General Near East (Division 439)

101. Introduction to Near Eastern Studies. (4). (HU).

The Near East is a major region of the world. It stretches from Central Asia to North Africa and subsumes many different peoples, cultures, and countries, including Afghanistan, Iran Turkey, Israel, and the Arab countries. Near Eastern Studies is a multi-disciplinary attempt to understand the many cultures and civilizations in the region, not only those of today, but also those of earlier times, as much of Classical Civilization as well as modern Western Civilization originates in the Near East. As such the study of the Near East is a rewarding enterprise which can help much in understanding our own culture, how it came about, and what it is now. NES offers a general interdisciplinary introduction to the Near East. It surveys the ancient Near East, classical Near East, and contemporary Near East, including extensive observations of the Near Eastern heritage in Western culture. It is taught by some 20 faculty from Near Eastern Studies, Anthropology, Economics, History, History of Art, Political Science, and the School of Music. The student is thus exposed not only to a great variety of topics, but also a great variety of disciplines, and faculty. There are no exams. Grades are based on 6 quizzes and a term project. [Cost:1] [WL:1] (Windfuhr)

201/Rel. 201. Introduction to World Religions: Near Eastern. (4). (HU).

See Religion 201.

361. God and History in the Ancient Near East. (3). (Excl).

This course, specifically for undergraduates, attempts a combination of approaches to Ancient Near Eastern History, one which stresses cultural and intellectual concerns against the backdrop of necessary political history. Beginning with the decipherment of the first writing in Mesopotamia and Egypt, the study explores the first organization of human life and activity in recorded history. The course is as much interested in "capturing" the human perspectives of the era (3000-323 B.C.) as in setting in order consecutive events. We shall be looking at politics, religion, subsistence issues, literature and world-views of ancient Semitic peoples. The course requires no previous background, and is introductory in nature. It will be taught through a combination of lecture and discussion techniques.

442/Hist. 442. The First Millennium of the Islamic Near East. Junior or senior standing, or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

See History 442.

445. Introduction to Ancient and Classical Near Eastern Literature. (3). (HU).

Our fascination with the Near East is not just limited to archaeological and historic records; these but suggest the outlines of life during humankind's cultural infancy. More than anything else, it is the literature of a people which reveal its heart and mind, its emotions and thoughts. This course opens the door for the contemporary student into the innermost life of ancient and more recent peoples living in the lands surrounding the Eastern Mediterranean. It identifies the popular forms of narrative and poetic expression, explains the social backgrounds of early Near Eastern literature, and considers its links with our contemporary Western literary traditions. Lectures and discussions focus on representative myths, stories and poems. The literatures covered in this course include (1) Ancient Near Eastern literatures: ancient Egyptian, Assyrian-Babylonian, Hittite, Iranian, Biblical leading to (2) Classical Near Eastern and Islamic literatures: Arabic, Persian and Turkish, and literary activity in Hebrew. Each literature is taught by a different faculty member. Student evaluation is by examination (graduates have to prepare an additional term paper). The required texts are specially selected, xeroxed and available in Course Pack form. There are no prerequisites, but NES 101 or some other background on the Near East is recommended. [Cost:2] [WL:3] (Stewart-Robinson)

450. Near Eastern Issues. (3). (Excl). May be repeated for a total of six credits.

A literary reflection on the history of the Near East through its narratives, form Gilgamesh to Mahfouz. Against the backdrop of orality and literacy, storytelling and fiction, memory and imagination, we will follow the different phases of the art of storytelling as the prevalent narrative, and examine the introduction of the novel's genre into that region. Three basic topics will be discussed comparatively: stories from the Bible and the Koran on the background of the ancient Near Eastern literatures; Medieval Arab and Jewish tales; points of convergence and departure in the modern literatures of the Near East. Texts will include a selection (in English translation) from: Gilgamesh; ancient Egyptian tales; Bible and Midrash; The Koran; Arab and Jewish Medieval texts (Maoamet and other tales); Tales from the Thousand and One nights; Modern Arab and Hebrew writers. Advanced undergraduate and graduate students who have an interest in issues Near Eastern, preferably with a literary background, are encouraged to register. Requirements for the course are a presentation in class, and a substantial Term paper. Cost:3 (Shammas)

488. Islamic Law. (3). (Excl).

This course will deal with Islamic legal theory as it developed in the formative centuries of Islamic history. The principal schools of law, both Sunni and Shi'i, will be examined, and the major concerns and preoccupations of Muslim legists discussed. Recent legal developments in the Muslim world will be reviewed. One of the main aims of the course is to bring out the distinctive ethos of Islamic law. English texts will be used. Two exams and a paper. No Prerequisites. (Mir)

