Courses in Political Science (Division 450)

Primarily for First and Second Year Students

101. Introduction to Political Theory. (4). (SS).

The course will present students with some fundamental texts of Western political philosophy, Plato to Marx. The aim of the course is to make students acquainted with a tradition that develops a specific mode of inquiry-political philosophy-in the attempt to answer the question: How can human beings live together peacefully? How can we harmonize individual and collective good? The course includes two lecture sessions (one hour each) and a two-hour discussion session each week. Students will be required to prepare readings in advance of classes to participate in discussions, and to write papers showing their grasping of the material covered in the course.

111. Introduction to American Politics. (4). (SS).

This is a wide-ranging survey of government and politics throughout the United States. Most of the course centers upon national government and politics. Among the main topics to be explored are the constitutional base, elections, political parties and interest groups, the presidency, Congress, the courts, and policy formulation in designated areas. The kinds of questions considered might include the following: What impact do interest groups have on governmental policy? Are there real differences between the two major political parties? What accounts for swings in voting behavior and election outcome from one time to another? Why is it that public policy emerges as it does in the United States? What is the level of trust in government? And how does that level change? These and others are issues confronted in the course. There are two lectures and two discussion sessions each week. The basis for grading includes a midterm and a final examination for all students; and written work as well as other forms of participation in each of the sections, under the guidance of individual instructors. (Rosenstone)

140. Introduction to Comparative Politics. (4). (SS).

This course will provide students with an understanding of politics in Great Britain, France, and the Soviet Union, and familiarize them with concepts used to analyze politics. Each of the countries will be discussed separately in order to introduce its distinctive features and to ensure that students understand how it operates. As the course progresses, we will draw increasingly broad comparisons. Certain key concepts will be introduced and used for comparative purposes. In particular, we will be concerned with the social and economic forces that influence political life; political parties and political competition; leadership succession; the role of political institutions; and the analysis of contemporary political conflicts. The course will offer two lectures per week, plus two meetings in relatively small discussion sections designed to encourage a two-way flow of communication. (Oksenberg)

160. Introduction to World Politics. (4). (SS).

The primary purpose of this beginning course is to expose the student to the core questions that should be asked at any beginning of the study of international politics. Who are the major actors in international affairs? What kind of order exists in relations among nations? What mechanisms exist for change? What regularities exist in the behavior of actors toward one another that give shape and direction to the system? We shall try to get at some of the questions raised by using three of the major approaches students in the field utilize to select the behaviors they wish to study. One approach is to study the process of decision-making in foreign policy. Another approach is to study the effects that differences in national growth have on the politics among nations. A third way is to study the way the international system constrains the actions of individuals and groups. The major elements of the course are contained in four sets of lectures. (1) The decision-making approach; (2) effects of national growth on international politics; (3) problems and consequences of different types of international systems; (4) global trends in contemporary world politics including such topics as imperialism, neocolonialism, international economics and interdependence, developed-developing world relations, international organizations, and the limits to growth. There will be one, possibly two, exams during the term, plus a final. Other requirements may include a 12-15 page essay and such additional assignments as may be made by individual section leaders. [Cost:3] [WL:1 and 4] (Organski)

Primarily for Juniors and Seniors

391. Introductory Internship in Political Science. One 100-level course in political science, permission of supervising instructor before the internship period, and review by Department's internship adviser. Intended for non-concentrators. (2-4). (Excl). (EXPERIENTIAL). All internship courses may be elected for a maximum total of 8 credits.

Supervised internship, primarily for non-concentrators. Requires the approval of the instructor and review by the department's internship coordinator.

395/Econ. 395/REES 395/Slavic 395/Hist. 332/Soc. 392. Survey of the Soviet Union. (4). (SS).

See REES 395 (Szporluk)

400(402). Development of Political Thought: To Modern Period. Junior standing or two courses in political science. (3). (Excl).

