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Fall Academic Term 2003 Course Guide

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Courses in Geological Sciences


This page was created at 6:50 PM on Tue, Sep 23, 2003.

Fall Academic Term, 2003 (September 2 - December 19)


Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

GEOSCI100-115 are short (half-term) courses. They consist of detailed examinations of restricted geologic topics. The department lists the specific courses from this series in the Time Schedule for the terms they are offered (fall and winter terms only). Each course, when offered, meets twice weekly for half of the term (first half or second half), and the specific dates for each course are printed in the Time Schedule. These courses are designed primarily for students with no prior geologic training and they are open to all interested persons. GEOSCI 100-115 are offered on the graded pattern (optional pass/fail).


GEOSCI 100. Coral Reefs.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001 — OFFERED SEPT 2 THRU OCT 21. FINAL EXAM ON OCT 21 OR ARRANGED. (Drop/Add deadline=September 22).

Instructor(s): Kyger C Lohmann (kacey@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: (1). (NS). (BS). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GEOSCI 156.

Mini/Short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: http://www.geo.lsa.umich.edu/~kacey/ugrad/100syl.html

Coral Reefs will be an in-depth tour of the biological and physical processes active in modern reef systems to provide a detailed understanding of the ecology of the individual organisms and the complex nature of their interactions within the reef community. Evolution of the reef community will be examined, ranging from the crude framework structures formed over one billion years ago by primitive algae to the luxuriant and diversified reefs of the modern-day oceans, to define the evolutionary strategies of reef building organisms. By tracking these evolutionary strategies through geologic time, the implications of man's intervention with the Earth's hydrosphere and atmosphere on the character of future reef communities will be considered.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 3

GEOSCI 102. Energy from the Earth.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 002 — OFFERED OCT 23 THRU DEC 9. FINAL EXAM DEC 9 OR ARRANGED. (Drop/Add deadline=October 29).

Instructor(s): Stephen E Kesler (skesler@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: (1). (NS). (BS). May not be repeated for credit.

Mini/Short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: No homepage submitted.

A survey of the principal energy resources of the earth: oil (petroleum), natural gas, coal, tar sands, oil shale, geothermal, nuclear. Includes discussions of the geology of these materials, their composition and/or mineralogy, types of deposits, recovery, utilization and technology, and environmental and economic problems. No prerequisites, except that a course in elementary chemistry (high-school or university) is highly desirable. Lectures only. Final examination.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 3

GEOSCI 103. Dinosaurs and Other Failures.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 002 — OFFERED OCT 23 - DEC 9. FINAL EXAM WILL BE DEC 9 OR ARRANGED. (Drop/Add deadline=October 29).

Instructor(s): Tomasz K Baumiller (tomaszb@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: (1). (NS). (BS). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GEOSCI 149.

Mini/Short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: No homepage submitted.

This course will provide an introduction to our current understanding of dinosaurs and certain other reptilian groups of the Mesozoic Era. It is intended for students with an interest in geology, paleontology, or evolution, but does not require prior training in these fields. The course will deal with broad features of the evolutionary history of dinosaurs, methods of reconstructing dinosaur behavior and ecology, new developments in our interpretation of the biology of dinosaurs, and possible causes for the extinction of dinosaurs. There will be two lectures each week and a single exam at the end of the course.

REQUIRED TEXT: Course Pack.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 3

GEOSCI 104. Ice Ages, Past and Future.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 002 — Meets Oct 23 - Dec 9. (Drop/Add deadline=October 29).

Instructor(s): Ted Moore

Prerequisites & Distribution: (1). (NS). (BS). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GEOSCI 151.

Mini/Short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: No homepage submitted.

This course looks at the effects of present and past glaciations on the landscape and on life, humans in particular. Glaciers are examined as dynamic, climatically controlled systems of moving ice. Climatic and environmental changes concurrent with glaciation, in both continental and oceanic realms, are reviewed. The causes of the ice ages that have dominated the Earth for the past two million years and predictions of future ice ages are examined in the light of current geological and climatic research.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

GEOSCI 105. Continents Adrift.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 002 — OFFERED OCT 23 - DEC 9. FINAL EXAM WILL BE DEC 9 OR ARRANGED. (Drop/Add deadline=October 29).

Instructor(s): Larry John Ruff (ruff@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: (1). (NS). (BS). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GEOSCI 205 or 146.

Mini/Short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: No homepage submitted.

This one-credit course will explore the mobility of the continents and oceans in geological times. Conceptual and factual material will be combined with the principles of plate tectonics and the processes that drive the plates. No special background is recommended, and evaluation will be based on a final exam. The goals of this mini course are to familiarize students with one of the more exciting recent developments in earth sciences, a unifying concept that explains oceans evolution, mountain building, earthquakes, and volcanoes.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 3

GEOSCI 107. Volcanoes and Earthquakes.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001 — OFFERED SEPT 2 - OCT 21. FINAL EXAM ON OCT 21 OR ARRANGED. (Drop/Add deadline=September 22).

Instructor(s): Carolina R Lithgow-Bertelloni (crlb@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: (1). (NS). (BS). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GEOSCI 205, 146, or 147.