497. Senior Honors Thesis. Permission of instructor. (1-6). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT).

The Senior Honors thesis is for students who have been approved by the Near Eastern Studies concentration advisor, honor's advisor, and the LS&A Honor's Council. This course should be taken both terms of the senior year, for not less than three or more than six credits per term. The length of the thesis may vary, but 50-60 pages is common. Two advisors should be chosen. The principal advisor will be a member of the faculty in whose field of expertise the thesis topic lies, and he or she will oversee the student's research and the direction taken by the thesis. The deadline for submission of a draft of the thesis is the end of the week following spring break. The completed thesis must be submitted by the beginning of the exam period. Upon completion of the Honors thesis (and maintenance of a minimum overall grade point average of 3.5), Honors candidates may be recommended by the two advisors and Honors advisor for a degree "with highest Honors," or with "with Honors," in Near Eastern Studies (followed by the area of specialization). A notation is made on the diploma and the transcript.

Ancient and Biblical Studies (ABS: Division 317)

201. Elementary Biblical Hebrew. (3). (FL).

An introduction to the language and style of the Hebrew Bible, using Weingreen's PRACTICAL GRAMMAR OF CLASSICAL HEBREW as the text. Daily instruction on grammar with drills. Students are evaluated on the basis of daily homework assignments and weekly quizzes. [Cost:1] [WL:3]

Arabic (and Berber) Studies (Arabic: Division 321)

Elementary and Intermediate Language Courses

101. Elementary Modern Standard Arabic Through Self-Instruction. Permission of instructor. (2-6). (FL). May be elected for a total of six credits.

This course provides an introduction to the phonology and script of modern literary Arabic and to the language's basic vocabulary and fundamental grammatical constructions. It offers combined training in listening, speaking, reading, writing and using the Arabic dictionary. Students have access to a tutor for as many as four hours a week plus two obligatory hours per week for review and practice. Amount of credit awarded depends on number of lessons satisfactorily completed. Students should consult instructor of course coordinator in advance for the schedule of lessons per credit hour and general instructions. Arabic 101 may be taken for two or four credits. Course grade is based on review tests completed by students at the end of each lesson (50%) and scheduled and comprehensive tests (50%). Textbooks: (1) A PROGRAMMED COURSE IN MODERN ARABIC PHONOLOGY AND SCRIPT, by E.N. McCarus and R. Rammuny; (2)ELEMENTARY MODERN STANDARD ARABIC PART ONE, by P. Abboud et al. Cost:1 WL:3 (Staff, Rammuny)

102. Elementary Modern Standard Arabic Through Self-Instruction. Permission of instructor. (2-6). (FL). May be elected for a total of six credits.

This course may not be taken until six hours of Arabic 101 have been completed. It is a continuation of Arabic 101 and includes continued drill practice on the phonological system, on basic vocabulary and morphology, and on Arabic syntactic patterns. The course stresses oral practice with increasing emphasis on reading selections based on Arab culture, and on producing Arabic orally and in writing. Students have access to a tutor for as many as four hours a week plus two obligatory hours per week for oral practice. Amount of credit awarded depends on number of lessons and tests satisfactorily completed. Course grade is based on review tests completed by students at the end of each term (50%) and scheduled comprehensive tests (50%). Textbook: ELEMENTARY MODERN STANDARD ARABIC, PART TWO, by P. Abboud et al. Cost:1 WL:3 (Rammuny)

201. Elementary Modern Standard Arabic. (6). (FL).

No previous knowledge of Arabic is required for Arabic 201. This course is especially recommended for students concentrating in Arabic or for those who expect to have some immediate use of Arabic. Its primary goals are: (1) mastery of the phonology and writing systems of literary Arabic; (2) control of the basic grammatical structures of the language; (3) mastery of about 800 vocabulary items; and (4) acquisition of related skills. The materials used are based on a combined approach stressing the four language skills: listening, speaking, reading and writing. This course starts with A Programmed Course in Modern Literary Arabic Phonology and Script, by Ernest N. McCarus and Raji Rammuny. These introductory programmed materials are usually completed within the first two weeks of classes. This is immediately followed by ELEMENTARY MODERN STANDARD ARABIC, PART I, by Peter Abboud et al. This book is especially designed to provide careful guidance to both the student and the teacher. At the end of the course, the student is expected to be able to read printed and handwritten literary Arabic and to produce familiar material in a manner acceptable to a native speaker. In addition, the student should have acquired related skills such as familiarity with the use of Arabic dictionaries, or the ability to use a small set of greetings and polite expressions. The course meets six hours per week for six credits. Use of language lab is necessary and strongly recommended to reinforce classroom work. The course grade is based on daily assignments, weekly quizzes, bi-weekly tests, classroom performance, and a final exam. [Cost:2] [WL:3] (Rammuny)