The aim of this course is two-fold: 1) to give the student a sense of the history of political philosophy from the ancient Greek period to the end of the sixteenth century, and 2) to help the student become aware of the complexities and assumptions entailed in the articulation of a coherent political theory. We will be reading the works of such major political philosophers as Plato, Aristotle, Cicero, St. Thomas Aquinas, and Machiavelli. We will be concerned with such issues as the relation between nature and convention, the sources of legitimacy, the role of the individual in the political community and the value and purpose of political life. Readings will be from primary sources. Class meetings will include both lectures and discussions. Course requirements will include two exams during the term and a final. [Cost:4] [WL:1] (Saxonhouse)

402(407). Selected Topics in Political Theory. Pol. Sci. 101 or 400 or 401. (3). (Excl).

CITIZENSHIP IN MODERN SOCIETY. The course explores theories and practices of citizenship in modern society from the 18th century to today. (Gobetti)

407(408). Communist Political Thought From Marx to the Present. Pol. Sci. 101 or 401. (3). (Excl).

MARXISM AND 20TH-CENTURY RADICALS. In this course we will explore some of the most important and influential critiques of modern politics and society. We begin with Marx's work both for its own insights and as the model that so many 20th century radicals have followed. We then focus on Nietzsche's critique of modern individuals and society, since it has provided an alternative model for radical social criticism, a model that has become increasingly popular in recent years. The second half of the course deals with a variety of radical approaches to social criticism form Leninism to radical feminism. Cost:2 WL:1 (Yack)

410. American Policy Processes. Any 100-level course in political science. (3). (Excl).

This course examines the formulation and implementation of public programs, mainly those of the U.S. central government, and mainly welfare-state in character.

411. American Political Processes. Any 100-level course in political science. (3). (Excl).

COURSE OBJECTIVES: 1) Provide an understanding of American mass politics, especially electoral politics, from both normative and empirical points of view and from the perspectives of mass publics and elites 2) Explore the extent, causes, and consequences of recent changes in public opinions and participation. 3)Introduce the modes of thinking and the analytical tools employed in the systematic study of American political behavior. COURSE REQUIREMENTS: Midterm and final examinations, plus a term paper. The paper will involve original research. [Cost:3] [WL:1] (Jennings)

412. The Legal Process. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

In this course we will look at courts and the legal process as political institutions. We will discuss how and why they make use of power to promote the common and/or special interests of the community. Most of the examples will come from American legal materials, but there will be a comparative dimension as well. We will emphasize "why" questions as well as "how" and "what" questions in this course, questions such as: Why give judges rather than other political actors the power to interpret law? Why prefer legal resolutions of disputes to mediation and arbitration? Why reserve the power of decision in criminal cases to juries? Why support the rule of law if it tends to reinforce current social and economic inequalities? We will explore questions such as these with the help of both descriptive and theoretical accounts of the legal process. Cost:2 WL:1 (Yack)

413. American Constitutional Politics. Pol. Sci. 111, 410, or 411; or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

The Constitution establishes the formal rules for political engagement, but does it "constitute" our politics in a more substantive sense? This course explores the ways in which political conflicts in the United States are structured by the existence of a written Constitution, and the problems of interpretive legitimacy it creates. Our method will be close reading of constitutional discourses informed by the historical contexts of their formation. Special topics will include: the 1787 framing convention and the subsequent ratification campaign, federalism, judicial review, the Civil War as a constitutional crisis, war making powers, the politics of Supreme Court appointments, and the constitutional checks on the power of administrative agencies. Previous courses in American History, Politics, and Literature, are strongly recommended. The course will proceed by lecture and discussion, with a take-home essay midterm and final. WL:4 (Simon)

417. Legislative Process. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

The purpose of this course is to study general legislative processes by concentrating on the United States Congress. The perspective we shall use sees members of Congress as purposive agents, having goals and using the best means available to satisfy these goals. Historical examples will often be used to highlight the argument. Topics to be covered include changes in the congressional career, distributive politics, leadership, Congress in a policy-making perspective, and finally Congress as a representative institution. No special background is assumed. Students will be evaluated on the basis of a midterm, final paper and a final examination. (Dion)

