properties and Processes have been designed to complement Forest Ecology (NRE 435), and we highly recommend that you enroll in these courses concurrently!

Course Goals:

This course centers on the overlap of soil science, forest ecology, and ecosystem ecology. Our goal is to understand:
  1. How the interactions of landform, topography, climate, and biota over time lead to the patterns of soil development and the distribution of soil types that we observe within the landscape
  2. How physical, chemical and biological properties of forest soils affect water and nutrient availability to plants and, ultimately, ecosystem productivity
  3. How nutrients are cycled within forest ecosystems and how these processes are influenced by land management practices.

In the field portion of the course, we will sample and describe soils of four forest ecosystems and observe first-hand how differences in landform, topography, climate and biota influence soil development. In the laboratory we will analyze our soil samples for a number of physical, chemical, and biological properties. Using these data in conjunction with field data, each student will select two of the four ecosystems for detailed comparison in a term paper. Although we will focus our attention on local forest ecosystems of Michigan, skills learned in this course may be broadly applied within a variety of terrestrial ecosystem types in other geographic regions.

Laboratory:

While the lecture portion of the course provides background knowledge, the laboratory portion of the course is an opportunity for students to gain hands-on experience sampling and describing soils in the field and analyzing various soil physical, chemical, and biological properties in the lab. The importance of the laboratory is reflected in the proportion of the time each week devoted to it. In each lab section, students will be grouped into teams of two or three. Activities and assignments in the lab will be cooperative efforts among team members. Attendance is critical to permit equal participation among team members, and all laboratory assignments are due at the beginning of the next laboratory meeting.

Required Texts:

  • Brady, N.C., and R.R. Weil. 1996. The Nature and Properties of Soils, 11th Edition. Collier MacMillan Publishers, N.Y.
  • Barnes, B.V., D.R. Zak, S. Denton, and S. Spurr. 1998. Forest Ecology. 4th Edition. John Wiley & Sons. NY.

Grades: Course grades are distributed as follows:

  • Exam 1 30%
  • Exam 2 30%
  • Term Paper 25%
  • Lab Assignments 15%

The two exams are one hour each and will be graded on a 100 point scale. The second exam is cumulative and will be given during the final exam period. Exams cannot be made-up without prior notice to the instructor. Note that all students with exam grades below 60 will be asked to consult with the instructor. Final letter grades will be assigned based upon the point distribution with consideration of other aspects of performance, such as effort, participation, and improvement.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Biol. 499. Dynamic Systems in Population and Community Ecology.

Section 001.

Instructor(s): John Vandermeer (jvander@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: A course in calculus and Biol. 481. (3). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course will first cover classical notions of dynamic systems theory (e.g., Rayleigh's model of musical instruments, Duffing's non-linear oscillator, the Van der Pol oscillator, Poincaré's three-bodied problem) and elementary notions of dynamic systems in ecology (Lotka-Volterra-style equations of predation, competition, and mutualism, 1-D models of logistic and higher order maps). Second, the course will explore the more recent developments in dynamics, as applied to population and community ecology. Some of the topics include chaotic behavior of 1-D maps, strange attractors and chaotic behavior in classical systems, new analytical techniques for analyzing experimental data (e.g., Poincaré sections, Lyapunov exponents), pattern in chaotic systems. Each student is expected to develop a model of an ecological system and explore whatever complicated dynamics are contained therein.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Biol. 521. Bacterial Physiology II: Carbon Metabolism.

Section 001 This Course will Meet Oct. 10 Nov. 7. (Drop/Add deadline=October 16).

Instructor(s): Robert Bender (rbender@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 305, and Biol. 310 or 311 or Biol. Chem. 415. (1). (Excl). (BS).

Mini/Short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course will focus on central metabolism especially the catabolism of glucose, lactose, and amino acids. Among the topics considered will be: (1) "The memory paradox" where bacterial cells remember how they were grown 40 generations ago in the absence of external reminder; (2) the integration of pathways and how changes in one effect the flow of another; and (3) global regulators (known and unknown) that integrate complex signals and transmit them into gene expression responses. Biochemistry shows that pathways exist, physiology asks the questions of how they function and why they are important. The key theme of the course will be regulation rather than memorizing pathways. Bacterial Physiology II is entirely independent of the related Bacterial Physiology I and III courses and can be taken without either of the others.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Biol. 522. Bacterial Physiology III: Nitrogen Metabolism.

Section 001 This Course will Meet Nov. 9 Dec. 12. (Drop/Add deadline=November 15).

Instructor(s): Robert Bender (rbender@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Biol. 305, and Biol 310, 311, or Biol. Chem 415. (1). (Excl). (BS).

Mini/Short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

This course will focus on the interconversion of various kinds of nitrogen sources. Topics will include the reduction of nitrate and atmospheric nitrogen to ammonia and the catabolism of urea and amino acids. Emphasis will be on the regulation of these pathways and the regulatory features that allow cells to use only the "appropriate" nitrogen sources to supply their needs. For example, how does a cell know to use the urea before porline as a nitrogen source (and ammonia before urea)? The key theme of the course will be regulation and the logical methods used to figure out how regulation functions. Bacterial Physiology III is entirely independent of the related Bacterial Physiology I and II courses and can be taken without either of the others. The course is intended for graduate students and upper class undergraduates with an interest in microbiology or biochemical regulation.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

Biol. 525/Chem. 525. Chemical Biology I.

Section 100.

Instructor(s): Nils Walter (nwalter@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Chemistry 451, 452, 461, and 463. (3). (Excl). (BS).

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No Homepage Submitted.

See Chemistry 525.100.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

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