301. Introduction to Classical Arabic. (3). (Excl).

This course is an introductory course in Classical Arabic, the language of the Koran, the traditions of the prophet Muhammad, Arabic poetry, Belles-lettres, and Arab history, from the beginnings around A.D. 500 to about A.D. 1500. The course begins with the alphabet, phonology, and grammar, and goes on to graded readings from selected texts in the above-mentioned categories. No prerequisites; no prior knowledge of Arabic is assumed. Quizzes will given every second week, and a final exam at the end of the term. [Cost:1] [WL:4] (Bellamy)

401. Intermediate Modern Standard Arabic. Arabic 202 or the equivalent. (6). (FL).

The course emphasizes a review of morphology and a continuation of the study of Arabic syntax. There are selected readings taken from various genres of modern prose fiction and nonfiction, with special emphasis on oral work, reading, active mastery of a basic Arabic vocabulary, and development of composition skills. The course grade is based on classroom performance, monthly tests and the final examination. TEXTS:COURSE PACK.[Cost:2] [WL:3 (Rammuny)

Literature, Civilization, and Advanced Language Courses

413. Egyptian Colloquial Arabic. Arab. 202 or 232; or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

The course teaches the basic principles of pronunciation and grammar of colloquial Egyptian Arabic through a variety of situational dialogues. The students are provided with opportunities to practice speaking Egyptian through the use of highly structured drills and communicative activities. The course meets three hours weekly for three credit hours. The course is recommended for students who plan to travel or work in Egypt and those who need Arabic for immediate oral use. This course is accompanied by tape recordings and is taught by a native speaker of the dialect. Grades are based on classroom performance, monthly tests and the final examination. Text: Course pack to be distributed. Cost:1 WL:3 (Staff, Rammuny)

Hebrew Studies (Hebrew: Division 387)

Elementary and Intermediate Language Courses

301. Intermediate Modern Hebrew. Hebrew 202 or equivalent. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in Hebrew 311. (5). (FL).

The focus of instruction will be on the four language skills, with a continued emphasis on oral work and writing. Review of morphology and syntax. Continued emphasis on oral work and writing skills. [Cost:1] [WL:1] (Etzion)

Literature, Civilization and Advanced Language Courses

543. Medieval Hebrew Literature. Hebrew 402 or equivalent. (2). (Excl).

Readings of medieval genres, including secular and liturgical poetry, the romance and prose narratives. Discussions will center on literacy innovations and the role of medieval Hebrew literature within the context of the history of Western European literature. (Schramm)

Iranian Studies (Iranian: Division 398)

Elementary and Intermediate Language Courses

201. Elementary Persian. (4). (FL).

Persian 201 is the first term of a two year (four-term) sequence of language coursework that takes the student through to an intermediate level of reading and speaking the Persian language. (Amirsoleimani)

401. Intermediate Persian. Iranian 202 or equivalent. (4). (FL).

Reading and comprehension, conversation and composition are systematically developed. The textbook is a new series of volumes accompanied by tapes covering modern fiction, expository prose and cultural-topic material both in readings and dialog form. The language of the classroom is increasingly Persian. Textbook: MODERN Persian. Intermediate Level, Vol. I and II. Windfuhr et al., Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1980. [Cost:1] [WL:1] (Windfuhr)

Literature, Civilization, and Advanced Language Courses

541. Classical Persian Texts. Iranian 402 or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl). May be repeated for credit with permission of instructor.

This course involves the reading and literary analysis of texts from major authors of the classical period (ca.950-1500) and includes basic skills in reading aloud and the use of the rules of prosody in scansion and interpretation of poetry texts. It will include shorter or longer passages from such writers as Ferdowsi, Nezami, Rumi, Sa'di, Hafez, Bayhaqi, Nezami-ye Aruzi, and others, according to the interests of the class and the instructor. There are midterm and final exams. The texts are in the form of a photocopied course pack. (Luther)

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