Introduction to Course Listing Notations
The Fall Term Course Guide is published by LS&A Academic
Information and Publications, University of Michigan, G411 Mason Hall, 764-6810; Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-1027.
This edition contains 100- through 500-level course descriptions provided
by the instructors on or before March 19. While every effort is made to
make the Course Guide complete, gaps are inevitable. LS&A Academic
Information and Publications continues to accept descriptions after the
March 19, 1999 deadline, and these late descriptions will be available as
received on the LS&A Student Academic Affairs Homepage at:
An accurate and current course description helps students in their
academic planning. Descriptions are published in the LS&A Course Guide
for distribution to LS&A students at least one week before early registration.
They are prefaced with the course number, title, prerequisite(s), and other
information from the updated LS&A Bulletin.
Descriptions generally begin with a statement of the subjects (topics, themes, methods, and include any recommended special background that is
not already listed in the course prerequisite). Instructors usually indicate the basis of student evaluation (exams, papers, etc.); the texts
which will be required; and the method(s) of instruction (lecture, lab, discussion).
A Sample Course Listing
S&SEA 2501/Asian Studies 253.2 Undergraduate
Seminar in South and Southeast Asian Culture.3
Culture Courses 4
Prerequisites & Distribution: No knowledge of any
Asian language required.7 (3).8 (HU).9
May be repeated with department permission.
First-Year Seminar, 10
No Data Given.12
Asian Studies 253.001.15
Times, Location, and Availability16
- The course number.
- Indication that this is a cross-listed course with another department or program, giving the name of the cross-listing unit and the course number
in that unit.
- The course title. For cross-listed courses the course title is always the same in each cross-listing unit.
- Indication of a group or subgroup of courses within the division to which the course belongs.
- The Section Title (course subtitle) for the description. Not all courses or sections have section titles.
- The instructor(s) name(s) with email, if provided. If instructors have a personal homepage, this is linked with thier name.
- Indication of a course prerequisite. Sometimes, but not in this case, this will be the listing of a specific course or courses. Remember that
not all courses have prerequisites; such courses are open to all students.
- Indication of the number of credits granted for successful completion of the course. Credits, also called credit hours, are the same as Michigan
Semester Hours (MSH).
- Designation of the area distribution category into which the class
falls. In this instance, S&SEA 250, a course which is also listed and may be elected as Asian Studies 253, earns distribution credit in the area of Humanities (HU). Other courses may earn distribution credit in the areas of Natural Science (NS), Social Science (SS), Mathematical and Symbolic
Analysis (MSA), or Creative Expression (CE) or they may be designated as
Excluded (Excl) from counting toward the distribution requirements for a Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science degree.
If this course were approved to be used in the 60 credits of approved courses in the physical and natural sciences and/or mathematics required
for the Bachelor of Science degree, a (BS) would appear here. If this course were approved to meet the QR requirement, the designation (QR/1) or (QR/2) would appear in the course header information.
If this course were approved to meet the language requirement, the designation (LR) would appear in the course header information.
If this course were approved to meet the introductory composition requirement, the designation (Introductory Composition) would appear in the course header information.
- This row provides graphical and textual indication of various requirements and programs that this section either satisfies, or of which it is affiliated.
- Indication of the number of credits granted for successful completion of the course. Credits, also called credit hours, are the same as Michigan
Semester Hours (MSH). This indication is different from item seven above
in that this indicates if the course has different credit hours during the half term.
- Indicates the Cost code for the section. The Cost link will open a small window that displays the dollar amounts associated with each code
- Indicates the Waitlist code for the section. The Waitlist link will open a small window that displays the Waitlist procedures associated with
each code number.
- Provides a link to the course/section homepage, if provided to OAI&P
- The section description, or, if the course is cross-listed or a meets-together section, a link to the home division of the course, which will contain the description.
- A realtime link the Wolverine Access that provides the times, location, and realtime availability for the course.
COURSE NUMBERS: The University numbers courses 100 through
999. This numbering system does not always mean that courses with higher
numbers are more difficult. Rather, the number system reflects degrees of
specialization. Courses numbered on the 100 and 200 levels are usually designed
for students with little previous knowledge of a subject, and are often
taken by first-year students. In many cases such courses must be taken before
more specialized courses on the 300 and 400 levels can be taken, but this
is not always true, and you should study the requirements of different departments
before deciding which courses to take.