423. Politics of the Metropolis. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

POLITICS OF THE METROPOLIS. This course will examine the historical development of local politics in America and explore the ways in which that history defines current problems and controversies in American local politics. In particular, we will look at the legacy of the machine and reform eras, at post-World-War-II state and federal efforts to change the content of local politics, at suburbanization, and at the shifting character of both economic and racial conflicts in local politics in America. One course in American politics is strongly recommended as a prerequisite for the course. This course is not part of a departmental sequence. The course will be conducted as a lecture course. Student evaluation will be based on a take-home midterm examination, one short paper, and a final examination. Cost:2 WL:1 (Burns)

431. Public Administration. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

The focus of this course will be public bureaucracies and various ways of talking about them. The course will begin with an examination of what we mean by bureaucracy. Then, metaphores of bureaucracies (as symptoms based on expertise, as systems oriented to internal functioning, as systems oriented to external interest groups) will be explored. The readings will focus primarily at the national level, but the course itself will cover aspects of bureaucracies common to all levels. One or more papers, a midterm and a final examination will be required. (Feldman)

440. Comparative Politics. Any 100-level course in political science or upperclass standing. (3). (Excl).

The purpose of this course is to familiarize students with politics in different types of political systems. Particular attention will be devoted to aspects of domestic politics, including patterns of participation and mobilization, democratization, culture, and revolution. The prerequisites are two courses in political science.

441. Comparative Politics of Advanced Industrial Democracies. Any 100-level course in political science or upperclass standing. (3). (Excl).

This course examines politics in the democracies of Western Europe, North America, and Japan. The focus is on political parties, elections, patterns of participation, public policy, and political economy. It should not be elected by students without a course in political science, or by students who have taken Political Science 440 or 442.

442. Governments and Politics in Western Europe. Any 100-level course in political science or upperclass standing. (3). (Excl).

The course focuses on politics in Great Britain, France, West Germany and Italy, the largest nations of Western Europe. It is appropriate for political science concentrators; history concentrators who are interested in Western Europe; students concentrating in French, German or Italian who would like to know more about the society whose language they are studying; or students who are simply curious about the political systems of these countries. Topics include: the historical background of contemporary politics; the relationships among social and economic forces; parties and pressure groups; protest movements and new parties; and current political trends, including German reunification, the development of the European Community and the prospects for U.S.-European relations in the context of the current balance of economic and military power. Requirements include a midterm, a research report of no more than 1500 words, and a final. [Cost:3] [WL:1] (Pierce)

444. Government and Politics of the Soviet Union. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

A course focusing on the evolution of Soviet political institutions and behavior, Political Science 444 attempts to place the enormous changes of the last six years in a Russian and Soviet historical context and in the broader comparative context of the transformation of communist systems globally. (Zimmerman)

448. Governments and Politics of Latin America. Pol. Sci. 140 or 440; or a course on Latin America elected through another department. (3). (Excl).

An introduction to the study of social and political conflict and change in contemporary Latin America. The class combines attention to major issues and trends with in-depth analysis of selected cases. Among the issues and cases to be considered in Winter 1986 are the following: the changing role of the Catholic Church, the expansion of the state, patterns of economic transformation and their political implications, formation and mobilization of peasantries, international influences on domestic politics. Detailed attention will be paid to cases such as Mexico, Central America, Venezuela, Chili, Peru, Brazil, Columbia. Class format combines lecture with discussion. There will be a midterm examination and a final examination. (Levine)

455. Government and Politics of China. (3). (Excl).

An introduction to the politics of the People's Republic of China. Examines both the origins of the communist revolution and the consolidation of communist power. The themes of the course include: major political and socioeconomic campaigns since 1949; the role and the function of ideology and the communist party; conflicts between state and society; and impetus to and impact of economic and political reform instituted since Mao's death. (Huang)

456. Government and Politics of Japan. Pol. Sci. 140, 440, or 450; or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

Japan is an ever-more interesting country to study, due to both its obvious importance, and the fact that it is the only post-industrial non-western country. This course offers an overview of contemporary Japanese politics, designed for students with a general interest in Japan as well as political science concentrators. Special attention is given to how politics has affected, and has been affected by, cultural patterns, social organization, economic growth and Japan's position in the world. Grading will be by examination and short papers; The main texts are Richardson and Flanagan, JAPANESE POLITICS, and Curtis, THE JAPANESE WAY OF POLITICS. Cost:3 (Campbell)

457. Governments and Politics of India and South Asia. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

The main focus of the course will be on India, but selected developments in Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka will be analyzed in a comparative perspective.