Mini/Short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: http://cronopio.geo.lsa.umich.edu/~crlb/COURSES/107-EQandVolcanoes/

The course is a study of the Earth in action and includes the following topics:

  • geography of earthquakes and volcanoes;
  • catastrophic events in historic times;
  • size and frequency of occurrence of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions;
  • the products of volcanism;
  • volcanic rocks;
  • volcanic activity through geologic time;
  • volcanic exhalations and the evolution of the Earth's atmosphere and oceans;
  • relationship of earthquakes and volcanoes to plate tectonics and the internal dynamics of the Earth;
  • volcanism and geothermal energy;
  • manmade earthquakes; and
  • earthquake prediction and control.

Instruction by lecture, evaluation on basis of final exam and participation. See web page.

RECOMMENDED TEXTS: Earthquakes, by Bolt; and Volcanoes, by Decker.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 5, Permission of department required.

GEOSCI 107. Volcanoes and Earthquakes.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 002 — OFFERED OCT 23 THRU DEC 9. FINAL EXAM ON DEC 9 OR ARRANGED. (Drop/Add deadline=October 29).

Instructor(s): Youxue Zhang (youxue@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: (1). (NS). (BS). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GEOSCI 205, 146, or 147.

Mini/Short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: No homepage submitted.

The course is a study of the Earth in action and includes the following topics:

  • geography of earthquakes and volcanoes;
  • catastrophic events in historic times;
  • size and frequency of occurrence of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions;
  • the products of volcanism;
  • volcanic rocks;
  • volcanic activity through geologic time;
  • volcanic exhalations and the evolution of the Earth's atmosphere and oceans;
  • relationship of earthquakes and volcanoes to plate tectonics and the internal dynamics of the Earth;
  • volcanism and geothermal energy;
  • manmade earthquakes; and
  • earthquake prediction and control.

Instruction by lecture, evaluation on basis of quizzes and final exam.

RECOMMENDED TEXTS: Earthquakes, by Bolt; and Volcanoes, by Decker.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 3

GEOSCI 108. Making Mountains and the Earth's Surface.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001 — OFFERED SEPT 2 THRU OCT 21. FINAL EXAM ON OCT 21 OR ARRANGED. (Drop/Add deadline=September 22).

Instructor(s): Todd A Ehlers

Prerequisites & Distribution: (1). (NS). May not be repeated for credit.

Mini/Short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: No homepage submitted.

This course investigates the processes responsible for the formation of mountains and the Earth's surface. Emphasis will be placed on understanding how plate tectonics, climate, rivers, glaciers, and landslides interact to produce the spectacular topography in mountain ranges around the world.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 3

GEOSCI 110. The History of the Oceans.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001 — OFFERED SEPT 2 - OCT 21. FINAL EXAM ON OCT 21 OR ARRANGED. (Drop/Add deadline=September 22).

Instructor(s): David K Rea (davidrea@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: (1). (NS). (BS). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GEOSCI 222.

Mini/Short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: No homepage submitted.

The history of past oceanic inhabitants, events, and environments is recorded in the sediments which have accumulated on the ocean bottom throughout geologic time. Fossils of marine plants and animals are a major part of the historical record; they give evidence of past oceanic living conditions and the evolution of life forms in the sea. Sediment particles eroded from land and carried to the oceans by rivers and winds provide insights into past climates on continents. Changes in ocean currents and in seawater chemistry have left their mark on the sediment record; the possible causes of these changes are explored. Plate tectonics and seafloor spreading have rearranged the shapes of ocean basins and repositioned continents over time. These processes are reflected in the record in marine sediments still present on the ocean floor and also in those now uplifted to form part of the continents. Occasional quizzes and a single exam at the end of the course will determine the course grade.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 3

GEOSCI 111. Climate and Mankind.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 002 — OFFERED OCT 23 THRU DEC 9. FINAL EXAM ON DEC 9 OR ARRANGED. (Drop/Add deadline=October 29).

Instructor(s): Henry N Pollack (hpollack@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: (1). (NS). (BS). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GEOSCI 201 or 151.

Mini/Short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: No homepage submitted.

The intent of GEOSCI 111 is to give a heightened awareness to students of the nature and fragility of the Earth's climate, and how changes in climate have affected past civilizations and may affect our future. Course topics will include: a description of the climate systems of the Earth: the atmosphere, oceans, and polar ice caps; the information we gather to understand the history of those systems; how changes in climate have affected past civilizations, and what we think will happen to the planet when the long expected "Greenhouse Effect — Global Warming" finally arrives.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 3

GEOSCI 113. Planets and Moons.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001 — OFFERED SEPT 2 THRU OCT 21. FINAL EXAM ON OCT 21 OR ARRANGED. (Drop/Add deadline=September 22).

Instructor(s): Peter E Van Keken (keken@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: (1). (NS). (BS). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GEOSCI 204 or 153.

Mini/Short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: http://www.geo.lsa.umich.edu/~keken/113.html

This lecture course provides a current survey of the geology and climates of the various bodies of the solar system in light of the extraordinary advances in planetary exploration during the past two decades. Topics treated include historical development of geological ideas about the solar system, planetary evolution, variability of geological processes throughout the solar system, and individual portraits of the principal members of the solar system family. No previous geological background is required. Course grade will be determined from a single objective-type final examination.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 3

GEOSCI 115. Geologic Time.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001 — OFFERED SEPT 2 THRU OCT 21. FINAL EXAM ON OCT 21 OR ARRANGED. (Drop/Add deadline=September 22).