RENUMBERED COURSES have their course numbers followed
by a former course number in parentheses. When renumbering or reorganization
has left the division unchanged, only the previous course number is given;
if the division has also changed, the previous division name and course
number appear. A reorganized or renumbered course cannot be repeated for
credit without special permission.
CROSS-LISTED COURSES are sponsored by more than one
department or program and may be elected through any of the participating
departments. Cross-listings are denoted by a slash appearing between departmental
Descriptions for cross-listed courses only appear in the "home"
department, but the course title and instructor's name will appear under the other department(s).
COURSE TITLES are in bold type, and follow the course
PREREQUISITES appear immediately after the course title.
- Course equivalence. Unless otherwise stated, the phrase "or
equivalent" may be considered an implicit part of the prerequisite
for any course. When a student has satisfactorily completed a course(s)
believed to be substantially equivalent to one listed as a prerequisite, the student must consult the instructor or department. If equivalency is
determined to have been satisfied, election may be approved.
- Permission of instructor. The phrase "or permission of
instructor" may be considered an implicit part of the statement of prerequisites for any course. When permission is a stated requirement, or when a student does not have the stated prerequisite for a course but can give evidence of sufficient background, the student should obtain approval
from the instructor or department concerned.
EXCLUDED COMBINATIONS OF ELECTIONS are designated in the course listing of affected courses.
THE CREDIT SYMBOL denotes the official undergraduate
credits that may be earned for the course. Credit is granted in semester
hours. Except for small seminars where the reading and/or writing requirements are intensive, one credit represents no less than one hour of class meeting time each week of the term, and usually represents two hours of work outside of class for each class hour.
INSTRUCTORS for the term are indicated in parentheses
at the end of the description.
THE AREA DISTRIBUTION designation is approved by the
LS&A Curriculum Committee. A course may be approved with the designation Natural Science (NS), Social Science (SS), Humanities
(HU), Mathematical and Symbolic Analysis (MSA), Creative Expression
(CE), Language Requirement (LR), Introductory Composition (INTRODUCTORY
COMPOSITION), or Excluded (Excl). Courses approved with the designation
"Language Requirement" or "Introductory Composition"
may not be used as part of an area distribution plan. If an introductory
language course is designated "Excluded" (Excl), it may not be
used to satisfy the LS&A language requirement. Courses designated "Excluded"
(Excl) may not be included in an area distribution plan.
COURSES SATISFYING CERTAIN COLLEGE REQUIREMENTS ARE SO LISTED. (BS) means that the course may be used toward the 60 approved credits
required for the B.S. degree. Courses meeting or partially meeting the Quantitative
Reasoning requirement are designated (QR/1) or (QR/2).
Courses with Standard Approval for meeting the Race & Ethnicity (R&E)
requirement are so indicated. Other courses may meet the R&E or QR requirements
on a term-by-term basis and are listed in the introductory pages of the LSA Course Guides.
A SPECIAL GRADING PATTERN associated with a particular
course is indicated in the course listing. Some courses offered by the College
are offered MANDATORY CREDIT/NO CREDIT, and the notation "Credit"
or "No Credit" is posted on the transcript.
EXPERIENTIAL, INDEPENDENT STUDY, AND TUTORIAL courses
are so designated. For information concerning LS&A policies about counting
credit earned in Experiential, Independent Study, and Tutorial courses toward
a degree, see the LS&A Bulletin.
REPETITION of a course that varies in content from term
to term is permitted only under certain conditions. When a department or
program has a policy about the repetition of a course for credit, that policy
is included in the course listing. The general statement "May be repeated
for credit with permission" usually means "With permission of
a concentration advisor." In all other instances, a student must get
permission from both the department or program and the Academic Standards
Board to repeat a course for credit. Generally, a course may be elected
for credit once only.
LABORATORY OR OTHER SPECIAL FEES are indicated if known, but are subject to change without notice.
CAEN Lab Access fee. Non-Engineering/CompSci students taking Engineering courses have to pay the CAEN Lab Access fee.
The CAEN Lab Access fee is based on the tuition differential that Engineering students have to pay. The current
fee for 1998-99 (subject to change) was:
- $95 per semester for non-Engineering/Computer Science freshmen and sophomores;
- $170 per semester for juniors, seniors and graduate non-engineers.
Payment may be made at the CAEN Office, 2161 Media Union. This fee must be paid each semester and only provides lab
access for the current semester. Your CAEN account enables you to log on to any CAEN lab workstation.
COST AND WAITLIST INFORMATION
Information about the cost of books/materials for courses and about various
course waitlist procedures is keyed as explained below. This information
can be found at the end of individual descriptions preceding the instructor's
name. The cost information comes first, followed by the waitlist information.