458. Chinese Foreign Policy. Political Science 428 or 455 or permission of the instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course explores the foreign policy of the People's Republic of China. It examines a number of factors: historical legacies, decision making processes, domestic politics, and the evolving international situation itself. The course assesses China's intentions, strategies, and capabilities in world affairs.

465. Political Development and Dependence. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This seminar is designed to introduce students to the study of politics and political change in the third world. The approach is comparative: cases are drawn from Latin America, the Middle East, Asia, and Africa. The goal however is not (primarily) to present a detailed history of any one country or region; rather it is to develop greater familiarity with the concepts and conceptual frameworks used in the study of politics and political change. The first part of the course deals with the basic issues of development and underdevelopment, and with the major theoretical approaches to the study of development. The second part analyzes economic, social, and political structures in the third world. Three themes will appear throughout the course: poverty and wealth, ideology and identity, and coercion and consent. This is a writing course. Grades will be based on approximately 35 pages of written work which are closely tied to the readings and lectures. Papers are short and almost weekly. (Crystal)

467. International Political Culture. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course is designed to introduce students to the influence of cultural forces in both world politics and the world economy. The range of cultural forces examined is from religion to cultural nationalism, from the international sexual division of labor to the impact of English and French on educational systems in the Third World. The course will also expose students to the debate between economic determinism and the primacy of culture, between the power of material forces and the power of ideas and values. At the end of the course the students enrolled should have a developed appreciation of the significance of cultural forces in the interplay amongst the various forces and actors in the global order. Prior enrollment in course Political Science 361 is an asset.

470. Comparative Foreign Policy. Any 100-level course in political science. (3). (Excl).

The course explores the sources of differences in foreign policy processes and outcomes between and within states. One school of thought holds that differences in the characteristics of the countries in question (large versus small, democratic versus authoritarian, industrialized versus developing, etc.) leads to differences in their foreign policies. Another argues that the important differences are not so much between countries as between "issues-area," for example, military policy versus trade policy. In this course, students will evaluate the competing explanations by looking at a number of aspects of foreign policy including diplomacy, strategy, economic policy, and alliance policy in several areas and historical cases: the World Wars, the Cold War, arms control and the arms race, North-South political and economic relations, foreign economic policies of advanced industrialized states, and economic relations in Eastern Europe. The course has a heavy reading list and a demanding writing schedule. (Evangelista)

471. The American Foreign Policy Process. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

U.S. FOREIGN POLICY: PROCESS and SUBSTANCE. This course has several objectives: (a) to help illuminate the process and setting that produces American foreign policy; (b) to help familiarize students with scientific method and quantitative historical analysis in the context of U.S. role in world politics; and (c) enhance the student's ability to read, analyze, and write in a manner that is conceptually precise, analytically rigorous, and semantically clear. There will be quite a few short abstracts, memos, and analyses, plus one larger written assignment. There will be assigned reading in: (a) two or three required texts; (b) in the scholarly journals. This is not an "oral textbook" course; therefore lectures will be minimal and informal, but rigorous and interactive. This is not the best course for students who are passive or excessively concerned with admission to law school. Prerequisites: Political Science 160 and one 400-level social science course with grades of B+. Cost:1-2 WL:1. To get an override, the student must be a graduating senior and must bring writing samples and a copy of transcript. (Singer)

472. International Security Affairs. Two courses in political science or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