Instructor(s): Samuel B Mukasa (mukasa@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: (1). (NS). (BS). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GEOSCI 135 or 145.

Mini/Short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: http://coursetools.ummu.umich.edu/2003/fall/geosci/115/001.nsf

Until the middle of the 18th century the Earth was generally thought to be less than 10,000 years old, and according to many, close to its apocalyptic end. We now know that the Earth formed 4.5 billion years ago and that the entire history of mankind is nothing but the latest tiny fraction of Earth history. The formation of rocks, continental drift, volcanoes, and earthquakes are evaluated in the framework of geologic time and plate tectonics. The discovery of time from the Renaissance to the latest high tech developments in radioactive dating is reviewed. Finally, the history of planet Earth is described including its accretion out of dust and giant impacts, the origin of the Moon, the formation of the atmosphere and oceans, the development of life, and the building of continents. The course draws upon examples meaningful to the student to illustrate the principles. Lectures twice weekly for half the term. There is a final one hour examination.

REQUIRED TEXT: A Short History of Planet Earth, by MacDougall. In paperback.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 3

GEOSCI 117. Introduction to Geology.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Kyger C Lohmann (kacey@umich.edu) , Henry N Pollack (hpollack@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: (5). (NS). (BS). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GEOSCI 116, 119, or 120. Those with credit for one of GEOSCI 205 OR 206 may only elect GEOSCI 117 for 4 credits; No credit granted to those who have completed both GEOSCI 205 AND 206.

Credits: (5).

Course Homepage: http://coursetools.ummu.umich.edu/2003/fall/geosci/117/002.nsf

GEOSCI 117 is a single term course structured to provide students from all backgrounds with an understanding of the history of Earth and of the natural processes which have given rise to its landscapes, oceans, and continents. This includes examination of: the physical processes which give rise to plate tectonics and the formation of earthquakes, volcanoes, the uplift of major mountain ranges; and of the chemical and biological phenomena which modify the character of the atmosphere-hydrosphere-biosphere at the Earth's surface. This course includes a laboratory to provide hands-on experience in identifying common rocks and minerals and in understanding geological and topographical maps. Course includes lectures and weekly laboratory and discussion sections. Topics covered in class lecture are reviewed weekly in a one hour discussion section.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 3

GEOSCI 118. Introductory Geology Laboratory.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Instructor(s):

Prerequisites & Distribution: Prior or concurrent enrollment in GEOSCI 119, or 205 and 206, or 135. (1). (NS). (BS). May not be repeated for credit. Credit is not granted for GEOSCI 118 to those with credit for an introductory course in geology (GEOSCI 116, 117, or 218).

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: http://coursetools.ummu.umich.edu/2003/fall/geosci/118/002.nsf

The laboratory provides hands-on experience with minerals, rocks, and maps. Participants will learn to identify common minerals and rocks, use topographic and geologic maps, and draw and interpret geologic cross sections. Examples will be drawn from areas of recent glaciation, volcanism, and earthquakes to show how these features are depicted in maps.

REQUIRED TEXT: Laboratory Manual for Physical Geology, by Jones and Norris.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 3

GEOSCI 119. Introductory Geology Lectures.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Kyger C Lohmann (kacey@umich.edu) , Henry N Pollack (hpollack@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: (4). (NS). (BS). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GEOSCI 116, 117, 120. No credit granted to those who have completed both GEOSCI 205 AND 206. Those with credit for one of GEOSCI 205 OR 206 may only elect GEOSCI 119 for 3 credits.

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: http://coursetools.ummu.umich.edu/2003/fall/geosci/117/001.nsf

This course shares lectures and a weekly discussion section with GEOSCI 117, but does not provide a laboratory experience. Students requiring a ONE-TERM introductory science course with laboratory should elect GEOSCI 117.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 3

GEOSCI 142. From Stars to Stones.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Wendy R Panero

Prerequisites & Distribution: High school math and science. Only first-year students (including first-year students with sophomore standing) may pre-register for this course. All other students need permission of instructor. (3). (NS). (BS). May not be repeated for credit. Those with credit for GEOSCI 114 may only elect GEOSCI 142 for 2 credits.

First-Year Seminar

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No homepage submitted.

This course starts with stellar evolution and the formation of the elements in stars, and ends at the formation of terrestrial planets (especially our Earth) from these elements and the early evolution of these planets. Students will learn cosmochemical and geochemical concepts and methods, and apply them to study several theme topics. The theme topics may include: origin of the elements, lifetime of the sun, abundance of the elements, age of the Earth and solar system, origin of the Earth, internal structure of the Earth, planetary atmospheres, and meteorites. Though factual knowledge is an important part of the course, emphasis is on how scientists study and solve problems and how science progresses using historical examples. (Quantitative reasoning will be an important part of the course.)

REQUIRED TEXTBOOKS: From Stone to Star, by C. Allegre (1992) and The Elements, by Cox.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 5, Permission of department required.