The books/materials for this course:
1 – Cost less than $50.
2 – Cost $50 or more, but less than $100.
3 – Cost $100 or more, but less than $150.
4 – Cost $150 or more.
If the course is closed through Touch-Tone Registration, you should:
1=Get on the WAITLIST through Touch-Tone Registration, and then attend the first class meeting. Policies and procedures for handling the waitlist
will be explained there.
2=Go to the department office to get on a WAITLIST, and then attend the first class meeting. Policies and procedures for handling the waitlist will be explained there.
3=Visit the faculty office to see the instructor
about getting an OVERRIDE into the course.
4=Wait until classes start, and then attend the first class meeting. Policies and procedures for issuing overrides will
be explained there.
A NOTE ON CLASS SIZE: Courses numbered on the 100 and 200 level, especially those which are prerequisites for more advanced courses, often have large enrollments. Class size in such courses can range as high
as 500, although enrollment of 100 to 200 students is more common. To reduce
size, many of these introductory courses are taught in sections. Each section
covers the same material but has a different instructor and meeting time.
For example, sections of Introductory Composition are limited to 22 students, and language sections are limited to 25 (much smaller in some languages, e.g., 15 in Japanese). In addition, many of the larger courses
on the 100 and 200 levels set aside a weekly class or two for small discussion
sections led by teaching assistants. The presence of teaching assistants
in such courses should not deter first-year students from trying to get
to know the professor. Most professors welcome contact with freshmen and are troubled by the tendency of large classes to make contacts more difficult
for students. First-year students should always feel free to see professors
during their office hours and should not suppose that they must have specific
(and profound) questions in mind before visiting.
A Cautionary Note on CRISP Waitlists:
Touch-tone registration Waitlists that begin when a course or section has
filled with registered students serve a number of uses for faculty, departments, and the College. From the students' perspective, however, there is one important
fact to know about how waitlists work. All students should be aware that there is no general rule that when overrides are issued for a class they
must be written for students as they appear in numerical order on the waitlist.
The waitlist exists to let the faculty member know who and how many students
have waitlisted a particular section or course. And yes, the student names
do appear on the list in the chronological order in which students added themselves to the list. No individual faculty member or department is obligated, however, to issue overrides by this numerical ordering. It may be felt that
other criteria weigh more heavily. For example, class standing (senior, junior, etc.) or whether the student is a concentrator in the department
or not may be considered more important than what number a student is on the waitlist. In fact, the only general guess one can reasonably make is that the rule of strictly following the waitlist number is pretty much restricted
to lower-level courses that largely enroll first-year students (not all
lower-level courses do this).
What does this mean, then, for a student who is about to complete a touch-tone
registration? It means that having what appears to be a very good (low)
number apparently assuring a place in a class may be, in fact, no guarantee
at all. The best advice, then, is NOT to exit touch-tone registration without
a full schedule of classes that could be lived with for the coming term.
This may seem unnecessarily pessimistic because of the suggestion that not
all students may end up with their preferred choices in class scheduling, but the advice is intended to be helpful because it offers the most protection. Also, please waitlist only those classes or sections you can attend, and remember that waitlisting for multiple sections of a course does not really help with getting into the course.
Policy on Class Attendance
A. It is critical that students attend classes from the beginning of the term. Even though students may be registered officially
for a course, departments may give away a student's place in a course if the student does not attend:
- the first meeting of biology, chemistry, and physics laboratories
- the first meeting of English Composition Board courses
- either of the first two meetings of English courses
- the first meetings of History 396 and 397
- any one of the first four meetings of language courses in the Romance
- the first two meetings of courses in other departments
At the same time, departments are not obligated to withdraw students
officially from the course, even though the student has been informed that
his/her place in a course has been taken away.
Students are responsible for the accuracy of their schedules
and must be sure that all drops are processed through Touch-Tone Registration
during the normal drop/add period.
B. Students are expected to attend classes regularly.
When the instructor considers the number of absences excessive, that is, when a student's absence from a course endangers that student's satisfactory
academic progress, the instructor may send a written report on the case
to the appropriate advising office.
Concerted absence from any appointed duty by a class or by any number
of students together will be regarded as improper conduct, and those participating
in such action shall be liable to disciplinary action.
Members of athletic teams must present to each instructor, prior to each
absence because of the membership on athletic teams, a written statement
signed by the appropriate authority specifying the exact date of any such
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