The course concerns the changing nature of East-West and North-South relations, focuses on the process by which American national security decisions are made, and treats alternative explanations of national security affairs. A special focus will be on the Arab-Israeli Conflict and the Persian Gulf War. The course uses a computer-assisted simulation of national security decision-making to provide participants first hand experience on constraints to rational action. Students should have taken an introductory course in international politics, such as PS 160. There will be two exams, a midterm and a final. Students will be evaluated regarding the quality and quantity of their participation in the simulation. Methods of instruction include lecture, discussion, and the simulation. [Cost:3] [WL:1] (Tanter)

473. Foreign Policies of the European Powers. Pol. Sci. 160 or permission of instructor. (3). (Excl).

This course will examine and compare the means through which a variety of European great and middle powers have sought to provide security for themselves during the twentieth century. Among the subjects to be considered will be domestic and external sources of foreign and domestic policy, the impact of systemic and technological change upon grand strategy, and alternative approaches to the theory and practice of deterrence, including the use of military, nonmilitary, and positive sanctions. Course requirements will include substantial readings, two exams, and a short research paper. Cost:5 WL:3 (Mueller)

491. Directed Studies. Two courses in political science and permission of instructor and the Director of Undergraduate Studies. (1-6). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). Political Science 491 and 492 may be elected for a total of eight credits. No more than four hours of directed study credit may be elected as part of a concentration program in Political Science.

A directed study on any subject agreed upon by a student and an advising instructor that does not duplicate a regular course offering. May be elected for one to six credits. A maximum of four credits may be applied toward the concentration core in political science. Students wishing to enroll for a directed study course are urged to work out the details of the course before the start of the term.

493. Senior Honors Proseminar. Open only to Honors concentrators with senior standing. (4). (Excl). (INDEPENDENT). No more than four hours of Honors credit may be elected as part of a concentration plan in Political Science.

This is a seminar for seniors who are working on Honors theses. Students must be admitted to the Honors program before enrolling.

496. Undergraduate Seminar in American Government and Politics. Permission of instructor. Intended for senior concentrators. (4). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.

SECTION 002 POVERTY AND CRIME CONTROL IN CONTEMPORARY AMERICAN SOCIETY. The 1980's witnessed an unprecedented increase in the numbers of people subject to criminal justice custody. The distribution of punishment has been far from even across the population. Most noteworthy has been the huge rates of custody for young Black males. In 1989, one out of four Black males between the ages of 20 and 29 were in custody on any day of the year. The United States now has a higher per capita incarceration rate for Blacks than South Africa. These developments have paralleled another phenomenon, the emergence of an "underclass" largely composed of minority citizens living in concentrated areas of hardened poverty within our major cities. This seminar aims to explore the various links between the high level of punishment and the hardening of poverty in U.S. society. We will examine not only whether poverty causes crime, but the ways in which endemic poverty increases demands for punitive solutions to social problems while undermining the very logic of punishment. We will draw on recent research as well as classic theoretical efforts to discuss poverty and crime control. Students will be expected to read a book a week and write a 30 to 50 page term paper. (Simon)

497. Undergraduate Seminar in Comparative and Foreign Government. Permission of instructor. Intended for senior concentrators. (4). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.

SECTION 002 THE WELFARE STATE IN COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVE. All modern governments have programs to provide for the old, the sick and the otherwise needy, but their style and scope vary considerably, as does the politics surrounding their past and current development. This seminar will explore the theory and practice of the welfare state in the United States, Western Europe and Japan, based on extensive reading, class discussion, and individual research projects. The total writing will amount to some 30 pages. Students with a general interest in public policy and decision making, as well as those particularly concerned with social policy, should find this course useful. (Campbell)

Section 003 DEMOCRATIZATION IN GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE. This is an undergraduate seminar which will be limited to 15 participants. We will examine the basic literature and recent findings on democratization, with reference to Eastern Europe, Southern Europe, Latin America, East Asia and Africa. We will first seek to answer, What are the essential characteristics of democracy? and then proceed to analyze, What conditions are conducive to the emergence of democracy? and, What good is it? i.e., What are the consequences of having democratic institutions? In the process of answering the second of these questions, we will assess the prospects for the survival of democracy in newly democratizing societies, and the relative likelihood of its emergence in other countries. (Inglehart)

498. Undergraduate Seminar in International Politics. Permission of instructor. Intended for senior concentrators. (4). (Excl). May be elected for credit twice.