GEOSCI 145. Evolution of the Earth.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Samuel B Mukasa (mukasa@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Only first-year students (including first-year students with sophomore standing) may pre-register for this course. All others need permission of instructor. (3). (NS). (BS). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GEOSCI 135. Those with credit for GEOSCI 115 may only elect GEOSCI 145 for 2 credits.

First-Year Seminar

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: http://coursetools.ummu.umich.edu/2003/fall/geosci/145/001.nsf

This seminar course is intended for first-year students with no previous knowledge of, or experience in, the earth sciences. The material introduces students to the history of the Earth from its formation in the solar nebula, through the development of the continents, oceans, atmosphere, and life to its present state as an active planet. The course explains how various features of the Earth "work," including continental drift, volcanoes, and the formation of most rocks; how theories are developed in geology; and how the magnitude of time has been determined. The course is divided into two halves. In the first half, the basic concepts are explained. In the second half, each student makes a presentation covering a relevant subject followed by discussion. Assessment is by two one-hour examinations and the oral presentation, which forms the basis for a term paper. Regular assigned readings from the course text book are essential.

REQUIRED TEXTBOOK: Evolution of the Earth by Prothero and Dott, Jr. 6th edition, (2002).

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 5, Permission of department required.

GEOSCI 150. Dinosaur Extinction and Other Controversies.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Jeff Wilson

Prerequisites & Distribution: Only first-year students (including first-year students with sophomore standing) may pre-register for this course. All others need permission of instructor. (3). (NS). (BS). May not be repeated for credit.

First-Year Seminar

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No homepage submitted.

One of the most dramatic developments in the sciences is the suggestion that a meteorite impact caused the extinction of the dinosaurs. This controversial idea is one of many that will be addressed in this course, which deals broadly with the evolution and extinction of life on Earth. After an overview of the history of life, we will examine high-profile debates on whether major evolutionary events and mass extinctions occur gradually or catastrophically, whether dinosaurs are really extinct, and other topics.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 3

GEOSCI 154. Ocean Resources.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Philip A Meyers (pameyers@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: High school science and math recommended. Only first-year students (including first-year students with sophomore standing) may pre-register for this course. All others need permission of instructor. (3). (NS). (BS). May not be repeated for credit.

First-Year Seminar

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No homepage submitted.

The ocean has provided many resources to humans, and the availability of these resources rests on scientific principles. This course will address a number of equivocal issues facing ocean scientists and makers of marine policies. Students will be asked to examine critically some of the conflicting demands being placed on the resources of the oceans by modern societies. Some examples are the conflicts that emerge from protection of natural beaches and wetlands as opposed to the economic benefits of coastal developments such as marinas and harbors, and from protection of endangered species as opposed to the undeniable need for more food for more people. Each student will select one of the weekly topics and lead class discussions on this topic. One written paper and one written exam will be required.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 5: Permission of department required.

GEOSCI 170. Matter, Life, and Environment.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 002 — MEETS OCT 23 - DEC 9. FINAL EXAM WILL BE ON DEC 9 OR ARRANGED. (Drop/Add deadline=October 29).

Instructor(s): Ben van der Pluijm (vdpluijm@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: (1). (Excl). May not be repeated for credit.

Mini/short course

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: No homepage submitted.

A world that is increasingly pervaded and influenced by science demands a basic knowledge of the natural world and an understanding of the human role in shaping our environment. This minicourse explores critical aspects of science in a changing world, including matter, life, energy and climate effects of today's economies.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 3

GEOSCI 171 / ENVIRON 110 / BIOLOGY 110 / GEOG 110 / NRE 110 / AOSS 171 / ENSCEN 171. Introduction to Global Change: Physical Processes.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Ben A Van Der Pluijm (vdpluijm@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: (4). (NS). (BS). May not be repeated for credit. Satisfies the geography requirement for State of Michigan certification for social studies teachers.

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: http://globalchange.umich.edu/globalchange1/

See Environment 110.001.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

GEOSCI 201 / GEOG 201. Introductory Geography: Earth Systems Science.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Lars P Stixrude (stixrude@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: (4). (NS). (BS). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GEOSCI 144. Those with credit for GEOSCI 111 may only elect GEOSCI 201 for 3 credits.

Credits: (4; 3 in the half-term).

Course Homepage: http://www.geo.lsa.umich.edu/~stixrude/GS201/index.html

This basic introduction to physical geography emphasizes the nature and dynamics of the earth system including the atmosphere, hydrosphere, and solid earth, and their interactions. Topics include:

  • seasons, heat balance, global warming, ozone destruction, and circulation,
  • moisture, precipitation, clouds, groundwater, ocean circulation, waves and tides,
  • plate tectonics, landform evolution, and soil development,
  • the biosphere, climate evolution, and global change.

Students in this lecture-lab course are evaluated by hourly and final examinations, with satisfactory completion of the lab work a prerequisite to the final course evaluation.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 3

GEOSCI 204 / AOSS 204 / ASTRO 204. The Planets: Their Geology and Climates.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Sushil K Atreya, William R Kuhn

Prerequisites & Distribution: High school mathematics through plane geometry and trigonometry. (3). (NS). (BS). May not be repeated for credit. Those with credit for GEOSCI 113 may only elect GEOSCI 204 for 2 credits.

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No homepage submitted.

This course will present perspectives on the evolution of the solar system in both an historical context and in light of the extraordinary scientific advances resulting from recent space exploration. The principal focus will be on the structure, composition, and evolutionary history of the interiors, surfaces, and atmospheres of the planets and their satellites. Special emphasis will be given to comparative aspects of geology, meteorology, and climatology as developed on the various bodies of the solar system. Concepts of space exploration techniques will also be presented. The course is intended for non-science concentrators and other students with typical high school science and math backgrounds.

Textbook: The Planetary System, Morrison and Owen, 2nd ed., 1996.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 3

GEOSCI 205. How the Earth Works: the Dynamic Planet.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Jeffrey C Alt (jalt@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: (2). (NS). (BS). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GEOSCI 116, 117, 119, 120, or 146. No credit granted to those who have completed both GEOSCI 105 and 107. Those with credit for one of GEOSCI 105 and 107 may only elect GEOSCI 205 for 1 credit.

Credits: (2).

Course Homepage: http://www-personal.umich.edu/~jalt/GS205_HomePage.html

The dynamic Earth has given us oceans, continents, and an atmosphere. Its continuing activity is manifested today by the destructive powers of such natural phenomena as volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, and mountain building. The unifying concept of plate tectonics contains the clue to the shape and changes in the physical environment of the Earth from its initial formation to today. Our goal is to present a fully integrated approach to the evolving Earth's unique features in our solar system and explain its physical and chemical principles using conceptual and factual material. Extensive use is made of videos, slides, and classroom demonstrations. Two lectures/week; evaluation based on midterm and final exam. No special background required. This course can be taken singly or concurrently with its companion course (GEOSCI 206); together they constitute a balanced introduction to modern Earth Sciences.

REQUIRED TEXTBOOK: Earth Science Today by Brendan Murphy and Damian Nance, (1999).

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 3

GEOSCI 222. Introductory Oceanography.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Ingrid L Hendy (ihendy@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: (3). (NS). (BS). (QR/2). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in AOSS 203.

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No homepage submitted.

This course introduces students to the scientific study of the oceans. Contents include the shape, structure, and origin of the ocean basins; the sedimentary record of oceanic life and conditions in the past; the composition of seawater and its influence on life and climate; waves and currents; the life of the oceans and how it depends upon the marine environment; and the resources of the ocean and their wise use by society. The course format consists of lectures and readings from an assigned textbook. The course grade will be based on three one-hour exams and a two-hour final exam.

REQUIRED TEXT: Introduction to the World's Oceans by Duxbury.

MARINE GEOLOGY CONCENTRATORS MUST ALSO ELECT GEOSCI 223. OPTIONAL FOR OTHERS.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 3

GEOSCI 223. Introductory Oceanography, Laboratory.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Instructor(s):

Prerequisites & Distribution: Concurrent enrollment in GEOSCI 222. (1). (NS). (BS). (QR/2). May not be repeated for credit.

Credits: (1).

Course Homepage: No homepage submitted.

This course is an optional laboratory intended to provide students with opportunities to explore further various oceanography topics presented in the GEOSCI 222 lectures. Laboratory sessions will include sampling procedures, use of equipment, discussions, and demonstrations of how data are generated. The course grade will be based on written laboratory exercises and a final exam.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 3

GEOSCI 231. Elements of Mineralogy.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Eric J Essene (essene@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: Prior or concurrent enrollment in CHEM 125/126//130 or 210/211. (4). (Excl). (BS). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GEOSCI 431. Those with credit for GEOSCI 232 may elect GEOSCI 231 for only 2 credits.

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: http://www-personal.umich.edu/~essene/231%20mineralogy/

This course offers a comprehensive introduction to the nature, properties, structures, and modes of occurrence of minerals. The general features of the common rock-forming minerals are covered in lectures (3 hours per week). Topics that will be covered include an introduction to crystal chemistry, phase equilibria and crystallography, as well as the use of the SEM and XRD in characterizing solids. The principal rock-forming minerals such as sulfides, oxides, carbonates, garnets, olivines, pyroxenes, amphiboles, micas, and feldspars are individually reviewed with respect to properties, structures, genesis, and their natural associations. The laboratory (three hours per week) includes systematic study of the properties and associations of the common rock-forming minerals and the routine use of the polarizing microscope for mineral identifications. In early October, there is a required four-day field trip to Bancroft, Ontario, and a one-day trip to northern Ohio. Students will each collect a rock-forming mineral and prepare a term paper on a study using optics, XRD and SEM observations. This provides an independent research experience and the paper itself also may be used for the undergraduate writing requirement. The grade is based on two midterms and a final exam, laboratory exercises, the term project, and class participation. GEOSCI 231 is a prerequisite to the Geological Sciences concentration program in the Department of Geological Sciences.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 1

GEOSCI 280 / ENVIRON 280. Mineral Resources, Economics, and the Environment.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Stephen E Kesler (skesler@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: (4). (NS). (BS). (QR/2). May not be repeated for credit.