SECTION 001 THE SOVIET UNION AND THE WORLD ECONOMY. This course explores the possible effects of integration into the world economy on Soviet domestic politics. We will read a diverse selection of material from comparative and international politics, covering various historical periods and countries, in order to identify parallels and develop generalization applicable to the Soviet case. Then we will examine in some detail current developments in the USSR relevant to its future role in the world economy. The course will be conducted in a seminar format, with frequent writing assignments. Students are required to have a basic knowledge of the Soviet Union, by having completed PS 444, REES 395, or something comparable. In order to obtain an override to enroll in this course, students should see the professor before the first day of class. (Evangelista)

Section 002 PSYCHOLOGICAL AND DECISION MAKING APPROACHES TO INTERNATIONAL RELATIONAL THEORY. This course is designed to introduce the student of international relations to explanations of war and peace, and cooperation and conflict that are rooted in the decision-making of policy-makers, rather than in the nature of the international systems of the state itself. Emphasis is placed on the development of critical analytical skills that allow students to test alternative theories of international politics. Grades are based on class participation, very short (2-3 pp.) weekly essays, and a 20-25 page final paper. This course is conducted as a seminar; lectures from the professor are kept to the barest minimum. Cost:4 WL:4 (Hopf)

499. Quantitative Methods of Political Analysis. (4). (Excl).

This course is an introduction to the construction of empirical representations of political theories and the rigorous testing of those theories against data. Emphasis is placed on the formulation of hypotheses and the use of evidence in testing these hypotheses. This course is restricted to Juniors and Seniors. No background in statistics is required. This is not a statistics course, though we will be using and talking about statistical concepts and some simple descriptive statistics. Course grades will be based on exercises, a final examination, and class participation. Work will be assigned for each class session and will be discussed in class. Everyone is expected to be prepared and to participate in the discussion. The required text is: David Freedman, Robert Pisani, and Roger Purves, STATISTICS, New York: W.W. Norton, 1978, hereafter noted as FPP. Required readings other than FPP are in a course pack. [Cost:2 or 3] [WL:1] (Jackson)

514. The Use of Social Science Computer Programs. Pol. Sci. 499 or equivalent; or permission of instructor. (1). (Excl).

This course introduces the student to the computer and to campus software systems. Topics considered include how the computer can be used to analyze social science data.

529/IPPS 529. Statistics. Permission of instructor. (4). (Excl).

An introductory course that covers descriptive statistics, elementary probability theory, normal and binomial distributions, sampling theory, confidence intervals, and hypothesis testing. There is also an introduction to simple regression analysis and to statistical decision theory. Cost:3 WL:3 (Kmenta)

585/IPPS 585. Political Environment of Public Policy Analysis. Permission of instructor. (4). (Excl).

A review of the political and organizational environment for policy analysis and design in the American governmental system. The course will begin with some critical reflections on policy analysis by exploring its political uses and limitations. We will pay particular attention to the importance of political values in the analysis of policy problems and solutions. We will then turn to a detailed examination of the American political system, focusing our attention on the institutions, actors, and decision making processes at the national level. Where possible, we will try to raise the relevant issues of politics and policy analysis through the examination of substantive policy areas and particular cases. Cost:3 WL:4 (Hall)

591. Advanced Internship in Political Science. Two courses in political science at the 400 level or above and concentration in political science; or graduate standing. Permission of supervising instructor and review by the Department's internship advisor. No more than 4 credits of internship may be included as part of a concentration plan in political science. (2-6). (Excl). (EXPERIENTIAL). All internship courses may be elected for a maximum total of 8 credits.

Advanced Internship requires careful, individual planning between senior students in Political Science and individual faculty members who approve the internship and provide instruction. To register for the course, the student must complete the internship form and obtain an override to enter the course. The form is available in 5619 Haven Hall.


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