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: http://coursetools.ummu.umich.edu/2003/fall/geosci/280/001.nsf

GEOSCI 280 deals with mineral resource-related problems in a complex society. The course discusses the origin, distribution, and remaining supplies of copper, gold, diamonds, potash, sulfur, gravel, water, soil and other important mineral resources in terms of the economic, engineering, political, and environmental factors that govern their recovery, processing, and use. (Mineral fuels, including coal, oil, natural gas and uranium (nuclear) are not included in this course and are covered in GEOSCI 102). Topics discussed in GEOSCI 280 include ore-forming processes, mineral exploration methods, mineral land access, strip mining, recycling, smelting methods, money and gold, mercury poisoning, and taxation vs. corporate profit. Three lectures and one discussion per week. Evaluation by means of quizzes, exercises, and a final exam.

Required text: Resources of the Earth (Craig, Vaughan and Skinner). A course pack is also required.

No previous background in geology is necessary for this course.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 5, Permission of Department

GEOSCI 284. Environmental Geology.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Larry John Ruff (ruff@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: (4). (NS). (BS). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GEOSCI 148. Those with credit for GEOSCI 147 may only elect GEOSCI 284 for 3 credits.

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: http://www.geo.lsa.umich.edu/~ruff/geo284.F2003/main.html

Environmental Geology deals with interactions between people and the Earth. It begins with an introduction to geologic materials and processes and goes on to specific topics such as soil, surface and ground water, natural hazards (volcanism, landslides, earthquakes, floods), global warming, and waste disposal. Previous experience in geology is not required. The course includes three lectures and one discussion period (in which homework exercises are explained and discussed) per week. Evaluation is by means of quizzes, exercises, and a final exam.

REQUIRED TEXTBOOKS: Geology and the Environment by Pipkin & Trent, (1998); Investigations in Environmental Geology by Foley & McKenzie, (1998).

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 5, Permission of department required.

GEOSCI 305. Sedimentary Geology.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Bruce H Wilkinson (eustasy@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: An introductory geological sciences laboratory course. (4). (Excl). (BS). May not be repeated for credit.

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: http://www-personal.umich.edu/~eustasy/GS305.HTML

Sedimentary Geology is one of several geology core courses required of all concentrators. The course format consists of two lectures, one evening discussion session, and one scheduled two-hour laboratory each week. In addition, three one-day field trips, scheduled from September to November, are required. The lectures will examine the principles and processes of sedimentation, and survey modern surficial environments, aspects of sediment diagenesis, and the tectono-sedimentological evolution of the Phanerozoic North American continent. The laboratory will provide an in-depth familiarization with terrigenous clastic and non-clastic rocks, in hand sample and thin section, and focus on identification of constituent grains, their fabric and classification. Evaluation is based on two lecture examinations, laboratory quizzes and assignments, and field trip projects.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 3

GEOSCI 417. Geology of the Great Lakes.

Introductory Courses and Courses for Non-concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): David K Rea (davidrea@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: An introductory course in geology, biology, or oceanography, and permission of instructor. (2). (Excl). (BS). May not be repeated for credit.

Credits: (2).

Course Homepage: No homepage submitted.

Fresh water is becoming one of mankind's most precious resources. This course investigates the modern physical and chemical nature, and the environmental geology and paleoclimatic history of large lakes, with emphasis on the Laurentian Great Lakes of North America. Topics include introductions to physical limnology (seasonal cycles, circulation, waves), processes of sedimentation in large lakes (including the deposition of clastic, biogenic, chemical, and anthropogenic materials), and methods and results of age-dating and isotopic investigations. Records of both natural and human-caused changes found in lake sediments will be discussed and interpreted by the class. Instruction is by lecture/seminar format. Students will be evaluated on the basis of a class presentation and by a midterm and final exam. Prerequisites are an introductory class in geology, biology or oceanography.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 5, Permission of Instructor

GEOSCI 420. Introductory Earth Physics.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Peter E Van Keken (keken@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: MATH 116. (3). (Excl). (BS). May not be repeated for credit.

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: http://www.geo.lsa.umich.edu/~keken/420.html

An introduction to the physics of the solid earth. Topics include: seismology and structure of the earth's interior; geodynamics; gravity and the figure of the earth; isostasy; geomagnetism and paleomagnetism and its implications for plate tectonics; and geothermics and the thermal history of the Earth. Instruction is by lecture; students are evaluated on the basis of weekly problem sets and a final problem set.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 3

GEOSCI 421. Principles of Physical Oceanography.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): David Rea (davidrea@umich.edu), Theodore C Moore (tedmoore@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: GEOSCI 222 and 223; MATH 115 and 116. (3). (Excl). May not be repeated for credit.

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: No homepage submitted.

This course examines the fundamentals of physical oceanography; the physical properties of the ocean and water masses; circulation of the atmosphere, sea surface and deep waters; the behavior of light and sound in the ocean; surface and internal waves; tides; and coastal oceanography including the circulation of estuaries and lagoons.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 3

GEOSCI 422. Principles of Geochemistry.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Youxue Zhang (youxue@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: GEOSCI 231, 305, 310 and CHEM 125/126/130. (3). (Excl). (BS). May not be repeated for credit.

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: http://coursetools.ummu.umich.edu/2003/fall/geosci/422/001.nsf

The course is designed to provide a quantitative introduction to geochemical aspects applied to earth sciences. Topics which will be covered include: abundance of the elements; isotope geochemistry; thermodynamic and kinetic controls of the distribution of the elements; water chemistry; crystal chemistry; geochemistry of igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks; and geochemical cycles and models. Instruction will consist of lectures and discussion sessions for the homework problems and reviewing of necessary mathematics/physics/chemistry background. The course is primarily intended for seniors concentrating in the geological sciences, but is also open to geology graduate students with advisor approval, and undergraduate or graduate students concentrating in chemistry and related fields. Evaluation will be based on homework problems, a midterm examination, a short term paper, and a final comprehensive examination.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 3

GEOSCI 428. Mineral Surface Chemistry.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Udo Becker (ubecker@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: One course in mineralogy, petrology, solid state chemistry, solid state physics, or materials science. (3). (Excl). May not be repeated for credit.

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: http://coursetools.ummu.umich.edu/2003/fall/geosci/428/001.nsf

This course will introduce the surface sensitive techniques to determine the composition, atomic and electronic structure of material surfaces. Examples will be studied on fundamental processes such as surface stability and reactivity in environmental mineralogy or in catalytic processes in the atmosphere, in soils, in sediments, and in technical applications.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 3

GEOSCI 437. Evolution of Vertebrates.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Jeffrey Wilson (wilsonja@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: A course in general biology or historical geology. (4). (Excl). (BS). May not be repeated for credit.

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: No homepage submitted.

This course provides students with a detailed interaction with the facts and hypotheses regarding the origin and evolution of all the groups of vertebrate animals (except mammals — see GEOSCI 438). Lectures and labs explore the fossil record and history through time of sharks, bony fishes, ancient armored fishes, amphibians, turtles, dinosaurs, pterodactyls, crocodilians, lizards, and birds. Adaptations and extinctions are studied in the context of earth history, paleoecology, and evolution. Three lectures and one lab per week. Graded on the basis of two exams and one term paper.

REQUIRED TEXT: Course Pack.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 3

GEOSCI 442. Earth Surface Processes and Soils.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Joel D Blum (jdblum@umich.edu), Todd A Ehlers

Prerequisites & Distribution: Upperclass standing; an introductory course in physical geology is recommended but not required. (4). (Excl). (BS). May not be repeated for credit.

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: No homepage submitted.

Study of processes resulting in landforms on the Earth's solid surface and the formation of soils on these landforms. Emphasis includes present-day processes as well as the evolution of landforms over geologic time. GEOSCI 442 is intended for a wide, but professional audience: geologists, archaeologists, ecologists, resource managers, civil engineers, at a level appropriate for seniors and first-year graduate students. A previous course in geology is not required, but would be helpful. Lectures, map exercises, and several required field trips to examine landforms and processes in southern Michigan. Grading: a midterm and final exam, and exercises.

REQUIRED TEXTBOOKS: Process Geomorphology, 4th Ed., by Ritter, Kochel and Miller; and Interpretation of Landforms from Topographic Maps & Air Photographs: A Laboratory Manual, by Easterbrook and Kovanen.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

GEOSCI 465 / CHEM 467 / AOSS 467. Biogeochemical Cycles.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Mary Anne Carroll (mcarroll@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: MATH 116, CHEM 210, and PHYSICS 240 (or 260). (3). (Excl). (BS). May not be repeated for credit.

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: http://coursetools.ummu.umich.edu/2003/fall/aoss/467/001.nsf

See Chemistry 467.001.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 3

GEOSCI 467. Stratigraphy.

Primarily for Concentrators

Instructor(s): Bruce H Wilkinson (eustasy@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: GEOSCI 305, 310, and 351. (3). (Excl). (BS). May not be repeated for credit.

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: http://coursetools.ummu.umich.edu/2003/fall/aoss/467/001.nsf

Stratigraphy is an intermediate level course which evaluates the framework for determining the time-space-rock relationship present within the sedimentary record of Earth history. It will provide an understanding of the principles and terminology of stratigraphy (including lithostratigraphy, biostratigraphy, seismic stratigraphy, and chronostratigraphy). These principles will be applied directly to real geological sequences through problem oriented exercises, including exercises in seismic stratigraphic and seismic facies interpretation. Synthesis of tectonic, sedimentologic, and paleontologic data within this context will provide the basis for resolving the environmental and physical evolution of the Earth as a dynamic, interactive system. Prerequisites: an introductory geology course and Sedimentology (GEOSCI 305). Recommended background: Structural Geology (GEOSCI 351) and Paleontology. Evaluation of student performance will be based on two examinations and ongoing class projects and exercises. This course will satisfy the 400-level requirement.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 3

GEOSCI 477. Hydrogeology.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Maria C Cruz Da Silva Castro (mccastro@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: PHYSICS 140 (or 160)/141, CHEM 125/126/130, and MATH 116; MATH 215/216 are recommended. (4). (Excl). (BS). May not be repeated for credit.

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: No homepage submitted.

This course provides an introduction to hydrogeology with particular emphasis to physical aspects. We will particularly focus on process and direct applications to geological settings. Problem solving is an important course component. The hydrologic cycle, physical rock framework, and properties of aquifer systems will be described and quantified. Groundwater flow and mass transport equations will be covered, as well as pump test design and analysis. Natural tracers and groundwater dating also will be discussed. An introduction to groundwater modeling with simulation of groundwater flow and mass transport will be provided.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: No Data Given.

GEOSCI 486. Geodynamics.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Carolina R Lithgow-Bertelloni (crlb@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: GEOSCI 420 and prior or concurrent election of MATH 215 and PHYSICS 240 (or 260). (3). (Excl). (BS). May not be repeated for credit.

Credits: (3).

Course Homepage: http://cronopio.geo.lsa.umich.edu/~crlb/COURSES/486-Geodynamics/

The main objective of this course is to learn how the Earth works and evolves. Geodynamics is the study of the forces that shape and have shaped our planet. Geodynamical processes range from the longest to the shortest length- and time-scales. Scale lengths that range from plate motions to microscopic crystal deformation and magma migration. Time scales from minutes to millions of years. Our primary goal is not only to learn about the observations that have given us the first-order understanding of the last 4.5 billion years of Earth's history, but also to learn to use and construct the theoretical framework that lends meaning to our observations. it is only within the latter context that a complete understanding of the forces acting on the Earth can take place.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 3

GEOSCI 489. Geological Sciences Honors.

Primarily for Concentrators

Instructor(s):

Prerequisites & Distribution: Permission of instructor. (1-6). (Excl). (BS). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for credit for a maximum of 6 credits. Continuing Course. Y grade can be reported at end of the first-term to indicate work in progress. At the end of the second term (GEOSCI 490), the final grade is posted for both term's elections.

Credits: (1-6).

Course Homepage: No homepage submitted.

Readings, discussions, and special work in geological sciences for undergraduate Honors students. May be taken as a one-term or two-term sequence with GEOSCI 490.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 5, Permission of instructor/department

GEOSCI 490. Geological Sciences Honors.

Primarily for Concentrators

Instructor(s):

Prerequisites & Distribution: Permission of instructor. (1-6). (Excl). (BS). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for credit for a maximum of 6 credits. Continuing Course. Y grade can be reported at end of the first-term to indicate work in progress. At the end of the second term of GEOSCI 490, the final grade is posted for both term's elections.

Credits: (1-6).

Course Homepage: No homepage submitted.

Readings, discussions, and special work in geological sciences for undergraduate Honors students. May be taken as a one-term or two-term sequence with GEOSCI 489.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 5, Permission of instructor/department

GEOSCI 498. Research or Special Work.

Primarily for Concentrators

Instructor(s):

Prerequisites & Distribution: Permission of instructor. (1-6). (Excl). (BS). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for credit for a maximum of 6 credits.

Credits: (1-6).

Course Homepage: No homepage submitted.

Research or special work in geological sciences for undergraduate or graduate students. May be taken as a one-term or two-term sequence with GEOSCI 499.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 5, Permission of instructor/department

GEOSCI 499. Research or Special Work.

Primarily for Concentrators

Instructor(s):

Prerequisites & Distribution: Permission of instructor. (1-6). (Excl). (BS). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for credit for a maximum of 6 credits.

Credits: (1-6).

Course Homepage: No homepage submitted.

Research or special work in geological sciences for undergraduate or graduate students. May be taken as a one-term or two-term sequence with GEOSCI 498.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 5, Permission of instructor/department

GEOSCI 515. Tectonics of Oceans and Continents.

Primarily for Concentrators

Section 001.

Instructor(s): Rob Van Der Voo (voo@umich.edu)

Prerequisites & Distribution: GEOSCI 351. (4). (Excl). (BS). May not be repeated for credit.

Credits: (4).

Course Homepage: http://coursetools.ummu.umich.edu/2003/fall/geosci/515/001.nsf

GEOSCI 515 is a course in general tectonics intended for first- or second-year graduate students in geology. It considers modern tectonic processes at plate boundaries and the geologic signatures of past large-scale tectonic events. Most of the present day plate boundaries lie beneath the sea, but ocean basins are relatively young features so it is the continents that preserve the long geologic record of past events. The course will be subdivided into five segments:

  1. Introduction and theory development;
  2. processes at modern plate boundaries;
  3. evolution of new and old ocean basins;
  4. modern tectonic systems of the continents; and
  5. the geologic history of those systems.

Students will be required to read and understand the geological literature, present oral reports, and write papers and research proposals.

Intended Audience: The primary audience for GEOSCI 515 will be first- or second-year graduate students in the Department of Geological Sciences, along with occasional seniors.

Writing Requirements: Students will be required to produce a written scientific report or a research proposal as a term project. Exams will be in essay format.

Student participation: Students will be expected to participate in discussion during the lecture portion of the class. The seminar portion of the class, one hour per week, will be devoted to student presentations. Experience with student presentations shows that learning to speak cogently on any given topic takes practice, this course will provide a more comfortable venue for that practice than a student's first major scientific meeting with scores of strangers in the conference hall.

Check Times, Location, and Availability Cost: No Data Given. Waitlist Code: 3


Graduate Course Listings for GEOSCI.


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